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Andrej Plenković (Croatian pronunciation: [ǎndreːj plěːŋkoʋitɕ]; born 8 April 1970) is a Croatian politician and diplomat serving as Prime Minister of Croatia since 19 October 2016. He has been the Chairman of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) since 2016. Previously he was one of eleven Croatian members of the European Parliament, serving from Croatia's accession to the European Union in 2013 until his resignation as MEP when he took office as Prime Minister.[1]

Andrej Plenković
Andrej Plenković - 2018 (1534789128) (cropped).jpg
Plenković in 2018
12th Prime Minister of Croatia
Assumed office
19 October 2016
PresidentKolinda Grabar-Kitarović
DeputyDamir Krstičević
Marija Pejčinović Burić
Predrag Štromar
Tomislav Tolušić
Preceded byTihomir Orešković
President of the Croatian Democratic Union
Assumed office
17 July 2016
Preceded byTomislav Karamarko
Member of the European Parliament
In office
1 July 2013 – 12 October 2016
ConstituencyCroatia
Personal details
Born (1970-04-08) 8 April 1970 (age 48)
Zagreb, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia
NationalityCroatian
Political partyCroatian Democratic Union
Spouse(s)
Ana Maslać (m. 2014)
ChildrenMario
Mila
Alma materUniversity of Zagreb
AwardsOrder of Merit, 3rd class
WebsiteOfficial website

Following his graduation from the Zagreb Faculty of Law in 1993, Plenković held various bureaucratic positions in the Croatian Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. After completing a postgraduate degree in 2002 (research master in International law), he served as deputy chief of Croatia's mission to the EU. Between 2005 and 2010, he was Croatia's deputy ambassador to France, before leaving the post to become State Secretary for European Integration. He was subsequently elected to the Croatian Parliament in 2011.[2]

He was elected President of the HDZ in 2016, following Tomislav Karamarko's resignation. Plenković campaigned on a pro-European and moderate agenda and led his party to a plurality of seats in the 2016 parliamentary election. He was designated as the 12th Prime Minister of Croatia by President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović on 10 October 2016 after presenting 91 signatures of support by Members of Parliament to her. His cabinet was confirmed by a vote of Parliament on 19 October with a majority of 91 of 151 MPs. His cabinet has 20 ministers, including the newly created portfolio of Minister of State Property.

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Andrej Plenković was born on 8 April 1970 in Zagreb to a university professor Mario Plenković of Svirče, Hvar origin and cardiologist Vjekoslava Raos-Plenković. After finishing elementary and high school, he enrolled in Zagreb Faculty of Law in 1988. He graduated in 1993 with dissertation "Institution of European Community and the decision making process" at the Department of International Public Law under Professor Nina Vajic, former Judge of the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.

Early careerEdit

During university, Plenković worked as a volunteer translator in the observing mission of the European Community in Croatia from 1991 to 1992. At the beginning of the 1990s, he became interested in Europe and actively participated in European Law Students Association (ELSA) of which he was President of ELSA Zagreb in 1991, the first President of ELSA Croatia in 1992 and President of the International ELSA committee, situated in Brussels. During that time Plenković participated in numerous conferences throughout Europe and the US as well as organising numerous symposiums in Croatia. As a student, he interned in the London law firm Stephenson Harwood in 1992 and following this, an internship in the European People's Party in the European Parliament (as a part of Robert Schuman Foundation program). He also worked in the Croatian mission for the European Community in 1993 and 1994 which was then chaired by Ambassdor Ante Čičin-Šain.

In the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Plenković completed a programme to become a diplomat and in 1992, passed the consultation exam at the diplomatic academy. Plenković passed the Bar in 2002. At the Law Faculty in the University of Zagreb, he finished his Masters in International Public and Private Law and got the title of Master of Science in 2002 by defending his Masters thesis by the title of "Subjectivity of EU and development of the common foreign and security policy" under the tutorage of professor Budislav Vukas, judge of International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg. Besides his native Croatian, Plenković speaks English, French and Italian fluently and is conversant in German.[3]

Diplomatic careerEdit

From 1994 to 2002 Plenković worked at different positions within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Inter alia, as a Chief of the Department of European integration, Adviser of Minister for European Affairs, Member of the negotiation team on the Treaty on Stabilisation and Accession.

From 2002 to 2005, Plenković was a deputy chief of Croatian Mission for the EU in Brussels. He was in charge of the coordination of political activities of the Mission and he worked on networking with the officials of the European Commission, Council, European Parliament and other permanent representations of various Member States. He was working on Croatian application for membership in the European Union in 2002 and in 2003, making pressure for the status of candidate country in 2004 and for the opening of the accession negotiations in 2005.

From 2005 to 2010, Plenković was serving as the deputy ambassador in France where he was in charge of political and organizational issues. During his diplomatic career, Plenković participated in numerous symposiums, seminars and programs on international and European law, international, foreign relations and foreign policy and management.

State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2010–2011Edit

Appointed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Gordan Jandrokovic, Plenković worked as a State Secretary for European Integration during the Government of Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor. He had a prominent role in the campaign for a referendum on EU membership. Together With numerous media appearances, Plenković held dozens of lectures on joining the European Union in all Croatian counties.

As a State Secretary, Plenković also performed the duties of the political director for EU Affairs, co-chair of the Stabilisation and Association Croatia-EU, national coordinator for the Danube Strategy of the European Union and co-chairman of the duties of the international commissions (Bavaria-Croatia, Croatia-Baden-Württemberg, Croatia-Flanders). He was on a board member of the Foundation for Civil Society Development, President of the Organizing Committee of the Croatia Summit in 2010 and 2011 and Secretary of the Organizing Committee of the pastoral visit of the Pope Benedict XVI in 2011.[3]

Political engagementEdit

Member of the Croatian Parliament, 2011–2013Edit

In 2011, after seventeen years of professional work in diplomacy, Plenković joined the Croatian Democratic Union. From December 2011 to July 2013 he was a Croatian Democratic Union member in the Croatian Parliament. He was elected in the VII. electoral district. Plenković was also a deputy member of delegation of the Croatian Parliament, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM), and a member of a group of friendship with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, France, Malta and Morocco.[4] Prior to the referendum, Plenković held series of lectures on the European union at the party rallies across Croatia and participated in numerous public debates, TV and radio shows. He is a member of the HDZ Central committee, City committee Zagreb, Regional committee Črnomerec, basic branch Jelenovac and the Committee for Foreign and European affairs.

Member of the European Parliament, 2013–2016Edit

By decision of the Croatian Parliament from April 2012 until July 2013 Plenković was one of the 12 Croatian observers in the European Parliament. In his capacity as an observer member in the European Parliament, he supported the completion of the ratification process of the Treaty on Croatian accession to the European Union, the positive reports and resolutions on Croatia and the appropriate allocation of EU funds to Croatia in the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020.

As a HDZ candidate on the joint list for the first Croatian elections to the European Parliament, which were held on 14 April 2013, he actively participated in the election campaign. He participated in the drafting of the HDZ programme for the European elections, “a Croatian voice in Europe”, adopted by the presidency of the party led by President Tomislav Karamarko. The program was based on the main principles of the Platform of the European People's Party and its program documents, as well as the priorities of Croatia in the European Union from the perspective of the HDZ.[3] He was elected to the winning coalition list, where he received the highest number of preferential votes among the HDZ candidates.[5]

Between 2013 and 2014, Plenković was a member of the Committee on Budgets. From 2014, he served as vice-chairman of the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs and a member of the parliament's delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly. He led the parliament's monitoring mission during the Ukrainian parliamentary elections in 2014.[6]

In addition to his committee assignments, Plenković was a member of the European Parliament Intergroup on SMEs;[7] the European Parliament Intergroup on Wine, Spirits and Quality Foodstuffs;[8] the European Parliament Intergroup on Youth Issues;[9] and the European Parliament Intergroup on Disability.[10]

President of the Croatian Democratic UnionEdit

Plenković was elected as leader of the HDZ in July 2016, in a sign it was distancing itself from ultra-conservative elements. In the 2016 parliamentary elections, he led his party to an unexpected victory.[11] The opposition SDP-led People's Coalition conceded defeat after winning only 54 seats in Parliament. Its leader, former Prime Minister Zoran Milanović, ruled out running for reelection to his party's chairmanship, effectively also ruling out any possible attempts to form a governing majority, thus allowing the HDZ to begin talks with the Bridge of Independent Lists (Most), its junior partner in the outgoing government led by the non-partisan Prime Minister Tihomir Orešković. Most set out seven conditions for entering into a government with any party and Plenković began discussions lasting several weeks with Most representatives. Plenković also held talks with the 8 representatives of national minorities, as HDZ and Most would not have a majority without their support. Over the next few weeks several other parties, including the HSS proceeded to give their support to a government led by Plenković. However, it is widely viewed that HSS chairman Krešo Beljak agreed to give Plenković the support of his 5 party's MPs and "100 days of peace before turning into the sharpest opposition" in order to calm tensions resulting from a dispute between him and HSS MEP Marijana Petir, who had called for HSS to enter the center-right government to be formed by HDZ and Most instead of remaining a part of the People's Coalition as an opposition party. The dispute escalated and Beljak proceeded to suspend over 100 members of the party, including Petir. Plenković further received the support of the Milan Bandić 365 party, one out of two HSU MPs and one former member of Human Blockade. He formally received 91 signatures of support from MPs on 10 October 2016, far more than the necessary 76, and presented them to President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, who named him Prime Minister-designate and gave him 30 days time until 9 November to form a government.

Prime Minister (2016–present)Edit

Andrej Plenković was confirmed as the 12th Prime Minister of Croatia along with his cabinet of 20 ministers by a vote of 91 in favor, 45 against and 3 abstentions among 151 Members of Parliament on 19 October 2016. His government received the support of MPs belonging to the HDZ-HSLS-HDS coalition, Bridge of Independent Lists, Milan Bandić 365, HSS, HDSSB, SDSS and 5 representatives of other national minorities.

 
Prime Minister Andrej Plenković (top row second from right) with rest of the European chief executives during a ceremony to mark the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome in Rome on 25 March 2017.

Within days of being sworn in Plenković embarked on an official visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina and laid out several conditions which must be met for the country to continue to enjoy the support of Croatia in continuing its path toward membership in the European Union. These included the better administrative reorganization of Bosnia and Herzegovina to make it more efficient, as well as the furthering of the rights of Bosnian Croats, mostly in terms of bringing their political rights to the level enjoyed by Bosniaks and Bosnian Serbs, as Bosnian Croats are numerically the smallest of the three constituent nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Plenković has also emphasized the importance of improving relations with Serbia, which had been strained for a number of years and his wish to see the western Balkans be included in the European Union, something also pointed out by Foreign Minister Davor Ivo Stier.

Government crisis and cabinet reshuffleEdit

On 27 April 2017 Plenković dismissed three of his government ministers representing the Bridge of Independent Lists (Most), the junior partner in the governing coalition, over their reluctance to support a vote of confidence in Finance Minister Zdravko Marić, whom Most accuses of withholding certain information relating to an ongoing crisis involving one of Croatia's largest firms, Agrokor, where Marić had worked a few years back. Namely, Most consider that Marić had knowledge of irregularities occurring in the way Agrokor paid its suppliers and had chosen to not reveal that information to protect the firm he formerly worked for. On 28 April 2017 the last remaining government minister from Most, Public Administration minister Ivan Kovačić, resigned his post and Most announced its withdrawal from the ruling coalition. HDZ started to gather signatures from Members of Parliament to push through a vote of no confidence in the Speaker of Parliament Božo Petrov, who is also the chairman of Most. At the same time, HDZ announced that it would seek to form a new governing majority in Parliament, bypassing Most. With MOST deciding to withdraw its parliamentary support for the Plenković cabinet, Božo Petrov resigned as speaker on 5 May 2017 and was succeeded by Gordan Jandroković of the HDZ. Now without the support of MOST, the HDZ-dominated cabinet was left without a clear parliamentary majority and the possibility of yet another early parliamentary election, the third in 18 months, taking place was extremely heightened. However, the government crisis was ultimately resolved on 9 June 2017 when 5 out of 9 Members of Parliament representing the Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats (HNS) agreed to enter a coalition with the Croatian Democratic Union, while the other four MPs (among them Vesna Pusić and Anka Mrak Taritaš) decided to leave HNS and form a new political party called the Civic Liberal Alliance (Glas). The Plenković cabinet underwent a reshuffle, with HNS being given the portfolios of Science and Education and Construction and Spatial Planning.

Since May 2017, Plenković has been constantly named the most negative politician in Croatia by monthly polls conducted by the Promocija plus and IPSOS PULS agencies.[12] However, by December 2017, he was also named the third most popular politician, while his party enjoyed considerable rating advantage over all other political parties in Croatia.[13]

EconomyEdit

The new government introduced a tax reform starting from January 2017 and set the reduction of the budget deficit as the main goal of the 2017 budget.[14] The initial tax reform proposal from Zdravko Marić, the Finance minister who retained his position from the previous cabinet, caused some disagreements between the two member-parties of the ruling coalition, the HDZ and the Most. The modified proposal included a reduction in corporate income tax from 20% to 18% for large companies and 12% for small and mid-level companies. Personal income tax rates were changed from 12%, 25% and 40% into tax rates of 24% and 36%. Discontent over the tax reform was voiced by trade unions, as well as in the tourism sector because the VAT for their services was raised from 13% to 25%.[15][16]

On 30 October 2017, Plenković declared that Croatia plans to join the euro zone within seven to eight years.[17] In December 2017, the government increased the minimum wage by 5% for 2018 and adopted several new laws, including the allocation of the income tax revenue entirely to local administrative units and lower payments to the state when purchasing used cars. The introduction of a property tax, which received a negative public reaction, was postponed indefinitely.[18]

Croatia's general government recorded a surplus of €424.5 million in 2017 or 0.9% of GDP, attributed to an increase in income from taxes related to manufacturing and imports, and a reduction in interest payments. The debt-to-GDP ratio decreased by 2.7 percentage points from 2016, to 77.5%, and GDP growth was 2.9%.[19] Negative migration and population trends continued in 2017, with a record high number of emigrants since joining the EU.[20] The Croatian Employers' Association said that reforms stalled following the income tax cuts in early 2017, causing a slower economic growth.[21] A March 2018 report by the European Commission also stressed out the lack of structural reforms, particularly in fiscal policy, the social benefits system, and the pension system.[22]

All three major credit rating agencies improved Croatia's rating in 2018.[23] The International Monetary Fund commended the government for positive macroeconomic indicators and called for a "sizable restructuring of public administration".[24]

The minimum monthly net wage was raised from €370 to €404 in 2019.[25]

Foreign policyEdit

 
Plenković with Estonian Prime Minister Jüri Ratas
 
Plenković with former Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Janša

After attending his first European Council summit on 20 October 2016, in an address to the Croatian Parliament, Plenković said that "there is no need for Croatia to build border fences".[26] Plenković's first official foreign visit was to Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina on 28 October 2016. Plenković said that his government will support Bosnia and Herzegovina on its path towards membership in the European Union.[26][27] In November, he visited Ukraine where he with Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman. Plenković expressed support for a peaceful reintegration of the areas of Ukraine under the control of pro-Russian rebels. The two governments established a working group to share Croatia's experience with the reintegration of eastern Slavonia in 1998.[28] The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs commented that the visit "raised serious concerns in Russia".[29]

On 29 June 2017, the Arbitral Tribunal on the border dispute between Slovenia and Croatia ruled in favour of Slovenia regarding its access to international waters. The decision was welcomed by the Slovenian Government, and dismissed by the Croatian Government as not legally binding. Croatia withdrew from the arbitration process in 2015, during the premiership of Zoran Milanović, after a leaked tape showed the Slovenian judge in the case exchanging confidential information with Slovenian officials.[30] Plenković called for bilateral talks to resolve the issue,[31] while Slovenia insists on the implementation of the arbitral decision.[32] The European Commission announced that it will remain neutral in the border dispute.[33]

After the final verdict in the war crimes trial against former high-ranking officials of Herzeg-Bosnia, followed by the suicide of Slobodan Praljak, Plenković stated that Praljak's suicide illustrated the "deep moral injustice towards the six Croats from Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Croatian people".[34] The ICTY prosecutors and its president criticized the statements from Croatian officials and called on them to accept the court's findings.[35][36] Plenković later said that his country accepted the verdict and expressed "regrets and condolences very clearly for all the victims of the crimes mentioned in this verdict".[37]

Plenković endorsed the incumbent Dragan Čović in the 2018 election for the Croat member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Following the election of Željko Komšić as the Croat member of the Presidency, largely due to votes in majority Bosniak areas, Plenković criticized Komšić's victory: "We are again in a situation where members of one constituent people ... are electing a representative of another, the Croat people".[38] Komšić responded that the Croatian Government is undermining Bosnia and Herzegovina and its sovereignty.[39] Komšić also announced that Bosnia and Herzegovina might sue Croatia over the construction of the Pelješac Bridge.[40] The construction of the bridge, paid largery with EU funding, began on 30 July 2018 to connect Croatia's territory and was supported by Komšić's main election opponent Dragan Čović.[41]

Plenković affirmed the government's support for the Global Compact for Migration. Interior Minister Davor Božinović represented Croatia at the adoption of the agreement, after President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović announced she would not participate at the conference.[42]

Political positionsEdit

Commentators mostly described Plenković's political positions as pro-European and moderate,[43][44][45] and his election as an exception in a eurosceptic trend in Europe.[46] Plenković described his policy as "devoid of extremes and populism",[44] and his political views as centre-right.[47][48]

Private lifeEdit

Andrej Plenković is married to lawyer Ana Maslać Plenković with whom he has son Mario.[49] In early November 2016 it was reported that the couple are expecting their second child, daughter Mila.[50]

His father Mario Plenković lives in Slovenia. He is a university professor at University of Maribor and at Alma Mater Europaea, where he is the head of Strategic Communication Management doctoral study program.[51]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Profile European Parliament
  2. ^ "Andrej Plenković, životopis" (in Croatian). 8 April 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Andrej Plenković". www.andrejplenkovic.com. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Hrvatski sabor - Andrej Plenković". www.sabor.hr. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  5. ^ "EU Parlament 2013". www.izbori.hr. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  6. ^ Jeanette Minns (October 9, 2014), Parliament’s mission to Ukrainian elections European Voice.
  7. ^ Members of the European Parliament Intergroup on SMEs European Parliament.
  8. ^ Members European Parliament Intergroup on Wine, Spirits and Quality Foodstuffs.
  9. ^ Members of the European Parliament Intergroup on Youth Issues European Parliament.
  10. ^ Members of the European Parliament Intergroup on Disability European Parliament.
  11. ^ Andrew Byrne (September 12, 2016), Conservative HDZ wins Croatia vote Financial Times.
  12. ^ http://www.telegram.hr/politika-kriminal/nakon-godinu-dana-na-vlasti-i-agrokora-plenkovic-je-najnepopularniji-a-vlada-mu-stoji-najgore-dosad/
  13. ^ "CRO DEMOSKOP Živi zid postao treća stranka u Hrvatskoj" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2017-12-29.
  14. ^ "Croatia PM vows moves to improve business environment". Reuters. 9 November 2016.
  15. ^ "Croatian Tax Reform Expected to Boost Incomes". Balkan Insight. 16 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Parliament Adopts Tax Reform". Total Croatia News. 3 December 2016.
  17. ^ "Croatia wants to adopt euro within 7-8 years: prime minister". Reuters. 30 October 2017.
  18. ^ "From 1 January 2018: Most Important Changes in Croatian Law". Total Croatia News. 28 December 2017.
  19. ^ "2017 government surplus revised upwards to €424.5 million". N1. 22 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Emigration reaches record high as population shrinks". N1. 7 August 2018.
  21. ^ "Croatia employers say foreign workers, less red tape needed for growth". Reuters. 3 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Balkan EU States 'Need Reforms to Sustain Economic Growth'". Balkan Insight. 8 March 2018.
  23. ^ "Fitch maintains Croatia's credit rating at BB+ with positive outlook". N1. 10 December 2018.
  24. ^ "IMF Praises Croatian Economic Policies, Warns about Challenges Ahead". Total Croatia News. 11 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Government to raise minimum monthly net wage to €400 in 2019". N1. 30 November 2018.
  26. ^ a b "Croatia to coach Bosnians on how to join the EU". EURACTIV. 31 October 2016.
  27. ^ "Croatia PM Tries to Calm Tensions on Bosnia Visit". Balkan Insight. 31 October 2016.
  28. ^ "Croatia Supports Visa-Free Regime for Ukrainian Citizens". Total Croatia News. 21 November 2016.
  29. ^ "Russia Harshly Condemns Plenković's Statements on Ukraine". Total Croatia News. 22 November 2016.
  30. ^ "Court says Slovenia should have corridor to international waters in dispute with Croatia". Reuters. 29 June 2017.
  31. ^ "Slovenia may turn to EU over Croatia border dispute". Reuters. 12 July 2017.
  32. ^ "Slovenian PM says they can't change position on border arbitration ruling". N1. 29 December 2018.
  33. ^ "EU Stays Out of Croatia-Slovenia Border Dispute". Balkan Insight. 18 June 2018.
  34. ^ "PM: Praljak's act speaks of deep moral injustice towards Bosnian Croats". Government of Croatia. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  35. ^ "The Latest: UN prosecutors urge Croatia to accept findings". Associated Press. 29 November 2017.
  36. ^ "Čelnici ICTY-ja: 'Žalosno je da su tragičnu situaciju iskoristili da bi podrivali sud'" (in Croatian). Večernji list. 5 December 2017.
  37. ^ "Croatia PM expresses regrets to war criminals' victims". France 24. 5 December 2017.
  38. ^ Mladen Lakic (12 October 2018). "Bosnian Croats Protest Against Komsic's Election Victory". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  39. ^ "Komšić Accuses Croatia of Undermining Bosnia and Its Sovereignty". Total Croatia News. 11 December 2018.
  40. ^ "Komsic Victory in Bosnia Draws Criticism in Croatia". Balkan Insight. 10 October 2018.
  41. ^ "Covic congratulates Plenkovic on Peljesac Bridge project". N1. 2 August 2018.
  42. ^ "Interior Minister representing Croatia at Marrakesh Agreement". Croatian Radio Television. 16 November 2018.
  43. ^ "Croatia's conservative HDZ win tight election". BBC. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  44. ^ a b "Croatia's conservatives reject rightwing populism with new leader". Financial Times. 18 July 2016.
  45. ^ "Croatian conservative leader Plenkovic becomes PM-designate". Associated Press. 10 October 2016.
  46. ^ "Angela Merkel-style conservatism: Does it have a future?". Deutsche Welle. 7 June 2018.
  47. ^ "TV dvoboj Plenkovića i Milanovića - evo što su poručili građanima". Vecernji list. 12 August 2016.
  48. ^ Stojić, Marko (2017). "Serbia, Croatia and the European Union". Party Responses to the EU in the Western Balkans. Global Political Transitions. ISBN 978-3-319-59563-4.
  49. ^ "Tajnovita Plenkovićeva supruga: Evo zašto se zgodna plavuša skriva od medija" (in Croatian). 18 February 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  50. ^ "BEBA STIŽE U VELJAČI, A VEĆ SE PRIČA I KOJEG ĆE SPOLA BITI Iako samozatajna, Plenkovićeva supruga Ana ipak nije mogla sakriti trudnički trbuščić..." Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  51. ^ "- Alma Mater Europaea". www.almamater.si. Retrieved 2018-06-13.

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Tomislav Karamarko
President of the Croatian Democratic Union
2016–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Tihomir Orešković
Prime Minister of Croatia
2016–present
Incumbent