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2019 Ukrainian presidential election

Presidential elections will be held in Ukraine on 31 March 2019.[1] If no candidate receives an absolute majority of the vote, a second round will be held on 21 April.[2]

2019 Ukrainian presidential election

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Opinion polls
  Official portrait of Petro Poroshenko.jpg Владимир Зеленский 2018 1 (cropped).jpg Yulia Tymoshenko 2018 Vadim Chuprina (cropped).jpg
Nominee Petro Poroshenko Volodymyr Zelensky Yulia Tymoshenko
Party Independent Servant of the People Fatherland
Alliance Petro Poroshenko Bloc

  Msc 2006-Saturday, 16.00 - 18.00-Grytsenko.jpg Boiko Yurii Wiki Vadim Chuprina.jpg Ляшко, Олег Валерьевич 0076 Чуприна Вадим А (cropped).jpg
Nominee Anatoliy Hrytsenko Yuriy Boyko Oleh Lyashko
Party Civil Position Independent Radical Party
Alliance Opposition Platform — For Life

Incumbent President

Petro Poroshenko
Independent



There are a total of 39 candidates for the election on the ballot.[3] By the end of the registration period on 9 February 2019 a record breaking 44 candidates had been officially registered for the elections.[4] By 7 March, five candidates had withdrawn from the presidential race.[5] 7 March was the last day when candidates could withdraw their names from the ballot.[5] One of the candidates withdrew from the election on 16 March.[6]

34,544,993 people are eligible to vote in the elections.[7] Roughly 12% of eligible voters will not be able to participate in the elections due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014).[8][2]

As of mid-March, 967 international observers have been officially registered to monitor the elections.[9] A record number of 139 non-governmental Ukrainian organizations are registered as observers.[10]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

The election of the President of Ukraine by law must take place on the last Sunday of March of the fifth year of the term of the incumbent President.[2] Thus, the 2019 Ukrainian presidential election should take place on 31 March 2019.[2] The Ukrainian parliament had to approve the date of the presidential election no later than 100 days before the election day.[2] On 26 November 2018, Ukraine's parliament set the presidential vote for 31 March 2019.[1][11]

Due to the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the occupation of parts of Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast by separatists (since April 2014), roughly 12% of eligible voters cannot participate in the elections.[8][2] The Central Election Commission closed all five foreign polling stations in Russia ahead of the vote.[12] Officially 34,544,993 people are eligible to vote in the elections.[7]

CandidatesEdit

There are a total of 39 candidates for the election.[3] By the end of the registration period on 9 February 2019,[2] the Central Election Commission (CEC) had registered 44 candidates for the elections.[4][13] Five candidates withdrew.[14][15][16] This means that the largest ever number of candidates (39) will participate in a Ukrainian presidential election (in 2004 there were 24 candidates).[17] In total, 92 people submitted documents to the CEC to participate in the elections.[4]

The Central Election Commission refused to register 47 people, most due to failure to pay the deposit of 2.5 mln hryvnias (approx. 90,000 US dollars).[18]

Requirements for candidatesEdit

According to Ukrainian law a presidential candidate must be a citizen of Ukraine who is at least 35 years old, can speak the (state) Ukrainian language and has lived in Ukraine for the last ten years prior to election day.[2] Candidates were nominated by a political party, or by self-nomination.[2] Candidates also had to submit a declaration of income for the year preceding the election year.[2] This document was then scrutinized by the National Agency for Prevention of Corruption, which subsequently published the results of the audit.[2] Nominations could be submitted from 31 December 2018 to 4 February 2019.[2] The end of the registration period was 9 February 2019.[2] After a potential candidate had given the required documentation to the Central Election Commission (CEC), this body had five days to register the candidate or to refuse to do so.[19]

Candidates were required to pay a nomination deposit of 2.5 mln hryvnias (approx. 90,000 US dollars); only the two candidates that progress to the second round of voting will get this deposit returned (the other deposits will be transferred to the state budget).[2]

Candidates could withdraw their candidacy, but not later than 23 days before the election.[2] This day was 7 March since on 8 March the CEC approved the final list of candidates for the presidency.[5]

Registered candidatesEdit

Name Party Occupation Notes Date registered by CEC
Ihor Shevchenko Independent Ex-Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources, Head of charitable organisation Successful Ukraine Shevchenko had declared his intention for candidacy on 13 November 2018, but also stated he would not participate in the elections if a new candidate appears who "better meets the requirements."[20] Submitted documents to the CEC for registration as a presidential candidate on 31 December 2018 (which was also the first day of the electoral campaign).[21] 4 January[22]
Serhiy Kaplin Social Democratic Party People's Deputy of Ukraine and leader of the Social Democratic Party In October 2017, Kaplin had already stated his intention to take part of the election as the leader of the Socialist Party of Ukraine.[23] But the legal chairman of this party was Illia Kyva [uk; ru].[24] Filed documents to the CEC for registration as a presidential candidate on 3 January 2019.[25] 8 January[26]
Vitaliy Skotsyk Independent Professor at the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine Filed documents with the CEC for registration as a candidate for the presidential elections on 3 January 2019 as the candidate of the Agrarian Party of Ukraine.[27] But the next day the Agrarian Party stated he had been expelled from the party the previous September for "actions that harm the authority and discredit the governing body of the party and the party as a whole".[28] 8 January[26]
Valentyn Nalyvaichenko Spravedlyvist Ex-head of the Security Service of Ukraine, ex-People's Deputy of Ukraine, Chairman of Spravedlyvist Nominated by his party on 3 January 2019.[29] 8 January[26]
Vitalii Kuprii [uk; ru] Independent People's Deputy of Ukraine 15 January[30]
Anatoliy Hrytsenko Civil Position Ex-Minister of Defence (2005-2007), leader of Civil Position Civil Position nominated Hrytsenko as a candidate on 11 January.[31] His candidacy is supported by the European Party of Ukraine, Native Land, Alternative [uk] and Wave [uk].[32] Andriy Sadovyi and Dmytro Gnap withdrew their candidacies in a bid to support Hrytsenko. On 5 March, Hrytsenko said he was in talks with five other candidates (Smeshko, Koshulynskyi, Dobrodomov, Bezsmertnyi and Kryvenko) on joining forces in the election.[33] 15 January[30]
Hennadiy Balashov 5.10 Businessman and former People's Deputy of Ukraine (1998-2002) On 21 May 2018, Balashov released a video on his official website titled "Will Balashov Run for President?" in which he asks the audience if they're "capable of raising money" for his campaign, yet doesn't say whether he will participate in the election.[34] On 19 September 2018 he clearly announced his intention to run on behalf of his party 5.10.[35] 18 January[36]
Olha Bohomolets Independent People's Deputy of Ukraine Candidate in the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election. 18 January[36]
Olexandr Shevchenko UKROP People's Deputy of Ukraine Founder of the resort Bukovel. 21 January[37]
Roman Nasirov Independent Ex-head of the State Fiscal Service[38] 22 January[39]
Yuriy Boyko Independent People's Deputy of Ukraine and ex-Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine[40] Candidate for the Opposition Platform-For life alliance.[40] His nomination was announced on 17 November. Because Opposition Platform-For life was not yet registered as a party in January 2019 it could not nominate him as a presidential candidate.[41] 22 January[42]
Yulia Tymoshenko Fatherland People's Deputy of Ukraine and former Prime Minister of Ukraine (2005; 2007-2010) In October 2017, Tymoshenko announced that she intended to participate.[43] On 20 June 2018 she officially declared that she will take part in the election.[44] On 16 March fellow candidate Serhiy Taruta pledged his campaign-team would support Tymoshenko, however, his name was not taken of the ballot.[6] She was endorsed by the Peasant Party of Ukraine[45] 25 January[46]
Oleh Lyashko Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko People's Deputy of Ukraine[47][48] 25 January[46]
Oleksandr Vilkul Opposition Bloc - Party for Development and Peace People's Deputy of Ukraine and ex-Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine Nominated by Opposition Bloc - Party for Development and Peace (the recently renamed Industrial Party of Ukraine) on 20 January 2019.[49] Vilkul had been already nominated by his party Opposition Bloc on 17 December 2018.[50] But a Ukrainian court ruled three days before (in response to a lawsuit filed by People's Deputy of Ukraine for OB Serhiy Larin) that OB's congress at which Vikul was to be nominated could not "reorganize the party by any means".[51] On 18 December 2018, the website of OB stated that therefore all the decisions made at the congress were invalid.[52] 25 January[46]
Arkadiy Kornatskiy Independent People's Deputy of Ukraine 25 January[46]
Oleksandr Moroz Independent Speaker of Verkhovna Rada (parliament) of Ukraine twice: July 2006 to September 2007, and previously in 1994-1998, ex-leader of the Socialist Party of Ukraine Declared his candidacy on 11 December 2018.[53] 25 January[46]
Illia Kyva [uk; ru] Socialist Party of Ukraine Chairman of the Socialist Party of Ukraine Nominated by his party on 3 November 2018.[54][24] Kyva was at the time of nomination also an advisor to Interior Minister Arsen Avakov.[55] 25 January[46]
Ruslan Koshulynskyi All-Ukrainian Union Svoboda Deputy head of All-Ukrainian Union Svoboda On 14 October 2018, Oleh Tyahnybok, Chairman of the party All-Ukrainian Union Svoboda, announced he would not be running for president and that the party had instead decided to nominate Koshulynskyi as the candidate of nationalist political forces.[56] On 19 November 2018, fellow Ukrainian nationalist political organizations Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists, Right Sector and C14 endorsed Koshulynskyi's candidacy.[57] 28 January[58]
Oleksandr V. Danylyuk [uk] Independent Ex-Defence Ministry advisor,[38] Head of the Centre for Defence Ministry Reform 28 January[59]
Serhiy Taruta Osnova People's Deputy of Ukraine and ex-Governor of Donetsk Oblast (2014), leader of Osnova Nominated by Osnova on 22 September 2018.[60][61] Taruta withdrew from the running on 16 March to support Yulia Tymoshenko, however, his name will feature on the ballot.[6] 29 January[62]
Volodymyr Zelensky Servant of the People Showman, screenwriter, actor, and art-director of Kvartal 95 Announced his candidacy on live TV on 31 December 2018.[63] 30 January[64]
Ihor Smeshko Independent Ex-head of the Security Service of Ukraine (2003-2005) Announced his intention to run on 13 January 2019. 30 January[64][65]
Inna Bohoslovska Independent Ex-People's Deputy of Ukraine[66] 30 January[64][65]
Mykola Haber Independent Ex-People's Deputy of Ukraine[67] 1 February[68]
Yuriy Derevyanko Volia People's Deputy of Ukraine[69] Nominated by the party Volia on 27 January.[70] 1 February[68]
Roman Bezsmertnyi Independent Ex-Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine and ex-People's Deputy of Ukraine Declared his candidacy on 31 May 2018.[71] 4 February[72]
Viktor Bondar Revival Ex-People's Deputy of Ukraine, chairman of the party Revival Filed documents to the CEC on 31 January.[73] 4 February[74]
Viktor Kryvenko People's Movement of Ukraine People's Deputy of Ukraine Kryvenko was chosen as the People's Movement of Ukraine candidate on 10 January 2019.[75][76] 5 February[77]
Ruslan Rihovanov Independent Acting head of Sevastopol Marine Fishing Port 5 February[77]
Serhiy Nosenko Independent Investment consultant 5 February[77]
Vasyl Zhuravlev Stability Leader of Stability 6 February[78]
Andriy Novak Patriot Chairman of the Committee of Economists of Ukraine[79] Nominated by the Patriot party on 24 January 2019.[80] 6 February[78]
Yuri Tymoshenko Independent People's Deputy of Ukraine Yuila Tymoshenko has called for Yuri Tymoshenko's registration to be annulled because they share the same surname and initials, which could confuse voters.[81][82] On 6 March, two individuals were arrested for attempting to bribe Tymoshenko to withdraw from the elections.[83] 6 February[78]
Petro Poroshenko Independent Incumbent President of Ukraine, businessman[84] In July 2018, the deputy head of Poroshenko's parliamentary bloc announced that an election campaign team had been formed for Poroshenko, and that it was very likely that he would participate in the elections.[85] Poroshenko announced his participation in the elections on 29 January 2019.[86] Serhiy Krivonos withdrew his candidacy in support of Poroshenko.[87] 7 February[88]
Yurii Karmazin Independent Ex-People's Deputy of Ukraine 7 February[89]
Yulia Lytvynenko Independent Journalist, TV presenter 7 February.[89]
Oleksandr Vashchenko Independent Chairman of NGO Power of the People 7 February[89]
Volodymyr Petrov Independent Ukrainian political analyst journalist and public figure.[90][91][92] Candidate in the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election. At the time of registration, Petrov was under house arrest and being investigated for alleged harassment of a female student.[93] 7 February[94]
Oleksandr Solovyev Reasonable Force Leader of the party Reasonable Force The CEC initially refused to register him on 2 February due to a point in his election manifesto which was interpreted as "encroaching on Ukraine's territorial integrity."[95] After making corrections to his manifesto, he resubmitted documents and was registered. 8 February[96]

Candidates who withdrewEdit

  • Andriy Sadovyi: Mayor of Lviv; his party Self Reliance announced on 3 October 2018 that Sadovyi is its candidate in the election.[97] The CEC registered Sadovyi as a candidate on 8 January.[26] In February Sadovyi talked about withdrawing his candidacy in favour of supporting Anatoliy Hrytsenko as a united candidate from "democratic, anti-corruption forces".[98] He made the decision to withdraw on 1 March and then declared his support for Hrytsenko.[99]
  • Dmytro Gnap: Journalist;[100] Gnap was nominated by the party People Power on 20 January,[101] and became a registered candidate on 8 February.[96] He withdrew from the election on 2 March, also in favour of Anatoliy Hrytsenko.[15][102]
  • Serhiy Krivonos: veteran of the War in Donbass[38]; Krivonos was nominated by the party Soldiers of the Anti-Terrorist Operation and subsequently registered by the CEC on 5 February.[77] On 6 March he announced that he was withdrawing from the elections to support incumbent president Petro Poroshenko.[87]

Registration deniedEdit

The CEC rejected 47 applications (most due to failure to pay the deposit of 2.5 mln hryvnias (approx. 90,000 US dollars)) of potential candidates,[18] including:

  • Petro Symonenko: Leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine. His nomination was announced on the parties congress on 1 December 2018.[105] Legally the Communist Party of Ukraine is not banned, but the Ministry of Justice is allowed to prohibit the Communist Party from participating in elections.[106] The CEC refused to register him as a candidate on 2 February due to the fact that the statute, name and symbolism of the Communist Party of Ukraine did not comply with 2015 decommunization laws.[18][107]
  • Nadiya Savchenko: People's Deputy of Ukraine, Hero of Ukraine.[108] Savchenko was nominated by her party on 26 January 2019.[109] Savchenko's bid to become a candidate was rejected by the CEC on 7 February because she failed to pay the deposit and her party didn't stamp the document regarding her nomination.[110]

Declined candidatesEdit

Opinion pollsEdit

 
Billboard for Yulia Tymoshenko and her "New course for Ukraine"

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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    [https://en.hromadske.ua/posts/ukraine-declares-martial-law Ukraine Declares Martial Law in Regions Bordering Russia and Unrecognized Transnistria, Hromadske.TV (26 November 2018)
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  118. ^ Ð�Ð�Ш, [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MhDvma4bwKE&feature=youtu.be Ð"обкін: ПарламенÑ' це збіговиÑ�ько за інÑ'ереÑ�ами, Ñ�ке завело країну в глухий куÑ'. "Події днÑ�" 27.12.18], retrieved 2019-01-30 replacement character in |last= at position 2 (help); replacement character in |title= at position 54 (help)

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