Dominican Liberation Party
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The Dominican Liberation Party[a] (Spanish: Partido de la Liberación Dominicana, PLD) is the current governing political party in the Dominican Republic. Founded in 1973 by former president Juan Bosch, the party, along with the Dominican Revolutionary Party, have dominated politics in the country since the establishment of democracy.
|President||Temístocles Montás (Interim)|
|General Secretary||Reinaldo Pared Pérez|
|Founded||15 December 1973|
|Split from||Dominican Revolutionary Party|
|Headquarters||Independence Avenue 401, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic|
|Newspaper||Vanguardia del Pueblo|
|International affiliation||São Paulo Forum|
|Colors||Violet and Yellow|
"Hymn of Dominican Liberation Party"
|Chamber of Deputies|
106 / 190
26 / 32
106 / 155
|Central American Parliament|
10 / 20
The party has been elected into office five times now, with Danilo Medina as current President of the Dominican Republic, in the 1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016 elections, though losing in 2000. In May 2006 the party and its allies gained control of both houses of Congress.
At the legislative elections, 16 May 2002, the party won 29.1% of the popular vote and 41 out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 2 out of 31 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential election of 16 May 2004, Leonel Fernández, won 57.1% of the vote.
Founded by Juan Bosch in 1973, the PLD originally was considerably to the left of Bosch's original party, the Dominican Revolutionary Party. Bosch ran for president as the party’s candidate several times, but did not win. Following Bosch’s retirement, Fernandez became the leader of the party and won the 1996 presidential elections after forming an alliance with Dr. Joaquín Balaguer, Bosch’s political enemy for over 30 years. He did not run for another term in 2000, but returned to the presidency in 2004. The party's logo is a yellow five-pointed star on a purple background.
On May 16, 2008, presidential elections were carried and PLD candidate Leonel Fernández won 54%, defeating 7 other presidential candidates.
On May 16, 2010, congressional and municipal elections held, the Dominican Liberation Party won a majority of Senators (31 of 32) and Representatives, as well the largest number of mayors around the country.
On May 20, 2012 the PLD won its third straight Presidential elections with its candidate Danilo Medina, with 51.2% of the vote, against former President Hipólito Mejía, from the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD) who obtained 46.9% on these elections.
By 2016, the PLD will have retained the Presidency of the Dominican Republic for 16 out of the previous 20 years, and will become the only party in Dominican Republic to have attained this achievement in the country's democratic history, after the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo which lasted between 1930 until 1961.
Full members of the Political CommitteeEdit
|Member||Admission||Age (as 02/13)|
|Euclides Gutiérrez Féliz||1973||76|
|José Joaquín Bidó Medina||1973||80|
|Juan Temístocles Montás||1990||62|
|Jaime David Fernández Mirabal||1996||56|
|Reinaldo Pared Pérez||2000||56|
|Bautista Rojas Gómez||2001||61|
|Francisco Javier García||2001||53|
|José Tomás Pérez||2001||57|
|José Ramón Fadul||2001||60|
|Ramón Ventura Camejo||2001||59|
|Carlos Amarante Baret||2006||52|
|Julio César Valentín||2006||46|
Temporary members of the Political CommitteeEdit
|Abel Martínez||2010||Elected President of Chambers of Deputies||40|
|Margarita Cedeño||2012||Elected Vice-President of the Republic||47|
|First Round||Second Round|
|1978||Juan Bosch||18,375||1.1%||-||-||Lost N|
|2000||Danilo Medina||796,923||24.94%||-||-||Lost N|
|Election||Votes||%||Chamber seats||+/–||Position||Senate seats||+/–||Position|
0 / 91
0 / 27
7 / 120
0 / 27
16 / 120
2 / 30
in alliance with UD
44 / 120
12 / 30
13 / 120
1 / 30
49 / 149
4 / 30
41 / 150
1 / 30
as part of the Progressive Bloc
96 / 178
22 / 32
93 / 183
28 / 32
106 / 190
26 / 32
- "Dominican Liberation Party" is a mistranslation from Spanish to English since the party’s actual name is not Partido Liberación Dominicana but Partido de la Liberación Dominicana. The correct translation is Dominican Liberation’s Party or Party of the Dominican Liberation, rather than Dominican Liberation Party.
- Dominican Liberation Party official site
- "La factibilidad política de las reformas del sector social en América Latina" (PDF). CEPAL, United Nations. p. 49.
- "Busque sus Diputados". Cámara de Diputados de la República Dominicana. Retrieved 16 August 2014.