1st Philippine Legislature

The First Philippine Legislature was the first session of the Philippine Legislature, the first representative legislature of the Philippines. Then known as the Philippine Islands, the Philippines under the sovereign control of the United States through the Insular Government. The Philippine Legislature consisted of an appointed upper house, the Philippine Commission, and an elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly. These bodies were the predecessors of the Philippine Senate and Philippine House of the Philippine Congress.

1st Philippine Legislature
October 16, 1907 – May 20, 1909
Governor-General
Commission
Members12
Assembly
SpeakerSergio Osmeña
Majority leaderManuel L. Quezon (Nacionalista)
Minority leaderVicente Singson (Progresista)
Members81

SessionsEdit

  • Inaugural Regular Session: October 16, 1907 – February 1, 1908
  • First Regular Session: February 3, 1908 – May 21, 1908
  • First Special Session: May 22 – June 19, 1908
  • Second Regular Session: February 1 – May 20, 1909

LegislationEdit

The First Philippine Legislature passed a total of 170 laws (Act Nos. 1801–1970)

Major legislationEdit

  • Act No. 1801 — Gabaldon Act

LeadershipEdit

Philippine CommissionEdit

  • Governor-General:
James Francis Smith
William Cameron Forbes, appointed on November 11, 1909[1]

Philippine AssemblyEdit

MembersEdit

Philippine CommissionEdit

Filipino Members
Gregorio S. Araneta
Benito Legarda 1
Jose de Luzuriaga
Rafael Palma
Trinidad Pardo de Tavera 2
Juan Sumulong
^1 Resigned on December 21, 1907.
^2 Resigned on March 1, 1909.
American Members
Frank A. Branagan
William Cameron Forbes
Newton W. Gilbert
James Francis Smith 1
William Morgan Shuster
Dean C. Worcester
^1 Resigned on November 11, 1909.

Philippine AssemblyEdit

Province District Representative Party
Albay Tomas Almonte Nacionalista
Carlos A. Imperial Progresista
Angel Roco Progresista
Ambos Camarines Tomas N. Arejola Nacionalista
Manuel Rey Nacionalista
Francisco Alvarez Nacionalista
Antique Pedro V. Jimenez Progresista
Bataan Jose M. Lerma Nacionalista
Batangas Felipe Agoncillo Independista
Eusebio Orense Nacionalista
Gregorio Katigbak Nacionalista
Bohol Candelario Borja Nacionalista
Jose A. Clarin Nacionalista
Eustaquio Boyles Nacionalista
Bulacan Aguedo Velarde Nacionalista
Leon Ma. Guerrero Nacionalista
Cagayan Pablo Guzman Progresista
Gabriel Lasam Progresista
Capiz Eugenio Picazo Nacionalista
Jose Altavas Nacionalista
Simeon Mobo Nacionalista
Cavite Rafael Palma 1 Nacionalista
Emiliano Tria Tirona 2 Nacionalista
Cebu Celestino Rodriguez Nacionalista
Sergio Osmeña Nacionalista
Filemon Sotto Nacionalista
Alejandro Ruiz Nacionalista
Troadio Galicano Nacionalista
Casiano Causing Nacionalista
Pedro Rodriguez Nacionalista
Ilocos Norte Ireneo Javier Nacionalista
Baldomero Pobre Nacionalista
Ilocos Sur Vicente Singson Encarnacion Progresista
Maximino Mina Nacionalista
Juan Villamor Nacionalista
Iloilo Amando Avanceña Nacionalista
Nicolas Jalandoni Nacionalista
Salvador Laguda Progresista
Adriano Hernandez Nacionalista
Regino Dorillo Progresista
Isabela Nicasio Claravall 3 Progresista
Dimas Guzman 4 Nacionalista
La Union Andres Asprer Nacionalista
Francisco Zandueta Progresista
Laguna Pedro A. Paterno Nacionalista
Crispin Oben Nacionalista
Leyte Quiremon Alkuino Nacionalista
Salvador K. Demeterio Nacionalista
Florentino Peñaranda Nacionalista
Jaime C. de Veyra Nacionalista
Manila* Dominador Gomez 5 Nacionalista
Justo Lukban 6 Nacionalista
Fernando Ma. Guerrero Nacionalista
Mindoro Macario Adriatico Nacionalista
Misamis Carlos Corrales Independista
Manuel Corrales Independista
Negros Occidental Antonio Jayme Nacionalista
Dionisio Mapa Nacionalista
Agustin Montilla Progresista
Negros Oriental Leopoldo Rovira Progresista
Vicente Locsin Progresista
Nueva Ecija Isauro Gabaldon Nacionalista
Palawan Santiago M. Patero Progresista
Pampanga Monico R. Mercado Nacionalista
Marcelino Aguas Nacionalista
Pangasinan Nicanor Padilla Independista
Deogracias Reyes Nacionalista
Juan Alvear Nacionalista
Lorenzo Fenoy Nacionalista
Matias Gonzales Independista
Rizal Cayetano Lukban Nacionalista
Bartolome Revilla Nacionalista
Samar Honorio Rosales Nacionalista
Luciano Sinko Nacionalista
Eugenio D. Daza Nacionalista
Sorsogon Vicente de Vera Nacionalista
Pedro Chavez Nacionalista
Surigao Francisco Soriano Progresista
Tarlac Melecio Cojuangco 7 Progresista
Aurelio Pineda Progresista
Tayabas Manuel L. Quezon 8 Nacionalista
Emiliano A. Gala Nacionalista
Zambales Alberto Barretto Nacionalista
* Capital city
^1 Appointed as a member of the Philippine Commission on July 1, 1908.
^2 Won the special election held on January 19, 1909.
^3 Unseated by the Assembly.
^4 Replaced Nicasio Claravall on January 20, 1908 and died in 1909.
^5 The votes he obtained were annulled on June 18, 1908.
^6 Won the special election held on August 11, 1908.
^7 Died in 1909. Replaced by Mauricio Ilagan.
^8 Elected as the Resident Commissioner to Washington on May 15, 1909.

Source: Philippine Assembly (1908). Official Directory of the First Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of Printing.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit