Nationalist People's Coalition

The Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) is a conservative political party in the Philippines, founded in 1992 by then-presidential candidate Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.

Nationalist People's Coalition
PresidentGiorgidi B. Aggabao
ChairmanTito Sotto
SpokespersonMark Enverga
Secretary-GeneralMark Llandro Mendoza
FounderEduardo Cojuangco Jr.
Founded1992; 30 years ago (1992)[1]
Split fromNacionalista Party
Headquarters808 Building, Meralco Avenue, San Antonio, Pasig, 1605 Metro Manila
NewspaperNPC Herald
IdeologyConservatism[2][3][4]
Social conservatism[5][6]
Political positionCentre-right[7][8]
National affiliationLAMMP (1998)
PPC (2001)
K4 (2004)
TEAM Unity (2007)
Team PNoy (2013)
Partido Galing at Puso (2016)
Colors      Green, red, white
Seats in the Senate
5 / 24
Seats in the House of Representatives
35 / 316
Provincial governorships
13 / 81
Provincial vice governorships
6 / 80
Provincial board members
90 / 1,023
Website
npc-party.org

HistoryEdit

The Party was founded in 1992 after some members of the Nacionalista Party led by then Rizal Governor Isidro Rodriguez bolted from the party after some disagreements with party leader and then-Vice President Salvador Laurel in preparation for the 1992 presidential elections. Members of the civil society including the business sector who called themselves "Friends of Danding" invited business tycoon Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco, a former associate of the long-term authoritarian president Ferdinand Marcos,[7] to run as president and Senator Joseph Estrada as vice president. Cojuangco lost the presidential race, finishing third while Estrada won the Vice Presidency by a landslide.[9]

NPC was a member of the Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP), the political vehicle of then Vice President Joseph Estrada in the 1998 presidential elections.[10]

NPC left the now-defunct LAMMP after Estrada was removed from power in January 2001.[10] When Gloria Macapagal Arroyo assumed the Presidency, her People Power Coalition, led by the Lakas–CMD party, became the dominant group in Congress.[11] The 75-member Lakas party led the "Sunshine Coalition," which also included the 61-member Nationalist People's Coalition, some members of the Liberal Party, and several other minor parties.[11] The LDP party led the 20-member opposition bloc.[11]

In 2004, the LDP and NPC both backed businessman Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco as a potential presidential candidate in the 2004 elections.[10] Cojuangco, the NPC chair, was fielded as NPC's standard-bearer, but withdrew.

Results for the 2004 elections show that NPC had 0 seats for the Senate while for the House of Representatives, NPC had 53 seats.[12]

In Background Note: Philippines, under Government and Political Relations, the U.S. Department of State writes: "Members of the Congress tend to have weak party loyalties and change party affiliation easily. There is no clear majority in the Senate, which changed its President in 2006."[11]

1995 Senatorial slateEdit

The NPC formed a full 12-man Senatorial slate for the May 8, 1995, Midterm Legislative and Local elections, as it became a full-fledged opposition party against the administration of President Fidel V. Ramos. They ran against the administration-backed Lakas-Laban Coalition.

Candidate Party Occupation
Rosemarie Arenas Nationalist People's Coalition businesswoman and socialite
Gaudencio Beduya Nationalist People's Coalition former Representative from Cebu
Anna Dominique Coseteng Nationalist People's Coalition Senator
Amanda T. Cruz Nationalist People's Coalition businesswoman
Ramon Fernandez Nationalist People's Coalition professional basketball player
Gregorio Honasan Independent former military colonel
Ferdinand Marcos Jr. Kilusang Bagong Lipunan Representative from Ilocos Norte and son of former President Ferdinand Marcos
Adelisa A. Raymundo Nationalist People's Coalition former Sectoral Representative from the Labor sector
Manuel C. Roxas Nationalist People's Coalition lawyer
Almarin C. Tillah Nationalist People's Coalition Chairman of the Bangsamoro National Congress
Arturo Tolentino Nationalist People's Coalition Senator
Miriam Defensor-Santiago People's Reform Party former Bureau of Immigration and Deportation Commissioner and 1992 presidential candidate

ResultsEdit

The party only got 3 out of 12 possible seats in the Senate, namely: (in order of votes received)

  • Miriam Defensor-Santiago
  • Gregorio Honasan
  • Anna Dominique Coseteng

Present dayEdit

On May 14, 2007 election, the party won 26 seats.[13]

MembersEdit

Notable former membersEdit

As the build-up to the 2010 presidential elections progresses, there are talks that Escudero has been given the nod of the party leaders as its standard-bearer, with Legarda being his running-mate, although the latter said that she won't settle for any other position than the presidency. Escudero further stressed that he will not entertain any possible alliance with the Arroyo administration forces, thus beleaguering the NPC's status as one of the coalition partners of the Arroyo administration, as he is hell-bent in transforming the supposedly largely pro-administration NPC into an opposition party.[14]

However, all these will remain in the backseat as Escudero announced his sudden resignation from the party, and at the same time asked the public for more time to decide on whether he would pursue his thrice-postponed presidential bid.[15]

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2010Edit

Senatorial slate (3)

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2013Edit

Senatorial slate (2)

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2016Edit

Senatorial slate

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2019Edit

Senatorial slate

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2022Edit

Senatorial slate

Electoral performanceEdit

Presidential and vice presidential electionsEdit

Year Presidential election Vice presidential election
Candidate Vote share Result Candidate Vote share Result
1992 Eduardo Cojuangco Jr.
18.17%
Fidel Ramos
(Lakas–NUCD)
Joseph Estrada
33.00%
Joseph Estrada
(NPC)
1998 None Joseph Estrada
(PMP)
None Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas–CMD)
2004 None Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas–CMD)
None Noli de Castro
(Independent)
2010 None[n 1] Benigno Aquino III
(Liberal)
Loren Legarda
12.21%
Jejomar Binay
(PDP–Laban)
2016 None Rodrigo Duterte
(PDP–Laban)
None Leni Robredo
(Liberal)
2022 None[n 2][16] Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.
(PFP)
Vicente Sotto III
15.89%
Sara Z. Duterte
(Lakas–CMD)

Legislative electionsEdit

Congress of the Philippines
Year Seats won Result Year Seats won Ticket Result
1992
30 / 200
LDP plurality 1992
5 / 24
Single party ticket LDP win 16/24 seats
1995
22 / 204
Lakas / LDP majority 1995
1 / 12
Nationalist People's Coalition ticket Lakas-Laban Coalition win 9/12 seats
1998[n 3]
64 / 258
Lakas plurality 1998
1 / 12
LAMMP LAMMP win 7/12 seats
2001
40 / 256
Lakas plurality 2001 Not
participating
People Power Coalition win 8/13 seats
2004
53 / 261
Lakas plurality 2004
0 / 12
KNP K4 win 7/12 seats
2007
28 / 270
Lakas plurality 2007
2 / 12
Split ticket Genuine Opposition win 8/12 seats
2010
29 / 286
Lakas plurality 2010
1 / 12
Split ticket Liberal Party win 4/12 seats
2013
42 / 292
Liberal Party plurality 2013
1 / 12
Split ticket Team PNoy win 9/12 seats
2016
42 / 297
Liberal Party plurality 2016
1 / 12
Partido Galing at Puso Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid win 7/12 seats
2019
37 / 304
PDP–Laban plurality 2019
1 / 12
Split ticket Hugpong ng Pagbabago win 9/12 seats
  1. ^ Legarda's running mate was Manuel Villar of the Nacionalista Party.
  2. ^ There are no official Presidential standard bearer even Sotto has running mate (Ping Lacson) who is independent.
  3. ^ Contested in an electoral alliance with LDP and PMP as LAMMP. Seat total consists of 55 LAMMP representatives and 9 NPC representatives elected outside the LAMMP alliance.

Current compositionEdit

Current members of NPC in the 18th Congress:

SenateEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

District RepresentativesEdit

Partylist AlliedEdit

  • Claudine Diana Bautista (Dumper PTDA)
  • Conrado Estrella III (ABONO)
  • Florencio Noel (An Waray)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Guillermo, Artemio R. (2012). Historical dictionary of the Philippines (Third ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 304.
  2. ^ Oxford Business Group, ed. (2015). The Report: Philippines 2015. Oxford Business Group. p. 21.
  3. ^ Tom Lansford, ed. (2019). Political Handbook of the World 2018-2019. CQ Press. p. 1271.
  4. ^ Dennis W. Johnson, ed. (2010). Routledge Handbook of Political Management. Routledge. p. 361.
  5. ^ Philippines. World Encyclopedia of Political Systems and Parties. Facts On File. 1999. p. 887.
  6. ^ Perron, Louis (2009). Election Campaigns in the Philippines. Routledge Handbook of Political Management. Routledge. p. 361.
  7. ^ a b Day, Alan John (2002), Political Parties of the World, John Harper Publishing, p. 377
  8. ^ Macaraeg, Pauline (January 27, 2019). "Who to Vote For? Get To Know the Political Parties in the Philippines". Esquire Magazine. Retrieved August 19, 2022.
  9. ^ NPC Party History Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine NPC website Retrieved December 17, 2006.
  10. ^ a b c Evangelista, Romie A. "Angara party roots for Danding". Manila Standard Today. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007.
  11. ^ a b c d   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: Background Note: Philippines, October 2006. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved December 9, 2006.
  12. ^ Introduction: Philippines CIA -The World Fact Book Retrieved December 10, 2006.
  13. ^ See 2007 Philippine general election.
  14. ^ Chiz-Loren Tandem?Tempo Retrieved August 11, 2009.
  15. ^ Escudero leaves NPC, ABS-CBNnews.com Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  16. ^ Gomez, Carla (April 20, 2022). "Sotto: NPC is free zone for choice of president". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved May 20, 2022.

External linksEdit