1941 Philippine Senate election

Election to the Senate were held on November 11, 1941 in the Philippines. The Senate was re-instituted after amendments to the constitution restored the bicameral legislature last used in 1935.

1941 Philippine Senate election

← 1938 (Nat'l Assembly) November 11, 1941 1946 →

All 24 seats in the Philippine Senate
13 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Manuel Roxas.jpg
Leader Manuel Roxas
Party Nacionalista Popular Front
Last election N/A N/A
Seats won 24 0
Seat change Increase 24 0

1941 Philippine Senate elections results.svg
Representation of results

Elected Senate President

Manuel Roxas

The elected senators would start to serve only in 1945 as they were not able to take office on December 30, 1941 as Imperial Japan invaded the country on December 8, 1941 at the onset of World War II.

Electoral systemEdit

The electorate voted with plurality-at-large voting for the first time for the Senate; the voters have the option of writing the party name on the ballot and all 24 candidates from the party receive votes; another option is by voting individually for each candidate. Also, the former senatorial districts were not used; instead voting was done nationwide as one at-large district. The succeeding Senate elections would be held every two years, with eight seats to be disputed in every election.[1][2]

The next election was to be on 1943, but due to the intervention of World War II, no elections were until 1946, where the seats supposedly up in 1943 and 1945 were disputed. The winners of the 1941 election were not seated until 1945. In the intervening years, the Second Philippine Republic, a Japanese puppet state, put up a unicameral National Assembly.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Before election ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^ ‡^
Election result NP
After election + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

Per candidateEdit

While the tally of votes have been lost in history, some sources tell where each candidate finished in the tally. Claro M. Recto finished first,[3] while Mariano Jesus Cuenco finished fifth, and Vicente Rama finished 16th.[4]

Not all candidates of the same party finished with the same number of votes, as some voted individually per candidate, instead of just writing the party name, and some didn't complete the 24 names if they did choose to vote individually per candidate.

e • d Summary of the November 11, 1941 Senatorial election results
Candidate a b Party Tenure c
Alauya Alonto2 Nacionalista Served
Antonio de las Alas Nacionalista Served
Melecio Arranz Nacionalista Served
Nicolas Buendia Nacionalista Served
Mariano Jesús Cuenco Nacionalista Served
Ramon J. Fernandez Nacionalista Served
Carlos P. Garcia Nacionalista Served
Pedro C. Hernaez Nacionalista Served
Domingo Imperial Nacionalista Served
Vicente Madrigal Nacionalista Arrested
Daniel Maramba Nacionalista Died
Rafael Fernandez Nacionalista Served 1
José Ozámiz Nacionalista Executed
Quintin Paredes Nacionalista Arrested
Elpidio Quirino Nacionalista Served
Vicente Rama Nacionalista Served
Esteban de la Rama Nacionalista Served
Claro M. Recto Nacionalista Arrested
Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr. Nacionalista Arrested
Manuel Roxas Nacionalista Served
Prospero E. Sebastian Nacionalista Arrested
Emiliano Tria Tirona Nacionalista Arrested
Ramon Torres Nacionalista Served
José Yulo Nacionalista Arrested
Note: Tally of votes were destroyed during World War II. Source: Philippine Senate
^a The following were detained because of collaboration charges with the Japanese: Antonio de las Alas, Vicente Madrigal, Quintin Paredes, Claro M. Recto, Eulogio Rodriguez, Proceso E. Sebastian, Emiliano Tria Tirona and José Yulo.
^b Daniel Maramba died and Jose Ozamis was executed during the war.
^c The senators elected in 1941 served only from July 5, 1945 to April 23, 1946 except for Alauya Alonto, Esteban de la Rama, Pedro C. Hernaez, Vicente Madrigal, Vicente Rama, Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr., Proceso E. Sebastian, and Emiliano Tria Tirona, who served until May 22, 1947.
^1 Replaced Norberto Romuáldez who died on the eve of the elections.
^2 Alauya Alonto used his Muslim Name "Sa Ramain" during the elections.

Per partyEdit

Nacionalista Party24
Popular Front0
Source: Julio Teehankee. "Electoral Politics in the Philippines" (PDF). quezon.ph.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Philippine Electoral Almanac. The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office. 2013. p. 17. Archived from the original on 2014-04-09.
  2. ^ Liang, Dapen. Philippine Parties & Politics: A Historical Study of National Experience in Democracy.
  3. ^ Dooc, Emmanuel (2020-02-28). "Claro Mayo Recto: Champion of Filipino nationalism | Emmanuel Dooc". BusinessMirror. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  4. ^ Oaminal, Clarence Paul. "Don Vicente Rama, the Cebuano who won in the 1941 Senatorial Election". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2021-07-20.

External linksEdit