1924 Honduran general election

General elections were held in Honduras on 28–30 December 1924. Miguel Paz Barahona was elected president and his National Party won all but one of the seats in Congress.

Background edit

National Party candidate Tiburcio Carías Andino emerged as the leading candidate in the October 1923 presidential elections with 47% of the vote, but failed to win a majority, meaning Congress would have to confirm the winner. Congress, which was controlled by liberals, refused to confirm Carías as the winner. In a Congress vote, 18 voted for Juan Ángel Arias (who had finished third in the popular vote), 15 for Carías and nine for the runner-up Policarpo Bonilla. This led to a two-month civil war starting in February, referred to as the War of Revindication. As a result, American marines were sent into Tegucigalpa to restore peace.[1]

An agreement was signed on the USS Milwaukee on 3 May, which provided for a provisional government led by Vicente Tosta to hold power until fresh elections were held. Participants in the civil war were banned from contesting the presidential election.[1] A new constitution was subsequently drafted and promulgated in September. It introduced residency requirements for Congressional candidates and required presidential candidates to be aged between 30 and 65.[1]

Presidential candidates edit

While Miguel Paz Barahona was nominated as the National Party candidate, with the United States objecting to the candidacy of Tiburcio Carías Andino,[2] who had won the 1923 elections.

The Liberal Party did not put forward a candidate.[3][4]

Results edit

President edit

Miguel Paz BarahonaNational Party72,02191.76
Other candidates6,4708.24
Source: MacCallum,[5] Department of State

Congress edit

National Party46
Liberal Party0

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Elections and Events 1900-1924 Archived 2018-08-22 at the Wayback Machine The Library, UC San Diego
  2. ^ Euraque, Darío A. Reinterpreting the banana republic: region and state in Honduras, 1870-1972. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 1996. Pp. 55-56.
  3. ^ Haggerty, Richard and Richard Millet. “Historical setting.” Merrill, Tim L., ed. 1995. Honduras: a country study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Pp. 27.
  4. ^ Elections in the Americas : a data handbook / ed. by Dieter Nohlen, Vol. 1. [Oxford] [u.a.] : Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. Pp.414.
  5. ^ Elizabeth Pauline MacCallum (1931) Foreign Policy Reports, pp196–197

Bibliography edit

  • Argueta, Mario. Tiburcio Carías: anatomía de una época, 1923–1948. Tegucigalpa: Editorial Guaymuras. 1989.
  • Bardales B., Rafael. Historia del Partido Nacional de Honduras. Tegucigalpa: Servicopiax Editores. 1980.
  • Political handbook of the world 1928. New York, 1929.
  • Stokes, William S. Honduras: an area study in government. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. 1950.