Social Christian Reformist Party

The Social Christian Reformist Party (Spanish: Partido Reformista Social Cristiano or PRSC) is a Christian democratic right-wing political party in the Dominican Republic formed by the union of the Partido Reformista (established in 1963 by Joaquín Balaguer who was, at the time, exiled in New York City) and the Partido Revolucionario Social Cristiano. Some of the PRSC's founders and leaders were originally business leaders and Roman Catholics who opposed the communist, socialist, democratic socialist and social democratic tendencies of Juan Bosch, of the PRD and PLD, respectively.

Social Christian Reformist Party

Partido Reformista Social Cristiano
AbbreviationPRSC
PresidentQuique Antún
General SecretaryRamón Rogelio Genao
PresidiumRicardo Espaillat
SpokespersonMáximo Castro
FounderJoaquín Balaguer
FoundedJuly 21, 1963; 56 years ago (1963-07-21)
HeadquartersSanto Domingo
IdeologyReformism
Christian democracy
Liberal conservatism
Social conservatism
Economic liberalism
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union,
Centrist Democrat International
Regional affiliationODCA
UPLA
Colours               Red, green and white
SloganNi injusticias, ni privilegios (No injustices, no privileges)
Anthem
"Himno del Partido Reformista Social Cristiano"
"Hymn of Social Christian Reformist Party"
Chamber of Deputies[1]
18 / 190
Senate[1]
1 / 32
Mayors[1]
38 / 155
Central American Parliament[1]
1 / 20
Website
www.prsc.com.do

Founders of the Partido Revolucionario Social Cristiano were anti-Trujillistas, among others: Alfonso Moreno Martinez, Mario Read Vittini, Yuyo D'Alessandro, Caonabo Javier Castillo, all of them returning to the Dominican Rep. from political exile. In July 24, 1984 this political party and the Partido Reformista together they merge, and they become in the Partido Refomista Social Cristiano.

At the legislative elections, 16 May 2002, the party won 24.3% of the popular vote and 36 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 2 out of 31 seats in the Senate.

For the presidential election of May 2004, the PRSC chose as its presidential candidate, the civil engineer, Eduardo Estrella. He finished in a distant third place with only 8.7% of the vote.

Following Balaguer's death in 2002, the PRSC declined rapidly. Balaguer was the presidential candidate of the PRSC and its predecessor party in every election from 1966 to 2000 except 1996 when Jacinto Peynado was the candidate, and Balaguer was President from 1966 to 1978 and from 1986 to 1996. The PRSC often also had control of Congress. After the mid-2000s the party has been relegated to being a junior partner of the PRD or PLD; currently it is in alliance with the PRM. In the general elections of 16 May 2006, the party formed together with the Modern Revolutionary Party, and others the Grand National Alliance, that won only 82 out of 183 deputies and 10 out of 32 senators. The Social Christian Reform Party itself won 23 seats in the chamber of deputies and 4 seats in the senate, taking a distant third place compared to the Dominican Liberation Party, which won the election, and the Dominican Revolutionary Party.

For the Presidential Election of May 2008, the PRSC elected as their Candidate : Dominican Municipal League President (and elected but never serving senator from Higuey) Amable Aristy Castro. He came in a distant third place with less than 5% of the vote.

For the legislative elections of May 2010, the party formed with the Dominican Liberation Party a partial alliance in almost all provinces and won 4 senators (1 alone and 3 within the alliance) and 8 deputies (3 alone and 5 within the alliance).

For the 2012 elections, the PRSC remained in alliance with the PLD, and for the first time did not run its own presidential candidate.

The new stage of the Social Christian Reformist Party has been based on the internal and Party Discipline, the democratic induction to adjust its growth based on structural work and expansion of its direct enrollment. They managed to reorganize their management bodies, inserting a large number of young people and women into the management offices that are part of the transcendental decisions of that political party.

They have had strong internal struggles, but they have proven to be an organization that achieves consensus, integration and the unity of the members who follow internal party discipline.

List of Presidents of the PartyEdit

  1. Joaquín Balaguer (1963-2002)
  2. Quique Antún (2005-2009, 2014–Present)
  3. Carlos Morales Troncoso (2009-2014)

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1966 Joaquín Balaguer 775,805 57.7% Elected  Y
1970 707,136 57.2% Elected  Y
1974 942,726 84.7% Elected  Y
1978 711,878 43.0% Lost  N
1982 706,951 38.6% Lost  N
1986 877,378 41.6% Elected  Y
1990 678,065 35.35% Elected  Y
1994 1,275,460 43.3% Elected  Y
1996 Jacinto Peynado Garrigosa 435,504 15.0% Lost  N
2000 Joaquín Balaguer 785,926 24.60% Lost  N
2004 Eduardo Estrella 312,493 8.7% Lost  N
2008 Amable Aristy 187,645 4.59% Lost  N
2012 Supported Hipólito Mejía 2,129,997 46.95% Lost  N
2016 Supported Luis Abinader 1,613,222 34.98% Lost  N

Congressional electionsEdit

Election Votes % Chamber seats +/– Position Senate seats +/– Position
1966 759,889 56.4%
48 / 91
  48   1st
22 / 27
  22   1st
1970 653,565 52.8%
45 / 91
  3   1st
21 / 27
  1   1st
1974 929,112 89.8%

in alliance with MNJ

86 / 91
  26   1st
27 / 27
  6   1st
1978 692,146 42.1%
43 / 91
  32   2nd
11 / 27
  12   2nd
1982 656,904 36.4%
50 / 120
  7   2nd
10 / 27
  1   2nd
1986 877,830 41.6%

in alliance with PQD and PNVC

56 / 120
  6   1st
21 / 30
  11   1st
1990 663,127 34.6%
41 / 120
  15   1st
16 / 30
  5   1st
1994 1,160,405 39.1%

in alliance with PDP

50 / 120
  9   2nd
14 / 30
  2   2nd
1998 351,347 16.8%

in alliance with PQD

17 / 149
  33   3rd
2 / 30
  12   3rd
2002 556,431 24.4%

in alliance with PPC

36 / 150
  19   3rd
2 / 30
    2nd
2006 326,893 10.93%

as part of GNA

22 / 178
  14   3rd
3 / 32
  1   3rd
2010 203,729 6.15%
11 / 183
  11   3rd
4 / 32
  1   3rd
2016 393,125 9.16%
18 / 190
  7   3rd
1 / 32
  3   3rd

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d [1]

External linksEdit