National Party of Honduras

The National Party of Honduras (PNH; Spanish: Partido Nacional de Honduras) is a conservative political party in Honduras founded on 27 February 1902, by Manuel Bonilla Chirinos. Historically it has been one of the two most influential parties in the country. The party's platform is based on Christian humanist doctrine,[1] and its five main principles are common wealth, dignity of the human person, equality, solidarity and subsidiarity.

National Party of Honduras
Partido Nacional de Honduras
AbbreviationPNH
PresidentDavid Chávez
Secretary-GeneralMario Pineda
Founded27 February 1902; 116 years ago
HeadquartersComayagüela
Youth wingNationalist Youth (Juventud Nacionalista)
IdeologyConservatism
Social market economy[1]
Christian democracy[1]
Political position Centre-right[2][3][4] to right-wing[5][6]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
Centrist Democrat International (Observer)
Regional affiliationUnion of Latin American Parties
Christian Democrat Organization of America
Colours  Blue
Anthem
"Estandartes Azules"[7]
"Blue Guidons"
National Congress
44 / 128
Election symbol
Seal of the National Party of Honduras
Party flag
National Party of Honduras Flag.svg
Website
www.partidonacional.hn

Since the foundation of the National Party, Honduras has had 13 PNH presidents. Manuel Bonilla was the first (1903–1907), and the most recent is the president, Juan Orlando Hernández who served from 2014 to 2022. The party was the ruling directive of the National Congress from 2009 to 2022 and currently holds the most of the country's municipalities.[8]

HistoryEdit

The ideology of the party can be traced back to national hero José Trinidad Cabañas's principles and thinking. Cabañas believed in a strong sense of patriotism, and that national interest was over any other interest. Moreover, in the late 1800s, actors such as Ponciano Leiva and Luis Bogran made efforts to conform an institution which reflected their ideology.[9]

The Progressive Party, led by Ponciano Leiva, joined forces by a movement led by General Manuel Bonilla. On 27 February 1902, in Tegucigalpa, both parties united to form the National Convention, backed by 40,000 signatures from supporters. That event was the birth of the National Party of Honduras.[10]

SymbolsEdit

SealEdit

Fraternity, equality and justice are reflected in the official seal. Holding arms represent fraternity among Honduran citizens. The scale represents equality between men and women. The burning torch shines defending those in need. The seal also states the party's motto: Social Justice with Liberty and Democracy.[citation needed]

Organic structureEdit

  1. National Convention: Made up from Municipal, State, Regional and national authorities.
  2. Permanent Commission: Permanent members of the National Convention
  3. National Committee: Political Commission, Justice Party, Financial and Budget Administration, Political and Ideological Formation
  4. State Committee: Conformed by the authorities of each of the 18 departments in Honduras
  5. Local Committee: Counts with Municipal Representation

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1902 Manuel Bonilla 28,550 48.7% Elected  Y
1916 Francisco Bertrand 77,832 100%
1923 Tiburcio Carías Andino 49,541 47.1%
1924 Miguel Paz Barahona 72,021 99%
1928 Tiburcio Carías Andino 47,745 43.38% Lost  N
1932 81,211 Elected  Y
1936 Elected by Constituent Assembly  Y
1939 Elected by Congress  Y
1948 Juan Manuel Gálvez 254,802 99.85% Elected  Y
1954 Tiburcio Carías Andino 77,726 30.85% Lost  N
1971 Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés 299,807 49.28% Elected  Y
1981 Ricardo Zuñiga 491,089 40.43% Lost  N
1985 Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero 701,406 45.49%
1989 916,131 52.29% Elected  Y
1993 Oswaldo Ramos Soto 735,123 42.97% Lost  N
1997 Nora Gúnera de Melgar 844,985 42.76%
2001 Ricardo Maduro 1,135,565 52.22% Elected  Y
2005 Porfirio Lobo Sosa 925,243 42.15% Lost  N
2009 1,212,846 56.56% Elected  Y
2013 Juan Orlando Hernández 1,149,302 36.89%
2017 1,410,888 42.95%
2021 Nasry Asfura 1,240,260 36.93% Lost  N

National Congress electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
1923
15 / 48
  15   2nd
1924
46 / 46
  31   1st
1926
36 / 46
  10
1928
26 / 48
  10
1930
23 / 48
  3
1932
43 / 56
  20
1934
55 / 59
  12
1936 132,948 99.99%
59 / 59
  4
1942
45 / 45
  14
1948 254,802 99.85%
49 / 49
  4
1954 77,726 30.85%
23 / 59
  26   2nd
1956 2,003 00.48%
0 / 58
  23   3rd
1957 98,088 29.57%
18 / 58
  18   2nd
1965 334,646 55.15%
35 / 64
  17   1st
1971 299,807 52.62%
32 / 64
  3
1980 423,623 44.15%
33 / 71
  1   2nd
1981 491,089 41.6%
34 / 82
  1
1985 701,406 45.49%
63 / 134
  29
1989 916,131 52.29%
76 / 128
  13   1st
1993 735,123 42.97%
55 / 128
  21   2nd
1997 844,985 42.76%
55 / 128
 
2001 967,733 46.46%
61 / 128
  6   1st
2005 6,983,056 40.42%
55 / 128
  6   2nd
2009 8,561,577 53.37%
71 / 128
  16   1st
2013 9,255,904 33.64%
48 / 128
  23
2017 1,410,888 47.66%
61 / 128
  13
2021 9,573,029 30.18%
44 / 128
  17   2nd

ControversiesEdit

The National Party has been involved in the last few years on several issues of corruption. In 2015, it was discovered that the National Party was using money from the Honduran Social Security in order to finance the campaign of President Juan Orlando Hernandez through an elaborate scheme of companies redirecting Social Security funds to the party.[11] After the scheme was discovered, the President said the money should be returned by the party.[12]

Former President Porfirio Lobo was accused in March 2017 by the New York's DA office for helping protect drug organizations.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Declaration of Principles" (PDF). www.tse.hn (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations". Congressional Research Service. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2021. Honduras’s traditional two-party political system, dominated by the Liberal (Partido Liberal, PL) and National (Partido Nacional, PN) Parties, has fractured over the past decade. Both traditional parties are considered to be ideologically center-right, and political competition between them generally has been focused more on using the public sector for patronage than on implementing programmatic agendas.
  3. ^ "Factbox: Proposals of main parties in Honduras presidential election". 26 November 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2021 – via www.reuters.com.
  4. ^ "Honduras election: Army given more powers to quash unrest". 2 December 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2021 – via www.bbc.com.
  5. ^ Schepers, Emile (20 December 2017). "Honduras still in turmoil after election results; right-wing consolidates coup". People's World. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Postcard from Honduras: On the Eve of the Election". The New Yorker. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Declaration of Principles" (PDF). www.tse.hn (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 February 2022. El Himno del Partido es el denominado ESTANDARTES AZULES y debe ejecutarse en todos los actos políticos oficiales del partido.
  8. ^ "Tribunal Supremo Electoral". siede.tse.hn. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  9. ^ "Los 112 años de Fundación del Partido Nacional de Honduras". LaTribuna.hn. 2 March 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  10. ^ ""Historia de Nuestro Partido"". PartidoNacional.hn. 6 March 2014.
  11. ^ Lakhani, Nina (10 June 2015). "How hitmen and high living lifted lid on looting of Honduran healthcare system". the Guardian.
  12. ^ "JOH: Partido Nacional de Honduras debe devolver fondos al IHSS". Diario El Heraldo.
  13. ^ "Ligan a Porfirio Lobo con narco". 19 March 2017.

External linksEdit