National Awakening Party

The National Awakening Party (Indonesian: Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa), frequently abbreviated to PKB, is an Islam-based[4][5] political party in Indonesia.

National Awakening Party
Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
Consultative Assembly ChairmanDimyati Rois
General ChairmanMuhaimin Iskandar
Secretary-GeneralHasanuddin Wahid
Founded9 July 1998; 23 years ago (9 July 1998)
23 July 1998; 23 years ago (23 July 1998) (declaration)
HeadquartersJakarta
Student wingGemasaba (One Nation's Student Movement)
Youth wingGarda Bangsa (Nation's Guard)
IdeologyPancasila
Pluralism[1]
Nationalism[2]
Islamic democracy
Political positionCentre[3]
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International
Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
Asia Pacific Democrat Union
Ballot number1
DPR seats
58 / 575
DPRD I seats
180 / 2,207
Website
pkb.id

The party was founded in 1999 by the traditionalist strand of Muslim society in Indonesia, which overlaps with the membership of Nahdlatul Ulama.[6] The party is described as a nationalist Muslim party, which promotes inclusive and nationalist principles and upholds Pancasila doctrine.[4]

In 2014, the party obtained 9.04 percent of the popular vote, which is an increase from 4.95 percent in 2009 but lower than 10.57 percent in 2004.[4] The party is currently led by Muhaimin Iskandar.

OriginsEdit

The PKB was established on 11 May 1998. Kyai (religious scholars), held a meeting at the Langitan Pesantren (islamic boarding school) to discuss several problems facing Indonesia they deemed to be critical. They developed an official statement, which Kyai Muchid Muzadi of Jember and Gus Yusuf Muhammad, were sent to deliver to President Suharto. Before they were able to deliver the statement, however, Suharto resigned on 21 May 1998.

On 30 May 1998, the Kyai held a grand meeting, or Istighosah, at the office of the East Java branch of the Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) islamic organization. The meeting resulted in KH Cholil Bisri being urged to form a party based on the NU's political aspirations. After initially resisting their request, due to his desire to continue his work with the pesantren, Bisri eventually relented and accepted the leadership role.

A week later, on 6 June, Bisri met the Kyai in order to discuss the formation of the new party. Invitations had been sent via telephone, and more than 200 Kyai attended the meeting, which was held in Bisri's home in Leteh, Rembang, Central Java. This meeting resulted in the formation of the "Standing Committee", consisting of 11 people, with Bisri as chairman and Gus Yus as secretary. In turn, this committee worked in a marathon session, preparing a platform and party components, including the logos which would become the party's symbol. The logos were created by KH A. Mustofa Bisri.

The Standing Committee and representatives of the NU held a major conference in Bandung, on 4 July 1998, which was attended by 27 regional representatives. In a discussion regarding the name of the organization, the proposed names were the "National Awakening Party", the "Party Kebangkitan Nahdlatul Ummah" and the "Ummah Party". The name chosen was "Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa" (PKB) meaning "National Awakening Party". The party's declaratory was 72 people, representing the age of the NU organization, consisting of the Standing Committee Team (11), the Lajnah Assistance Team (14), Team NU (5), the NU Assistance Team (7), and two Representatives from each of the 27 regions (27 x 2). The 72 founders signed the Party's Platform and its components.

Subsequent to this, however, the PBNU decided that only five people could become the party's declaratory. Those five were Kyai Munasir Ali, Kyai Ilyas Ruchiyat, Kyai Muchid Muzadi, KH A. Mustofa Bisri and KH Abddurahman Wahid, who was the chairman of the PBNU. The 72 names of the party's original declaratory were erased by the PBNU.

The party's base of support is strongest in Java Island and draws from the constituency that formerly supported the conservative Muslim organization NU. The PKB differs from Nahdlatul Ulama in that while it supports a role for Islam in government, it does not share the older organization's support for an explicitly Islamic republic.[7]

General electionsEdit

The National Awakening Party stood in the 1999 elections, winning 13 percent of the votes. In the 2004 elections, the party gained 10.57% (11,989,564) of votes and 52 seats in the People's Representative Council. However, the party won only 4.9 percent of the votes in the 2009 legislative election, and 27 seats in the legislature.[8][9]

PoliciesEdit

According to the party website, the party's policies are to:[10]

  • Strengthen democracy to increase the prosperity of people living in villages
  • Strengthen the protection of farmers and fishermen
  • Accelerate the development of disadvantaged regions
  • Make labourers prosperous
  • Increase the involvement of women in strategic sectors

For the 2014 elections, the party plans to focus more intensively on its policies related to villages, in particular such as village representation, the allocation of funding for villages and the development of education and health facilities.

Election resultsEdit

Legislative election resultsEdit

Election Ballot number Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1999 35
51 / 500
13,336,982 12.61%[11]  51 seats, Governing coalition Matori Abdul Djalil
2004 15
52 / 550
11,989,564 10.57%[12]  1 seat, Governing coalition Alwi Shihab
2009 13
28 / 560
5,146,302 4.94%[12]  24 seats, Governing coalition Muhaimin Iskandar
2014 2
47 / 560
11,298,957 9.04%[13]  19 seats, Governing coalition Muhaimin Iskandar
2019 1
58 / 575
13,570,097 9.69%[14]  11 seats, Governing coalition Muhaimin Iskandar

Presidential election resultsEdit

Election Ballot number Candidate Running mate 1st round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome 2nd round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome
2004 4 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Jusuf Kalla 39,838,184 33.57% Runoff 69,266,350 60.62% Elected  Y
2009 2 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Boediono 73,874,562 60.80% Elected  Y
2014 2 Joko Widodo[15] Jusuf Kalla 70,997,833 53.15% Elected  Y
2019 1 Joko Widodo Ma'ruf Amin 85,607,362 55.50% Elected  Y

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PKB Bangga Gus Dur Digelari Bapak Pluralisme".
  2. ^ Bulkin, Nadia (24 October 2013). "Indonesia's Political Parties". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Guide to the 2019 Indonesian elections: A little psephology". October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Al-Hamdi, Ridho. (2017). Moving towards a Normalised Path: Political Islam in Contemporary Indonesia. JURNAL STUDI PEMERINTAHAN (JOURNAL OF GOVERNMENT & POLITICS). Vol. 8 No. 1, February 2017. p.52, pp.56, p.62.
  5. ^ Al-Hamdi, Ridho. (2013). Partai politik Islam: Teori dan praktik di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
  6. ^ Evans, Kevin Raymond. (2003). The history of political parties and general elections in Indonesia. Jakarta: Arise Consultancies.
  7. ^ Evans, Kevin R (2003). The history of political parties & general elections in Indonesia. Jakarta: Arise Consultancies.
  8. ^ "Democratic Party controls 26% of parliamentary seats". Jakarta Post. 10 May 2009. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  9. ^ "KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR)". Indonesian General Election Commission (in Indonesian). 14 May 2009. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Pemilu 2014, PKB Usung Platform dan Visi Kerakyatan". PKB official site (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 2018-05-04. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
  11. ^ "Pemilu 1999 - KPU" (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Bab V - Hasil Pemilu - KPU" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  13. ^ "KPU sahkan hasil pemilu, PDIP nomor satu" (in Indonesian). BBC. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  14. ^ Zunita Putri (21 May 2019). "KPU Tetapkan Hasil Pileg 2019: PDIP Juara, Disusul Gerindra-Golkar". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Jokowi dan JK daftar ke KPU" (in Indonesian). BBC. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2018.