Andriy Volodymyrovych Parubiy (Ukrainian: Андрій Володимирович Парубій; born 31 January 1971) is a Ukrainian politician who has been the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, since 14 April 2016. He previously served as Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, appointed after leading the anti-government protests in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, until his resignation on August 7, 2014.
|12th Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada|
|Assumed office |
14 April 2016
|Preceded by||Volodymyr Groysman|
|Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada|
4 December 2014 – 14 April 2016
|Preceded by||Ihor Kalietnik|
|Succeeded by||Iryna Herashchenko|
|10th Secretary of National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine|
February 27, 2014 – August 7, 2014
|Preceded by||Andriy Klyuyev|
|Succeeded by||Oleksandr Turchynov|
|People's Deputy of Ukraine|
November 23, 2007 – December 12, 2012
|Constituency||Our Ukraine, No.80|
December 12, 2012 – March 17, 2014
November 27, 2014 – Present
|Constituency||People's Front, No.4|
|Born||January 31, 1971|
Chervonohrad, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||People's Front (2014–)|
Front of Changes (2012)
Our Ukraine (2004–2012)
Social-National Party of Ukraine (1994–2004)
|Alma mater||Lviv University|
In the years leading up to the Ukrainian independence in 1991 Parubiy was an independence activist and was arrested for organizing an unsanctioned rally in 1989. In 1991 he founded the Social-National Party of Ukraine together with Oleh Tyahnybok; the party combined radical nationalism and some neo-Nazi features (by its name and the "Wolfsangel"-like sign). In 1998–2004 Parubiy led the paramilitary organization of SNPU, the Patriot of Ukraine. Parubiy left these organizations in 2004.
Parubiy co-led the Orange Revolution in 2004. In the 2007 parliamentary elections he was voted into the Ukrainian parliament on an Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc ticket. He then became a member of the deputy group that would later become For Ukraine!. Parubiy stayed with Our Ukraine and became a member of its political council.
In February 2010 Parubiy asked the European Parliament to reconsider its negative reaction to former Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko's decision to award Stepan Bandera, the leader of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, the title of Hero of Ukraine.
From December 2013 to February 2014 Parubiy was a commandant of Euromaidan. He was coordinator of the volunteer security corps for the mainstream protesters. He was then appointed Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine. This appointment was approved by (then) new Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on June 16, 2014.
Parubiy resigned as Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council on August 7, 2014. He declined to say why, stating "I believe it is unacceptable to comment on my resignation in a time of war", and he would "continue to assist the front, primarily volunteer battalions". President Poroshenko signed a decree confirming Parubiy's dismissal the same day. RT reported that local media were stating that Parubiy resigned after he was ordered to declare another ceasefire in the southeast of Ukraine, but refused to do so.
In September 2014 Parubiy became a founding member of his new party People's Front. At the Ukrainian elections of October 2014 he was re-elected as People's Deputy on the party list "People's Front". On 4 December he was elected as Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada.
During Parubiy's parliamentary visits to France and the United Kingdom in June 2018, his "neo-Nazi" nationalist views were condemned by leftists such as Jean-Luc Mélenchon, Alexis Corbière, the French Communist Party and the Labour Party member of the Scottish Parliament, Neil Findlay. Findlay called for an inquiry into Parubiy's visit to the Scottish Parliament.
- Rada appoints Andriy Parubiy its speaker, Interfax-Ukraine (14 April 2016)
- Turchynov becomes secretary of Ukraine's NSDC, Interfax-Ukraine (December 16, 2014) President Poroshenko decides to appoint Turchynov Ukraine's NSDC secretary – source, Interfax-Ukraine (December 16, 2014)
- "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VI convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- (in Russian) Андрей Парубий. Liga.net
- "Ukraine's new government: Who's who". AFP. February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "Parubiy steps down as secretary of Ukraine's NSDC". Interfax-Ukraine. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- Poroshenko signs decree dismissing Parubiy as NSDC secretary, Interfax-Ukraine (August 7, 2014)
- "Who are the protesters in Ukraine?". The Washington Post. February 12, 2014.
- Ivan Katchanovski interview with Reuters Concerning Svoboda, the OUN-B, and other Far Right Organizations in Ukraine, Academia.edu (March 4, 2014)
- Umland, Andreas; Anton Shekhovtsov (September–October 2013). "Ultraright Party Politics in Post-Soviet Ukraine and the Puzzle of the Electoral Marginalism of Ukrainian Ultranationalists in 1994–2009". Russian Politics and Law. 51 (5): 41. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
It is noteworthy that of these various Ukrainian nationalist parties the SNPU was the least inclined to conceal its neofascist affiliations. Its official symbol was the somewhat modified Wolf's Hook (wolfsangel), used as a symbol by the German SS division Das Reich and the Dutch SS division Landstorm Nederland during World War II and by a number of European neofascist organizations after 1945. As seen by the SNPU leadership, the Wolf's Hook became the "idea of the nation." Moreover, the official name of the party's ideology, "social nationalism," clearly referred back to "national socialism" – the official name of the ideology of the National-Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) and of the Hitlerite regime. The SNPU's political platform distinguished itself by its openly revolutionary ultranationalism, its demands for the violent takeover of power in the country, and its willingness to blame Russia for all of Ukraine's ills. Moreover, the SNPU was the first relatively large party to recruit Nazi skinheads and football hooligans. But in the political arena, its support in the 1990s remained insignificant.
- Kiev Protesters Look Beyond Vote, The Washington Post (December 5, 2004)
- (in Ukrainian) Президія Політичної Ради партії Archived June 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Our Ukraine
- Parubiy asks European Parliament to reconsider its decision on Bandera, Kyiv Post (February 26, 2010)
- (in Ukrainian) Я вийшов з "Нашої України", Ukrayinska Pravda (February 3, 2012)
- (in Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda (November 11, 2012)
- Парубий снова стал комендантом на Евромайдане
- Radicals a wild card in Ukraine’s protests, The Washington Post (February 2, 2014)
- Poroshenko approves National Security and Defense Council membership, Interfax-Ukraine (June 16, 2014)
- Parubiy says anti-terrorist operation will continue as separatists in Luhansk, Donetsk reject Putin’s call to postpone referendum, Kyiv Post (May 8, 2014)
- "Ukraine's security chief Parubiy resigns". RT. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- Yatseniuk elected head of political council of People's Front Party Archived January 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., Demotix (September 9, 2014)
- "French left furious at Ukrainian 'neonazi' politician's visit". RFI. 12 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Call for review after MSPs warmly welcome 'racist, fascist Nazi' to Holyrood". The Herald. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Patriarch Bartholomew awards Uniate Parubiy with St. Andrew cross". spzh.news. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-08.