1993 Gabonese presidential election
Presidential elections were held in Gabon on 5 December 1993, the first time more than one candidate had contested a presidential election in the country. Incumbent President Omar Bongo, in power since 1967, sought a five-year term against twelve other candidates. According to official results Bongo won in the first round with 51.2% of the vote. However, the main opposition leader, Paul Mba Abessole, alleged fraud, claimed victory, and threatened to form a rival government. Riots in 1994 practically brought the country to a standstill until Bongo agreed to attend a peace conference with opposition groups in September 1994, in which a coalition government was formed until the 1996 parliamentary election, which Bongo's Gabonese Democratic Party won by a landslide.
Bongo was supported by the "New Alliance", a coalition that included the Association for Socialism in Gabon, the Circle of Liberal Reformers, the Gabonese Socialist Union and the People's Unity Party.
|Omar Bongo||Gabonese Democratic Party||213,793||51.2|
|Paul Mba Abessole||National Woodcutters Rally||70,747||26.5|
|Pierre Louis Agondjo Okawe||Gabonese Progress Party||19,961||4.8|
|Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou||Social Democratic Party||15,220||3.6|
|Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge||Democratic and Republican Alliance||9,203||2.2|
|Léon Mbou Yembi||African Forum for Reconstruction||7,625||1.8|
|Jean-Pierre Lemboumba-Lepandou||Independent Centre Party||5,768||1.4|
|Marc Saturnin Nan Nguéma||Independent||3,579||0.9|
|Simon Oyono Aba||MORENA–Original||3,446||0.9|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|