President of the Senate of the Philippines
The President of the Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas), or more popularly known as the Senate President, is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the Senate of the Philippines, and third highest and most powerful official in the Government of the Philippines. He/she is elected by the entire body to be their leader. The Senate President is second in line in succession for the presidency, behind the Vice President of the Philippines and in front of the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines.
|President of the Senate of the Philippines|
Pangulo ng Senado ng Pilipinas
Flag of the Senate
(When presiding over Senate)
|Appointer||Elected by the Senate of the Philippines|
|Inaugural holder||Manuel L. Quezon|
|Formation||October 16, 1916|
|Succession||Second in the Presidential Line of Succession|
The Senate President is elected by the majority of the members of the Senate from among themselves; Since there are 24 Senators, 13 votes are needed to win the Senate Presidency, including any vacant seats or senators not attending the session. Although Senate presidents are elected at the start of each Congress, there had been numerous instances of Senate coups in which a sitting Senate President is unseated in the middle of session. Term-sharing agreements among senators who are both eyeing the position of the Senate President also played a role in changing the leadership of the Senate, but in a smooth manner, the peaceful transition of power and this was done two times in 1999 and in 2006.
Unlike most Senate Presidents that are the symbolic presiding officers of the upper house, the Senate President of the Philippines wields considerate power by influencing the legislative agenda and has the ability to vote not just in order to break ties, although the Senate President is traditionally the last senator to vote. A tied vote, therefore, means that the motion is lost, and that the Senate President cannot cast a tie-breaking vote since that would mean that the presiding officer would have had voted twice.
Powers and dutiesEdit
According to the Rule 3 of the Rules of the Senate, the Senate President has the powers and duties to:
- To preside over the sessions of the Senate on the days and at the hours designated by it; to call the Senate to order and, if there is a quorum, to order the reading of the Journal of the preceding session and, after the Senate shall have acted upon it, to dispose of the matters appearing in the Order of Business in accordance with the Rules;
- To decide all points of order;
- To sign all measures, memorials, joint and concurrent resolutions; issue warrants, orders of arrest, subpoena and subpoena duces tecum;
- To see to it that all resolutions of the Senate are complied with;
- To have general control over the session hall, the antechambers, corridors and offices of the Senate;
- To maintain order in the session hall, the antechambers, corridors and in the offices of the Senate, and whenever there is disorder, to take appropriate measures to quell it;
- To designate an Acting Sergeant-at-Arms, if the Sergeant-at-Arms resigns, is replaced or becomes incapacitated;
- To appoint the subordinate personnel of the Senate in conformity with the provisions of the General Appropriations Act;
- To dismiss any employee for cause, which dismissal in the case of permanent and classified employees shall be in conformity with the Civil Service Law; and
- To diminish or increase the number of authorized personnel by consolidating or separating positions or items whenever the General Appropriations Act so authorizes and the total amount of salaries or allocations does not exceed the amount earmarked therein.
The Senate President is also the ex officio chairman of the Commission on Appointments, a constitutional body within the Congress that has the sole power to confirm all appointments made by the President of the Philippines. Under Section 2 of Chapter 2 of the Rules of the Commission on Appointments, the powers and duties of the Senate President as its Ex-Officio Chairman are as follows:
- to issue calls for the meetings of the commission;
- to preside at the meetings of the commission;
- to preserve order and decorum during the session and, for that purpose, to take such steps as may be convenient or as the commission may direct;
- to pass upon all questions of order, but from his decision, any member may appeal to the commission; and,
- to execute such decisions, orders, and resolutions as may have been approved by the commission.
And if other impeachable officers other than the president such as the Ombudsman is on an impeachment trial, the Senate President is the presiding officer and shall be the last to vote on the judgment on such cases according to the Senate Rules of Procedure in Impeachment Trials the Senate adopted on March 23, 2011.
In the Senate, he supervises the committees and attended its hearings and meetings if necessary and such committee reports are being submitted to his/her office.
List of Senate PresidentsEdit
The Senate was created on 1916 with the abolition of the Philippine Commission as the upper house with the Philippine Assembly as the lower house. The Senate and the House of Representatives comprised the Philippine Legislature (PL). Representation was by senatorial district; Manuel L. Quezon was elected senator from the now-defunct 5th Legislative District.
|#||Senate President||Party||Tenure of Office||Legislature
|1||Manuel L. Quezon, Sr.||NP||August 29, 1916–November 15, 1935
(19 years, 78 days)
|2||Manuel A. Roxas, Sr.||NP
|July 9, 1945–May 28, 1946
|3||José Avelino||Liberal||May 25, 1946–February 21, 1949||Second|
|4||Mariano Jesús Cuenco||February 21, 1949–December 30, 1951|
|5||Quintín Paredes||March 5, 1952–April 17, 1952|
|6||Camilo O. Ssias||NP||April 17, 1952–April 30, 1952|
|7||Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.||April 30, 1952–April 17, 1953|
|—||Canilo O, Osias
|LP||April 17, 1953–April 30, 1953|
|8||José C. Zulueta||April 30, 1953–November 30, 1953|
|—||Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.
|NP||November 30, 1953–April 5, 1963|
|9'||Ferdinand E. Marcos, Sr.||LP||April 5, 1963–December 30, 1965|
|10||Arturo M. Tolentino, Sr.||January 17, 1966–January 26, 1967||Sixth|
|11||Gil J. Puyat, Sr.||January 26, 1967–September 23, 1972|
|12||Jovito R. Salonga||LP||July 27, 1987–January 18, 1992||Eighth||Fifth Republic|
|13||Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.||LDP||January 18, 1992–January 18, 1993|
|14||Edgardo J. Angara||January 18, 1993–August 28, 1995|
|—||Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.
|July 24, 1995–August 28, 1995|
|15||Ernesto M. Maceda, Sr.||NPC||October 10, 1996–January 26, 1998|
|—||Neptali A. Gonzales, Sr.
|LDP||January 26, 1998–June 30, 1998|
|16||Marcelo B. Fernan||July 27, 1998–June 28, 1999||Eleventh|
|17||Blas F. Ople||LAMMP||June 29, 1999–July 12, 2000|
|18||Franklin M. Drilon||Independent||July 12, 2000–November 13, 2000|
|19||Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr.||PDP-Laban||November 13, 2000–June 30, 2001|
|–||Franklin M. Drilon
|Independent||July 23, 2001–July 24, 2006||Twelfth|
|20||Manuel B. Villar, Jr.||NP||July 24, 2006–November 17, 2008|
|21||Juan Ponce Enrile, Sr.||PMP||November 17, 2008–June 5, 2013|
|—||Franklin M. Drilon
|LP||July 22, 2013–June 30, 2016||Sixteenth|
|22||Aquilino Martin L. Pimentel III||PDP-Laban||July 25, 2016–May 21, 2018||Seventeenth|
|23||Vicente C. Sotto III||NPC||May 21, 2018–present|
|Senate President||Birthdate||Birth name||Century||Order of
|1||Manuel L. Quezon, Sr.||August 19, 1878||Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina||19th||1||Aurora, Aurora|
|2||Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr||January 23, 1883||Eulogio Adona Rodríguez||7||Montalban, Manila|
|3||Quintin Paredes||September 9, 1884||Quinttin Pafredes y babila||5||Bangued, Abra|
|4||Mariano Jesús Cuenco||January 16, 1888||Mariano Jesús Diosomito Cuenco||4||Carmen, Cebu|
|5||Camilo O. Osias||March 23, 1889||Casmilo Osias y Olaviano||6||Balaoan, La Union|
|6||José Zulueta||May 3, 1890||Jose Zulueta y Castel||8||Molo, Iloilo|
|7||José Avelino||August 5, 1890||José Dira Avelino||3||Calbayog, Samar|
|8||Manuel A. Roxas, Sr.||January 1, 1892||Manuel Róxas y Acuña||2||Iba, Zambales|
|9||Gil J. Puyat, Sr.||March 1, 1907||Gil Juco Puyat||20th||11||Manila|
|10||Arturo M. Tolentino, Sr.||September 19, 1910||Arturo Modesto Tolentino||10||Manila|
|11||Ferdinand Marcos, Sr.||September 11, 1917||Ferdinand Emmanuel Marcos y Edralin||9||Sarrat, Ilocos Norte|
|12||Jovito Salonga||June 22, 1920||Jovito Reyes Salonga||12||Pasig, Rizal|
|13||Neptali A. Gonzales , Sr.||June 10, 1923||Neptali Álvaro Gonzales||13||San Felipe Neri, Rizal|
|14||Juan Ponce Enrile||February 14, 1924||Juan Furagganan Ponce Enrile||21||Gonzaga, Cagayan|
|15||Marcelo Fernan||October 24, 1926||Marcelo Briones Fernan||16||Cebu City|
|16||Blas Ople||February 3, 1927||Blas Fajardo Ople||17||Sarrat, Ilocos Norte|
|17||Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||December 11, 1933||Aquilino Quilinging Pimentel Jr.||19||Claveria, Misamis Oriental|
|18||Edgardo Angara||September 24, 1934||Edgardo Javier Angara||14||Aurora, Aurora|
|19||Ernesto Maceda||March 26, 1935||Ernesto Madarang Maceda||15||Pagsanjan, Laguna|
|20||Franklin Drilon||November 28, 1945||Franklin Magtunao Frilon||18||Iloilo City, Iloilo|
|21||Tito Sotto||August 24, 1948||Vicente Castelo Sotto III||23||Manila|
|22||Manuel Villar||December 13, 1949||Manuel Bamba Villar, Jr.||20||Manila|
|23||Aquilino Pimentel III||January 20, 1964||Aquilino Martin de la Llana Pimentel III||19||Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental|
|OD||OO||Vice President||Term||Date of Death||Cause of Death||Age at Death||Place of Death||Place of Burial||Century|
|1||1||Manuel Luis Quezon, Sr.|||1916 - 1935||September 19, 1878||Tuberculosis||65 years, 348 days||Saranac Lake, New York||Arlington Memorial Cemetery (1944-1949)
re interred at Manila North Cemetery in 1949
Moved to Quezon Memorial Circle in 1978
|2||2||Manuel A. Roxas, Sr.||1945 - 1946||April 15, 1948||Heart Atatck||56 years, 105 days||Clark Air Base||Manila North Cemetery|
|3||4||Mariano Jesus D. Cuenco||1949 - 1951||February 25, 1964||76 years, 40 days||Manila||Manila North Cemetery|
|4||7||Eulogio A. Rodrigez, Sr.||1952 - 1953
1953 - 1963
|December 18, 1964||Unknown Cause||81 years, 330 days||Unknown|
|5||5||Quintin B. Paredes||1952||January 30, 1973||88 years, 143 days||Manila|
|6||6||Camilo O. Osias||1953||May 20, 1976||87 years, 58 days||Metro Manila||Unknown|
|7||8||José C. Zulueta||1953||August 15, 1972||83 years, 104 days|
|8||11||Gil J. Puyat, Sr.||1967–1972||March 22, 1981||Cardiac arrest||74 years, 21 days||Loyola Memorial Park|
|9||3||José D, Avelino||1946–1949||July 21, 1986||95 years, 350 days|
|10||9||Ferdinand E. Marcos, Sr.||1962–1965||September 28, 1989||Multiple organ failure||72 years, 11 days||Honolulu, Hawaii||Ferdinand E. Marcos Presidential Center (until 2016); Libingan ng mga Bayani|
|11||16||Marcelo B. Fernán.||1998–1999||July 11, 1999||Cancer||72 years, 260 days||Manila||Cebu City|
|12||13||Neptali A. Gonzales I||1992–1993
|September 16, 2001||Cancer||78 years, 98 days|
|13||17||Blas F. Ople||1999–2000||December 14, 2003||76 years, 314 days||21st|
|14||10||Arturo M. Tolentino||1965–1967||August 2, 2004||Heart attack||93 years, 318 days||Libingan ng mga Bayani|
|15||12||Jovito R. Salonga||1987–1992||March 10, 2016||Cardiac arrest||95 years, 262 days|
|16||15||Ernesto M. Maceda||1996–1998||June 20, 2016||Multiple organ failure||81 years, 86 days||Loyola Memorial Park|
|17||14||Edgardo J. Angara||1993–1995||May 16, 2018||Heart Attack||83 years, 234 days||Baler, Aurora|
||Date of Birth
||Date of Death
|1||3||José Avelino||August 5, 1890||July 21, 1986||95 years, 350 days||35,048 days|
|2||12||Jovito Salonga||June 22, 1920||March 10, 2016||95 years, 262 days||34,960 days|
|3||21||Juan Ponce Enrile||February 14, 1924||Living||95 years, 182 days||34,881 days|
|4||13||Arturo Tolentino||September 19, 1910||August 5, 2004||93 years, 321 days||34,289 days|
|5||5||Quintin Paredes||September 1, 1884||January 30, 1973||88 years, 151 days||32,292 days|
|6||6||Camilo Osias||March 23, 1889||May 20, 1976||87 years, 58 days||31,834 days|
|7||19||Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||December 11, 1933||Living||85 years, 247 days||31,293 days|
|8||10||José Zulueta||November 23, 1889||December 6, 1972||83 years, 13 days||30,646 days|
|9||14||Edgardo Angara||September 24, 1934||May 16, 2018||83 years, 234 days||30,328 days|
|10||7||Eulogio Rodriguez||January 23, 1883||December 18, 1964||81 years, 330 days||29,914 days|
|11||15||Ernesto Maceda||March 26, 1935||June 20, 2016||81 years, 86 days||29,672 days|
|12||4||Mariano Jesús Cuenco||January 16, 1884||February 25, 1964||80 years, 40 days||29,259 days|
|13||13||Neptali Gonzales||June 10, 1923||September 16, 2001||78 years, 98 days||28,588 days|
|14||17||Blas Ople||October 24, 1926||December 14, 2003||77 years, 51 days||28,175 days|
|15||11||Gil Puyat||March 1, 1907||March 22, 1981||74 years, 21 days||27,050 days|
|16||18||Franklin Drilon||November 29, 1945||Living||73 years, 260 days||26,923 days|
|17||16||Marcelo Fernán||October 24, 1926||July 11, 1999||72 years, 260 days||26,558 days|
|18||9||Ferdinand Marcos||September 11, 1917||September 28, 1989||72 years, 17 days||26,315 days|
|19||23||Tito Sotto||August 24, 1948||Living||70 years, 356 days||25,923 days|
|20||20||Manuel Villar||December 23, 1949||Living||69 years, 235 days||25,437 days|
|21||1||Manuel L. Quezon||August 19, 1878||August 1, 1944||65 years, 348 days||24,088 days|
|22||7||Manuel Roxas||January 1, 1892||April 15, 1948||56 years, 105 days||20,558 days|
|23||22||Koko Pimentel||January 20, 1964||Living||55 years, 207 days||20,296 days|
Living former Senate PresidentsEdit
As of August 2019, there are Five living former Senate President. The most recent Senate President to die was Edgardo Angara (1993–1995) on May 16, 2018.
|Senate President||Tenure||Date of birth||Age (Longevity)|
|November 28, 1945||73 years, 260 days (26,923 days)|
|Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||2000–2001||December 11, 1933||85 years, 247 days (31,293 days)|
|Manny Villar||2006–2008||December 23, 1949||69 years, 235 days (25,437 days)|
|Juan Ponce Enrile||2008–2013||February 14, 1924||95 years, 172 days (34,881 days)|
|Aquilino Pimentel III||2001–2010||January 20, 1964||55 years, 207 days (20,296 days)|
- "Biography of Senate President Quezon". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
- "The Legislative Branch: Commonwealth of the Philippines, 1935 – 1946". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
- "Biography of Senate President Roxas". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
- "Manuel L. Quezon". Retrieved 2019-01-11. Text "Presidential Museum and Library" ignored (help)
- "Manuel Roxas". Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "Ferdinand E. Marcos | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- "Manuel L. Quezon | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- "Manuel Roxas". Presidential Museum and Library. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- Updated daily according to UTC.
- Updated daily according to UTC.