National Party candidate Tiburcio Carías Andino emerged as the leading candidate in the October 1923 presidential elections with 47% of the vote, but failed to win a majority, meaning Congress would have to confirm the winner. Congress, which was controlled by liberals, refused to confirm Carías as the winner. In a Congress vote, 18 voted for Juan Ángel Arias (who had finished third in the popular vote), 15 for Carías and nine for the runner-up Policarpo Bonilla. This led to a two-month civil war starting in February, referred to as the War of Revindication. As a result, American marines were sent into Tegucigalpa to restore peace.
An agreement was signed on the USS Milwaukee on 3 May, which provided for a provisional government led by Vicente Tosta to hold power until fresh elections were held. Participants in the civil war were banned from contesting the presidential election. A new constitution was subsequently drafted and promulgated in September. It introduced residency requirements for Congressional candidates and required presidential candidates to be aged between 30 and 65.
Presidential candidates edit
|Miguel Paz Barahona||National Party||72,021||91.76|
|Source: MacCallum, Department of State|
- Elections and Events 1900-1924 Archived 2018-08-22 at the Wayback Machine The Library, UC San Diego
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