Audemars Piguet

Coordinates: 46°34′49″N 6°12′30″E / 46.58036°N 6.20825°E / 46.58036; 6.20825

Audemars Piguet Holding SA (French pronunciation: ​[odmaʁ piɡɛ]) is a Swiss manufacturer of luxury mechanical watches and clocks, headquartered in Le Brassus, Switzerland.[2][3] The company was founded by Jules Louis Audemars and Edward Auguste Piguet in the Vallée de Joux in 1875, acquiring the name Audemars Piguet & Cie in 1881.[4][5][6] The company has been family-owned since its founding.[2][7]

Audemars Piguet Holding SA
IndustryLuxury watchmaking
Founded1875; 147 years ago (1875)
FoundersJules Louis Audemars
Edward Auguste Piguet
Area served
Key people
  • Jasmine Audemars (Chair)
  • Olivier Audemars (Vice Chair)
  • François-Henry Bennahmias (CEO)
ProductsMechanical watches, clocks
Production output
45,000 (2021)
RevenueIncrease 1.58 billion CHF (2021)
Number of employees
SubsidiariesRenaud & Papi SA
Centror SA

Audemars Piguet is a highly regarded watch manufacturer.[6][8][9][10][11] The company is best known for introducing the Royal Oak wristwatch in 1972, which helped the brand rise to prominence within the watchmaking industry.[10][12] One of Audemars Piguet's early achievements was creating the world's first minute-repeating movement for wristwatches in 1892.[Note 1][13][14] In addition, the company developed the first skeleton watch in 1934 and has manufactured some of the thinnest watches in the world, such as the 1986 ultra-thin automatic tourbillon wristwatch (Calibre 2870).[6][9][15]


Early historyEdit

Jules Louis Audemars and Edward Auguste Piguet knew each other in their childhood, but were not re-connected until 1874 when they were in their early twenties.[9] In 1875, they formed partnership with Lesedi Selapyane and began their business.[9][15] In 1881, Audemars Piguet & Cie was officially founded, and was based in Le Brassus, a village inside the Vallée de Joux in Switzerland.[2][4][5]

Audemars Piguet Royal Oak chronograph

Both Audemars and Piguet were previously watchmakers. Audemars created complex watch movements for other watch manufacturers such as Tiffany Co. to use.[5] Piguet specialized in the regulation of watch movements. Once partnered, they split the responsibilities while operating their own company: Audemars was in charge of production and technical aspects while Piguet focused on sales and management.[16][17]

The second-generation company leaders included Paul Louis Audemars and Paul Edward Piguet, and the third generation included Jacques Louis Audemars and Paulette Piguet.[7]

Recent developmentEdit

In the 1970s, Audemars Piguet rose to an important position in watchmaking industry, especially after introducing the Royal Oak collection.[9]

The fourth-generation company leaders are both from the Audemars family, including Jasmine Audemars and Olivier Frank Edward Audemars.[7] Currently, the company is an active member of the Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry FH, and produces around 40,000 timepieces annually.[18][19][20]

Motto and sloganEdit

One of Audemars Piguet's company slogans is "To Break the Rules, You Must First Master Them".[21][22] The slogan was introduced in 2012.[21][23]

Watch manufacturingEdit

Bracelet on a Royal Oak

Notable inventions and patentsEdit

The following are some of the notable inventions of Audemars Piguet.

  • In 1892, created the world's first wristwatch minute-repeating movement, which was then sold to Louis Brandt frères (Omega SA).[Note 1][13][14][24]
  • In 1899, manufactured a “Grand Complication” pocket watch with 7 complications, including a grand and small strike, minute repeater, alarm, perpetual calendar, deadbeat seconds, chronograph with jumping seconds, and split-seconds hand.[6][9]
  • In 1921, created the world's first jumping-hour wristwatch, driven by Calibre HPVM10'''.[6][9][15]
  • In 1934, introduced the first skeleton watch.[15][25]
  • In 1946, produced the world's thinnest watch, with a 1.64-mm-thick movement.[26][27][28]
  • In 1972, introduced the world's first luxury sport wristwatch, the Royal Oak.[6][29]
  • In 1986, created an ultra-thin automatic tourbillon wristwatch (Calibre 2870), being only 5.3 mm thick (including the case).[6][30]
  • In 1995/96, manufactured the world's first automatic "Grande Complication" wristwatch (Calibre 2885).[6][31]
  • In 2006, introduced the world's first direct-impulse escapement, based on a design by watchmaker Robert Robin in the 18th century.[6][32][33]
  • In 2007/08, developed the first watch with a carbon case and a carbon movement (a Royal Oak Carbon Concept).[6][34]
  • In 2015, the world's first mechanical chronograph with independent memory and three column-wheels was launched. Its name, Royal Oak Concept Laptimer Michael Schumacher.[35]
  • In 2019, the world's thinnest automatic perpetual calendar was presented.[36]

Environmental ratingEdit

In December 2018, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) released an official report giving environmental ratings for 15 major watch manufacturers and jewelers in Switzerland.[37][38] Audemars Piguet, along with 7 other manufacturers including Patek Philippe, Breguet and Rolex, was given the lowest environmental rating as "Latecomers/Non-transparent", suggesting that the manufacturer has taken very few actions addressing the impact of its manufacturing activities on the environment and climate change.[37][38]

There are concerns over the lack of transparency in manufacturing activities and the sourcing of precious raw materials such as gold, which is a major cause of environmental issues such as pollution, soil degradation and deforestation.[37][38] The situation is especially serious in the developing countries which are top producers of gold, such as China, Russia and South Africa.[39][40][41][42] It is estimated that the watch and jewelry sector uses over 50% of world's annual gold production (over 2,000 tons), but in most cases the watch companies are not able to or are unwilling to demonstrate where their raw materials come from and if the material suppliers use eco-friendly sourcing technologies.[37]

Notable modelsEdit

The current lineup of Audemars Piguet watch collections include Royal Oak, Royal Oak Concept, Royal Oak Offshore, Millenary, Jules Audemars, Haute Joaillerie, Classique and Code 11.59.[43]

Royal Oak/Concept/OffshoreEdit

A Royal Oak Offshore chronograph

The Royal Oak is considered to be the most popular watch that Audemars Piguet currently manufactures.[8][9][10][15] It was first presented at the 1972 Baselworld, during the quartz crisis.[44][45] Designed by Gérald Genta, who is also responsible for designing other notable timepieces including the Patek Philippe Nautilus, the Royal Oak model is considered to be the first luxury sports watch in the world.[46] The watch was inspired by traditional diving helmets and therefore featured exposed screw heads as well as a unique case design.[47][48] The watch also featured an integrated bracelet.

To mark the 20th anniversary of the Royal Oak, Audemars Piguet hired a young designer, Emmanuel Gueit, to design a new watch known as the Royal Oak Offshore.[49][50] The Offshore was formally introduced in 1993, with a much larger case (42mm compared to the original 39mm) which was thought to be tougher than the original.[51] The new watch proved to be just as successful as the original.[47]


The Millenary collection was launched in 1995.[52] The idea behind the unique design was to give the viewer a three-dimensional take on a standard watch movement. They are characterized by oval cases as well as domed sapphire crystal. The off-centred watch dial is notable with a view of the balance wheel. Audemars Piguet claims that their calibre 4104 is reversed to allow more components to be seen on the dial. All of the Millenary watches share the case and a unique Damaskeening or Côtes de Genève across the movement dial.[53]

Jules AudemarsEdit

Named after one of the founders, the Jules Audemars collection takes cues from more traditional Audemars Piguet designs. In 1875, Jules Audemars created about 20 very complex movements, which he later used as collateral when he and Edward Piguet founded Audemars Piguet & Cie in 1881.[5][54] These movements marked the beginning of Audemars Piguet. All the watches in this collection have circular shape, some of which also contain complications such as tourbillon, minute repeater, and perpetual calendar.[53]

Code 11.59Edit

Released at the "Salon International de la Haute Horlogerie (SIHH) 2019", the Code 11.59 collection is the latest addition to the Audemars Piguet lineup.[55] The collection boasts several unique characteristics. All Code 11.59 watches feature a chapter ring with numerals depicting seconds for time-only models, a tachymeter (watch) for the chronograph model, and a week indicator for the perpetual calendar model. [56] The crystals on all the watches in this collection feature a unique curvature which changes the way the dial appears at certain angles. All the Code 11.59 watches feature a three-piece-case design with an octagonal section in the middle.[57]

Notable patrons and ownersEdit

Michael Schumacher with his Royal Oak Offshore chronograph




See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b In 1892, Audemars Piguet created the world's first wristwatch minute-repeating movement, at the request of Louis Brandt, the founder of Omega SA. In the same year, Omega assembled the world's first minute-repeating wristwatch with this movement. The 18K-gold wristwatch is now kept in the Omega Museum in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland.


  1. ^ "Audemars Piguet CEO François-Henry Bennahmias, a new master". WorldTempus. April 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Audemars Piguet | Our origins". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Company Overview of Audemars Piguet Holding SA". Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Phillips: Audemars Piguet". Phillips. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d "Audemars Piguet History – Official Watches". Archived from the original on 11 November 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Audemars Piguet History - Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "Audemars Piguet | Spirit of Independence". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Timeless: Audemars Piguet have a world-leading reputation for their exclusive timepieces". Archived from the original on 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "The History of Audemars Piguet". Crown & Caliber Blog. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Forster, Jack (7 July 2017). "Letters To The Editor: Why Isn't Rolex Considered One Of 'The Big Three'?". Hodinkee. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  11. ^ "The Saga of Steel: The Audemars Piguet Royal Oak". Haute Living. 7 August 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  12. ^ Forster, Jack (7 August 2012). "The Saga of Steel: The Audemars Piguet Royal Oak". Haute Living. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Audemars Piguet | Innovation: Tradition & Avant-garde". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  14. ^ a b Brunner, Written byGisbert (12 July 2018). "7 Milestone Omega Watches, from 1892 to Today". WatchTime - USA's No.1 Watch Magazine. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Audemars Piguet: A Brand History | Editorial | Bucherer". Editorial. 4 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  16. ^ "A History of Audemars Piguet | AP Watches". Govberg Jewelers. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Audemars Piguet: A Brand History | Editorial | The Watch Gallery". Editorial. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2017.[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Our brands". Federation of the Swiss watch industry.
  19. ^ "François-Henry Bennahmias: "There are some great years ahead" – FHH Journal". Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  20. ^ Garrahan, Rachel (19 September 2017). "At Audemars Piguet, Sales Go Beyond the Showroom". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b "The Watch Quote: Audemars Piguet today announces the launch of its new ad campaign - "To break the rules, you must first master them"". Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  22. ^ "Audemars Piguet reignites slogan for new advertising campaign". Day & Night Magazine. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  23. ^ "To Breake the Rules, You Must First Master Them". Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  24. ^ Tan, Timmy. "The world's first wristwatch minute repeater: Still sound". Timewerke. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  25. ^ Clymer, Benjamin (6 January 2014). "A Week On The Wrist: The Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph". Hodinkee. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  26. ^ Richter, Martina (17 July 2012). "Slim Tickings: Thin Watches from Audemars Piguet and Girard-Perregaux". WatchTime - USA's No.1 Watch Magazine. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  27. ^ Haines, Reyne (15 March 2010). Vintage Wristwatches. F+W Media. ISBN 9781440215247.
  28. ^ "Marketing strategy and new product launch for Audemars Piguet". Issuu. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  29. ^ "The Royal Oak design revolution – FHH Journal". Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  30. ^ "Audemars Piguet 20th Century Complicated Wristwatches". Issuu. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  31. ^ "Audemars Piguet, 'Grande Complication Jules Audemars', no. E19886, circa 2000". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  32. ^ "A Technical Perspective - The Evolution of the Escapement and recent innovations". Monochrome Watches. 26 February 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  33. ^ "Robert Robin - Fondation de la Haute Horlogerie". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Audemars Piguet (Roayal Oak Carbon Concept Circa 2008)". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  35. ^ "Insider: Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Concept Laptimer Michael Schumacher. Hands-On with The World's First Mechanical Chronograph with Independent Memory and Three Column Wheels. ”, 29 October 2015, Watch Collecting Lifestyle
  36. ^ "Insider: Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Perpetual Ultra-Thin ref. 26586IP. The World's Thinnest Automatic Perpetual Calendar”, 22 October 2019, Watch Collecting Lifestyle
  37. ^ a b c d "Environmental rating and industry report 2018" (PDF). World Wide Fund for Nature. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  38. ^ a b c "Swiss luxury watches fail to meet environmental standards". SWI Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  39. ^ Vidal, John; Guest, Pete (15 August 2015). "How developing countries are paying a high price for the global mineral boom". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  40. ^ "China needs to get to grips with its gold mining pollution crisis". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  41. ^ Einhorn, Dom (9 February 2015). "Mining in Russia: An economic boost or an environmental threat?". Born2Invest. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  42. ^ "South Africa has failed to protect locals from gold mine pollution: Harvard report". 12 October 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Audemars Piguet | Swiss Luxury Watch Collections". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  44. ^ "Audemars Piguet | Unleashing the Beast". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  45. ^ "Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 45th Anniversary | History of the Royal Oak". Govberg Jewelers. 31 May 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  46. ^ Macdonald, Fiona. "The most iconic timepieces of the last 100 years". Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  47. ^ a b "History of the Audemars Piguet Royal Oak". Time and Watches. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  48. ^ Williams, Alex (2016). "How the Royal Oak Watch Became a Cult Classic". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  49. ^ "Insider: Explaining the Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore reference 25721ST 'The Beast'. A Comprehensive Guide to these D-Series and E-Series Royal Oak Offshores (Updated)”, 15 September 2016, Watch Collecting Lifestyle
  50. ^ "Audemars Piguet | Unleashing the Beast". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  51. ^ "Audemars Piguet | The Royal Oak Offshore Celebrates 25 Years". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  52. ^ "Audemars Piguet | New Millenary". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  53. ^ a b "Audemars Piguet - Swiss Luxury Watches". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  54. ^ "Jules Audemars". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  55. ^ Pulvirent, Stephen (12 January 2019). "Introducing: CODE 11.59 By Audemars Piguet (Video)". Hodinkee. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  56. ^ "Insider: Audemars Piguet CODE 11.59 Perpetual Calendar. Its Aventurine Dial Evokes the Starry Sky from Le Brassus”, 15 May 2019, Watch Collecting Lifestyle
  57. ^ "Audemars Piguet | CODE 11.59 by Audemars Piguet". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  58. ^ "Insider: Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore LeBron James Limited Edition. A Collection of Live Close-ups and Wrist Shots”, 26 August 2014, Watch Collecting Lifestyle
  59. ^ "Hands-On: With The AP Royal Oak Leo Messi Chronograph (Live Pics + Pricing)". Hodinkee. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  60. ^ "Rare Bird: Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Schumacher Rose Gold Limited Edition ref.26568OM. The Second and Last AP Watch with a Cermet Bezel”, 5 September 2018, Watch Collecting Lifestyle
  61. ^ "Sachin Tendulkar reveals his watch collection". GQ India. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  62. ^ "Audemars Piguet | Extraordinary Relationships". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  63. ^ "Audemars Piguet | Extraordinary Relationships". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  64. ^ "Serena Williams And Stanislas Wawrinka Win Roland Garros 2015 With Audemars Piguet On Wrists". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  65. ^ a b "Top Celebrities & Their Watches | Crown & Caliber". Crown & Caliber Blog. 8 May 2017. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  66. ^ "Tom Cruise and his watches". Archived from the original on 25 September 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  67. ^ Touchot, Arthur (17 March 2015). "Kevin Hart: From Rolex to Richard Mille, His Watch Collection Is No Joke". Luxury Watch Trends 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  68. ^ "£40,000 gold watch ripped off man's wrist after hammer attack in Dudley". International Business Times UK. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  69. ^ Mobilio, Cam Wolf,Matteo (9 October 2018). "The Ultra-Fancy Watch That Comes with a Free John Mayer Performance". GQ. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  70. ^ "26378IO.OO.A001KE.01 - Royal Oak Offshore Collection". Audemars Piguet - Le Brassus. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  71. ^ Winston, Armour. "Why Choose Audemars Piguet?". Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  72. ^ Buettner, Blake (8 August 2013). "Spotted: Jay Z Wearing An Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Perpetual Calendar In Picasso Baby". Hodinkee. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  73. ^ "J-Hope Wearing Audemars Piguet Watch". Twitter. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  74. ^ "Luhan Wearing Audemars Piguet Watch". Weibo. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  75. ^ "A 1970s Royal Oak Owned By Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez and Signed By Bulgari: This Is A Special One". Hodinkee. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  76. ^ a b Koh, Wei (21 March 2018). "The King of Cool: Audemars Piguet's Game Changing Royal Oak". Revolution. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  77. ^ a b c "Spot the Watch: Members of Royal Families". Deployant. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2019.

External linksEdit