The First Philippine Legislature was the first session of the Philippine Legislature, the first representative legislature of the Philippines. Then known as the Philippine Islands, the Philippines under the sovereign control of the United States through the Insular Government. The Philippine Legislature consisted of an appointed upper house, the Philippine Commission, and an elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly. These bodies were the predecessors of the Philippine Senate and Philippine House of the Philippine Congress.
|October 16, 1907 – May 20, 1909|
|Governor-General||James Francis Smith|
|Speaker||Sergio Osmeña (Nacionalista)|
|Majority leader||Manuel L. Quezon (Nacionalista)|
|Minority leader||Vicente Singson Encarnacion (Progresista)|
- Inaugural Regular Session: October 16, 1907 – February 1, 1908
- First Regular Session: February 3, 1908 – May 21, 1908
- First Special Session: May 22 – June 19, 1908
- Second Regular Session: February 1 – May 20, 1909
The First Philippine Legislature passed a total of 170 laws (Act Nos. 1801–1970)
- Act No. 1801 — Gabaldon Act
- Governor-General and ex-officio President of the Philippine Commission: James Francis Smith
- Speaker: Sergio Osmeña (Cebu–2nd, Nacionalista)
- Majority Floor Leader: Manuel L. Quezon (Tayabas–1st, Nacionalista)
- Minority Floor Leader: Vicente Singson Encarnacion (Ilocos Sur–1st, Progresista)
|Gregorio S. Araneta||
||Appointed on June 30, 1908.|
|Frank A. Branagan||Appointed on March 1, 1909.|
|Jose R. de Luzuriaga|
|Trinidad Pardo de Tavera||Resigned on March 1, 1909.|
|William Cameron Forbes||
|Newton W. Gilbert||
||Appointed on June 30, 1908.|
|Benito Legarda||Resigned on December 21, 1907 after his election as Resident Commissioner.|
|Rafael Palma||Appointed on June 30, 1908.|
|William Morgan Shuster||
||Resigned on March 1, 1909.|
|James Francis Smith||Ex-officio President of the Philippine Commission|
|Juan Sumulong||Appointed on March 1, 1909.|
|Dean Conant Worcester||
- Journal of the Philippine Commission Being the Inaugural Session of the First Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of Printing. 1908.
- Journal of the Philippine Commission Being the First Session and a Special Session of the First Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of Printing. 1908.
- Journal of the Philippine Commission Being the Second Session of the First Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of Printing. 1910.
Source: Philippine Assembly (1908). Official Directory of the First Philippine Legislature. Manila: Bureau of Printing.
- ^ Resigned on June 30, 1908 after being appointed to the Philippine Commission.
- ^ Won a special election on January 19, 1909.
- ^ Election annulled on January 20, 1908 after an electoral protest.
- ^ Took office on January 20, 1908. Died on March 18, 1909.
- ^ Removed on February 1, 1908. Won a special election on March 30, 1908. Resigned on June 18, 1908.
- ^ Won a special election on August 11, 1908.
- ^ Died on March 13, 1909.
- ^ Resigned on May 15, 1909 after being elected as Resident Commissioner.
- The Presidents of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines. ISBN 971-8832-24-6.
- Pobre, Cesar P. Philippine Legislature 100 Years. ISBN 971-92245-0-9.
- "List of Senators". Senate of the Philippines. Archived from the original on September 14, 2006. Retrieved September 16, 2006.
- "The LAWPHiL Project – Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank". Arellano Law Foundation. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved November 19, 2014.