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President of the Senate of the Philippines

The President of the Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas), or more popularly known as the Senate President, is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the Senate of the Philippines, and third highest and most powerful official in the Government of the Philippines. He/she is elected by the entire body to be their leader. The Senate President is second in line in succession for the presidency, behind the Vice President of the Philippines and in front of the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines.

President of the Senate of the Philippines
Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Philippine Senate.svg
Flag of the Senate President of the Philippines.svg
Flag of the Senate
Sen. Pres Vicente Sotto (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Tito Sotto

since May 21, 2018
StyleMr. President
(When presiding over Senate)
The Honorable
(Formal)
AppointerElected by the Senate of the Philippines
Inaugural holderManuel L. Quezon
FormationOctober 16, 1916
SuccessionSecond in the Presidential Line of Succession
WebsiteSenate

The current Senate President of the 17th Congress of the Philippines is Tito Sotto, who was elected on May 21, 2018.

ElectionEdit

The Senate President is elected by the majority of the members of the Senate from among themselves; Since there are 24 Senators, 13 votes are needed to win the Senate Presidency, including any vacant seats or senators not attending the session. Although Senate presidents are elected at the start of each Congress, there had been numerous instances of Senate coups in which a sitting Senate President is unseated in the middle of session. Term-sharing agreements among senators who are both eyeing the position of the Senate President also played a role in changing the leadership of the Senate, but in a smooth manner, the peaceful transition of power and this was done two times in 1999 and in 2006.

Unlike most Senate Presidents that are the symbolic presiding officers of the upper house, the Senate President of the Philippines wields considerate power by influencing the legislative agenda and has the ability to vote not just in order to break ties, although the Senate President is traditionally the last senator to vote. A tied vote, therefore, means that the motion is lost, and that the Senate President cannot cast a tie-breaking vote since that would mean that the presiding officer would have had voted twice.

Powers and dutiesEdit

According to the Rule 3 of the Rules of the Senate, the Senate President has the powers and duties to:

  • To preside over the sessions of the Senate on the days and at the hours designated by it; to call the Senate to order and, if there is a quorum, to order the reading of the Journal of the preceding session and, after the Senate shall have acted upon it, to dispose of the matters appearing in the Order of Business in accordance with the Rules;
  • To decide all points of order;
  • To sign all measures, memorials, joint and concurrent resolutions; issue warrants, orders of arrest, subpoena and subpoena duces tecum;
  • To see to it that all resolutions of the Senate are complied with;
  • To have general control over the session hall, the antechambers, corridors and offices of the Senate;
  • To maintain order in the session hall, the antechambers, corridors and in the offices of the Senate, and whenever there is disorder, to take appropriate measures to quell it;
  • To designate an Acting Sergeant-at-Arms, if the Sergeant-at-Arms resigns, is replaced or becomes incapacitated;
  • To appoint the subordinate personnel of the Senate in conformity with the provisions of the General Appropriations Act;
  • To dismiss any employee for cause, which dismissal in the case of permanent and classified employees shall be in conformity with the Civil Service Law; and
  • To diminish or increase the number of authorized personnel by consolidating or separating positions or items whenever the General Appropriations Act so authorizes and the total amount of salaries or allocations does not exceed the amount earmarked therein.

The Senate President is also the ex officio chairman of the Commission on Appointments, a constitutional body within the Congress that has the sole power to confirm all appointments made by the President of the Philippines. Under Section 2 of Chapter 2 of the Rules of the Commission on Appointments, the powers and duties of the Senate President as its Ex-Officio Chairman are as follows:

  • to issue calls for the meetings of the commission;
  • to preside at the meetings of the commission;
  • to preserve order and decorum during the session and, for that purpose, to take such steps as may be convenient or as the commission may direct;
  • to pass upon all questions of order, but from his decision, any member may appeal to the commission; and,
  • to execute such decisions, orders, and resolutions as may have been approved by the commission.

And if other impeachable officers other than the president such as the Ombudsman is on an impeachment trial, the Senate President is the presiding officer and shall be the last to vote on the judgment on such cases according to the Senate Rules of Procedure in Impeachment Trials the Senate adopted on March 23, 2011.

In the Senate, he supervises the committees and attended its hearings and meetings if necessary and such committee reports are being submitted to his/her office.

List of Senate PresidentsEdit

The Senate was created on 1916 with the abolition of the Philippine Commission as the upper house with the Philippine Assembly as the lower house. The Senate and the House of Representatives comprised the Philippine Legislature (PL). Representation was by senatorial district; Manuel L. Quezon was elected senator from the now-defunct 5th Legislative District.

All Senators from 1941 onwards were elected at-large, with the whole Philippines as one constituency.

# Senate President Party Tenure of Office Legislature
or
Congress
Era Ref.
1   Manuel L. Quezon, Sr. NP August 29, 1916–November 15, 1935
(19 years, 78 days)
Fourth Insular Government [1]
Fifth
Sixth
Seventh
Eighth
Ninth
Tenth
  • The Senate and the House of Representatives were merged into the unicameral National Assembly in 1935 at the onset of the Commonwealth period. It was replaced by the bicameral Commonwealth Congress (CC) with the amendment of the 1935 Constitution in 1940, with the first election for a senate elected at large held in November, 1941. However, the outbreak of World War II in the Philippines meant that the Commonwealth Congress did not convene until 1945.
  • For the leaders of the National Assembly, see Speakers of the National Assembly.
Commonwealth [2]
2   Manuel A. Roxas, Sr. NP
(Liberal wing)
July 9, 1945–May 28, 1946
(323 days)
First [3]
3   José Avelino Liberal May 28, 1946–February 21, 1949
(2 years, 269 days)
Second
First Third Republic
4   Mariano Jesús Cuenco February 21, 1949–December 30, 1951
(2 years, 312 days)
Second
5   Quintín Paredes March 5, 1952–April 17, 1952
(43 days)
6   Camilo O. Osías NP April 17, 1952–April 30, 1952
(13 days)
7   Eulogio A. Rodriguez Sr. April 30, 1952–April 17, 1953
(352 days)
  Camilo O. Osias
(second time)
LP April 17, 1953–April 30, 1953
(323 days)
8   José C. Zulueta April 30, 1953–November 30, 1953
(214 days)
  Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.
(second time)
NP November 30, 1953–April 5, 1963
(9 years, 126 days)
Third
Fourth
Fifth
9   Ferdinand E. Marcos, Sr. LP April 5, 1963–December 30, 1965
(2 years, 269 days)
NP
10   Arturo M. Tolentino, Sr. January 17, 1966–January 26, 1967
(1 year, 9 days)
Sixth
11   Gil J. Puyat, Sr. January 26, 1967–September 23, 1972
(5 years, 241 days)
Seventh
Fourth Republic
12   Jovito R. Salonga LP July 27, 1987–January 1, 1992
(4 years, 158 days)
Eighth Fifth Republic
13   Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr. LDP January 1, 1992–January 18, 1993
(1 year, 17 days)
Ninth
14   Edgardo J. Angara January 18, 1993–August 28, 1995
(2 years, 227 days)
Tenth
  Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.
(second time)
August 29, 1995–October 10, 1996
(1 year, 42 days)
15   Ernesto M. Maceda, Sr. NPC October 10, 1996–January 26, 1998
(1 year, 108 days)
  Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.
(third time)
LDP January 26, 1998–June 30, 1998
(155 days)
16   Marcelo B. Fernan July 27, 1998–June 28, 1999
(336 days)
Eleventh
17   Blas F. Ople LAMMP June 29, 1999–July 12, 2000
(1 year, 13 days)
18   Franklin M. Drilon Independent July 12, 2000–November 13, 2000
(124 days)
19   Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. PDP-Laban November 13, 2000–June 30, 2001
(229 days)
  Franklin M. Drilon
(second time)
Independent July 23, 2001–July 24, 2006
(5 years, 1 day)
Twelfth
LP
Thirteenth
20   Manuel B. Villar, Jr. NP July 24, 2006–November 17, 2008
(2 years, 116 days)
Fourteenth
21   Juan Ponce Enrile, Sr. PMP November 17, 2008–June 5, 2013
(4 years, 200 days)
Fifteenth
  Franklin M. Drilon
(third time)
LP July 22, 2013–June 30, 2016
(2 years, 344 days)
Sixteenth
22   Aquilino Martin L. Pimentel III PDP-Laban July 25, 2016–May 21, 2018
(1 year, 300 days)
Seventeenth
23   Vicente C. Sotto III NPC May 21, 2018–present
(1 year, 152 days)
Eighteenth

BirthEdit

Birth
order
Senate President Birthdate Birth name Century Order of
office
Birthplace
1 Manuel L. Quezon, Sr. (1878-08-19)August 19, 1878 Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina 19th 1 Aurora, Aurora
2 Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr (1883-01-23)January 23, 1883 Eulogio Adona Rodríguez 7 Montalban, Manila
3 Quintin Paredes (1884-09-09)September 9, 1884 Quinttin Pafredes y babila 5 Bangued, Abra
4 Mariano Jesús Cuenco (1888-01-16)January 16, 1888 Mariano Jesús Diosomito Cuenco 4 Carmen, Cebu
5 Camilo O. Osias (1889-03-23)March 23, 1889 Casmilo Osias y Olaviano 6 Balaoan, La Union
6 José Zulueta (1890-05-03)May 3, 1890 Jose Zulueta y Castel 8 Molo, Iloilo
7 José Avelino (1890-08-05)August 5, 1890 José Dira Avelino 3 Calbayog, Samar
8 Manuel A. Roxas, Sr. (1892-01-01)January 1, 1892 Manuel Róxas y Acuña 2 Iba, Zambales
9 Gil J. Puyat, Sr. (1907-03-01)March 1, 1907 Gil Juco Puyat 20th 11 Manila
10 Arturo M. Tolentino, Sr. (1910-09-19)September 19, 1910 Arturo Modesto Tolentino 10 Manila
11 Ferdinand Marcos, Sr. (1917-09-11)September 11, 1917 Ferdinand Emmanuel Marcos y Edralin 9 Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
12 Jovito Salonga (1920-06-22)June 22, 1920 Jovito Reyes Salonga 12 Pasig, Rizal
13 Neptali A. Gonzales , Sr. (1923-06-10)June 10, 1923 Neptali Álvaro Gonzales 13 San Felipe Neri, Rizal
14 Juan Ponce Enrile (1924-02-14)February 14, 1924 Juan Furagganan Ponce Enrile 21 Gonzaga, Cagayan
15 Marcelo Fernan (1926-10-24)October 24, 1926 Marcelo Briones Fernan 16 Cebu City
16 Blas Ople (1927-02-03)February 3, 1927 Blas Fajardo Ople 17 Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
17 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. (1933-12-11)December 11, 1933 Aquilino Quilinging Pimentel Jr. 19 Claveria, Misamis Oriental
18 Edgardo Angara (1934-09-24)September 24, 1934 Edgardo Javier Angara 14 Aurora, Aurora
19 Ernesto Maceda (1935-03-26)March 26, 1935 Ernesto Madarang Maceda 15 Pagsanjan, Laguna
20 Franklin Drilon (1945-11-28)November 28, 1945 Franklin Magtunao Frilon 18 Iloilo City, Iloilo
21 Tito Sotto (1948-08-24)August 24, 1948 Vicente Castelo Sotto III 23 Manila
22 Manuel Villar (1949-12-13)December 13, 1949 Manuel Bamba Villar, Jr. 20 Manila
23 Aquilino Pimentel III (1964-01-20)January 20, 1964 Aquilino Martin de la Llana Pimentel III 19 Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental

DeathEdit

OD OO Senate President Term Date of Death Cause of Death Age at Death Place of Death Place of Burial Century
1 1 Manuel Luis Quezon, Sr.[4]| 1916 - 1935 August 1, 1944 Tuberculosis 65 years, 348 days Saranac Lake, New York Arlington Memorial Cemetery (1944-1949)
re interred at Manila North Cemetery in 1949
Moved to Quezon Memorial Circle in 1978
20th
2 2 Manuel A. Roxas, Sr.[5] 1945 - 1946 April 15, 1948 Heart Atatck 56 years, 105 days Clark Air Base Manila North Cemetery
3 4 Mariano Jesus D. Cuenco 1949 - 1951 February 25, 1964 76 years, 40 days Manila Manila North Cemetery
4 7 Eulogio A. Rodrigez, Sr. 1952 - 1953
1953 - 1963
December 18, 1964 Unknown Cause 81 years, 330 days Unknown
5 5 Quintin B. Paredes 1952 January 30, 1973 88 years, 143 days Manila
6 6 Camilo O. Osias 1953 May 20, 1976 87 years, 58 days Metro Manila Unknown
7 8 José C. Zulueta 1953 August 15, 1972 83 years, 104 days
8 11 Gil J. Puyat, Sr. 1967–1972 March 22, 1981 Cardiac arrest 74 years, 21 days Loyola Memorial Park
9 3 José D, Avelino 1946–1949 July 21, 1986 95 years, 350 days
10 9 Ferdinand E. Marcos, Sr. 1962–1965 September 28, 1989 Multiple organ failure 72 years, 11 days Honolulu, Hawaii Ferdinand E. Marcos Presidential Center (until 2016); Libingan ng mga Bayani
11 16 Marcelo B. Fernán. 1998–1999 July 11, 1999 Cancer 72 years, 260 days Manila Cebu City
12 13 Neptali A. Gonzales I 1992–1993
1995–1996
1998
September 16, 2001 Cancer 78 years, 98 days 21st
13 17 Blas F. Ople 1999–2000 December 14, 2003 76 years, 314 days
14 10 Arturo M. Tolentino 1965–1967 August 2, 2004 Heart attack 93 years, 318 days Libingan ng mga Bayani
15 12 Jovito R. Salonga 1987–1992 March 10, 2016 Cardiac arrest 95 years, 262 days
16 15 Ernesto M. Maceda 1996–1998 June 20, 2016 Multiple organ failure 81 years, 86 days Loyola Memorial Park
17 14 Edgardo J. Angara 1993–1995 May 16, 2018 Heart Attack 83 years, 234 days Baler, Aurora
18 19 Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. 2000–2001 October 20, 2019 Lymphoma 85 years, 313 days

LongevityEdit

OL
OO
Senate President
Date of Birth
Date of Death
Age Longevity
1 3 José Avelino August 5, 1890 July 21, 1986 95 years, 350 days 35,048 days
2 12 Jovito Salonga June 22, 1920 March 10, 2016 95 years, 262 days 34,960 days
3 21 Juan Ponce Enrile February 14, 1924 Living 95 years, 248 days 34,947 days
4 13 Arturo Tolentino September 19, 1910 August 5, 2004 93 years, 321 days 34,289 days
5 5 Quintin Paredes September 1, 1884 January 30, 1973 88 years, 151 days 32,292 days
6 6 Camilo Osias March 23, 1889 May 20, 1976 87 years, 58 days 31,834 days
7 19 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. December 11, 1933 October 20, 2019 85 years, 313 days 31,359 days
8 10 José Zulueta November 23, 1889 December 6, 1972 83 years, 13 days 30,646 days
9 14 Edgardo Angara September 24, 1934 May 16, 2018 83 years, 234 days 30,328 days
10 7 Eulogio Rodriguez January 23, 1883 December 18, 1964 81 years, 330 days 29,914 days
11 15 Ernesto Maceda March 26, 1935 June 20, 2016 81 years, 86 days 29,672 days
12 4 Mariano Jesús Cuenco January 16, 1884 February 25, 1964 80 years, 40 days 29,259 days
13 13 Neptali Gonzales June 10, 1923 September 16, 2001 78 years, 98 days 28,588 days
14 17 Blas Ople October 24, 1926 December 14, 2003 77 years, 51 days 28,175 days
15 11 Gil Puyat March 1, 1907 March 22, 1981 74 years, 21 days 27,050 days
16 18 Franklin Drilon November 29, 1945 Living 73 years, 326 days 26,989 days
17 16 Marcelo Fernán October 24, 1926 July 11, 1999 72 years, 260 days 26,558 days
18 9 Ferdinand Marcos[6] September 11, 1917 September 28, 1989 72 years, 17 days 26,315 days
19 23 Tito Sotto August 24, 1948 Living 71 years, 57 days 25,989 days
20 20 Manuel Villar December 23, 1949 Living 69 years, 301 days 25,503 days
21 1 Manuel L. Quezon[7] August 19, 1878 August 1, 1944 65 years, 348 days 24,088 days
22 7 Manuel Roxas[8] January 1, 1892 April 15, 1948 56 years, 105 days 20,558 days
23 22 Koko Pimentel January 20, 1964 Living 55 years, 273 days 20,362 days

[9]

Living former Senate PresidentsEdit

As of October 2019, there are Five living former Senate President. The most recent Senate President to die was Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. (2000–2001) on October 20, 2019.

Senate President Tenure Date of birth Age (Longevity)
Franklin Drilon 2000
2001–2006
2013–2016
(1945-11-28)November 28, 1945 73 years, 326 days (26,989 days)
Manny Villar 2006–2008 (1949-12-23)December 23, 1949 69 years, 301 days (25,503 days)
Juan Ponce Enrile 2008–2013 (1924-02-14)February 14, 1924 95 years, 248 days (34,947 days)
Aquilino Pimentel III 2001–2010 (1964-01-20)January 20, 1964 55 years, 273 days (20,362 days)

[10]

TimelineEdit

 

SourcesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biography of Senate President Quezon". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  2. ^ "The Legislative Branch: Commonwealth of the Philippines, 1935 – 1946". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  3. ^ "Biography of Senate President Roxas". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  4. ^ "Manuel L. Quezon | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  5. ^ "Manuel Roxas". Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Ferdinand E. Marcos | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  7. ^ "Manuel L. Quezon | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  8. ^ "Manuel Roxas". Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  9. ^ Updated daily according to UTC.
  10. ^ Updated daily according to UTC.