National Party of Honduras

The National Party of Honduras (PNH; Spanish: Partido Nacional de Honduras) is a political party in Honduras founded on February 27, 1902, by Manuel Bonilla Chirinos. Historically it has been one of the two most influential parties in the country. The party's platform is based on Christian humanist doctrine,[3] and its five main principles are common wealth, dignity of the human person, equality, solidarity and subsidiarity.

National Party of Honduras

Partido Nacional de Honduras
AbbreviationPNH
PresidentReinaldo Sánchez Rivera [es]
Executive SecretaryJuan Diego Zelaya
Founded27 February 1902; 116 years ago
HeadquartersComayagüela, Honduras
Youth wingNationalist Youth (Juventud Nacionalista)
IdeologyNational conservatism
Economic liberalism
Nationalism
Right-wing populism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[1][2]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union,
Centrist Democrat International (observer)
Regional affiliationUnion of Latin American Parties
Christian Democrat Organization of America
Colors     Blue
Anthem
"Himno Partido Nacional de Honduras"
"Hymn of National Party Of Honduras"
National Congress
61 / 128
Party flag
National Party of Honduras Logo.svg
Website
www.partidonacional.hn

Since the foundation of the National Party, Honduras has had 13 Nationalist presidents. Manuel Bonilla was the first (1903–1907), and the most recent is the current president, Juan Orlando Hernández.

In the 2013 election the National Party obtained the largest number of seats in Congress and municipalities.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Seal of the National Party of Honduras

The ideology of the party can be traced back to national hero Jose Trinidad Cabañas's principles and thinking. Cabañas believed in a strong sense of patriotism, and that national interest was over any other interest. Moreover, in the late 1800s, actors such as Ponciano Leiva and Luis Bogran made efforts to conform an institution which reflected their ideology.[5]

The Progressive Party, led by Ponciano Leiva, joined forces by a movement led by General Manuel Bonilla. On 27 February 1902, in Tegucigalpa, both parties united to form the National Convention, backed by 40,000 signatures from supporters. That event was the birth of the National Party of Honduras.[6]

SymbolsEdit

SealEdit

Fraternity, equality and justice are reflected in the official seal. Holding arms represent fraternity among Honduran citizens. The weighting scale represents equality between men and women. The burning torch shines defending those in need. The seal also states the party´s motto: Social Justice with Liberty and Democracy.[citation needed]

Highlighted presidenciesEdit

 
Monument in honor of Tiburcio Carias Andino in the National Party's headquarters
  • Ricardo Maduro Joest: During his presidency, Maduro was able to negotiate successfully the full condonance of the nation´s external debt.[7] In addition, Maduro was able to implement successful policies in matters of fiscal order and against violence.
  • Juan Manuel Gálvez: Galvez promoted modernizing the state. He structured effectively government dependencies through massive construction projects. He was able to conduct a massive road project throughout the country. Moreover, he created the Honduras Central Bank, which made the Lempira Honduras´s official currency.
  • Tiburcio Carías Andino: During his administration, he took strict measures in order to guarantee stability and harmony amongst society. He was also able to achieve economic stability and an efficient working relationship with private enterprise. Honduras National Stadium is named after him.[citation needed]

Organic structureEdit

  1. National Convention: Made up from Municipal, State, Regional and national authorities.
  2. Permanent Commission: Permanent members of the National Convention
  3. National Committee: Political Commission, Justice Party, Financial and Budget Administration, Political and Ideological Formation
  4. State Committee: Conformed by the authorities of each of the 18 departments in Honduras
  5. Local Committee: Counts with Municipal Representation

MissionEdit

"We are a democratic political organization with transforming leaders and a modern ideological agenda, linked with all social sectors in order to generate growth and the well being of all Hondurans."[This quote needs a citation]

VisionEdit

"We are a majority political party; we are inclusive and Christian Humanist, with ethic leadership which promotes changes in order to transform the country with democracy, liberty and equal opportunities"[This quote needs a citation]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1902 Manuel Bonilla 28,550 48.7% Elected  Y
1916 Francisco Bertrand 77,832 100% Elected  Y
1923 Tiburcio Carías Andino 49,541 47.1% Elected  Y
1924 Miguel Paz Barahona 72,021 99% Elected  Y
1928 Tiburcio Carías Andino 47,745 43.38% Lost  N
1932 81,211 Elected  Y
1936 Elected by Constituent Assembly  Y
1939 Elected by Congress  Y
1948 Juan Manuel Gálvez 254,802 99.85% Elected  Y
1954 Tiburcio Carías Andino 77,726 30.85% Lost  N
1971 Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés 299,807 49.28% Elected  Y
1981 Ricardo Zuñiga 491,089 40.43% Lost  N
1985 Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero 701,406 45.49% Lost  N
1989 916,131 52.29% Elected  Y
1993 Oswaldo Ramos Soto 735,123 42.97% Lost  N
1997 Nora Gúnera de Melgar 844,985 42.76% Lost  N
2001 Ricardo Maduro 1,135,565 52.22% Elected  Y
2005 Porfirio Lobo Sosa 925,243 42.15% Lost  N
2009 1,212,846 56.56% Elected  Y
2013 Juan Orlando Hernández 1,149,302 36.89% Elected  Y
2017 1,410,888 42.95% Elected  Y

National Congress electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
1923
15 / 48
  15   2nd
1924
46 / 46
  31   1st
1926
36 / 46
  10   1st
1928
26 / 48
  10   1st
1930
23 / 48
  3   1st
1932
43 / 56
  20   1st
1934
55 / 59
  12   1st
1936 132,948 99.99%
59 / 59
  4   1st
1942
45 / 45
  14   1st
1948 254,802 99.85%
49 / 49
  4   1st
1954 77,726 30.85%
23 / 59
  26   2nd
1956 2,003 00.48%
0 / 58
  23   3rd
1957 98,088 29.57%
18 / 58
  18   2nd
1965 334,646 55.15%
35 / 64
  17   1st
1971 299,807 52.62%
32 / 64
  3   1st
1980 423,623 44.15%
33 / 71
  1   2nd
1981 491,089 41.6%
34 / 82
  1   2nd
1985 701,406 45.49%
63 / 134
  29   2nd
1989 916,131 52.29%
76 / 128
  13   1st
1993 735,123 42.97%
55 / 128
  21   2nd
1997 844,985 42.76%
55 / 128
    2nd
2001 967,733 46.46%
61 / 128
  6   1st
2005
55 / 128
  6   2nd
2009 8,561,577 53.37%
71 / 128
  16   1st
2013 9,255,904 33.64%
48 / 128
  23   1st
2017
61 / 128
  13   1st

ControversiesEdit

The National Party has been involved in the last few years on several issues of corruption. In 2015, it was discovered that the National Party was using money from the Honduran Social Security in order to finance the campaign of President Juan Orlando Hernandez through an elaborate scheme of companies redirecting Social Security funds to the party.[8] After the scheme was discovered, the President said the money should be returned by the party.[9]

Former President Porfirio Lobo was accused on March 2017 by the New York's DA office for helping protect drug organizations.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hondurans Intensify Protests, Demand Resignation of President". NewsClick. 21 June 2019. The deepening poverty and violence in the country, along with serious accusations against JOH and members of his party, the far-right National Party, of large-scale corruption and involvement in drug trafficking has created deep resentment across the population.
  2. ^ "'This is a War Against the Honduran People'". Citizen Truth. 15 May 2019. The president of the Defense Commission of the National Congress, David Chavez Madison, and member of the far-right ruling party the National Party, said in an interview to HCH News that “those who oppose the arrival of Israeli soldiers in the exchange between states is practically in favor of organized crime”
  3. ^ "Declaration of Principles" (PDF). www.tse.hn.
  4. ^ "Tribunal Supremo Electoral". siede.tse.hn.
  5. ^ "Los 112 años de Fundación del Partido Nacional de Honduras". LaTribuna.hn. 2 March 2014.
  6. ^ ""Historia de Nuestro Partido"". PartidoNacional.hn. 6 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Infraestructura vial y condonación de deuda, principales logros del PN - Diario El Heraldo".
  8. ^ Lakhani, Nina (10 June 2015). "How hitmen and high living lifted lid on looting of Honduran healthcare system". the Guardian.
  9. ^ "JOH: Partido Nacional de Honduras debe devolver fondos al IHSS - Diario El Heraldo".
  10. ^ "Ligan a Porfirio Lobo con narco". 19 March 2017.

External linksEdit