Iligan, officially the City of Iligan (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Iligan; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Iligan; Maranao: Inged a Iligan), is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 342,618 people. [3]

City of Iligan
Panorama of Iligan City
Panorama of Iligan City
Flag of Iligan
Official seal of Iligan
  • The Industrial Center of the South
  • City of Majestic Waterfalls
Anthem: Martsa Iliganon
English: Iligan March
Map of Northern Mindanao with Iligan highlighted
Map of Northern Mindanao with Iligan highlighted
Iligan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°14′N 124°15′E / 8.23°N 124.25°E / 8.23; 124.25Coordinates: 8°14′N 124°15′E / 8.23°N 124.25°E / 8.23; 124.25
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao (Region X)
ProvinceLanao del Norte (geographically only)
DistrictLone District
CityhoodJune 16, 1950
Highly Urbanized CityNovember 22, 1983
Barangays44 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorPolice Col. Celso G. Regencia (Ret.)
 • Vice MayorJemar L. Vera Cruz
 • RepresentativeFrederick W. Siao
 • Electorate184,058 voters (2019)
 • Total813.37 km2 (314.04 sq mi)
262 m (860 ft)
Highest elevation
1,195 m (3,921 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total342,618
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence17.25% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱1,632,080,794.29 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityIligan Light and Power Inc.
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)63
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesMaranao

It is geographically within the province of Lanao del Norte but administered independently from the province. It was once part of Central Mindanao (Region 12) until the province was moved under Northern Mindanao (Region 10) in 2001.[5] Iligan is approximately 90 km away from the capital of the province, Tubod, and approximately 800 km from the capital of the Philippines, Manila.

Iligan has a total land area of 813.37 square kilometres (314.04 sq mi), making it one of the 10 largest cities in the Philippines in terms of land area. Among the 17 highly urbanized city, excluding Metro Manila, Iligan is the third least dense, with a population density of 421 inhabitants per square kilometer, just behind Butuan and Puerto Princesa.[6] Iligan has a population of 342,618 inhabitants in the 2015 census. [3]


The name Iligan is from the Higaunon (Lumad/Native of Iligan) word "Ilig" which means "to go downstream". However, some also claim that the name of Iligan was taken and inspired by the Higaunon term "iligan" or "ilijan," which means "fortress of defense," an appropriate term due to the frequent attacks incurred by pirates as well as other Mindanaon tribes.


Pre-Spanish colonial areaEdit

Iligan had its beginnings in the village of Bayug, four (4) kilometers north of the present Poblacion. It was the earliest pre-Spanish settlement of native sea dwellers. In the later part of the 16th century, the inhabitants were subdued by the Visayan migrants from the island-nation called the Kedatuan of Dapitan, on Panglao island.

In the accounts of Jesuit historian Francisco Combes, the Mollucan Sultan of Ternate invaded Panglao. This caused the Dapitans to flee in large numbers to a re-established Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte.

Spanish colonial eraEdit

Camp Overton in 1900, an American Armybase, currently the location of Global Steel Philippines Inc.

In Dapitan, the surviving Datu of Panglao Pagbuaya, received Legazpi's expedition in 1565. Later, Pagbuaya's son Manook was baptized Pedro Manuel Manook. Sometime afterwards in by the end of the 16th century after 1565 Manook subdued the higaunon (animist) village of Bayug and turned it into one of the earliest Christian settlements in the country.[7] Although the settlement survived other raids from other enemies, especially Muslims of Lanao, the early settlers and converts moved their settlement from Bayug to Iligan, which the Augustinian Recollects founded in 1609,[8] thus founding the oldest town in northern Mindanao.

The Jesuits replaced the Recollects in 1639. Iligan was the Spaniards' base of operations in attempting to conquer and Christianize the Lake Lanao area throughout its history. A stone fort called Fort St. Francis Xavier was built in 1642 where Iliganons sought refuge during raids by bandits. But the fort sank due to floods. Another fort was built and this was named Fort Victoria or Cota de Iligan.

In 1850, because of floods, Don Remigio Cabili, then Iligan's governadorcillo, built another fort and moved the poblacion of the old Iligan located at the mouth of Tubod River west of the old market to its present site.

Being the oldest town in Northern Mindanao, Iligan was already a part of the once undivided Misamis Province by year 1832. However, it did not have an independent religious administration because its diocese by then was based at Misamis, the provincial capital. It was one of the biggest municipalities of Misamis Province.

The Spaniards abandoned Iligan in 1899, paving the way for the landing of the American forces in 1900.

American eraEdit

Iligan, circa 1903-1913

In 1903, the Moro Province was created. Iligan, because of its Moro residents, was taken away from the Misamis Province. Then Iligan became the capital of the Lanao District and seat of the government where the American officials lived and held office. Later in 1907 the capital of the Lanao District was transferred to Dansalan.[9]

In 1914, under the restructuring of Moroland after the end of the Moro Province (1903–1913), Iligan became a municipality composed of eight barrios together with the municipal district of Mandulog. After enjoying peace and prosperity for about 40 years, Iligan was invaded by Japanese forces in 1942.

The liberation of Iligan by the Philippine Commonwealth forces attacked by the Japanese held sway in the city until 1944 to 1945 when the war ended. On November 15, 1944, the city held a Commonwealth Day parade to celebrate the end of Japanese atrocities and occupation.[10]


Using the same territorial definition as a municipality, Iligan became a chartered city of Lanao del Norte on June 16, 1950.[11] It was declared a first class city in 1969 and was reclassified as First Class City "A" on July 1, 1977 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 465. In 1983, Iligan was again reclassified as a highly urbanized city.

Lone districtEdit

Republic Act No. 9724, an Act separating the City of Iligan from the First Legislative District of the Province of Lanao del Norte was approved by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on October 20, 2009.[12]


Iligan is bounded on the north by three municipalities of Misamis Oriental (namely Lugait, Manticao and Opol), to the south by three municipalities of Lanao del Norte (Baloi, Linamon and Tagoloan) and two municipalities of Lanao del Sur (Kapai and Tagoloan II), to the north-east by the city of Cagayan de Oro, to the east by the municipality of Talakag, Bukidnon; and to the west by Iligan Bay.

To the west, Iligan Bay provides ferry and container ship transportation. East of the city, flat cultivated coastal land gives way to steep volcanic hills and mountains providing the waterfalls and cold springs for which the area is well known.


Climate data for Iligan, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
Record low °C (°F) 21.7
Average rainfall mm (inches) 106.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 23.2 19.5 22.0 22.8 29.6 28.9 29.0 29.8 28.1 28.8 26.1 24.1 311.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 390.6 370.1 545.6 573.0 378.2 225.0 229.4 254.2 246.0 294.5 360.0 421.6 4,288.2
Source 1: Average Climate of Iligan City[13]
Source 2: Climate of Iligan City[14]

Iligan falls within the third type of climate wherein the seasons are not very pronounced. Rain is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. Because of its tropical location the city does not experience cold weather. Neither does it experience strong weather disturbances due to its geographical location (being outside the typhoon belt) And also because of the mountains that are surrounding the city.


Downtown area
Echiverri Street

Iligan is politically subdivided into 44 barangays.[2]

  • Abuno
  • Acmac
  • Bagong Silang
  • Bonbonon
  • Bunawan
  • Buru-un
  • Dalipuga
  • Del Carmen
  • Digkilaan
  • Ditucalan
  • Dulag
  • Hinaplanon
  • Hindang
  • Kabacsanan
  • Kalilangan
  • Kiwalan
  • Lanipao
  • Luinab
  • Mahayahay
  • Mainit
  • Mandulog
  • Maria Cristina
  • Pala-o
  • Panoroganan
  • Poblacion
  • Puga-an
  • Rogongon
  • San Miguel
  • San Roque
  • Santa Elena
  • Santa Filomena
  • Santiago
  • Santo Rosario
  • Saray
  • Suarez
  • Tambacan
  • Tibanga
  • Tipanoy
  • Tomas L. Cabili (Tominobo Proper)
  • Tominobo Upper
  • Tubod
  • Ubaldo Laya
  • Upper Hinaplanon
  • Villa Verde


Population census of Iligan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,872—    
1918 10,078+8.73%
1939 28,273+5.03%
1948 25,725−1.04%
1960 58,433+7.07%
1970 104,493+5.98%
1975 118,778+2.60%
1980 167,358+7.10%
1990 226,568+3.08%
1995 273,004+3.56%
2000 285,061+0.93%
2007 308,046+1.08%
2010 322,821+1.72%
2015 342,618+1.14%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][15][16][17]

Iliganons are composed of a Cebuano-speaking majority and local minorities, mainly Maranaos, and other cultural minorities and immigrants. It is not only rich in natural resources and industries but it is also the home of a mix of cultures: the Maranaos of Lanao, the Higaonon of Bukidnon, and many settlers and migrants from other parts of the country. It is known for its diverse culture.


Cebuano is the most spoken language in the city, with 92.27% reporting it as their first language. Minor languages include Maranao, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Chavacano, and Waray. The majority of the population can speak and understand Tagalog (Filipino) and English, the official languages of the country.[18]


Interior of Saint Michael Cathedral in Iligan

Majority of Iligan citizens are Christians (mainly Roman Catholics). The city is also the center of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Iligan which has 25 parishes in Iligan City and twelve municipalities of Lanao del Norte (Linamon, Kauswagan, Bacolod, Maigo, Kolambugan, Tubod, Baroy, Lala, Kapatagan, Sapad, Salvador, and Magsaysay). It covers an area of 3,092 square kilometers with a population of 1,551,000, which 65.5% of the population are Roman Catholics.[19]

Muslims are largest minority which comprises 11.48% of the population and mainly Sunnites.[20]



Iligan is known as the Industrial Center of Southern Philippines and its economy is largely based on heavy industries. It produces hydroelectric power for the Mindanao region through the National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR), the site of the Mindanao Regional Center (MRC) housing Agus V, VI and VII hydroelectric plants. It also houses industries like steel, tinplate, cement and flour mills.

After the construction of Maria Cristina (Agus VI) Hydroelectric Plant by National Power Corporation (NPC, NAPOCOR) in 1950, the city experienced rapid industrialization and continued until the late 1980s. The largest steel plant in the country, National Steel Corporation (NSC), was also established in 1962.[26]

Ubaldo Laya Avenue

During the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, the city experienced severe economic slowdown. A number of industrial plants were closed, notably the National Steel Corporation.[27]

The city made its economic revival with the reopening of the National Steel Corporation, renamed Global Steelworks Infrastructures, Inc. (GSII) in 2004.[28] On October 2005, GSII officially took a new corporate name: Global Steel Philippines (SPV-AMC), Inc.[29]


Aside from heavy industries, Iligan is also a major exporter and producer of various plants and crops.[citation needed]


  • Banana Plantations: 12,780.40 hectares
  • Coconut Plantations: 11,036.95 hectares
  • Corn Plantations: 4,193.86 hectares
  • Coffee Production: 969.43 hectares
  • Livestock: 28,992 heads
  • Poultry: 17,728 heads


As of fiscal year 2018, Iligan has a current operating income of 2,052.89 Million Pesos. The income grew by 8%, when compared to the fiscal year of 2017 in which Iligan's operating income was 1,900 Million Pesos.[30] According to the 2017 Financial Report by the Commission on Audit, Iligan's total assets amounted to 10.27 Billion Pesos.

Cagayan de Oro-Iligan CorridorEdit

Iligan along with its neighboring city, Cagayan de Oro, are the two major components for the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor, the fastest developing area in Northern Mindanao.


Diyandi Festival and Street Dancing is Iligan's month-long cultural celebration held every month of September and concludes on the feast day of Saint Michael the Archangel on September 29. The highlight of the event is Kasadya Street Dancing, a Comedia or ritual dance offered to the patron saint as thanksgiving.

The Kasadya Merry Making and Street Dancing has been renamed Sayaw Saulog in 2014.

Michael, the Archangel is widely regarded as the patron saint of the beloved city. The city fiesta in devotion to him is considered being one of the Largest Religious Fiesta All over Mindanao and rising being ranked as one of the Pilgrim Festivals in the Major Islands of the country such as Traslacion of the Black Nazarene held in Manila, Peñafracia Festival of Bicol Region in Luzon and the Sinulog Festival in honor of Señor Sto Niño of Cebu in Visayas. it is held every September 29 the Actual Feastday of the Archangel.

He is locally known by the Spanish version of his name, Señor San Miguel. Devotion to him is common to Christians in Iligan as he is mentioned in all the sacred scriptures in the Bible.


Maria Cristina Falls

Iligan is known as the "City of Majestic Waterfalls" because of the numerous waterfalls located within its area. There are about 24 waterfalls in the city. The most well known is the Maria Cristina Falls. It is also the primary source of electric power of the city, harnessed by Agus VI Hydroelectric Plant.

Other waterfalls in the city are, Tinago Falls, accessible through a 300-step staircase in Barangay Ditucalan. Mimbalut Falls in Barangay Buru-un, Abaga Falls in Barangay Suarez, and Dodiongan Falls in Barangay Bonbonon. Limunsudan Falls-located in Barangay Rogongon about 50 km from the city proper of Iligan. This might be the highest waterfalls in the Philippines (870 ft)

Places of InterestEdit

Paseo de Santiago, a seaside park and attraction in Iligan.

Aside from Maria Cristina Falls, one of the city's main attraction is Tinago Falls, located at Barangay Ditucalan. The 73 m high waterfalls is accessed by trekking down a series of winding staircase with 300 steps. The magazine Travel + Leisure named it as one of the "25 most awe-inspiring to see before you die."[31]

While the city is popularly known as the "City of Majestic Waterfalls" because of the numerous waterfalls located throughout the city, there are also other places you could visit.

Paseo de Santiago, located at Barangay Santiago, is an open park in a seaside area, where you can simply breathe fresh air. It has an open-seating concept which makes the place suitable for hanging out and for interacting with others. The park offers a live band usually at night as well as various places for eating meals and snacks.

Local governmentEdit

Iligan City Hall

Iligan is a highly urbanized city and is politically independent from the Province of Lanao del Norte. Registered voters of the city no longer vote for provincial candidates such as the Governor and Vice Governor unlike its nearby towns that make up the provinces as a result of its charter as a city in the 1950s.

Iligan's seat of government, the city hall, is located at Buhanginan Hills in Barangay Pala-o. The local government structure is composed of one mayor, one vice mayor and twelve councilors. Each official is elected publicly to a 3-year term and can be re-elected up to 3 terms in succession. The day-to-day administration of the city is handled by the city administrator.

Mayors after People Power Revolution 1986Edit

  • 1988–1992: Camilo P. Cabili
  • 1992–1998: Alejo A. Yañez
  • 1998–2004: Franklin M. Quijano
  • 2004–2013: Lawrence Ll. Cruz
  • 2013–present Celso G. Regencia

Vice Mayors after People Power Revolution 1986Edit

  • 1998–2001: Pedro B. Generalao
  • 2001–2004: Lawrence Ll. Cruz
  • 2004–2013: Henry C. Dy
  • 2013–2016: Ruderic C. Marzo
  • 2016–present Jemar L. Vera Cruz



The Port of Iligan is located along the northern central coastal area of Mindanao facing the Iligan Bay with geographical coordinates of approximately 8°13′56″N 124°13′54″E / 8.23222°N 124.23167°E / 8.23222; 124.23167.[32]

It serves the port users and passengers coming from the hinterlands of the provinces of Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, parts of Misamis Oriental, and the Cities of Iligan and Marawi.[32]

Passenger and cargo shipping lines operating in the Port of Iligan serves the cities of Manila, Cebu City, and Ozamiz.

There are around seven private seaports in Iligan operated by their respective heavy industry companies. These private seaports can be found in Barangays Maria Cristina, Suarez, Tomas L. Cabili, Santa Filomena, and Kiwalan.


Laguindingan Airport

The main airport is Laguindingan Airport, located in the municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, which opened on June 15, 2013,[33] the airport replaced Lumbia Airport as the main airport of Misamis Oriental and Northern Mindanao.[34] It has daily commercial flights to and from Manila, Cebu, Davao, Zamboanga, Tagbilaran, Iloilo, Bacolod, Caticlan, Dumaguete and Clark via Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific.

Maria Cristina Airport (Momongan Airport), is located in Balo-i, Lanao del Norte, and was the main airport of Iligan in the late 1980s. Aerolift Philippines, a now-defunct regional airline, ceased its services when its passenger plane crashed into some structures at the end of the runway of the Manila Domestic Airport in 1990 which resulted to its bankruptcy.[35][36] Thus, it ended its service to Iligan's airport at Balo-i which also resulted in the closure of the airport. Philippine Airlines served the city for many years before ending flights in 1998 due to the Asian financial crisis.

Bus terminalsEdit

There are two main bus terminals in Iligan.

An Iligan Tartanilla during the 2015 Kasadya sa Tartanilla

Rural Transit (RTMI) and Super 5 Transport are the dominant public bus companies with daily trips from and to Iligan. Passenger vans and jeeps also services various municipalities in Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, and Misamis Oriental.

City transportationEdit

The public modes of transportation within the city are Jeepneys, Taxis, and Pedicabs. "Tartanillas" service main roads in Barangay Pala-o and Barangay Tambacan.


The City of Iligan has one state university and seven private colleges specialized in Engineering and Information Technology, Health Services, Maritime Science, Business and Administration, Primary and Secondary Education, and Arts and Social Sciences.

With a total of 181 schools (106 public; 75 private; 17 madaris) including vocational and technical schools, Iligan has an average literacy rate of 94.71, one of the highest in the whole Philippines.

Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of TechnologyEdit

MSU-IIT's Research Building

The Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology (MSU-IIT) is one of the few autonomous external campuses of the Mindanao State University and "the light-bearer of the several campuses of the MSU System."[37] It is considered as one of the best universities in Philippines with a standing of being within the top ten (10) best universities in the country with excellence in Science and Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, Information Technology, and Natural Sciences.[citation needed] The institution has also produced many topnotchers and rankers in multiple board exams.


  • St. Michael's College, Iligan City, is known as the oldest school in the Lanao area, founded as a catechetical center way back 1914 by Fr. Felix Cordova, S.J. It was formally established in 1915 as Escuela de San Miguel in honor of the patron saint, St. Michael the Archangel. Now on its active bid to become the city's first Private Catholic University, Saint Michael's College of Iligan currently offers 8 disciplines: Business Administration, Accountancy, Hotel and Restaurant Management, Engineering and Computer Studies, Nursing, Criminology, Education, Arts and Sciences and the Basic Education. It also offers the TESDA Ladderized Courses and the education-related Graduate Studies Program.[38]
  • St. Peter's College, Iligan City, is an engineering, accounting and business administration school founded in 1952.
  • Capitol College of Iligan, Inc., more popularly known as Iligan Capitol College (ICC), is a private, non-sectarian, co-educational institution of learning which was established in 1963 by the late Engr. Sesenio S. Rosales and Madame Laureana San Pedro Rosales. It was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 12, 1964.[38] In 1997, Iligan Capitol College established Lyceum Foundation of Iligan which is to become its sister college beside Corpus Christi Parish in Tubod, Iligan City.
  • Iligan Medical Center College, is a private and non-sectarian Medicine and Health Services school founded in 1975.
  • Adventist Medical Center College, formerly: Mindanao Sanitarium and Hospital College, is one of the colleges of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. It is a medical school which focuses on healthcare courses like Nursing, Medical Technology, Physical Therapy, Pharmacy and Radiology.
  • Lyceum of Iligan Foundation focuses on maritime and engineering courses. It also offers courses on Hotel and Restaurant Management, Nursing, Business Administration, and other allied Health Services.
  • Other notable colleges and technical schools are Iligan Computer Institute, (ICTSI), Santa Monica Institute of Technology (SMIT), STI College, AMA Computer College, Picardal Institute of Technology (PISTEch), Saint Lawrence Institute of Technology, Masters Technological Institute of Mindanao, and ICTI Polytechnic College, Inc. (formerly Iligan City Technical Institute (ICTI)).

Basic educationEdit

  • Iligan City National High School, the largest high school campus in Iligan.
  • Lanao Chung Hua School, the first and only Chinese school in Iligan which was founded in November 12, 1938.
  • La Salle Academy (Iligan City) is a Lasallian school. It is the first of the third generation of La Salle schools founded by the De La Salle Brothers in the country.[39]
  • Corpus Christi Parochial School of Iligan
  • Iligan City East National High School, formerly known as Regional Science High School for Region XII but was then transferred to Cagayan de Oro and was changed into Iligan City East National High School. The School was founded on February 1986. Specializes on research, sciences, mathematics, technology education and others.
  • Integrated Developmental School, founded as Iligan High School, was established in 1946. On July 12, 1968, the school was annexed to Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology under R.A. 5363.

Notable peopleEdit

Sister citiesEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ City of Iligan | (DILG)
  2. ^ a b "Province: Lanao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ Godinez-Ortega, C. (2001, September 9). Iligan City 'moves' to Northern Mindanao, Philippine Daily Inquirer. P. A13.
  6. ^
  7. ^ History of Iligan during Spanish times
  8. ^ All About Iligan
  9. ^ Prof. Patrocenia T. Acut, Iligan During the American Period, Iligan City Official Website
  10. ^ Prof. Leonor Buhion Enderes, Japanese Occupation in Iligan City, Iligan City Official Website
  11. ^ "R.A. No. 525, Iligan City Charter". Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Climate: Iligan". Climate Data Organization. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  14. ^ "Climate of Iligan City". meteoblue. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  15. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  16. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  17. ^ "Province of Lanao del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Lakbay Pilipinas Iligan City". Lakbay Pilipinas.
  19. ^ Diocese of Iligan (July 26, 2017). "Diocese of Iligan Statistics". Retrieved Aug 31, 2018.
  20. ^ Philippine Statistics Authority (July 26, 2017). "Muslim Population in Mindanao (based on POPCEN 2015". Retrieved Aug 31, 2018.
  21. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  22. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  24. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  25. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  26. ^ Prof. Geoffrey G. Salgado, Iligan: A History of the Phenomenal Growth of an Industrial City, Iligan City Official Website
  27. ^ Maricar T. Manuzon, A Giant Awakens Archived 2008-02-28 at the Wayback Machine, Philippine Business Magazine
  28. ^ Genalyn D. Kabiling, National Steel Plant reopens, Manila Bulletin
  29. ^ GSII Changes Name to Global Steel Philippines, PRWEB August 19, 2005
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ a b PMO Iligan Website Retrieved 2013, April 18, from
  33. ^ Amojelar, D. (2013, April 16). Gov't defers transfer of flights to Laguindingan Airport until after summer, Retrieved 2013, April 18, from
  34. ^ Betonio, T., Managbanag, N. (2013, February 27). Laguindingan airport to open in April, Retrieved 2013, April 18, from
  35. ^ "Aviation Safety Database, Accident Description". 1990-05-18. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  36. ^ "The Philippines Air Accidents 1990-1999". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  37. ^ Macapado A. Muslim, "Commencement Address", a speech at MSU IIT's 38th Commencement Exercises, MSU-IIT Gymnasium, Iligan City, April 4, 2008.
  38. ^ a b Iligan City Schools, City Development Strategies in Philippines.
  39. ^
  40. ^ "Makati and Iligan Sign Sister-City Pact". Makati City Government.
  41. ^

External linksEdit