The Nacionalista Party (Filipino and Spanish: Partido Nacionalista; lit. 'Nationalist Party') is the oldest political party in both the Philippines and in Southeast Asia in general. It is responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907; it was the ruling party from 1935 to 1946 (under Presidents Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña), 1953–1961 (under Presidents Ramon Magsaysay and Carlos P. Garcia) and 1965–1972 (under President Ferdinand Marcos).
|Founder||Manuel L. Quezon|
|Founded||April 25, 1907|
|Headquarters||Starmall EDSA-Shaw 4F, EDSA corner Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong, Metro Manila|
|Youth wing||Young Nacionalistas (YN)|
Populism (since 1946)
|National affiliation||Coalition for Change|
Red, blue, and white
|Slogan||Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat|
(The Nation Above All Else)
|Seats in the Senate|
4 / 24
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
43 / 304
8 / 81
|Provincial vice governorships|
10 / 81
|Provincial board members|
116 / 1,023
The Nacionalista Party was initially created as a Filipino nationalist party that supported Philippine independence until 1946 when the United States granted independence to the country. Since then, many scholarly articles that dealt with the history of political parties during the Third Republic agreed that the party has been increasingly populist, although some argued they had conservative tendencies because of their opposition to the Liberal Party and the Progressive Party. The populist ideology of the party remained to present day as described on their website.
The party was organized as a vehicle for Philippine independence, advocating self-rule; and espousing this advocacy through representation in the Philippine Assembly of 1907–1916, and in the succeeding Philippine Legislature of 1916–1935. The ranks of Nationalist politicians rose to prominence through the Commonwealth of the Philippines spanning 1935–1941, ending when political parties were replaced by a singular and monolithic KALIBAPI Party during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines.
By the second half of the century, the Nacionalista Party evolved into being main political contenders for leadership in the Philippines, in competition with its rivals, the Liberal Party and the Philippine Progressive Party. This leadership endured until the turbulent suppression of partisan politics during the Ferdinand Marcos regime. In 1978, akin to the Japanese occupation, disparate political parties were coerced to merge into a regime-controlled coalition, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan. Preferring not to be involved, the Nacionalistas went to hibernation. Years later, in the late 1980s, the party was revived under the leadership of Salvador Laurel until the latter's passing.
The Nacionalista Party is presently led by former Senator Manny Villar, and had fielded three vice-presidential candidates either running independently or in tandem with other political parties, namely Alan Peter Cayetano, Bongbong Marcos and Antonio Trillanes, albeit unsuccessfully.
Controversy over dominant-minority statusEdit
In the 2010 general election, the Nacionalista and the Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) formed an alliance after it was approved by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) on April 12, 2010. The Nacionalistas fielded Senator Manuel Villar and running with fellow Senator Loren Legarda who is a member of the NPC. It became the dominant minority party after a resolution passed by the COMELEC. On April 21, 2010, it was blocked by the Supreme Court after a suit filed by the rival Liberal Party. On May 6, 2010, the Supreme Court nullified the merger and therefore giving the Liberal Party to be the dominant minority party. It was based on a resolution by the COMELEC giving political parties to be accredited by August 17, 2009.
The coalition was made to help the Nacionalista Party to help boost the presidential campaign of Senator Villar and have a chance to be the dominant minority party by the COMELEC which give the rights to poll watchers during the canvassing of votes. However, it is being challenged by the Liberal Party calls the said alliance a bogus alliance and they are seeking the same party status by the COMELEC. Several local races are also being challenged from both parties, therefore causing confusion in those races.
Vice presidential electionsEdit
House of RepresentativesEdit
Throughout their careers, many of the country's politicians, statesmen and leaders were in whole or in part Nacionalistas. Notable names include the following:
- Manuel L. Quezon (2nd President)
- José P. Laurel (3rd President)
- Sergio Osmeña (4th President)
- Manuel Roxas (5th President)
- Elpidio Quirino (6th President)
- Ramon Magsaysay (7th President)
- Carlos P. Garcia (8th President)
- Ferdinand Marcos (10th President)
- Joseph Estrada (13th President)
- Ferdinand Marcos Jr. (17th President)
- Fernando Lopez (4th and 8th vice president under Elpidio Quirino and Ferdinand Marcos)
- Emmanuel Pelaez (7th vice president under Diosdado Macapagal)
- Salvador Laurel (10th vice president and 5th and last prime minister under President Corazon Aquino)
- Antonio de las Alas
- Alejandro Almendras
- Alauya Alonto
- Domocao Alonto
- Jose Altavas
- Melecio Arranz
- Benigno Aquino Sr.
- José D. Avelino
- Dominador Aytona
- Helena Z. Benitez
- Manuel Briones
- Hadji Butu
- Tomas Cabili
- Alan Peter Cayetano
- Edmundo B. Cea
- José Clarín
- Tomás Confesor
- Mariano Jesús Cuenco
- Miriam Defensor-Santiago
- Francisco Afan Delgado
- Jose W. Diokno
- Ramón Diokno
- Juan Ponce Enrile
- Rene Espina
- Eva Estrada-Kalaw
- Rafael Fernandez
- Ramon J. Fernandez
- José Fuentebella
- Isauro Gabaldón
- Rodolfo Ganzon
- Pedro C. Hernaez
- Domingo Imperial
- Wenceslao Lagumbay
- Oscar Ledesma
- Roseller T. Lim
- Francisco Tongio Liongson
- José Locsín
- Alejo Mabanag
- Ernesto Maceda
- Pacita Madrigal-Warns
- Vicente Madrigal
- Genaro Magsaysay
- Blas Ople
- Camilo Osías
- Quintín Paredes
- Leonardo Perez
- Cipriano Primicias Sr.
- Gil Puyat
- Vicente Rama
- Esteban de la Rama
- Isabelo de los Reyes
- Francisco Soc Rodrigo
- Eulogio Rodriguez
- Claro M. Recto
- José E. Romero
- Jose J. Roy
- Pedro Sabido
- Prospero E. Sebastian
- Juan Sumulong Sr.
- Lorenzo Sumulong
- Mamintal A.J. Tamano
- Emiliano Tria Tirona
- Antonio Trillanes
- Arturo Tolentino
- Ramon Torres
- Hermenegildo Villanueva
- José Yulo
- Jose Zulueta
Current party officialsEdit
Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include—but are not limited to—the following:
- Manuel Villar (former Senate President), Party President
- Cynthia Villar (current Senator), Party Chairman
- Robert "Ace" Barbers (current Representative from Surigao del Norte), Spokesperson
- Alan Peter Cayetano (current Senator)
- Pia Cayetano (current Senator)
- Imee Marcos (current Senator)
- Mark Aguilar Villar (current Senator)
- Matthew Marcos Manotoc (current Governor of Ilocos Norte)
- Maria Laarni "Lani" Lopez Cayetano (current Mayor of Taguig)
- Deogracias Victor Savellano (current Representative from 1st District of Ilocos Sur & Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives)
- Sol Aragones (current Laguna 3rd District Representative and former ABS-CBN Journalist)
- Jose I. Tejada (current Representative from North Cotabato)
- Raneo Abu (current Representative from 2nd District of Batangas)
- Yevgyeny Vincente Emano (current Governor of Misamis Oriental)
- Emmylou Taliño-Mendoza (current Vice Governor of North Cotabato)
- Atty. Henry S. Oaminal (Former Vice Governor of Misamis Occidental & current Representative from 2nd district of Misamis Occidental & Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives)
- Sancho Fernando "Ando" F. Oaminal (current Mayor of Ozamiz City)
- Jose "JOE 3" Espinosa III (former Iloilo City Mayor, Current Nacionalista Chairman of ILOILO CITY)
- Atty. Jorge T. Almonte (current Vice Mayor and Former Mayor of Oroquieta City and former Representative of the 1st District of Misamis Occidental)
- Aurora Virginia "Gie-gie" M. Almonte (Incumbent Vice Governor and Former ABC President of the Province of Misamis Occidental)
- Donjie D. Animas (Incumbent Municipal Mayor of Sapang Dalaga, Misamis Occidental)
- Francisco "Jun" T. Paylaga Jr. (Incumbent Municipal Mayor of Panaon, Misamis Occidental and Former Vice Governor of Misamis Occidental)
- Roseanne Marie "Tata" L. Paylaga-Lim (Former Mayor and Vice Mayor of Panaon, Misamis Occidental and Incumbent Board Member of the 1st District - Misamis Occidental)
- Agnes C. Villanueva (Former Mayor of Plaridel, Misamis Occidental and Incumbent Board Member of the 1st District - Misamis Occidental)
- Atty. Ernie D. Clarete (Former Representative of the 1st District of Misamis Occidental, Former Governor of Misamis Occidental, and Former Mayor of Plaridel, Misamis Occidental)
- Marina P. Clarete (Former Representative of the 1st District of Misamis Occidental)
- Edilma C. Bulawin (Former Mayor of Plaridel, Misamis Occidental and Former Board Member of the 1st District - Misamis Occidental)
- Lemuel Meyrick M. Acosta (Former City Councilor, Former Vice Mayor and Incumbent Mayor of Oroquieta City)
- Atty. Inocencio "Censer" D. Pagalaran (Former Mayor of Calamba, Misamis Occidental and Former Board Member of the 1st District - Misamis Occidental)
- Dr. Leonilo "Nilo" F. Azcuna (Former City Councilor of Oroquieta City)
- Atty. Jayfrancis "Jay" D. Bago (Former municipal council of Opol, Incumbent Mayor of Opol, Misamis Oriental)
- Atty. Danilo "Vox" E. Daroy (Incumbent Vice Mayor of Opol, Misamis Oriental)
- Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
- National Unity Party
- People's Reform Party
- Alyansa – Davao del Sur and Davao Occidental
- Alayon – Cebu
- Bileg- Ilocos Sur
- Kugi Uswag Sugbo – Cebu City
- Partido Magdalo – Cavite
- PaDayon Pilipino – Misamis Oriental and Cagayan de Oro
- Paglaum Party- Negros Occidental
- Fuerza Zamboanga – Zamboanga City
- One Batangas – Batangas
Candidates for Philippine general electionsEdit
- Pia Cayetano (won)
- Bongbong Marcos (won)
- Liza Maza (lost)
- Ramon Mitra III (lost)
- Satur Ocampo (lost)
- Susan Ople (lost)
- Gwen Pimentel (lost)
- Ariel Querubin (lost)
- Gilbert Remulla (lost)
- Adel Tamano (lost)
- Miriam Defensor Santiago (won)
All members ran under the administration coalition, Team PNoy.
For vice presidentEdit
Three members ran for vice president albeit as independent candidates.
All candidates ran under the administration coalition, Hugpong ng Pagbabago.
- Mark Villar (won)
Current members in the 18th CongressEdit
House of RepresentativesEdit
- Ronnie Ong (Ang Probinsyano)
- Naealla Rose Bainto-Aguinaldo (Bahay)
- Michael Edgar Aglipay (DIWA)
- Sharon Garin (AAMBIS-OWA)
- Rico Geron (AGAP)
- Irene Gay Saulog (Kalinga)
- Allan Ty (LPGMA)
- Francisco Datol, Jr. (Senior Citizen)
Nacionalista Party presidentsEdit
|1935–1944||Manuel L. Quezon|
- Dayley, Robert (2016). Southeast Asia In The New International Era. Avalon Publishing. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Guillermo A. Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Teehankee, Julio (2016). "Weak State, Strong Presidents: Situating the Duterte Presidency in Philippine Political Time". Journal of Developing Societies. 3 (3).
- Bertrand, J. (2013). Political Change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
- Berneo, N.; Yashar, D. (2016). Parties, Movements, and Democracy in the Developing World. New York: Cambridge University Press USA.
- Celoza, A. Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism. Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved September 19, 2017.
- Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Volumes 34–35 (1990). UP College of Public Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
- M. Troy Burnett, ed. (2020). Nationalism Today: Extreme Political Movements around the World [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 584.
- Liow, J.; Leifer, M. (1995). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia. New York: Routledge. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
- Simbulan, D. (2005). The Modern Principalia: The Historical Evolution of the Philippine Ruling Oligarchy. Quezon City: UP Press.
- Del Rosario, Simon G. (1973). An Integrated Course on Communism and Democracy. SGR Research & Pub.
- Alvarez, Kathrina (April 12, 2010). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun.Star Cebu. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- Torres, Tetch (May 6, 2010). "SC nullifies NP-NPC coalition". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on May 9, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Maragay, Fel V. (March 1, 2010). "NP-NPC coalition complicates fight in the local level". SunStar. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- Laurel was member of the NP before 1942 and from 1945–1959. During his tenure as President, he was affiliated with KALIBAPI.
- During the 1946 presidential election, Roxas, who is a member of the liberal-wing of the NP, formed the Liberal Party and eventually moved there.
- Moved to the Liberal Party during the 1946 presidential election.
- In 1978, Marcos left the NP and formed his own political party known as the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL).
- Estrada was a member of the NP during his term as Senator. In 1991, he formed his own party known as the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP).
- Marcos was a member of NP during his term as Senator until 2016. He left the party and joined Partido Federal ng Pilipinas(PFP), which he became a chairman of the party.