Croatian Radiotelevision (Croatian: Hrvatska radiotelevizija or HRT) is a Croatian public broadcasting company. It operates several radio and television channels, over a domestic transmitter network as well as satellite. In 2014, more than 85% of HRT's revenue came from broadcast user fees with each household in Croatia required to pay 79 HRK (~€10) per month for a single television set, with the remainder being made up from advertising (which is limited by law). Croatian Radiotelevision has three organizational units, three sister companies - the Croatian Radio (Hrvatski radio), the Croatian Television (Hrvatska televizija) and Music Production (Glazbena proizvodnja).
|Type||Broadcast radio, television and online|
First air date
|15 May 1926 (radio)|
15 May 1956 (television)
|Revenue||1.397 billion HRK|
(c. €188 million) (2014)
|Radiotelevizija Zagreb (RTZ) (until 1990)|
Regional stations, internet streams
|Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT)|
The founder of the Croatian Radiotelevision is the Republic of Croatia which exercises its founder's rights through the Croatian Government. Croatian Radio (then Radio Zagreb) was founded on 15 May 1926. This date is considered the date on which HRT was founded. Television Zagreb (today Croatian Television) began broadcasting on 7 September 1956. By the law enacted by the Croatian Parliament on 29 June 1990, Radio Television Zagreb was renamed into Croatian Radiotelevision.
The Croatian Radiotelevision operates as a provider of public broadcasting services, and Croatia provides independent funding in accordance with the Croatian Broadcasting Company Law and the State Aid Rules for Public Broadcasting Services. In carrying out its activities, Croatian Radiotelevision is independent of any political influence and commercial interest. In addition to the television, radio and internet portal, HRT also includes HRT Symphony Orchestra, HRT Jazz Orchestra, HRT Tamburitza Orchestra and HRT Choir. On 25 May 2012, HRT's archive of the television and radio program and its collection of musical production were given the status of Croatian cultural heritage.
Croatian Radiotelevision is the direct successor of the Radio station Zagreb (Radio stanica Zagreb) that started broadcasting on 15 May 1926 under its first director and co-founder, dr. Ivo Stern. During the first 14 years of its existence the Zagreb Radio station was owned by a private corporation. Radio Zagreb was nationalized on 1 May 1940. During the Independent State of Croatia, the station was known as Hrvatski krugoval. After World War II it began to operate as a state-owned radio station.
Zagreb Radio station was the first public broadcasting facility in the southeast European area, including countries of former Yugoslavia.
At the end of the first year of operation, Radio Zagreb company had a little over four thousand subscribers.
On the 30th anniversary of the establishment of Zagreb Radio station, on 15 May 1956, the first television programme was broadcast from the transmitter built at Sljeme. For the next two years this was the only TV broadcasting service in the southeast European area. This was the first TV station in Yugoslavia and would later become a color station in 1972.
In June 1990, the Croatian Parliament renamed the company from Radiotelevizija Zagreb to Hrvatska radiotelevizija. On 1 January 1993, HRT was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union.
The television channels were aired under the name "Croatian Television", Hrvatska televizija (HTV) between 1990 and 1993. Since then, the current name has been used. The radio broadcast unit is referred to as "Croatian Radio", Hrvatski radio (HR).
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- HRT 1 (or Prvi program) - HRT's first TV channel, previously known as TVZ 1. This is a general channel with daily news around the world, documentaries, religious programmes, series and movies.
- HRT 2 (or Drugi program) - HRT's second channel, previously known as TVZ 2. It is primarily used for sports broadcasts and entertainment programmes. The channel is known for its extensive footage of vintage films. It also broadcasts educational programmes.
- HRT 3 (or Treći program) - HRT's third channel, primarily used for culture, films and documentaries. It was popular during the late 90s, and taken off-air in 2004. It returned to air in September 2012.
- HRT 4 (or Četvrti program) - HRT's fourth channel, broadcasting news programmes, started airing in December 2012.
- HRT 5 (or Peti program) - HRT's fifth and international channel, broadcasting a wide range of programmes from its domestic channels for the Croatian diasporas in Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand.
In the 1980s there was a third channel called Z3 and later HTV Z3. It was taken off air on 16 September 1991 when its main transmitter, the Sljeme TV tower, was damaged in an air raid. On 7 November 1994 the channel came back on the air, this time called HRT 3. The channel was later shut down with its frequency de-nationalized and put up for lease in a public tender in 2004 (it has been used by RTL Televizija ever since).
Popular TV programsEdit
- Dnevnik HRT ("Daily News"), popular midday, evening and midnight news program
- Dobro jutro, Hrvatska ("Good morning, Croatia"), mosaic morning show from 7:00 to 9:00 am
- Dobar dan, Hrvatska ("Good afternoon, Croatia"), mosaic afternoon show
- Nedjeljom u dva ("Sundays at two o'clock"), weekly talk show
- Transfer, show about the alternative culture and arts (visual arts, music and web culture)
- TV kalendar, long-running daily historical documentary television series, narrating about historical events, birth/death of people or their discoveries on the same date
- U istom loncu ("Ready Steady Cook"), cooking game show
- Zvijezde pjevaju ("Just the Two of Us"), big Saturday singing show
- Lijepom Našom,a show focused on Croatian cultural heritage
- Dan za danom ("Day after day"), mosaic afternoon show
- Kviskoteka (quiz show), hosted by Oliver Mlakar, aired in the 1980s and 1990s, later briefly aired on Nova TV
- Male tajne velikih majstora kuhinje ("Small secrets of big chefs") (cooking show), aired in the 1980s
- Motrišta ("Points of view") (political informative magazine), aired in the 1990s
- The Pyramid, weekly show hosted by Željka Ogresta, winner of Rose d'Or (Golden Rose), aired 2004-2008
- Slika na sliku ("Frame on frame") (political magazine), aired in the 1990s
- Upitnik ("Question mark") (quiz show), hosted by Joško Lokas, aired in the 2000s, later briefly aired on Nova TV, taken off air in 2004
- Turbo Limač Show (kids' Saturday show), hosted by Siniša Cmrk
- Željka Ogresta i gosti ("Željka Ogresta and guests") (talk show), aired in the start of the 1990s and in the start of the 2000s
- Ples sa zvijezdama ("Dancing with the Stars"), Saturday dancing show
- Novine, media drama
- Big Saturday Live (Saturday night show)
- Dancing on Ice
- Friends (children's Sunday program)
- School work (educational school morning magazine)
- Sunday Afternoon
- Talks with Coffee (talk show)
Foreign programming (September 2018)Edit
|Original name||Croatian translation||Origin|
|Midsomer Murders||Umorstva u Midsomeru||United Kingdom|
|Gunsmoke||Miris baruta||United States|
|To Play the King||Kraljeva igra||United Kingdom|
|Don Matteo||Don Matteo||Italy|
|Criminal Minds||Zločinački umovi||United States|
|McLeod's Daughters||McLeodove kćeri||Australia|
|Sex and the City||Seks i grad||United States|
|The Black Forest Clinic||Klinika Schwarzwald||Germany|
|Schlosshotel Orth||Hotel dvorac Orth||Austria|
|A Lei do Amor||Spone ljubavi||Brazil|
Domestic programming (May 2018)Edit
|Stipe u gostima||sitcom||Croatia|
The Croatian Radio (Hrvatski radio) runs three national and eight local (county-level) stations.
- National stations
The three national stations are available on FM throughout the country and are streamed live via the Internet.
- HR 1 - The primary national-level station, mainly serious programming. News every full hour with oldies and local pop music.
- HR 2 - entertainment programming including popular music, with news followed by traffic reports at the half-hour mark
- HR 3 - classical music and radio drama
- Regional stations
- HR Dubrovnik - based in Dubrovnik, covers the Dubrovnik-Neretva County
- HR Knin - based in Knin, covers the Šibenik-Knin County
- HR Osijek - based in Osijek, covers the Osijek-Baranja County
- HR Pula - based in Pula, covers the Istria County
- HR Rijeka - based in Rijeka, covers the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
- HR Sljeme - based in Zagreb, covers the city and the surrounding Zagreb County
- HR Split - based in Split, covers the Split-Dalmatia County
- HR Zadar - based in Zadar, covers the Zadar County
- International service
- Voice of Croatia (Glas Hrvatske) - Airs programming for Croatians living abroad, Croatia's minority groups and the international community. While mostly in the Croatian language, the station also features short news and segments in English, German, Italian, Hungarian, and Spanish at different times of the day.
The mediumwave transmitter at Zadar was at one time one of the most powerful in Europe and at nighttime could be heard throughout most of the continent with JRT (Yugoslav) and later HR (Croatian) programming from Zagreb and Pula. However it was badly damaged during the Serbian shelling of the city in the early 1990s, and has operated on somewhat reduced power since on 1134 kHz. It was taken off the air on 1 January 2014.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "The Evolution of Croatian Radio and Television". Croatian Radiotelevision. 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
- Circom-regional.org Archived 2009-10-09 at the Wayback Machine, Funding Arrangements
- List of radio programme content providers, Croatian Post and Electronic Communications Agency, retrieved 2011-10-25
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Croatian Radiotelevision.|
- Official website (in Croatian) (in English)
- Zakon o Hrvatskoj radioteleviziji (in Croatian) (Croatian Radiotelevision Act)
- Statut Hrvatske radiotelevizije[permanent dead link] (in Croatian) (Statute of Croatian Radiotelevision)