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The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right to right wing political parties. Headquartered in Munich, Germany,[1] the IDU comprises 73 full and associate members from 63 different countries.[2] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union logo.png
International Democrat Union.svg
Countries with a party member of International Democrat Union as of September 2018
AbbreviationIDU
Formation1983
PurposeWorld federation of centre-right to right-wing political parties
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
73
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Tony Clement
Websiteidu.org

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.[3]

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and US Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, the United Kingdom.[4]

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, and the European People's Party, the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists[5] and the (dormant since 2002) European Democrat Union in Europe. It also has an affiliated youth wing the International Young Democrat Union led by Australian Simon Breheny[6] and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

Contents

FoundingEdit

Member partiesEdit

Full membersEdit

Full members
Country Party Abbr Status Seats Lower House Seats Upper House
  Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 140 (0%)
  Australia Liberal Party of Australia LIB senior party in coalition
62 / 150 (41%)
29 / 76 (38%)
  Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP senior party in coalition
61 / 183 (33%)
22 / 61 (36%)
  Argentina Republican Proposal PRO senior party in coalition
108 / 257 (42%)
25 / 72 (35%)
  Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIP in opposition
0 / 125 (0%)
  Bolivia Social Democrat Movement Demócratas in opposition
0 / 130 (0%)
0 / 36 (0%)
  Belarus The BPF Party BPF extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 110 (0%)
0 / 64 (0%)
United Civil Party UCP in opposition
1 / 110 (0.9%)
0 / 64 (0%)
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action SDA senior party in coalition
9 / 42 (21%)
3 / 15 (20%)
Party of Democratic Progress PDP in opposition
2 / 42 (5%)
0 / 15 (0%)
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina HDZ in coalition
16 / 98 (16%)
14 / 58 (24%)
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 HDZ-1990 in opposition
2 / 98 (2%)
1 / 58 (2%)
  Brazil Democrats DEM senior party in coalition
29 / 513 (6%)
7 / 81 (9%)
  Bulgaria GERB GERB senior party in coalition
95 / 240 (40%)
Union of Democratic Forces SDS extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 240 (0%)
  Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC/PCC in opposition
96 / 338 (28%)
31 / 105 (30%)
  Chile Independent Democratic Union UDI in opposition
30 / 155 (19%)
9 / 43 (21%)
National Renewal RN in opposition
36 / 155 (23%)
8 / 43 (19%)
  Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC in coalition
21 / 172 (12%)
15 / 108 (14%)
  Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in government
55 / 151 (36%)
  Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
18 / 56 (32%)
  Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODS in opposition
25 / 200 (13%)
18 / 81 (22%)
  Denmark Conservative People's Party K junior party in coalition
6 / 179 (3%)
  Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNP in opposition
0 / 190 (0%)
0 / 32 (0%)
  Ecuador Social Christian Party PSC in opposition
15 / 137 (11%)
  El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENA in opposition
37 / 84 (44%)
  Estonia Pro Patria

PP

in coalition
11 / 101 (11%)
  European Union European People's Party EPP senior party in coalition
218 / 751 (29%)
8 / 28 (29%)
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe ACRE In opposition
72 / 751 (10%)
2 / 28 (7%)
  Finland National Coalition Party Kok junior party in coalition
38 / 200 (19%)
  Georgia United National Movement UNM in opposition
6 / 150 (4%)
  Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU senior party in coalition
200 / 709 (28%)
22 / 69 (32%)
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU junior party in federal government coalition
46 / 709 (6%)
6 / 69 (9%)
  Ghana New Patriotic Party NPP in government
169 / 275 (61%)
  Greece New Democracy ND in opposition
78 / 300 (26%)
  Grenada New National Party NNP in government
15 / 15 (100%)
7 / 13 (54%)
  Guatemala Unionist Party PU in opposition
2 / 158 (1%)
  Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
61 / 128 (48%)
  Hungary Fidesz in government
117 / 199 (59%)
  Iceland Independence Party XD in coalition
16 / 63 (25%)
  India Bharatiya Janata Party[9] BJP in government
303 / 545 (56%)
73 / 245 (30%)
  Israel Likud Party Likud senior party in coalition
35 / 120 (29%)
  South Korea Liberty Korea Party LKP in opposition
112 / 300 (37%)
  Kenya Democratic Party of Kenya DP in opposition
0 / 67 (0%)
0 / 394 (0%)
  Lebanon Kataeb Party Kataeb in opposition
3 / 128 (2%)
  Lithuania Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKD in opposition
31 / 141 (22%)
  Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDP in government coalition
19 / 85 (22%)
  Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDM extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 101 (0%)
  Mongolia Democratic Party in opposition
9 / 16 (56%)
  Montenegro Movement for Changes PzP in opposition
5 / 81 (6%)
  Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
46 / 395 (12%)
24 / 120 (20%)
  New Zealand National Party Nats in opposition
55 / 120 (46%)
  Nicaragua Conservative Party PCN in opposition
1 / 92 (1%)
  North Macedonia VMRO–DPMNE VMRO–DPMNE in opposition
39 / 120 (33%)
  Norway Conservative Party H senior party in coalition
45 / 169 (27%)
  Panama Democratic Change CD in government coalition
25 / 71 (35%)
  Paraguay Partido Colorado MDR in government
46 / 80 (58%)
20 / 45 (44%)
  Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 130 (0%)
  Portugal CDS – People's Party CDS–PP in coalition
18 / 230 (8%)
  Russia Union of Right Forces SPS extraparliamentary opposition A former political Party, now an NGO.
  Saint Lucia United Workers Party (Saint Lucia) UWP in government
11 / 17 (65%)
  Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNS senior party in coalition
97 / 250 (39%)
  Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in opposition
25 / 90 (28%)
  Spain People's Party PP in opposition
134 / 350 (38%)
146 / 265 (55%)
  Sri Lanka United National Party UNP in government
106 / 225 (47%)
  Sweden Moderate Party M in opposition
70 / 349 (20%)
  Taiwan Kuomintang KMT in opposition
35 / 113 (31%)
  Tanzania Chama Cha Demokrasia Na Maendeleo CHADEMA in opposition
63 / 393 (16%)
  Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDC in opposition
36 / 375 (10%)
  Ukraine Batkivshchyna VOB in opposition
20 / 450 (4%)
  United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party Con in government
314 / 650 (48%)
249 / 784 (32%)
  United States Republican Party R/GOP Divided government
197 / 435 (45%)
53 / 100 (53%)
  Venezuela Project Venezuela PV in opposition Did not participate in 2018 elections.

Associate membersEdit

Associate members
Country Party Abbr Government
  Cuba Cuban Democratic Directorate DDC in exile (United States)
  Georgia New Rights NRP extraparliamentary opposition

ChairmenEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-40184-5.
  2. ^ International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  3. ^ Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-59942-331-9.
  4. ^ Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN 978-0-595-22888-1.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "IYDU-New Chairman and Board Elected". IDU. November 15, 2016. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  7. ^ International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1983
  8. ^ International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993
  9. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "India's Bharatiya Janata Party Joins Union of International Conservative Parties". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2018-04-25.

External linksEdit