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Juan Orlando Hernández Alvarado (Spanish pronunciation: [xwan oɾˈlando eɾˈnandes alβaˈɾaðo]), often known as JOH (born 28 October 1968[1][2]), is the fifty-fifth and current president of Honduras, who assumed office on January 27, 2014, after winning the 2013 Honduran general election. He began his second presidential term on January 27, 2018.[3]

Juan Orlando Hernández
Juan Orlando Hernández, May 2015.jpg
55th President of Honduras
Assumed office
27 January 2014
Vice PresidentRicardo Álvarez
Preceded byPorfirio Lobo Sosa
President of the National Congress
In office
27 January 2010 – 13 June 2013
Preceded byJosé Alfredo Saavedra (Acting)
Succeeded byMauricio Oliva
Personal details
Born
Juan Orlando Hernández Alvarado

(1968-10-28) 28 October 1968 (age 50)
Gracias, Honduras
Political partyNational Party
Spouse(s)Ana García Carías
Children3
ResidencePalacio Jose Cecillio De Valle
Alma materNational Autonomous University of Honduras
State University of New York, Albany
WebsiteOfficial website

He is a member of the conservative National Party of Honduras.[4] Hernández was the president of the National Congress of Honduras between January 2010 and June 2013, when he was given permission by the Congress to absent himself from all responsibilities in the Congress to dedicate himself to his presidential campaign.[5] He had stated that he would seek re-election in 2017, despite the constitution only allowing a single term as president.[6] On December 15, 2016, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal decided, by two votes to one, to allow Hernández to stand in the primary elections by the National Party of Honduras on March 12, 2017, despite arguments that such a decision was illegal.[7] On March 12, 2017, he won the National Party's primary vote to allow him to represent his party during the 2017 Honduran general election on November 26, 2017.[8] In the elections, Hernández was declared the winner by a narrow margin (0.5%),[9] after a reelection campaign widely criticized as fraudulent,[10] but the United States swiftly recognized Hernández as the official winner.[11]

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

 
Juan Orlando Hernández (center), his spouse Ana García de Hernández, and Eduardo Martinetti, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru, in Lima (2015)

Hernández was born in Gracias, Honduras to Juan Hernández Villanueva and Elvira Alvarado Castillo, as the fifteenth of seventeen children. His siblings include Hilda Hernández[12] (1966–2017)[13] and Juan Antonio (Tony) Hernández, a former deputy now in U.S. federal custody on drug trafficking charges.[14] He has a master's degree in public administration from the State University of New York at Albany.[15] On 3 February 1990, he married Ana García Carías. This union has produced three children: Juan Orlando, Ana Daniela, and Isabela.[16] He was a coffee grower campesino in his native Gracias .[2] He gained notoriety in Honduras when Liberal leader [17]

Juan Orlando Hernández, who represented Lempira Department since 2001, was elected head of a National Congress where the National Party had a comfortable majority, on January 21, 2010, and took office four days later.[18]

Presidential campaignsEdit

In 2012, he fought a campaign against Ricardo Álvarez to try to become the nationalist presidential candidate for 2013, and won the internal election of November 2012;[2] Álvarez publicly denounced the result as fraudulent and demanded a "vote by vote" recount, which the Tribunal Supremo Electoral (TSE) rejected.

A poll conducted in May 2013 saw him in third place with a projected 18% of the vote.[19] He began his presidential campaign in July 2013 in Intibucá and La Paz with a campaign entitled El Pueblo Propone (The People Propose in English).[20] He campaigned for the military to police the streets, and claimed that his closest rival Xiomara Castro wanted to remove the Policía Militar (English: Military Police) which were already in Honduras' two main cities.[21] He won the election, beating Castro by 250,000 votes.

Hernandez said National Party accountants found that approximately L3 million lempira (about US$140,000) from companies with links to the Honduran Social Security Institute (IHSS) scandal had entered its campaign coffers.[22][23]

On March 12, 2017, Hernandez became the National Party candidate by defeating his rival Roberto Castillo during the National Party primary.[8] The Honduran Constitution allows revocation of citizenship of anyone who promotes changing the law to allow re-election,[24] however Hernandez's National Party, which also controls Congress, says a Supreme Court ruling last year allows him to stand for a new term. Opposition Liberal Party claims that the court does not have the power to make such decisions.[6]

The President was re-elected in 2018 after a vote deemed fraudulent by the opposition and international observers. The government declares a state of emergency. Some 30 demonstrators were killed and more than 800 arrested. According to the United Nations and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, "many of them were transferred to military installations, where they were brutally beaten, insulted and sometimes tortured".[25]

PresidencyEdit

 
Hernández in 2018

Corruption protestsEdit

Hondurans both in and outside Honduras have protested against corruption in Honduras, allegedly by Hernández government as well as the judiciary, the military, the police and other public administration entities, demanding an end to what they say is the theft of funds and public money; for example, the embezzlement of the IHSS.[26][27][28][29] In May 2015, Radio Globo discovered documents that allegedly showed that the Honduran National Party had received large amounts of cash from nonexistent companies through fraudulent contracts awarded by the IHSS when it was run by Manuel Zelaya. The contracts were approved by congress when Hernández was its president and the party funding committee was headed by his sister, Hilda Hernández. Hernández has accepted that his election campaign received money from companies tied to the scandal, but denies any personal knowledge. By June 2015, Hernández had appointed a commission to investigate the cause of the corruption.[30]

In 2017, the Drug Enforcement Agency in Miami arrested Hernandez's brother, Juan Antonio Hernandez, for drug trafficking and for using Honduran military personnel and equipment to ship cocaine to the United States on behalf of the Mexican Sinaloa Cartel.[31]

Rosenthal family case of drug traffickingEdit

On October 7. 2015, the United States Department of Justice released a statement saying that Jaime Rosenthal, his son Yani Rosenthal and nephew Yankel Rosenthal, as well as seven other businesses, were labeled "specially designated narcotics traffickers" under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act, the first time this had been used against a bank outside the United States.[32] As a result, the Honduran National Commission for Banks and Insurance (Comisión Nacional de Banca y Seguros, CNBS), forcibly liquidated the Banco Continental, property of the Rosenthal family, which was closed as of Monday, October 12, 2015,[33][34] as well as other businesses and properties allegedly involved in money laundering.[35][36] Hernández said that the financial system "is solid" and made it clear that this "is a problem between Banco Continental and the USA justice system".[37]

Appointment of sister as Minister of Communications & Government StrategyEdit

 
Hilda Hernandez in 2016

The US Central Intelligence Agency listed Hilda Hernández as Minister of Communications & Government Strategy.[38] When questioned by journalist Fernando del Rincón of CNN en Español over the appointment of his sister, Juan Orlando Hernández said that his sister did not hold any position of Secretary of State (but rather, "Advising Minister") and did not manage a budget.[39] As corruption enquiries continued, on 2 January 2016 Hilda Hernández left her position in the government.[40]

US drug trafficking investigationEdit

At the end of May 2019 US prosecutors unsealed some 2015 documents which revealed that Hernández was himself the subject of a major drug trafficking and money laundering investigation, alongside his sister Hilda and others.[41]

ProtestsEdit

In April 2019, new anti-privatisation and anti-corruption protests erupted, lead by Tegucigalpa Autonomous University students and by health care workers. Tear gas was used against the protesters in demonstrations that took place in the center of Tegucigalpa.

On 21 June 2018, president Hernandez ordered units of the Honduran army and the military police in the streets of the capital after renewed protests. According to a es:Hospital Escuela Universitario spokesperson, at least 17 people suffered bullet wounds as a result of violence in the protests, and two of them died at the hospital.[42]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Juan Orlando, empresario y político que sueña con gobernar Honduras". Elheraldo.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Juan Orlando, empresario y político que sueña con gobernar Honduras". Elheraldo.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  3. ^ Honduras: Juan Orlando Hernández asume segundo mandato presidencial
  4. ^ Catherine E. Shoichet (November 27, 2013). "Winner named in Honduras presidential vote; opposition vows protests". CNN. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  5. ^ Juan Orlando se retira del Congreso Nacional Archived 2013-12-09 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b "Defying term limit, Honduran president to run in 2017". Newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Él problema de la reelección ¿Cómo JOH logro inscribirse?". Libertad Digital. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Honduran president claims victory in party primary". Reuters. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Conteo final del TSE da triunfo a JOH por 52,602 votos". Laprensa.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  10. ^ "El TSE declara a Juan Orlando Hernández ganador de las elecciones 2017". Laprensa.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  11. ^ Kinosian, Sarah (2017-12-22). "US recognizes re-election of Honduras president despite fraud allegations". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  12. ^ Hilda Hernández dice "adiós" a su cargo en el gobierno Published by El Heraldo, 2 January 2017
  13. ^ "Muere Hilda Hernández, hermana del presidente de Honduras". Laprensa.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  14. ^ Ernstd, Jeff; Malkin, Elisabeth (2018-11-26). "Honduran President's Brother, Arrested in Miami, Is Charged With Drug Trafficking". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  15. ^ "Juan Orlando Hernández busca hacer historia con su reelcción". La Prensa (in Spanish). 11 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
  16. ^ "Juan Orlando Hernández: La historia detrás del presidente electo de Honduras" [Juan Orlando Hernández: The Story Behind the President-Elect of Honduras]. Revista Estilo (in Spanish). 9 January 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  17. ^ "Juan Orlando Hernández, niñez y política". La Prensa. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  18. ^ Juan Orlando Hernández, nuevo presidente del CN Archived 2013-11-11 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Esposa de Manuel Zelaya lidera las encuestas de cara a las elecciones en Honduras". Nacion.com. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  20. ^ "JOH lanza "El pueblo propone"". Laprensa.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  21. ^ "JOH: "Quieren que la Policía Militar deje de operar"". Laprensa.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  22. ^ "Honduras president: graft-linked companies helped fund my campaign". Reuters. 3 June 2015.
  23. ^ "Why isn't the world talking about the Honduras corruption scandal?". The Seattle Globalist. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  24. ^ "CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF HONDURAS 1982" (PDF). Parliament.am. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  25. ^ http://ici.radio-canada.ca/nouvelle/1074427/mort-12-manifestants-honduras-respect-droits-fondamentaux-election-hernandez-nasralla
  26. ^ "Una ola de protestas sacude los gobiernos de Honduras y Guatemala". Internacional.elpais.com/. 14 June 2015.
  27. ^ "Fotos: Marcha en Honduras contra la corrupción de su Gobierno". Elpais.com. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  28. ^ "Manifestaciones". Honduprensa.wordpress.com. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  29. ^ Peña, Gustavo (12 June 2015). "La 'revolución' de las antorchas en Honduras". Elmundo.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  30. ^ Lakhani, Nina (10 June 2015). "How hitmen and high living lifted lid on looting of Honduran healthcare system". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  31. ^ Ernst, Jeff; Malkin, Elisabeth (26 November 2018). "Honduran President's Brother, Arrested in Miami, Is Charged With Drug Trafficking". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  32. ^ "Powerful Honduran businessman indicted in US for alleged money laundering for drug traffickers". 2015-10-09. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17.
  33. ^ Carbajal, Richard (12 October 2015). "CNBS procede a la liquidación forzosa de Banco Continental - Tiempo.hn - Noticias de última hora y sucesos de Honduras. Deportes, Ciencia y Entretenimiento en general". Tiempo.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  34. ^ "Honduran bank at center of money laundering case to be shut down". Reuters. 12 October 2015.
  35. ^ "Incautan 19 empresas y varias casas de la familia Rosenthal". Laprensa.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  36. ^ "El periodismo necesita inversión. Para compartir esta nota utiliza los íconos que aparecen en la página". Elheraldo.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  37. ^ "El 'caso Rosenthal' mezcla política y delitos en Honduras". Internacional.elpais.com. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  38. ^ "Honduras, Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments". CIA. CIA. Archived from the original on 1 Jul 2014.
  39. ^ " Juan Orlando en CNN con Fernando del Rincón", Noti Bomba
  40. ^ "Hilda Hernández dice 'adiós' a su cargo en el gobierno". Elheraldo.hn. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  41. ^ Honduras deploys security forces as doctors and teachers demand president's resignation Published by The Guardian on 5th June, 2019, consulted the same day
  42. ^ "Honduras protests: Military deployed after violence". BBC. London. 21 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
José Alfredo Saavedra
Acting
President of the National Congress
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Mauricio Oliva
Preceded by
Porfirio Lobo Sosa
President of Honduras
2014–present
Incumbent