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International Democrat Union

The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany,[1] the IDU comprises 71 full and associate members from 63 different countries.[2] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

International Democrat Union
Countries with an IDU party member in Government.png
Countries with a party member of International Democrat Union in government as of June 2018
Abbreviation IDU
Formation 1993
Purpose World federation of centre-right to right wing political parties
Headquarters Munich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
72
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Tony Clement
Website idu.org

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.[3]

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and US Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, the United Kingdom.[4]

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, and the European People's Party, the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists[5] and the (dormant since 2002) European Democrat Union in Europe. It also has an affiliated youth wing the International Young Democrat Union led by Australian Simon Breheny[6] and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

Contents

FoundingEdit

Member partiesEdit

Full membersEdit

Country Party Abbr Status Period of membership
  Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD in opposition
  Australia Liberal Party of Australia Lib Senior party in coalition
  Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP Senior party in coalition
  Argentina Republican Proposal PRO Senior party in coalition
  Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIP in opposition
  Bolivia Social Democrat Movement Demócratas in opposition
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action SDA Senior party in coalition
Party of Democratic Progress PDP in government
  Brazil Democrats DEM junior party in government
  Bulgaria GERB in government
Union of Democratic Forces SDS in government
  Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC/PCC in opposition
  Chile Independent Democratic Union UDI in government
National Renewal RN in government
  Republic of China Kuomintang KMT in opposition
  Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC Junior party in coalition
Democratic Center CD in opposition
  Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ Senior party in coalition
  Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODS in opposition
  Denmark Conservative People's Party K Junior party in coalition
  Dominica Dominica Freedom Party DFP extraparliamentary opposition
  Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNP in opposition
  Ecuador Social Christian Party PSC in opposition
  El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENA in opposition
  Estonia Pro Patria and Res Publica Union IRL Junior party in coalition
  European Union European People's Party EPP Senior party in coalition
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe AECR In opposition
  Finland National Coalition Party Kok Junior party in coalition
  France The Republicans LR in opposition
  Georgia United National Movement UNM in opposition
Christian-Democratic Movement KDM in opposition
  Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU Senior party in coalition
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU Junior party in federal government coalition
  Ghana New Patriotic Party NPP in government
  Greece New Democracy ND in opposition
  Grenada New National Party NNP in government
  Guatemala Unionist Party PU in opposition
  Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
  Hungary Fidesz in government
  Iceland Independence Party XD in government
  India Bharatiya Janata Party[8] BJP in government
  Jamaica Jamaica Labour Party JLP in government
  South Korea Liberty Korea Party LKP in opposition
  Lebanon Lebanese Forces LF in opposition
  Lithuania Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKD in opposition
  Macedonia Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity VMRO–DPMNE in opposition
  Mexico National Action Party PAN in opposition
  Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDP in opposition
  Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDM in opposition
  Mongolia Democratic Party in opposition
  Montenegro Movement for Changes PzP in opposition
  Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
  New Zealand National Party Nats in opposition since 1983[9]
  Nicaragua Conservative Party PCN in opposition
  Norway Conservative Party H Senior party in coalition
  Panama Democratic Change CD in opposition
  Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
  Portugal CDS – People's Party CDS–PP in opposition
  Saint Lucia United Workers Party (Saint Lucia) UWP in government since 2014[10]
  Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNS in government since February 2018
  Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in opposition
  Spain People's Party PP in opposition
  Sri Lanka United National Party UNP in government
  Sweden Moderate Party M in opposition
  Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDC in opposition
  United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party Con in government
  United States Republican Party R/GOP in government
  Venezuela Project Venezuela PV in opposition

Associate membersEdit

Country Party Abbr Government Period of membership
  Belarus Partyja BPF PBNF extraparliamentary opposition
United Civic Party of Belarus OGP in opposition
  Cuba Cuban Democratic Directorate DDC in exile (United States)
  Georgia New Rights NRP in opposition
  Kenya Democratic Party DP in opposition
  Paraguay National Republican Association – Colorado Party ANR-PC in government
  Tanzania Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo CHADEMA in opposition
  Ukraine All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" VOB in opposition

ChairmenEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-40184-5. 
  2. ^ International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2016-04-22. 
  3. ^ Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-59942-331-9. 
  4. ^ Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN 978-0-595-22888-1. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  6. ^ "IYDU-New Chairman and Board Elected". IDU. November 15, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993
  8. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "India's Bharatiya Janata Party Joins Union of International Conservative Parties". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  9. ^ "John Key chairs International Democrat Union" "Newshub" 21/11/2014 [1]
  10. ^ United Workers Party "UWP to become full member of International Democrat Union" "St Lucia News Online" November 17, 2014 [2]

External linksEdit