Open main menu

Cotabato City, officially the City of Cotabato (Maguindanaon: Ingud nu Kutawatu; Iranun: Inged a Kotawato) is an independent component city in the newly created Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 299,438.[3]

Cotabato

Kutawatu
City of Cotabato
Eagle eye view of Cotabato City
Cotabato City Hall
Mall of Alnor (Robinsons Town Center)
Rio Grande De Mindanao River in Cotabato City
Eagle eye view of Cotabato City ; City Hall of Cotabato; Mall of Alnor (Robinsons Town Center); Rio Grande De Mindanao in Cotabato City
Flag of Cotabato
Flag
Official seal of Cotabato
Seal
Nicknames: 

“City of Cultural Charms”
“City of Rivers and Creeks”
“Tagalog City of Mindanao”
“Stone Fortress of Mindanao”
“Halal Capital of the Philippines”
Motto(s): 
Sigay ka Cotabato! (Shine Cotabato!)
Map of Maguindanao highlighting Cotabato City
Map of Maguindanao highlighting Cotabato City
Cotabato is located in Philippines
Cotabato
Cotabato
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°13′N 124°15′E / 7.22°N 124.25°E / 7.22; 124.25Coordinates: 7°13′N 124°15′E / 7.22°N 124.25°E / 7.22; 124.25
CountryPhilippines
RegionBangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM)
ProvinceMaguindanao (geographically only)
District1st District of Maguindanao shared with Cotabato City
During Manobo period13th century
Founded as capital of Maguindanao Sultanatec. 1520
Founding of Pueblo de Cotabato1862
CityhoodJune 20, 1959
Founded byApo Mamalu and Apo Tabunaway
Barangays37
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorFrances Cynthia Guiani-Sayadi (One Kutawato)
 • Vice MayorGraham Guiani Dumama
Area
[2]
 • Total176.00 km2 (67.95 sq mi)
Population
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total299,438
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Cotabateño (masculine) Cotabateña (feminine)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
9600
IDD:area code+63 (0)64
Income class3rd city income class
PSGC129804000
Revenue (₱)899.754 Million Local Source Income plus Internal Revenue Allotment(2017) [4]
Electorate103,530 voters as of 2016
Climate typeTropical climate
LanguageTagalog, Maguindanaon, Chavacano, Maranao, Iranun, Cebuano, English
City Annual Budget for 2018 (₱)938 million (Approved)[5]
Websitewww.cotabatocitysp.com

Cotabato City is formerly part and the Regional Center of Region XII. However, due to the ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law, it is now part of BARMM. Being an independent component city, it's not a subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Maguindanao where it is geographically located. The Philippine Statistics Authority also list Cotabato City as statistically independent.[6]

Cotabato City is distinct from and should not be confused with the province of Cotabato. The city was chartered by the virtue of Republic Act No. 2364.[7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The Spanish fortress in Cotabato, El Fuerte Reina Regente, 1896

Prior to the arrival of Hindus and Muslims, the city was a vast swamp and rainforest landscape where numerous ethno-linguistic groups lived. Maguindanao vernacular architecture developed during this era, which included the architectural techniques of at least 10 ethno-linguistic groups. Later on, Hindu traders arrived and the people of the area embraced the practice of Hinduism. The set of moral standards and culture of present-day people of Maguindanao are seen due to this Hindu influence.[8][9]

Sultanate of MaguindanaoEdit

By 1515, after a successful Islamic colonization in Sulu, Muslim traders went to Maguindanao and converted many of the natives to Islam. Those that did not accept the arrival of the Muslims went into higher ground or the interior of the island. During the same year, the Sultanate of Maguindanao was formally established, with Kota Wato as its capital, and ruled a vast territory in Mindanao from until its total collapse in 1888.

 
Datu Piang, fourth from the left, with American officers circa 1899. He was the first governor of the Empire Province of Cotabato; Cotabato City was once the capital of the province from 1920 to 1967.

Following the Spanish evacuation in Jan. 1899, Datu Piang led the Moro's in a massacre of the remaining Christian community, enslaving those they did not kill.[10]:529–530 Americans arrived in Mindanao in 1900 after the Spanish–American War ended in 1898. Cotabato town was part of Moro Province and of Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1903 to 1920, when the Empire Province of Cotabato, referred to as "Moroland" by the Americans, was founded with the town as the capital, with Datu Piang as its first governor.[6]

CotabatoEdit

 
Cotabato Empire Map

Several towns were carved off from Cotabato town since the year 1913, with Pikit being the first one founded by Cebuano Christian colonists. Dulawan (now Datu Piang, Maguindanao) and Midsayap were incorporated as regular municipalities in 1936. In 1942, at the beginning of the Pacific Front of World War II, the Japanese Imperial forces entered what is now Maguindanao province. In 1945, Maguindanao was liberated by allied Philippine Commonwealth troops and Muslim Maguindanaoan guerrilla units after defeating the Japanese Imperial forces in the Battle of Maguindanao during the Second World War.[6] In August 18, 1947, just two years after the Second World War and a year after the official inauguration of Philippine independence, the number of towns in the gigantic Cotabato province were multiplied by Executive Order No. 82 signed by President Manuel Roxas, namely: Kidapawan, Pagalungan, Buayan, Marbel, Parang, Nuling, Dinaig, Salaman, Buluan, Kiamba, and Cabacan, a total of eleven (11) towns added to the previous four towns; the newly founded towns of Kabuntalan, Pikit (conversion as regular municipality), and Glan added up in September 30, 1949. More and more newly created towns added up in the province's number of towns as the province entered the second half of the 20th century.[6]

Cityhood StatusEdit

 
Old Cotabato City Hall

The city used to be part of the original Province of Cotabato and was its capital from 1920 until 1967, a year after the separation of South Cotabato; since then the city was the administrative center of the ARMM when Maguindanao was carved out in 1973. However, the city broke off administratively from Maguindanao as it rejoined Soccsksargen in the 1990s. Now many sources consider the city as part of the present Cotabato province, although geographically it is still considered part of Maguindanao.[6]

Inclusion in the Bangsamoro regionEdit

Traditionally resisting efforts for inclusion to the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao despite serving as the government center of the ARMM, the January 21, 2019 Bangsamoro Autonomous Region creation plebiscite resulted in the surprise ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law. This means Cotabato City may now formally serve as the capital of the region and the offices of the former ARMM will be retained for use by the Bangsamoro Regional Government.

GeographyEdit

Cotabato is approximately 698.9 nautical miles (1,294.4 kilometres) from Manila, the country's capital, and is bounded by the municipalities of Sultan Kudarat to the north—with Rio Grande de Mindanao separating the two—Kabuntalan to the east, and Datu Odin Sinsuat to the south. The city faces Illana Bay, part of the Moro Gulf, to the west.

Cotabato City has a total land area of 176.0 square kilometers, located at the mouth of the Rio Grande de Mindanao and Pulangi River.[11]

TopographyEdit

The city is situated in the lowest portion of Maguindanao province. The City of Cotabato with its 37 barangays spans an area with marked landscapes of flat, level to nearly level, very gently sloping to gently undulations to moderately sloping or rolling. It is basically a delta formed by two big rivers, the Tamontaka River and the Rio Grande de Mindanao. Basically 70% of its total land area is below sea level. There are only 2 existing elevated areas in the city, the PC Hill and the Timako Hill with an altitude of 90 and 150 feet, respectively.

Concentration of settlements and other urban uses are in the central portion while the southwestern and southeastern portion have mixed uses of agricultural land settlements. The city is criss-crossed by meandering and braided creeks and rivers like the Matampay, Parang, Timako, Esteros and Miwaruy.

These water bodies serve as sources of both agricultural, industrial and domestic water requirements of some rural barangays. These rivers also serve as the natural drainage flow of the city’s wastes.

BarangaysEdit

 
Cotabato City Map

Cotabato City is politically subdivided into 37 barangays.[12][13]

  • Bagua Proper
  • Bagua I
  • Bagua II
  • Bagua III
  • Kalanganan
  • Kalanganan I
  • Kalanganan II
  • Poblacion Proper
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion III
  • Poblacion IV
  • Poblacion V
  • Poblacion VI
  • Poblacion VII
  • Poblacion VIII
  • Poblacion IX
  • Rosary Heights Proper
  • Rosary Heights I
  • Rosary Heights II
  • Rosary Heights III
  • Rosary Heights IV
  • Rosary Heights V
  • Rosary Heights VI
  • Rosary Heights VII
  • Rosary Heights VIII
  • Rosary Heights IX
  • Rosary Heights X
  • Rosary Heights XI
  • Rosary Heights XII
  • Rosary Heights XIII
  • Tamontaka Proper
  • Tamontaka I
  • Tamontaka II
  • Tamontaka III
  • Tamontaka IV
  • Tamontaka V

ClimateEdit

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Cotabato City features a tropical rainforest climate (Af), falling just short of a tropical monsoon climate (Am).

Climate data for Cotabato City (1981–2010, extremes 1986–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.1
(97.0)
36.5
(97.7)
37.7
(99.9)
37.0
(98.6)
36.0
(96.8)
35.5
(95.9)
35.4
(95.7)
35.3
(95.5)
35.4
(95.7)
34.8
(94.6)
35.2
(95.4)
35.5
(95.9)
37.7
(99.9)
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91.0)
33.4
(92.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.1
(91.6)
32.3
(90.1)
31.9
(89.4)
32.1
(89.8)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90.0)
32.6
(90.7)
32.5
(90.5)
32.6
(90.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
27.9
(82.2)
28.3
(82.9)
28.6
(83.5)
28.1
(82.6)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.8
(82.0)
Average low °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.8
(73.0)
23.0
(73.4)
Record low °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.5
(68.9)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
20.7
(69.3)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 88.4
(3.48)
83.9
(3.30)
119.9
(4.72)
146.7
(5.78)
268.5
(10.57)
312.3
(12.30)
325.4
(12.81)
244.8
(9.64)
256.6
(10.10)
285.5
(11.24)
216.3
(8.52)
139.6
(5.50)
2,487.8
(97.94)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9 9 11 11 17 20 19 16 16 17 14 12 171
Average relative humidity (%) 75 74 74 73 74 76 76 76 76 76 75 75 75
Source: PAGASA[14][15]

DemographicsEdit

 
Queen of Peace Church Cotabato
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 61,184—    
1975 67,097+1.87%
1980 83,871+4.56%
1990 127,065+4.24%
1995 146,779+2.74%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 163,849+2.39%
2007 259,153+6.53%
2010 271,786+1.75%
2015 299,438+1.86%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][16][17][18]

The majority of the inhabitants of Cotabato City are Maguindanaon, comprising about 50% of the city's population. There are sizable ethnic populations of Cebuanos (14%), Tagalogs (9.7%), Iranun (7%), Hiligaynons (5.6%), Binisaya (2.7%) and Chinese (2%) . The remainder of the population belongs to other ethnicities (e.g. Tausug, Tiruray, Ilocano, Maranao and Indian).[19]

LanguageEdit

The main languages are Maguindanao and Tagalog. Cebuano and Chavacano, spoken by both Christians and Muslims, as well as Iranun, Maranao, English, and Arabic, are also heard in the city. The dialect of Chavacano native to Cotabato City is referred to as Cotabateño.[20]

ReligionEdit

 
The Sultan Hajji Hassanal Bolkiah Mosque

As reported by Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) on 2015, 76.15% of the people of Cotabato City are adherent of Islam and mainly belong to Sunnites.[21] The followers of Islam are mainly Maguindanaoan, Iranun, Maranao, and Tausug people. The remaining proportion belong to non - Islamic belief such as Christianity, Buddhism and other sects.

Cotabato City also hosts the largest mosque in the Philippines, the Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Masjid which can accommodate approximately 15,000 worshippers.[22] It is also the seat of the Archdiocese of Cotabato which serves its Roman Catholic population.[23]

Festivals religious of origin are also held in the city annually such the Shariff Kabunsuan Festival which is dedicated to Sharif Kabungsuwan, a Muslim missionary which introduced Islam in the area.[24] The Feast of the Immaculate Conception, since the Mary, mother of Jesus as the Immaculate Conception, is regarded by the patron saint of the city by its Catholic population.

EconomyEdit

 
CityMall Cotabato

The City currently serves as the center for economic support activities (trade and finance), education and other support services such as social, physical, cultural and other basic services of Central Mindanao are offered in the city.

CommerceEdit

Cotabato City has one of the Highest Bank Deposits in Mindanao with total of Php18,736,523,000.00 deposits as of June 30, 2017 with 150,406 bank accounts[25] the city has 20 banks (Private and Government), due to high bank deposits and good economic dynamism. The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas built its Central Mindanao branch in the city.

The city has local and national-based shopping centers. Local-based shopping centers like Superama, Sugni, Mall of Alnor, and South Seas Mall have been in competition with the national-based shopping centers like CityMall, Puregold, Robinsons Supermarket and Department Store, Centro Department Store, and SM Savemore. Cotabato City is one of the fastest growing economy in the Soccsksargen region.[26]

KCC Malls have confirmed their interest to build a mall within the City's Downtown. Construction will start after the clearing operations are finished.[27] NCCC Malls, a Davao-based mall corporation have also confirmed their interest to build their mall within the city.[28]

IndustryEdit

 
Cotabato City “Double A” Standard Halal Slaughterhouse

Cotabato City has a more or less 1,700 hectares of fishponds which has an annual production of 85,000 kg of mud crabs, prawn and milkfish.[29][30][31]

Aiming to be the halal hub of the Philippines, the City Government and Malaysian Businessman built a Class AA halal slaughter house in Baranggay Kalangan II in the city primary serving the entire Central Mindanao, the Halal slaughter house generates a gross income of 4,642,135.00 pesos in 2018.[32]

The city has different factories for cooking oil, coffee, corn starch, processed food and furniture operating within the city.

TransportationEdit

Air
 
Arrival Area Cotabato City Airport

Cotabato City can be reached via Cotabato Airport in neighboring Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao. Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines maintains connecting the city to Manila, Cebu and Zamboanga.

Land
 
Alnor Taxi at the Mall of Alnor, Cotabato City

The city is accessible by land from many parts of Mindanao. Buses, jeepneys and minivans link the city to Midsayap, Koronadal, Lebak, Pagadian, Tacurong, Kidapawan, Marawi, Iligan, General Santos, Davao City and to various points in Maguindanao.

Multicab and tricycle are the usual means of transportation around the city, minimum fare is P7. There are also Taxis roaming around the city and Habal habal. Two taxi operators are currently operating into the city, namely Alnor Taxi and Wow Taxi. [33]

Bus operators:

  1. Mindanao Star daily route to Midsayap, Kabacan, Kidapawan, Digos City and Davao City
  2. Husky Tours daily route to Shariff Aguak, Isulan, Koronadal and General Santos City

UtilitiesEdit

 
Cotabato Light and Power Company Building along Sinsuat Avenue

Power is handled by Cotabato Light and Power Company, a private firm owned by Aboitiz who gets power resources from the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines. (NGCP). It also operates a bunker fuel-fired stand-by power engines to address emergency situations like power failures, trip-offs and fluctuations.[34]

Metro Cotabato Water District is the main water supplier in the city. It has an active connection of 29,960. It resources are located in Barangay Dimapatoy, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Maguindanao.[35]

Telecommunications are handled by PLDT or Philippine Long Distance Company, Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, and Sun Cellular. Internet service providers in the city are PLDT, Smart, and Globe. Cable services are being handled by local-based Cotabato Cable[36] and national-based Cignal[37] and Sky Cable.

Hospitals and medical facilitiesEdit

 
United Doctors Hospital Cotabato along Notre Dame Avenue
 
Cotabato Regional and Medical Center

The city has one (1) government hospital and six (6) private hospitals. Below is the list of current operating hospitals in the city.

  • Cotabato Regional and Medical Center – Sinsuat Avenue.
  • Notre Dame Hospital – Sinsuat Avenue
  • Cotabato Medical Specialist Hospital – Quezon Avenue
  • United Doctors Hospital of Cotabato City – Notre Dame Avenue
  • Dr. P. Ocampo Hospital – De Mazenod Avenue
  • Cotabato Doctors Clinic and Hospital – Sinsuat Avenue
  • Cotabato Puericulture Center and General Hospital Foundation, Inc. – Jose Lim Sr. St.
  • Cotabato Polymedic and Diagnostic Center - Governor Gutierez Avenue

EducationEdit

 
Cariño Building, Notre Dame University.

There are is a single public and 17 private educational institutions in the city, having a total of 14,228 enrollees for Higher Education (Colleges and Universities) in School Year 2017-2018.

Universities and colleges:

  • Notre Dame University
  • Cotabato State University formerly Cotabato City State Polytechnic College
  • STI Cotabato
  • St. Benedict College of Cotabato
  • Notre Dame – RVM College of Cotabato
  • AMA Computer College
  • Coland Systems Technology
  • Headstart College of Cotabato
  • A.R Pacheco College
  • Notre Dame Hospital and School of Midwifery
  • Doctor P. Ocampo College
  • Dela Vida College
  • Computer Aided Design and Information Technology Institute, Inc. (CAD.It)
  • Jamiat Cotabato - Cotabato City University
  • Academia De Technologia in Mindanao
  • Mindanao Capitols Colleges
  • Shariff Kabunsuan College, Inc.
  • Kutawato Darusallam College

Notable peopleEdit

  • Orlando Quevedo - Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Cotabato

Sister citiesEdit

Cotabato City is twinned with:

LocalEdit

InternationalEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Philippine Cities Local Income". blgf. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  5. ^ https://tl-ph.facebook.com/BNFMCotabato/posts/1750496754981786
  6. ^ a b c d e "Cotabato City". Philippine Information Agency, Government of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 18 June 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  7. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2364". www.chanrobles.com. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  8. ^ Williams, Mark S. "Mandala and its significance in Magindanao Muslim society". epublications.bond.edu.au. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  9. ^ Castro, Alex B. "Mindanao Royalty: In the Realm of Muslim Majesties". www.townandcountry.ph. Town & Country. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  10. ^ Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands: A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  11. ^ Disaster Preparedness of Schools by Abdul Raffi A. Abas
  12. ^ "Philippine Standard Geographic Code". psa.gov.ph. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Philippine Standard Geographic Code". psa.gov.ph. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Cotabato City, Maguindanao Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Cotabato City, Maguindanao Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  16. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  17. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  18. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  19. ^ Philippine Statistics Authority (July 26, 2000). "Cotabato City Census" (PDF). Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  20. ^ Philippine Statistics Authority (July 26, 2000). "Cotabato City Census" (PDF). Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  21. ^ Philippine Statistics Authority (July 26, 2017). "Muslim Population in Mindanao (based on POPCEN 2015". Retrieved Aug 31, 2018.
  22. ^ Maitem, Jeoffrey (21 July 2012). "Muslims still overwhelmed by nation's biggest mosque". Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  23. ^ Sarmiento, Bong (25 February 2019). "Catholic priests in BARMM welcome BTA with guarded optimism". MindaNews. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  24. ^ "Shariff Kabunsuan Festival". www.choosephilippines.com. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  25. ^ "PDIC Bank Deposits". www.pdic.gov.ph. Retrieved 2018-01-31.
  26. ^ Fernandez, Edwin (August 18, 2017). "Cotabato is 2nd most competitive city". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  27. ^ "KCC Mall sa Cotabato city umpisahan ng itayo sa buwan ng Marso". RMN Networks. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  28. ^ Fernandez, Edwin (November 24, 2018). "More malls coming to Cotabato, Kidapawan cities". NDBC News. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  29. ^ Fernandez, Edwin (December 18, 2011). "Cotabato's mud crabs get limelight in feast". The Daily Inquirer. Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  30. ^ "Cotabato fish-crab farmer nominated in DA-12 search". Balita PH. February 27, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  31. ^ Ortiz, Maria Asuncion. "Local economic development and youth employment: The case of Cotabato City". www.researchgate.net. International Labour Organization. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  32. ^ "Halal industry sa Cotabato city, mas palalakasin! – RMN Networks". RMN Networks. 2017-11-08. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  33. ^ "Travel Guide: Cotabato City | Lakwatsero". www.lakwatsero.com. Retrieved 2017-10-28.
  34. ^ "History of Cotabato Light & Power Company". www.cotabatolight.com. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  35. ^ "History - Metro Cotabato Water District". www.metrocotabatowd.gov.ph. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Cotabato Cable Website". cotabatocabletv.joomla.com. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  37. ^ "Territory Partners". cignal.tv. Cignal TV. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  38. ^ "Cotabato City in Sisterhood with Sultan Kudarat Municipality". Cotabatocity.net.ph. Retrieved 2016-12-09.
  39. ^ "Malaysian investors in Cotabato City". Cotabatocity.net.ph. Retrieved 2016-12-09.
  40. ^ "Mindanao LGUs emulate best Indonesian city – The Standard". Manilastandardtoday.com. 2016-08-15. Retrieved 2016-12-09.

External linksEdit