Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland

The Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a Polish order of merit created in 1974, awarded to persons who have rendered great service to Poland. It is granted to foreigners or Poles resident abroad.[1] As such it is sometimes referred to as a traditional "diplomatic order".

  • Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
  • Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
  • Order Zasługi RP -The Grand Cross.jpg
  • Order Zasługi RP Order Star.jpg
The Grand Cross of Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
TypeFive grade order
Awarded forService in improving relations between nations
Country Poland
Presented bythe President of Poland
StatusCurrently awarded
Established10 April 1974 (Revised 16 October 1992)
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl5 BAR.svg
Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland ribbon
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Cross of Independence
Next (lower)Cross of Valour

HistoryEdit

 
Sir Edmund Hillary wearing the Commander's Cross in 2004

The order was established by an act of 10 April 1974, as the Order of Merit of the Polish People's Republic (Order Zasługi Polskiej Rzeczypospolitej Ludowej).[2] The need for the new order had arisen since the Order of the White Eagle had fallen into disuse after the foundation of the People's Republic. Reflecting this history, the two orders utilized similar colors and designs.[3] The Order of Merit of the Polish People's Republic was awarded in five classes: Grand Cordon of the Order, Commandery with Star, Commandery, Gold Badge of the Order, and Silver Badge of the Order. It was awarded by the Polish Council of State.

 
The People's Republic of Poland version of the order (5th class)

After the fall of communism in Poland in 1989, it was decided to retain the order, with necessary changes. Without a formal change of the 1974 act or the name of the order, the insignia were changed to the present ones by a presidential decree of 16 April 1991. The abbreviation "PRL" was changed to "RP," the Eagle was given a crown in accordance with Poland's new coat of arms, the date "1974" was removed from the reverse, and the color of the ribbon was changed from light cobalt blue to dark cobalt.

Under an act of 16 October 1992, the order was reestablished under the name Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej).[1]

Under the 1992 act, the order is awarded to foreigners or Poles resident abroad for distinguished contributions to international cooperation or cooperation between Poland and other countries.[1] It is awarded by the President of Poland. Unlike the other national orders of Poland,[4] it does not have a chapter.[1]

DegreesEdit

From 1974 to 1991 the Order was awarded in following classes:

Since 1992 the Order is awarded in the following classes:[1][a]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In 1991–1992 period the names of the classes were:[5]
    • 1st class – Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 2nd class – Commandery with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 3rd class – Commandery of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 4th class – Gold Badge of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
    • 5th class – Silver Badge of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej". Prezydent.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  2. ^ Repetski, Ilja. "Order of Merit of the Polish People's Republic". World Awards. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  3. ^ Sainty, Guy Stair; Heydel-Mankoo, Rafal, eds. (2006). World Orders of Knighthood and Merit. 2. Wilmington: Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 1481. ISBN 978-0-9711966-7-4.
  4. ^ "Kapituły orderów". Prezydent.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  5. ^ Polish Law of 16 April 1991 (Dz.U. 1991 nr 43 poz. 190) (in Polish).

Further readingEdit