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1993 Gabonese presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Gabon on 5 December 1993, the first time more than one candidate had contested a presidential election in the country. Incumbent President Omar Bongo, in power since 1967, sought a five-year term against twelve other candidates. According to official results Bongo won in the first round with 51.2% of the vote. However, the main opposition leader, Paul Mba Abessole, alleged fraud, claimed victory, and threatened to form a rival government. Riots in 1994 practically brought the country to a standstill until Bongo agreed to attend a peace conference with opposition groups in September 1994, in which a coalition government was formed until the 1996 parliamentary election, which Bongo's Gabonese Democratic Party won by a landslide.[1]


Bongo was supported by the "New Alliance", a coalition that included the Association for Socialism in Gabon, the Circle of Liberal Reformers, the Gabonese Socialist Union and the People's Unity Party.[2]


Based on exit polling at the time of the election, the news organization Reuters placed Bongo's share of the vote at about 37%.[3] Voter turnout was 88.1%.[4]

Candidate Party Votes %
Omar Bongo Gabonese Democratic Party 213,793 51.2
Paul Mba Abessole National Woodcutters Rally 70,747 26.5
Pierre Louis Agondjo Okawe Gabonese Progress Party 19,961 4.8
Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou Social Democratic Party 15,220 3.6
Jules-Aristide Bourdes-Ogouliguende Independent 14,113 3.4
Alexandre Sambat Independent 10,819 2.6
Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge Democratic and Republican Alliance 9,203 2.2
Léon Mbou Yembi African Forum for Reconstruction 7,625 1.8
Jean-Pierre Lemboumba-Lepandou Independent Centre Party 5,768 1.4
Marc Saturnin Nan Nguéma Independent 3,579 0.9
Simon Oyono Aba MORENA–Original 3,446 0.9
Adrien Nguemah-Ondo MORENA–Unionist 1,842 0.4
Léon Mébiame 1,583 0.4
Invalid/blank votes 8,875
Total 426,594 100
Registered voters/turnout 484,319 88.1
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ History of Gabon
  2. ^ Elections in Gabon African Elections Database
  3. ^ David E. Gardinier and Douglas A. Yates, Historical Dictionary of Gabon (2006), Third Edition, page 277.
  4. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p404 ISBN 0-19-829645-2