National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (UA:PBC; Ukrainian: Національна суспільна телерадіокомпанія України, Natsionalna Suspilna Teleradiokompaniya Ukrayiny) is the national public broadcaster in Ukraine. As such it was registered on 19 January 2017. In its revamped form the company provides content for its three television and radio channels.
|Type||Broadcast radio and television, |
online and printing
|Owner||State Committee in Television and Radio-broadcasting|
|Zurab Alasania (Chairman of the Board)|
|8 April 2015|
|State Tele-Radiobroadcasting Company (DTRK)|
From 1995 until its current name the television predecessor of the current broadcaster was named the National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU; Ukrainian: Національна Телекомпанія України, Natsionalna Telekompaniya Ukrayiny). Radio Ukraine was its radio predecessor and a stand-alone company until it merged with NTU to be the first public broadcasting company of Ukraine.
Radio broadcasts in Ukraine, at the time part of the USSR, began in Kharkiv in 1924, and a nationwide radio network was initiated in 1928. (In the first years of the USSR Kharkiv was the capital of Ukraine, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev.) In 1965 the first nationwide Ukrainian television channel Ukraiinske Telebachennia or UT (‘Ukrainian Television’) was established. (Ukraine was part of the USSR from 1920 until it declared its independence on 24 August 1991.)
It is a public joint-stock agency with 100% of its shares belonging to the state, and operates the television channel UA:Pershyi, the only Ukrainian TV channel that has a coverage over 97% of Ukraine's territory and is the only state-owned national channel. Its programs are oriented at all social layers of the Ukrainian society and national minorities.
Among priority directions of the network are informative publicism, popular scientific, culturologic, entertaining and sport-oriented ones. According to the viewer's rating the First Channel significantly trails all of his more recent privately held rivals. It was planned that the National Television Company of Ukraine (NTCU) will be changed to Public Television Network in 2009. The government will lose its direct control over the national network. The Public Television Network will consist of several channels, such as, "First Channel", "Second Channel", "Euronews Ukraine" and "Ukraine and the World". But not until 2014 a new law was passed to make the network an independent, public broadcaster. With the creation of this National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine in 2015 the National Radio Company of Ukraine merged into this new company. It, (renamed) the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine, was registered on 19 January 2017.
Currently the UA:PBC network is organized into the following:
UA:Regional (Regional channels of the UA:PBC network)Edit
- UA:Crimea (Autonomous Republic of Crimea)
- UA:Cherkasy (formerly Ros) (Cherkasy Oblast)
- UA:Chernihiv (formerly Siver) (Chernihiv Oblast)
- UA:Bukovyna (formerly Bukovyna) (Chernivtsi Oblast)
- UA:Donbass (formerly DoTB in Donetsk Oblast and LOT in Luhansk Oblast) (Donetsk and Luhansk Oblast)
- UA:Dnipro (formerly 51) (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast)
- UA:Karpaty (formerly Karpaty) (Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast)
- UA:Kharkiv (formerly OTB) (Kharkiv Oblast)
- UA:Kherson (formerly Skifiya) (Kherson Oblast)
- UA:Podillya (formerly Podillya-Centr) (Khmelnytskyi Oblast)
- UA:Kiev (formerly Centralnyi Kanal) (Kiev and Kiev Oblast)
- UA:Kropyvnytskyi (formerly Kirovohrad) (Kirovohrad Oblast)
- UA:Lviv (formerly TRC Lviv) (Lviv Oblast)
- UA:Mykolaiv (formerly Mykolaiv) (Mykolaiv Oblast)
- UA:Odessa (formerly ODT) (Odessa Oblast)
- UA:Poltava (formerly Ltava) (Poltava Oblast)
- UA:Rivne (formerly RTB) (Rivne Oblast)
- UA:Sumy (Sumy Oblast)
- UA:Ternopil (formerly TTB) (Ternopil Oblast)
- UA:Vinntysa (formerly Vintera) (Vinnytsia Oblast)
- UA:Volyn (formerly Nova Volyn) (Volyn Oblast)
- UA:Zakarpattia (formerly Tysa-1) (Zakarpattia Oblast)
- UA:Zaporizhia (formerly Zaporizhia) (Zaporizhia Oblast)
- UA:Zhytomyr (formerly Zhytomyr) (Zhytomyr Oblast)
Currently UA:PBC's radio network is divided into four channels:
- UA:Ukrainian radio
- UA:Radio Kultura
- UA:Radio Promin
- Radio Ukraine International
- June 1, 1995 – August 21, 1996 Oleksandr Savenko
- August 21, 1996 – November 18, 1996 Zynoviy Kulyk (interim)
- November 18, 1996 – October 1, 1998 Viktor Leshyk
- October 5, 1998 – November 17, 1998 Mykola Kniazhytskyi
- November 17, 1998 – June 21, 1999 Zynoviy Kulyk
- June 21, 1999 – July 15, 1999 Oleksandr Savenko (interim)
- July 16, 1999 – November 19, 2001 Vadym Dolhanov
- November 19, 2001 – March 28, 2003 Ihor Storozhuk
- March 28, 2003 – February 25, 2005 Oleksandr Savenko (second term)
- February 25, 2005 – September 8, 2005 Taras Stetskiv
- October 27, 2005 – February 18, 2008 Vitaliy Dokalenko
- February 25, 2008 – March 17, 2010 Vasyl Ilaschuk
Directors General (2010-16)Edit
- March 17, 2010 – February 20, 2013 Yehor Benkendorf
- February 20, 2013 – March 24, 2014 Oleksandr Panteleymonov (interim)
- March 25, 2014 – November 1, 2016 Zurab Alasania
Chairmans of the Board (2017-present)Edit
- January 18, 2017 – May 13, 2017 Hanna Bychok (acting)
- May 13, 2017 – present Zurab Alasania
- May 10, 2019 – present Mykola Chernotytskyi (acting)1
- 1.^ Actually Supervisory board of UA:PBC has decided to break the contract with Zurab Alasania effective May 6, 2019. However Alasania has taken vacation and thus his firing has been postponed. However both Alasania for the period of his vacation and the Supervisory Board after breaking of the contract with him have assigned Mykola Chernotytskyi as acting Chairman of Board.
- The Public Broadcasting Company has been launched in Ukraine, Den (8 April 2015)
- EBU WELCOMES NEW PUBLIC BROADCASTER IN UKRAINE, EBU (20 Jan 2017)
(in Ukrainian) The state registered a "public broadcaster", Ukrayinska Pravda (19 January 2017)
- Poroshenko signs law on public broadcasting company, Interfax-Ukraine (8 April 2015)
- Ivan Katchanovski; Zenon E. Kohut; Bohdan Y. Nebesio; Myroslav Yurkevich (2013). "Media" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. p. 365. ISBN 9780810878471.
- Liber, George (1992). Soviet Nationality Policy, Urban Growth, and Identity Change in the Ukrainian SSR, 1923-1934. Cambridge University Press.
- Where Broadcast and Digital Cultures Collide: A Case Study of Public Service Media in Ukraine by Mariia Terentieva, academia.edu (1 June 2016)
- A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples by Paul Robert Magocsi, University of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1442610212 (page 563/564 & 722/723)
- Ukraine is on the brink of media freedom, but oligarchs are set to put a stop to it, independent.co.uk (2 December 2016)
- "UA:Krym Official Website".
- "UA:Cherkasy Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Chernihiv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Bukovyna Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Donbass Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Dnipro Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Karpaty Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Kharkiv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Skifiya Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Podillya Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Kropyvnytskyi Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Lviv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Mykolaiv Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Odessa Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Poltava Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Rivne Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Sumy Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Ternopil Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Vinntysa Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Volyn Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Zakarpattia Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Zaporizhia Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "UA:Zhytomyr Official Website" (in Ukrainian).
- "Голова правління Суспільного на період відпустки призначив виконувачем обов'язків члена правління Миколу Чернотицького" (in Ukrainian). UA:PBC. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.