Camilo Osías

Camilo Olaviano Osías (born Camilo Osías y Olaviano; March 23, 1889 – May 20, 1976) was a Filipino politician, twice for a short time President of the Senate of the Philippines.

Camilo O. Osías
Camilo Osias studio photo.jpg
6th and 8th President of the Senate of the Philippines
In office
April 30, 1953 – May 20, 1953
Appointed bySenate
PresidentElpidio Quirino
Preceded byEulogio Rodriguez
Succeeded byJose Zulueta
In office
April 17, 1952 – April 30, 1952
Appointed bySenate
PresidentElpidio Quirino
Preceded byQuintin Paredes
Succeeded byEulogio Rodriguez
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1947 – December 30, 1953
In office
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1967
Member of the Philippine National Assembly from La Union's 1st district
In office
November 15, 1935 – 1938
Preceded byFrancisco Ortega
Succeeded byDelfin Flores
Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Philippine Islands
In office
March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1935
Serving with Pedro Guevara
Preceded byIsauro Gabaldon
Succeeded byFrancisco A. Delgado
Senator of the Philippines from the 2nd district
In office
1925 – 1929
Served with:
Alejo Mabanag (1925-1928)
Teofilo Sison (1928-1929)
Preceded byBernabe de Guzman
Succeeded byAlejandro de Guzman
Personal details
Camilo Osías y Olaviano

(1889-03-23)March 23, 1889
Balaoan, La Union, Captaincy General of the Philippines
DiedMay 20, 1976(1976-05-20) (aged 87)
Manila, Philippines
Political partyNacionalista (before 1961)
Liberal (since 1961)

Life and careerEdit

Osias attended school in Balaoan, Vigan and San Fernando, and was named a government scholar to the United States in 1905. He studied at the University of Chicago in 1906 and 1907. He graduated from the Western Illinois State Teachers College at Macomb, Illinois in 1908, and from the Teachers College of Columbia University in New York City in 1910. On his return to the Philippine Islands, he taught and later assumed various administrative positions, particularly in the field of education. He successively became the first Filipino Superintendent of Schools (1915 to 1916), Assistant Director of Education (1917 to 1921), a lecturer at the University of the Philippines (1919 to 1921), and President of National University (1921–1936), a private institution.

Osias also entered national politics. He was a member of the first Philippine mission to the United States (1919 to 1920). He was elected a member of the Philippine Senate in 1925, and, as a Nationalista, a Resident Commissioner in the United States House of Representatives in 1928, reelected in 1931 and served from March 4, 1929 until January 3, 1935, when his term expired in accordance with the new Philippine Commonwealth Government. In 1934 he was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the Philippine Senate, but became a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1934, and a member of the first National Assembly in 1935. In 1939 he was a member of the Economic Mission to the United States, and chairman of the Educational Mission between 1938 and 1941.

Back in the Philippines, Osias became chairman of the National Council of Education in 1941, Director of Publicity and Propaganda until January 1942, chairman of the National Cooperative Administration in 1941, later Assistant Commissioner of the Department of Education, Health, and Public Welfare, then Secretary of Education until 1945. He was also Chancellor of Osías Colleges. He was elected again to the Philippine Senate in 1947 for a term expiring in 1953. He was President of the Senate of the Philippines twice for a short time in 1952 and in 1953. He was the Philippines' representative to the Interparliamentary Union in Rome and to the International Trade Conference in Genoa in 1948. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Nationalist Party nomination for President of the Philippines in 1953, losing to Ramon Magsaysay. He was again elected, this time as a Liberal to the Philippine Senate (1961–1967), and served as president pro tempore. He was a resident of Mandaluyong, Rizal, Philippines, until his death.


  • Camilo Osías: The Story of a Long Career of Varied Tasks (Manlapaz Publishing Co., Quezon City, 1971)
  • Eduardo Bananal: Camilo Osías: Educator and Statesman (Manlapaz Publishing Co., Quezon City, 1974)
  • Camilo Osia (sic) in Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-1995, prepared under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing by Carmen E. Enciso and Tracy North, Hispanic Division, Library of Congress (Government Printing Office, Washington, 1995)

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • United States Congress. "Camilo Osías (id: O000118)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Isauro Gabaldon
Resident Commissioner from the Philippines to the United States Congress
Served alongside: Pedro Guevara
Succeeded by
Francisco A. Delgado
Political offices
Preceded by
Quintin Paredes
President of the Senate of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.