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Liberal International (LI) is a political international federation for liberal political parties.

Liberal International
Liberalinternationallogo.JPG
Liberal International logo
Abbreviation LI
Formation April 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto
Type Federation
Purpose World federation of liberal political parties and organisations
Headquarters National Liberal Club
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
104 (From October 2009)
President
Juli Minoves
Main organ
Congress of Liberal International
Website www.liberal-international.org

Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.

Contents

AimsEdit

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as

to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.

The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.

The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]

BureauEdit

The 13th president of Liberal International is Juli Minoves of the Liberal Party of Andorra (PLA), formerly Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations. Minoves succeeded to Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament.

Former Presidents include Lord John Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after the Franco dictatorship Adolfo Suárez.

Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Helen Zille, and Vice Presidents Cecilia Wikström MEP, Dzhevdet Chakarov MP, Baroness Falkner of Margravine, Kasit Piromya, Markus Löning, and treasurers Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE and Shih-chung Liu. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth.

PublicationsEdit

Liberal International has two main publications:

  • LI-news,[2] a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations;
  • Liberal Matters, a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal issue.

Oxford ManifestoEdit

The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from 19 liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3]

The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of William Beveridge[citation needed] and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the 20 century.[citation needed]

Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4]

OrganisationEdit

PresidentsEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Country Presidency Membership
1   Salvador de Madariaga
(1886–1978)
  United Kingdom
  Spain (exiled)
20 April 1948 18 April 1952 Association
Mont Pelerin Society
2   Roger Motz
(1904–1964)
  Belgium 18 April 1952 20 April 1958 Liberal Party
3   Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
  Italy 20 April 1958 15 April 1966 Italian Liberal Party
4   Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
  Netherlands 15 April 1966 25 April 1970 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
5   Gaston Thorn
(1928–2007)
  Luxembourg 25 April 1970 18 April 1982 Democratic Party
(3)   Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
  Italy 18 April 1982 26 April 1989 Italian Liberal Party
6   Adolfo Suárez
(1932–2014)
  Spain 26 April 1989 22 April 1992 Democratic and Social Centre
7   Otto Graf Lambsdorff
(1926–2009)
  Germany 22 April 1992 25 April 1994 Free Democratic Party
8   David Steel
(1938–)
  United Kingdom 25 April 1994 15 April 1996 Liberal Democrats
9   Frits Bolkestein
(1933–)
  Netherlands 15 April 1996 18 April 2000 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
10   Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck
(1944–)
  Belgium 18 April 2000 25 April 2005 Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten
11   John Alderdice
(1955–)
  United Kingdom 25 April 2005 20 April 2009 Liberal Democrats and Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
12   Hans van Baalen
(1960–)
  Netherlands 20 April 2009 26 April 2014 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
13   Juli Minoves
(1969–)
  Andorra 26 April 2014 Incumbent Liberal Party of Andorra

MembersEdit

In addition to the member organizations listed below, the International has a single individual member, Martin Lee, the founding chairman of Democratic Party (Hong Kong).

Full membersEdit

Country Name Government Notes Political wing
  Andorra Liberal Party of Andorra in opposition Centre-right
  Belgium Reform Movement in government coalition The Reform Movement's leader became Prime Minister, but it is not the largest party in the coalition. Centre-right
  Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats junior party in government coalition
  Botswana Botswana Movement for Democracy in opposition part of Umbrella for Democratic Change
  Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms in opposition
  Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress extraparliamentary opposition
  Burkina Faso Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally in opposition
  Burundi Alliance démocratique pour le renouveau (fr) in opposition
  Canada Liberal Party of Canada[5] in government
  Chile Liberal Party of Chile in opposition
  Republic of China Democratic Progressive Party in government Centre-left anti-communism
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Alliance pour le renouveau au Congo (fr) in opposition
  Côte d'Ivoire Rally of the Republicans in government
  Croatia Croatian Social Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
  Cuba Cuban Liberal Union in exile
  Cuba Democratic Solidarity Party in exile
  Cuba National Liberal Party in exile
  Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party in opposition
  Denmark Liberal Party senior party in government coalition
  Egypt Free Egyptians Party N/A
  Estonia Estonian Reform Party senior party in opposition
  Finland Centre Party senior party in government coalition
  Finland Swedish People's Party in opposition
  Georgia Republican Party of Georgia junior party in government coalition
  Germany German Group of the LI N/A
  Germany Free Democratic Party in opposition
  Gibraltar Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
  Guatemala Patriotic Party in opposition
  Guinea Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea in opposition
  Guinea Union of Republican Forces in opposition
  Honduras Liberal Party in opposition
  Iceland Progressive Party in government
  Ireland Fianna Fáil in opposition
  Israel Israeli Liberal Group N/A
  Kosovo Independent Liberal Party in opposition
  Lebanon Future Movement senior party in government coalition centre-right
  Luxembourg Democratic Party senior party in government coalition
  Macedonia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
  Madagascar Movement for the Progress of Madagascar in opposition
  Mexico New Alliance Party in opposition
  Mongolia Civil Will-Green Party extraparliamentary opposition
  Morocco Constitutional Union in opposition
  Morocco Popular Movement junior party in government coalition
  Netherlands Democrats 66 junior party in government coalition
  Netherlands Dutch Group of LI N/A
  Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy[6] senior party in government coalition
  Nicaragua Independent Liberal Party in opposition
  Norway Liberal Party in opposition
  Paraguay Authentic Radical Liberal Party in opposition
  Philippines Liberal Party in opposition
  Romania National Liberal Party in opposition
  Russia Yabloko extraparliamentary opposition Centre-left anti-communism
  Senegal Senegalese Democratic Party in opposition
  Slovenia Modern Centre Party senior party in government coalition
  South Africa Democratic Alliance in opposition in government in the Western Cape
  Spain Fundació Llibertat i Democràcia N/A liberal foundation linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia[7]
  Sri Lanka Liberal Party of Sri Lanka in opposition
  Sweden Liberal People's Party in opposition
  Sweden Centre Party in opposition
   Switzerland FDP.The Liberals junior party in government coalition
  Tanzania Civic United Front in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar
  Thailand Democrat Party in opposition Centre-right
  United Kingdom Alliance Party of Northern Ireland in opposition
  United Kingdom Liberal International British Group N/A
  United Kingdom Liberal Democrats in opposition

Observer partiesEdit

Country Name Government Notes
  Argentina Unión por la Libertad (es) junior party in government coalition
  Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum in opposition
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
  Brazil Brazilian Group of Liberal International N/A affiliated to the Democrats, Rio Grande do Sul
  Colombia Social Party of National Unity[8] in government
  Comoros Alliance Nationale pour les Comores extraparliamentary opposition
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Union pour la reconstruction du Congo (fr) in opposition
  Republic of the Congo Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development in oppositions
  Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly[9] in opposition
  Cyprus United Democrats extraparliamentary opposition
  Ethiopia Ethiopian Democratic Party in opposition
  Guatemala Reform Movement in opposition
  Italy Italian Liberal Group N/A
  Kenya Orange Democratic Movement in opposition
  Malaysia Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia extraparliamentary opposition Part of the Barisan Nasional
  Malaysia People's Justice Party in government coalition Part of the Pakatan Harapan
  Mali Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali extraparliamentary opposition
  Moldova Liberal Reformist Party extraparliamentary opposition
  Montenegro Liberal Party of Montenegro junior party in government coalition
  Morocco National Rally of Independents junior party in government coalition
  Mozambique Party for Peace, Democracy, and Development extraparliamentary opposition
  Romania Alliance of Liberals and Democrats junior party in government coalition
  Senegal Rewmi (fr) in opposition
  Serbia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
  Singapore Singapore Democratic Party extraparliamentary opposition
  Ukraine Ukraine of the Future extraparliamentary opposition

Cooperating organizationsEdit

Liberal think tanks and foundationsEdit

The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2012. 
  6. ^ (in Dutch) VVD is a member of LI Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ [1] Archived 9 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  9. ^ "Observer Members". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 

External linksEdit