Volodymyr Borysovych Groysman, sometimes transliterated as Volodymyr Borysovych Hroisman (Ukrainian: Володи́мир Бори́сович Гро́йсман; born 20 January 1978), is a Ukrainian politician who was the Prime Minister of Ukraine from 14 April 2016 to 29 August 2019.
From March 2006 until February 2014 Groysman was the Mayor of Vinnytsia. From then to November 2014, he held two concurrent positions as the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for Regional Policy and the Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine. He was elected into parliament on the party lists of the pro-presidential Petro Poroshenko Bloc. Groysman's next post was the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's national parliament), starting late November 2014 until being appointed Prime Minister. In the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election he took part as the party leader of the party Ukrainian Strategy. But this party failed to win any parliamentary seats. Groysman tenure as Prime Minister ended when Oleksiy Honcharuk was appointed Prime Minister of Ukraine on 29 August 2019.
Groysman is the first Jewish Prime Minister of Ukraine. Therefore, between May and August 2019, Ukraine was the only country other than Israel to have both a Jewish head of government (Groysman) and head of state (Volodymyr Zelensky).
Volodymyr Borysovych Groysman was born in Vinnytsia, to Jewish parents. His father, Borys Groysman, is a businessman and a local politician. In 1994, he started his career as a commercial director of his father's small private business company "ОКО" and as a commercial director of the private enterprise "Youth".
In the 2002 local elections, he was elected as a member of the Vinnytsia City Council from the 29th electoral district. In the city council, he worked as the Deputy Head of the Permanent Committee of the City Council on Human Rights, Lawfulness, Council Members' Activities and Ethics. In 2003, he graduated from the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management with a specialty in Jurisprudence. In 2004 Groysman joined the party Our Ukraine.
On 25 November 2005, he was elected the head of the city council and the acting mayor. In the 26 March 2006 local elections, he was elected as the city's mayor, becoming the youngest ever mayor of a Ukrainian administrative center ( age 28 years at time of elections ). In the 10 October 2010 local elections, he was re-elected mayor for a second term, as a candidate of the party Conscience of Ukraine, gaining the support of 77.81% of citizens. While mayor, Groysman was the Vice-President of the Association of Ukrainian Cities.
On 27 February 2014, Groysman was concurrently appointed as the Vice Prime Minister for Regional Policy and the Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine in the First Yatsenyuk Government. During this period, Groysman was appointed the chair of the Ukrainian Special Government Commission on MH17, investigating the shootdown and crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 ("MH17"), during the War in Donbass.
The parliamentary coalition that supported this government collapsed on 24 July 2014, and on the same day, Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced that he was immediately resigning from his office. However, Yatsenyuk's resignation was not accepted by parliament. Nevertheless, on 25 July 2014, the Yatsenyuk Government appointed Groysman as its acting Prime Minister. However, on 31 July 2014, the Verkhovna Rada declined Yatsenyuk's resignation because only 16 of the 450 MPs voted for his resignation.
Chairman of the Verkhovna RadaEdit
On 27 November 2014, at the first session of newly elected parliament, Groysman was elected as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada. 359 (of the 423 deputies) supported his nomination. He was also the only candidate for the post.
Prime Minister of UkraineEdit
With public dissatisfaction and allegations of corruption surrounding his government, Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced on 10 April 2016 that he planned to resign. Following several days of parliamentary debate, on 14 April 2016, Groysman was voted in by MPs 257 to 50 as the 16th Prime Minister of Ukraine. Groysman is the youngest Ukrainian prime minister ever (age 38 at election).
Nomination of Prime Minister vote for Volodymyr Groysman
Absolute majority: 212/422
Note that 28 members were not elected in unstable regions in the East and South of Ukraine
257 / 422
50 / 307
115 / 422
Groysman's selection as PM triggered a constitutional requirement for a new Cabinet, in which new appointments were already forthcoming due to resignations in protest over Ukraine's corruption and reform issues. Some of the posts in the new Groysman government were assigned to people who were perceived as Poroshenko allies.
Groysman indicated in 2016 he would fight corruption and build closer ties with the European Union, which has complained about widespread and pervasive corruption in Ukraine's government and economy.
Groysman left the Petro Poroshenko Bloc "Solidarity" on 23 April 2019. On 20 May 2019, Volodymyr Zelensky, who defeated the incumbent Poroshenko in the 2019 Ukrainian presidential election, was inaugurated as President of Ukraine and Groysman announced he would resign as Prime Minister of Ukraine.
2019 parliamentary election and end of Prime MinistershipEdit
On 24 May 2019, Groysman announced that he would take part in the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election with the party Ukrainian Strategy. (This party was registered in 2015 as the local party Vinnytsia European Strategy.) On 30 May 2019, the Ukrainian parliament voted to reject Groysman's resignation as Prime Minister of Ukraine and confirmed that he would remain Prime Minister until at least the above-mentioned 2019 parliamentary election, that was held in July 2019. In this election Ukrainian Strategy failed to win any parliamentary seats gaining 2.41% of the total votes while the election had a 5% election threshold. The party also failed to win a constituency seat.
Volodymyr Groysman is married and has two daughters and a son.
- "Мер Вінниці Володимир Гройсман: "Сьогодні ми прибираємо краще і витрачаємо в два рази менше коштів"". Радіо Свобода. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- "Analysis: Choice of Jewish PM undercuts long-held accusations of state anti-Semitism in Ukraine". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Jewish Wunderkind Turned Ukrainian Prime Minister – Who Is Vlodymir Groysman?". Haaretz. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Marking end to spat, Netanyahu meets with Ukraine's Jewish premier". Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- Groysman or Hroysman? The Ukrainian Weekly. 22 April 2016
- Interfax-Ukraine. Hroisman as appointed Ukraine's acting prime minister. Kyiv Post. 24 July 2014
- "Профіль – Кабінет Міністрів України". web.archive.org. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- (in Russian) Short bio, LIGA
- "Ukraine MPs approve Volodymyr Groysman as new PM". BBC News. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Mayor Volodymyr Groysman described the reception..."
- "Who's who of the Council of Europe Congress – Individual Member data".
- "http://www.heritageabroad.gov/" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2014. External link in
- Servant of the People Party wins 124 mandates on party ticket in Rada elections, Interfax-Ukraine (5 August 2019)
- Ukrainian Lawmakers Approve Political Novice Honcharuk As Prime Minister, Radio Free Europe (29 August 2019)
- JNi.Media. "Meet Volodymyr Groysman, Ukraine's Jewish Prime Minister". Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- Israeli envoy warns of growing trend as Ukraine unveils statue of anti-Semite, The Times of Israel (28 October 2017)
- Russia and Ukraine at war — among the Jews anyway, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (27 March 2014)
- The rapid rise of Ukraine's Volodymyr Groysman, Deutsche Welle (12 April 2016)
- Ukrainian president taps Jewish politician to be next prime minister, Jerusalem Post (14 April 2016)
- "Malaysia demands unrestricted access to crash site," 21 July 2014, The Star/Asia News Network in The Straits Times, retrieved 18 April 2016
- Higgins, Andrew & Rick Gladstone, "More bodies possible at Ukraine crash site, officials say," 23 July 2014, NYT News Service in The Times of India, retrieved 18 April 2016
- "Ukraine Prime Minister Resigns, as Kiev Moves Toward Elections". New York Times. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Rada speaker announces dissolution of parliamentary coalition, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
- Ukrainian PM Yatseniuk announces resignation in parliament, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
- Yatseniuk says collapse of Rada coalition means failure to pass laws on filling budget, Interfax-Ukraine (24 July 2014)
- Yatseniuk's statement of resignation sent to parliament – Hroisman, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2014)
- Government adopts resolution appointing Hroisman as Ukraine's acting PM, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2014)
Deputy PM Hroisman appointed Ukraine's acting premier, says Avakov, Interfax-Ukraine (25 July 2014)
- Rada expresses confidence in PM Yatseniuk, Interfax-Ukraine (31 July 2014)
- General official results of Rada election, Interfax-Ukraine (11 November 2014)
Central Election Commission announces official results of Rada election on party tickets, Interfax-Ukraine (11 November 2014)
- Petro Poroshenko Bloc: Facts and Details, Sputnik News (25 October 2014)
- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 21-VIII: Проект Постанови про обрання Першого заступника Голови Верховної Ради України та заступника Голови Верховної Ради України (Draft Resolution on the election of the First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine). Adopted on 4 December 2014. (Ukrainian)
- Council elected a new speaker. Urkayinska Pravda. 27 November 2014
- Hroisman elected Rada speaker, Interfax-Ukraine (27 November 2014)
- Ukrainian PM Yatsenyuk resigns, UNIAN (10 April 2016)
Ukraine Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk to resign, BBC News (10 April 2016)
- Kramer, Andrew E. (14 April 2016). "Volodymyr Groysman Approved as New Prime Minister by Ukraine's Parliament". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
- "Ukraine MPs approve Volodymyr Groysman as new PM," 14 April 2016, BBC World News, retrieved 18 April 2016
- IANS, "Ukrainian parliament accepts PM's resignation and appoints new head," 14 April 2016, IANS in The Times of India, retrieved 18 April 2016
- Reuters, "Ukraine parliament approves Volodymyr Groysman as new PM ," 14 April 2016, The Guardian, retrieved Apr.18, 2016
- Harding, Luke, "Ukraine’s leader set up secret offshore firm as battle raged with Russia," 4 April 2016, The Guardian, U.K., retrieved 8 April 2016
- Dorell, Oren and Kim Hjelmgaard, "2 years after revolution, corruption plagues war-torn Ukraine,", 21 February 2016, USA Today, retrieved 16 April 2016
- "Prime Minister Groysman to run for parliament but not with Poroshenko's Bloc | KyivPost – Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 23 April 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
- CEC counts 100 percent of vote in Ukraine's parliamentary elections, Ukrinform (26 July 2019)
(in Russian) Results of the extraordinary elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine 2019, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 July 2019)
- "Янукович дав ордена мерові Вінниці", Quote: «за значний особистий внесок у державне будівництво, соціально-економічний, науково-технічний, культурно-освітній розвиток України, вагомі трудові здобутки та високий професіоналізм
- "Володимир Гройсман отримав державну нагороду Республіки Польща". www.myvin.com.ua. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- Указ Президента України від 26 червня 2008 року № 584/2008 «Про відзначення державними нагородами України» Quote: "За вагомий особистий внесок у розвиток конституційних засад української державності, багаторічну сумлінну працю, високий професіоналізм та з нагоди Дня Конституції України "
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volodymyr Groysman.|
- Official Volodymyr Groysman Website
- "Leader of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Volodymyr Groysman on IMDb
- Official website of Ukrainian Strategy
| Mayor of Vinnytsia
| Minister of Regional Development, Construction
and Communal Living
| Prime Minister of Ukraine
| Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
| Prime Minister of Ukraine