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Rafael Palma (Spanish pronunciation: [rafaˈel ˈpalma] : 24 October 1874  – 24 May 1939) was a Filipino politician, Rizalian, writer, educator and a famous Freemason. He became the fourth President of the University of the Philippines.

Rafael Palma
Rafael Palma y Velasquez circa 1915.jpg
Rafael Palma in 1915
4th President of the University of the Philippines
In office
Preceded byGuy Potter Benton
Succeeded byJorge Bocobo
Personal details
Rafael Palma y Velásquez

(1874-10-24)October 24, 1874
Tondo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
DiedMay 24, 1939(1939-05-24) (aged 64)
Manila, Commonwealth of the Philippines
Political partyNacionalista Party
Spouse(s)Carolina Ocampo
Alma materAteneo de Manila University
University of Santo Tomas



Palma was born in Manila on 24 October 1874 to Don Hermógenes Palma, a clerk at the Intendencia Office, and Hilaria Velásquez. His younger brother was the soldier-poet José Palma–the author of the Spanish poem «Filipinas», which was, along with its subsequent translations, used in the Philippine National Anthem.

He was later elected a senator under the Nacionalista Party, consistently representing the 4th District, in both the 1916 and 1919 senatorial polls.

Palma died in Manila on 24 May 1939.



  • The Pride of the Malay Race,[1] the English translation by Justice Román Ozaeta of Palma's biography of Filipino national hero José Rizal.
  • The Woman and the Right to Vote[2]
  • The New Mentality, 1929.

Places named after himEdit


External linksEdit