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2019 Philippine House of Representatives elections

The 2019 Philippine House of Representatives elections will be the 35th triennial election held in the Philippines to decide the 18th Congress of the Philippines. All seats in the House of Representatives will be contested. It is scheduled to be held on May 13, 2019.

2019 Philippine House of Representatives elections

← 2016 May 13, 2019 2022 →

All 305 seats in the House of Representatives of the Philippines.
153 seats needed for a majority
  Velasco-lord.jpg Philippine Foreign Secretary Alan Peter Cayetano 2018.jpg Fuentebella-f.jpg
Leader Lord Allan Jay Velasco Alan Peter Cayetano Arnulfo Fuentebella
Party PDP-Laban Nacionalista NPC
Leader's seat Marinduque Taguig–1st Camarines Sur–4th
Last election 3 seats, 1.90% 24 seats, 9.42% 42 seats, 17.04%
Current seats 95 37 33
Seats needed Increase 58 Increase 116 Increase 120

 
Leader Fredenil Castro To be determined Danilo Suarez
Party NUP Liberal Lakas
Leader's seat Capiz–2nd Quezon–3rd
Last election 23 seats, 9.67% 115 seats, 41.72% 4 seats, 1.54%
Current seats 28 18 5
Seats needed Increase 125 Increase 135 Increase 148

2019 Philippine House of Representatives Elections.svg
Election results; map refers to results from congressional districts, with parts of Greater Manila Area and Metro Cebu at the inset, while the boxes to the left represent party-list seats.

Incumbent Speaker

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
PDP-Laban



Candidates are expected to be either for or against President Rodrigo Duterte. As the Philippines has a multi-party system, those who are for (or against) Duterte may find themselves running against each other. Other districts that may be seen as safe seats may see a candidate elected unopposed. Several seats have not been apportioned since 1907, gerrymandering on some newly-apportioned seats and entrenchment of political dynasties make competitive races in so-called swing seats rare.[citation needed] The Liberal Party is expected to lead the opposition against PDP-Laban.[citation needed]

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The Philippines uses parallel voting for its lower house elections. There are currently 297 seats in the House; 238 of these are district representatives, and 59 are party-list representatives. Philippine law mandates that there should be one party-list representative for every four district representatives. District representatives are elected under the plurality voting system from single-member districts. Party-list representatives are elected via the nationwide vote with a 2% "soft" election threshold, with a 3-seat cap. The party in the party-list election with the most votes usually wins three seats, the other parties with more than 2% of the vote two seats, and the parties with less than 2% of the vote winning a seat each if the 20% quota is not met.

Campaigning for elections from congressional districts seats are decidedly local; the candidates are most likely a part of an election slate that includes candidates for other positions in the locality, and slates may comprise different parties. The political parties contesting the election make no attempt to create a national campaign.[citation needed]

Party-list campaigning, on the other hand, is done on a national scale. Parties usually attempt to appeal to a specific demographic. Polling is usually conducted for the party-list election, while pollsters may release polls on specific district races. In district elections, pollsters do not attempt to make forecasts on how many votes a party would achieve, nor the number of seats a party would win; they do attempt to do that in party-list elections, though.[citation needed]

Participating partiesEdit

Contesting district electionsEdit

Party Leader House leader Support of Duterte's policies[citation needed] Total seats Current bloc
PDP-Laban President Rodrigo Duterte Speaker Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (Pampanga) Very supportive[citation needed] 95 Majority except for 2 with the minority.
Nacionalista Manny Villar Deputy Speaker Pia Cayetano (Taguig) Supportive 37 Majority except for 1 with the minority.
NPC Danding Cojuangco Arnulfo Fuentebella (Camarines Sur) Generally supportive 33 Majority except for 1 with the minority.
NUP Albert Garcia Deputy Speaker Fredenil Castro (Capiz) Generally supportive 28 Majority.
Liberal Vice President Leni Robredo Teddy Baguilat (Ifugao) Generally opposed 18 Split; mostly in the independent minority, 5 with the majority.
Lakas Bong Revilla Minority Leader Danilo Suarez (Quezon) Nominally opposed 5 Split; mostly in majority except for 1 with the minority.

The seats held by each party were expected to change by the time candidacies were declared in late 2018.

Contesting via the party-list systemEdit

The parties under the Makabayan bloc was formerly supportive of Duterte's policies until Duterte suspended peace talks with the Communist Party of the Philippines.[citation needed] Akbayan is seen as opposed to Duterte's policies. Other parties are generally supportive of Duterte's policies.

District changesEdit

Reapportioning the number of seats is done via national reapportionment after the release of every census or via piecemeal redistricting for every province or city. National reapportionment has not happened since the 1987 constitution took effect, and aside from piecemeal redistricting, the apportionment was based on the ordinance from the constitution, which was in turn based from the 1980 census.[citation needed]

House Bills (HB)[1] and Senate Bills[2] (SB) related to redistricing bills
Bill No. District(s) Current Proposed Notes Status Current representative
HB 93 Maguindanao–1st 1 2 Separation of Cotabato City to become a lone district. Pending at the committee level. Bai Sandra Sema PDP-Laban
HB 147 Bacolod 1 2 Bacolod to be split into two districts. Pending at the committee level. Greg Gasataya NPC
HB 514 Surigao del Norte–2nd 1 2 Surigao del Norte–2nd to be split into two districts. Pending at the committee level. Robert Ace Barbers Nacionalista
HB 990 Laguna–2nd 5 6 Separation of Calamba, Laguna to become a lone district. Signed into law - RA 11078. Jun Chipeco Jr. Nacionalista
HB 1219, 5585 Iloilo City 1 2 Iloilo City to be split into two districts. Approved on third reading; transmitted to the Senate. Jerry Treñas NUP
HB 1913 Nueva Ecija–2nd 1 2 Nueva Ecija–2nd to be split into two districts. Pending at the committee level. Micaela Violago NUP
HB 2341, 5367 Cavite 7 8 Reapportioning of Cavite's 6th and 7th districts from two districts to three. Signed into law - RA 11069[3] Roy Loyola
Luis Ferrer IV
Abraham Tolentino
HB 2348 Pampanga–1st 1 2 Separation of Angeles, Philippines to become a lone district. Pending at the committee level. Carmelo Lazatin II Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo PDP-Laban
HB 2528, 6631 Southern Leyte 1 2 Southern Leyte to be split into two districts. Signed into law - RA 11198[4] Roger Mercado PDP-Laban
HB 3431 San Jose del Monte 1 2 San Jose del Monte to be split into two districts. Pending at the committee level. Florida Robes PDP-Laban
HB 4072 Quezon 4 7 Reapportioning of Quezon's districts from four districts to seven. Pending at the committee level. Various
HB 4523 Cebu–6th 1 2 Separation of Mandaue to become a lone district. Substituted by HB08511 Jonas Cortes PDP-Laban
HB 4670, 7522 Aklan 1 2 Aklan to be split into two districts. Signed into law - RA 11077. Carlito Marquez NPC
HB 4678, 5162 South Cotabato–1st 1 2 Separation of General Santos to become a lone district. Signed into law - RA 11243. Pedro Acharon Jr. NPC
HB 4692, 7778 Isabela 4 6 Reapportioning of Isabela's districts from four districts to six. Signed into law - RA 11080. Various
HB 5040 Zamboanga del Norte–3rd 1 2 Separation of a part of Zamboanga del Norte–3rd to become a province of Zamboanga Hermosa and constituting into two districts. Pending at the committee level. Isagani Amatong Liberal
HB 5186 Maguindanao 2 3 Reapportioning of Maguindanao's districts from two districts to three. Pending at the committee level. Various
HB 6746 Caloocan–1st 1 3 Caloocan–1st to be split into three districts. Pending at the committee level. Dale Malapitan PDP-Laban
HB 6895 Bulacan–1st 1 2 Separation of Malolos City to become a lone district. Pending at the committee level. Jose Antonio Sy-Alvarado NUP
HB 7413 Palawan–2nd 1 3 Separation of a part of Palawan's 2nd district to divide the province of Palawan into three separate provinces. Substituted by HB 8055. Various
HB 7999 Bohol 3 5 Reapportioning of Bohol's districts from three districts to five. Pending at the committee level. Erico Aristotle Aumentado NPC
HB 8055 Palawan–2nd 1 3 Separation of a part of Palawan's 2nd district to divide the province of Palawan into three separate provinces. Signed into law - RA 11259. Various
HB 8433 Laguna 1 2 Separation of Santa Rosa City to become a lone district. Substituted by HB 9080. Arlene B. Arcillas PDP-Laban
HB 8511 Cebu–6th 1 2 Separation of a Mandaue to become a lone district. Transmitted to the President. Jonas Cortes PDP-Laban
HB 8824 Samar 2 1 Separation of a part of Samar-1st to become a province of Northwestern Samar. Pending at the committee level. Edgar Sarmiento Liberal
HB 9080 Laguna 1 2 Separation of Santa Rosa City to become a lone district. Approved on Second Reading.
SB 1368 Iloilo City 1 2 Iloilo City to be split into two districts. Pending at the committee level. Jerry Treñas NUP
SB 1487 South Cotabato–1st 1 2 Separation of General Santos to become a lone district. Consolidated/Substituted in the Committee Report Pedro Acharon Jr. NPC
Approved districts Potential new districts 30

In total, seven new district seats were created. Two were in Isabela, where the entire province was redistricted from four districts to six, and one each in Cavite, where the sixth and seventh districts were redistricted into three, Aklan and Southern Leyte, which were split into two districts, Laguna, where Calamba was separated from the second district and South Cotabato, where General Santos City was separated from the first district.

As there are now 245 districts; therefore, there are 60 party-list seats (at least 20% of the total), an increase from 58. The 18th Congress shall then have 305 representatives.

Retiring and term-limited incumbentsEdit

Term limitedEdit

These representatives are term-limited, and are thus not allowed to run in 2019:

RetiringEdit

These representatives are not term limited, but will not run:

  • Vicente Alcala (PDP-Laban, Quezon-2nd)
    Running for Governor
  • Arlene Arcillas (PDP-Laban, Laguna-1st)
    Running for Mayor of Santa Rosa, Laguna
  • Lito Atienza (Buhay Hayaan Yumabong, party-list)
    Atienza said that if he does not see any significant change under Mayor Joseph Estrada, he will run for Mayor of Manila.[10]
  • Jennifer Austria-Barzaga (NUP, Cavite 4th)
    Running for Mayor of Dasmariñas
  • Ferjenel Biron (National Unity Party, Iloilo-4th)
    Brion announced in May 2018 that he will run for Governor of Iloilo.[11]
  • Juan Pablo Bondoc (PDP-Laban, Pampanga–4th)
    Bondoc will most likely run for Governor of Pampanga, according to the Central Luzon PDP-Laban chairman.[12]
  • Pia Cayetano, (Nacionalista, Taguig–2nd)
    Running for Senator
  • Vincent Crisologo (PDP-Laban, Quezon City–1st)
    Running for Mayor of Quezon City
  • Anna Katrina Enverga-dela Paz (NPC, Quezon-1st)
    Running for reelection, later withdrew
  • Gwendolyn Garcia (PDP-Laban, Cebu–3rd)
    Running for Governor
  • Alexandra Gonzales (PDP-Laban, Mandaluyong City)
    Running for reelection, later withdrew
  • Datu Zajid Mangudadatu (PDP-Laban, Maguindanao-2nd)
    Running for Senator
  • Danilo Suarez (Lakas, Quezon-3rd)
    Running for Governor
  • Chiqui Roa-Puno (NUP, Antipolo-1st)
    Not running for reelection
  • Monsour del Rosario (PDP-Laban, Makati-1st)
    Running for Vice Mayor
  • Gustavo Tambunting (PDP-Laban, Parañaque–2nd)
    Running for reelection, later withdrew

VacanciesEdit

These congressmen left office before their terms expired, and were not replaced. As the 17th Congress has not called for special elections, these seats remain vacant until the sine die adjournment. For party-list representatives, the next person on the list would assume office. In both instances this happened, the next person on the list replaced the person who resigned.

Marginal seatsEdit

These are the marginal seats that had a winning margin of 5% or less, in ascending order.

ResultsEdit

Per districtEdit

e • d Summary of the May 13, 2019 Philippine House of Representatives election results for representatives from congressional districts
Party/coalition Popular vote Seats
Total % Swing Up Stood Won % +/−
PDP-Laban (Philippine Democratic Party–People's Power) 12,101,782 30.36%   28.46% 92 122 79 25.90%   13
Nacionalista (Nationalist Party) 6,462,671 16.22%   6.80% 38 68 41 13.44%   3
NPC (Nationalist People's Coalition) 5,833,274 14.64%   2.40% 32 59 36 11.80%   4
NUP (National Unity Party) 3,852,909 9.67%   0.00% 28 42 25 8.20%   3
Liberal (Liberal Party) 2,321,759 5.83%   35.89% 21 26 18 5.90%   3
Lakas (People Power–Christian Muslim Democrats) 1,918,856 4.81%   3.27% 5 28 11 3.61%   6
PFP (Federal Party of the Philippines) 1,033,140 2.59%   2.59% 2 32 4 1.31%   2
HNP (Faction of Change) 652,318 1.66%   1.64% 3 7 3 0.98%   3
Aksyon (Democratic Action) 398,616 1.00%   0.38% 0 6 1 0.33%   1
PMP (Force of the Filipino Masses) 396,614 1.00%   0.79% 1 9 1 0.33%  
Bukidnon Paglaum (Hope for Bukidnon) 335,628 0.84%   0.49% 2 3 2 0.66%  
PDDS (Noble Blood Association of Federalists) 258,924 0.65%   0.65% 0 28 0 0.00%  
LDP (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) 252,806 0.63%   0.33% 3 3 2 0.66%   1
UNA (United Nationalist Alliance) 207,244 0.52%   6.10% 0 7 0 0.0%  
HTL (Party of the People of the City) 197,024 0.49%   0.35% 0 1 1 0.33%   1
PPP (Palawan's Party of Change) 185,810 0.47%   0.47% 0 2 2 0.66%   2
Bileg (Ilocano Power) 158,523 0.40%   0.40% 1 1 1 %  
PRP (People's Reform Party) 138,014 0.35%   0.35% 0 2 1 0.33%   1
Unang Sigaw (First Cry of Nueva Ecija) 120,674 0.30%   0.30% 0 1 0 0.00%  
KDP (Union of Democratic Filipinos) 116,453 0.29%   0.30% 0 4 0 0.00%  
Asenso Abra (Progress for Abra) 115,865 0.29%   0.29% 0 1 1 0.33%   1
Kambilan (Shield and Fellowship of Kapampangans) 107,078 0.27%   0.27% 0 1 0 0.00%  
Padayon Pilipino (Onward Filipinos) 98,450 0.25%   0.09% 0 2 0 0.00%  
Asenso Manileño (Progress for Manilans) 84,656 0.21%   0.29% 0 2 2 0.66%   2
Kusog Bicolandia (Force of Bicol) 82,832 0.21%   0.21% 0 2 0 0.00%  
CDP (Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines) 81,741 0.21%   0.17% 0 1 1 0.33%   1
Navoteño (Navotas Party) 80,265 0.20%   0.20% 1 1 1 0.33%   1
KABAKA (Partner of the Nation for Progress) 65,836 0.17%   0.02% 1 1 1 0.33%  
PDSP (Philippine Social Democratic Party) 56,223 0.14%   0.14% 0 3 0 0.00%  
Bagumbayan-VNP (New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines) 33,731 0.09%   0.08% 0 1 0 0.00%  
KBL (New Society Movement) 33,594 0.08%   0.45% 0 1 0 0.00%  
AZAP (Forward Zamboanga Party) 28,605 0.07%   0.07% 0 1 0 0.00%  
WPP (Labor Party Philippines) 9,718 0.02%   0.00% 0 2 0 0.00%  
DPP (Democratic Party of the Philippines) 1,110 0.00%   0.00% 0 1 0 0.00%  
PGRP (Philippine Green Republican Party) 701 0.00%   0.01% 0 1 0 0.00%  
Independent 2,032,097 5.10%   0.73% 1 142 2 0.66%   1
Total 39,855,541 100% N/A 238 614 245 80.32%   7
Valid votes 39,388,334 86.74%   0.55%
Invalid votes 6,093,574 13.26%   0.55%
Turnout 45,949,115 74.30%   7.33%
Registered voters (without overseas voters) 61,843,771 100%   11.48%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "HOUSE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS". congress.gov.ph. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  2. ^ "SENATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS". senate.gov.ph. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  3. ^ Placido, Dharel. "Duterte signs law dividing Cavite into 8 legislative districts". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  4. ^ Reyes, Ronald. "Duterte signs law creating new Southern Leyte congressional district". SunStar Tacloban. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  5. ^ "Richard's sis not running for guv". Panay News. April 17, 2017.
  6. ^ "LIST: Local bets who filed COCs on Day 4, October 16". Rappler. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  7. ^ Cepeda, Mara. "Sonny Belmonte will stick with LP, says daughter Joy". Rappler. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  8. ^ Ellera, Teresa D. (August 3, 2017). "Kabankalan mayor to retire from politics". Sunstar. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  9. ^ Cabato, Regine (August 29, 2018). "Arroyo: Nothing can stop me from retiring next year". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Atienza says he may run again for Manila mayor in 2019". GMA News Online. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  11. ^ "Biron to run for governor of Iloilo | Iloilo Metropolitan Times". www.iloilometropolitantimes.com. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  12. ^ "Bondoc likely bet for guv in 2019". Sunstar. November 15, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  13. ^ "Tupay Loong". 2016.mb.com. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  14. ^ Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (August 2, 2016). "Villar resigns as Las Piñas rep, takes on DPWH post". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
  15. ^ "Basilan congresswoman Jum Jainudin Akbar dies". Rappler. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  16. ^ Cabreza, Vincent (June 3, 2017). "Mt. Province lawmaker dies of kidney failure". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  17. ^ "Batanes Rep. Dina Abad succumbs to cancer". News5. October 9, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.