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The Gabonese Democratic Party (French: Parti Démocratique Gabonais, abbreviated PDG), is the ruling and dominant political party of Gabon. Between 1968 and 1990 it was the sole legal party.

Gabonese Democratic Party

Parti Démocratique Gabonais
AbbreviationPDG
Founded1953 (Gabonese Democratic Bloc)
1968 (Gabonese Democratic Party)
HeadquartersLibreville
IdeologyConservatism
Political positionCentre-right
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
Slogan"Dialogue, Tolerance, Peace."
Anthem
"Hymne du Parti Démocratique Gabonais"
"Hymn Of Gabonese Democratic Party"[1]
National Assembly
98 / 121
Senate
81 / 102
Website
www.gabonpdg.org

Contents

HistoryEdit

The party was established as the Gabonese Democratic Bloc (Bloc Démocratique Gabonais, BDG) in 1953 as a merger of the Gabonese Mixed Committee and the Gabonese Democratic Party.[2] In the 1957 Territorial Assembly elections it won eight seats, finishing behind the Gabonese Democratic and Social Union (UDSG), which had won 14 seats. However, the BDG was able to form a coalition government with the "Entente–Defence of Gabonese Interests" list, headed by one of its members, and five independents.[3]

The BGD and UDSG formed an alliance prior to the 1961 general elections, with BDG leader Léon M'ba as the sole presidential candidate, and a joint "National Union" list running unopposed for the National Assembly. The 1964 parliamentary elections saw the two parties run against each other, with the BDG winning 31 of the 47 seats.

The BDG was the only party to contest the 1967 general elections, with M'ba re-elected as President. M'ba died later in the year and was succeeded by Omar Bongo. On 12 March 1968 the BDG was succeeded by the Gabonese Democratic Party,[4] which became the sole legal party. The PDG and Bongo were re-elected in one-party elections in 1973, 1980 and 1985, before constitutional amendments in May 1990 re-established the multi-party system.[5]

The PDG retained power in the 1990 parliamentary elections, winning 63 of the 120 seats in the National Assembly. Bongo was re-elected again in 1993 with 51% of the vote. The party won 85 seats in the 1996 parliamentary elections, and Bongo was re-elected for a fifth time in 1998, with 67% of the vote. The PDG gained one seat in the 2001 parliamentary elections and Bongo was re-elected again in 2005 with 79% of the vote.

The 2006 parliamentary elections saw the PDG reduced to 82 seats, although it comfortably retained its majority and affiliated parties won a further 17 seats.[6] Bongo died in 2009, and his son Ali Bongo Ondimba became PDG leader. He won presidential elections later in the year with 42% of the vote. The BDG won 113 seats in the 2011 parliamentary elections, which were boycotted by most of the opposition.

CongressesEdit

On 17–21 September 1986, the PDG held its Third Ordinary Congress in Libreville; at the congress, it designated Bongo as its candidate for the single-party November 1986 presidential election.[7]

From 1991 to 1994, the Secretary-General of the PDG was Jacques Adiahénot.

The PDG held its Ninth Ordinary Congress on 19–21 September 2008. At this congress, Faustin Boukoubi, who had been Minister of Agriculture, was elected as the party's Secretary-General;[8][9][10] he replaced Simplice Guedet Manzela, who had previously been the Secretary-General for ten years.[9][10] Also at the congress, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau, composed of 18 members, was elected. The Standing Committee included two members from each of Gabon's nine provinces, and 15 of its 18 members were also members of the government.[10]

PDG has several branches (or 'Federations') abroad, with the largest being in France and in the United States.

Current MPsEdit

Deputies currently representing the party in the National Assembly of the 11th Legislature:

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate Votes % Result
1961 Léon M'ba 315,335 100 Elected  Y
1967 Léon M'ba 346,587 100 Elected  Y
1973 Omar Bongo 515,841 100 Elected  Y
1979 Omar Bongo 725,807 100 Elected  Y
1986 Omar Bongo 903,739 100 Elected  Y
1993 Omar Bongo 213,793 51.2 Elected  Y
1998 Omar Bongo 211,955 66.9 Elected  Y
2005 Omar Bongo 275,819 79.2 Elected  Y
2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba 141,952 41.7 Elected  Y
2016 Ali Bongo Ondimba 177,722 49.8 Elected  Y

National Assembly electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
1957 16,699 22.3
8 / 40
  8   1st
1961 315,335
(in alliance with the UDSG)
100
67 / 67
  59   1st
1964 142,389 55.4
31 / 47
  36   1st
1967 346,587 100
47 / 47
  16   1st
1973 515,841 100
70 / 70
  21   1st
1980 706,004 100
89 / 89
  19   1st
1985 767,674 100
111 / 120
  22   1st
1990
63 / 120
  57   1st
1996
85 / 120
  22   1st
2001
86 / 120
  1   1st
2006
82 / 120
  4   1st
2011
113 / 120
  31   1st
2018
98 / 143
  15   1st

Senate electionsEdit

Election Seats +/–
1997
52 / 92
  52
2003
67 / 92
  15
2009
75 / 102
  8
2014
81 / 100
  6

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://pdgdakar.vefblog.net/cat14/1.html#_2
  2. ^ Messi Me Nang Clotaire, N’Foule Mba Fabrice & Nnang Ndong Léon-Modeste Le consensus politique au Gabon, de 1960 à nos jours Archived 2015-12-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Bernault, Florence (1996) Démocraties ambiguës en Afrique centrale: Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, 1940-1965 Paris: Karthala, ISBN 2-86537-636-2, p262
  4. ^ Ian Gorvin (1989) Elections since 1945: a worldwide reference compendium, Longman, p115
  5. ^ "Gabon". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  6. ^ Elections in Gabon African Elections Database
  7. ^ "Apr 1987 - Re-election of President Bongo - Cabinet changes - Internal political and security developments - Economic situation", Keesing's Record of World Events, Volume 33, April, 1987 Gabon, Page 35047.
  8. ^ "Gabon : Faustin Boukoubi a pris officiellement ses fonctions" Archived 2010-01-04 at the Wayback Machine, Infosplusgabon, 26 September 2008 (in French).
  9. ^ a b "PDG: Faustin Boukoubi au gouvernail" Archived 2009-05-05 at the Wayback Machine, Croissance Saine Environnement, 22 September 2008 (in French).
  10. ^ a b c "Gabon : Le challenge de Faustin Boukoubi au secrétariat général du PDG" Archived 2008-09-23 at the Wayback Machine, Gaboneco, 22 September 2008 (in French).