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European Organisation of Telecommunications by Satellite S.A. (EUTELSAT) is a European satellite operator. Providing coverage over the entire European continent, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and the Americas, it is the world's third largest satellite operator in terms of revenues.[1]

Eutelsat S.A.
Société Anonyme
Traded asEuronextETL
CAC Mid 60 Component
IndustrySatellite communication
Founded(1977; 42 years ago (1977))
HeadquartersParis, France
Key people
Rodolphe Belmer (CEO)

Eutelsat's satellites are used for broadcasting nearly 7,000 television stations, of which 1,400 are in HD, and 1,100 radio stations to over 274 million cable and satellite homes. They also serve requirements for TV contribution services, corporate networks, mobile communications, Internet backbone connectivity and broadband access for terrestrial, maritime and in-flight applications. Eutelsat is headquartered in Paris. Eutelsat Communications Chief Executive Officer is currently Rodolphe Belmer.[2]

In October 2017, Eutelsat acquired NOORSAT, one of the leading satellite service providers in the Middle East, from Bahrain's Orbit Holding Group. NOORSAT is the premier distributor of Eutelsat capacity in the Middle East, serving blue-chip customers and providing services for over 300 TV channels almost exclusively from Eutelsat's market-leading Middle East and North Africa neighbourhoods at 7/8° West and 25.5° East.[3]



European Telecommunications Satellite Organization membership

The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) was originally set up in (1977; 42 years ago (1977)), by 17 European countries as an intergovernmental organisation (IGO). Its role was to develop and operate a satellite-based telecommunications infrastructure for Europe.The Convention establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization EUTELSAT was opened for signature in July 1982 and entered into force on 1 September 1985.[4]

In 1982 Eutelsat decided to start operations of its first TV channel (Sky Channel or Sky 1) on the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS) in cooperation with ESA (The European Space Agency). This was the first satellite based direct-to-home TV channel launched in Europe. In 1983 Eutelsat launched its first satellite to be used for telecommunications and TV distribution

Initially established to address satellite telecommunications demand in Western Europe, Eutelsat rapidly developed its infrastructure to expand coverage to additional services (i.e. TV) and markets, such as Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, and the Middle East, the African continent, and large parts of Asia and the Americas from the 1990s.

Eutelsat was the first satellite operator in Europe to broadcast television channels direct-to-home. It developed its premium neighbourhood of five Hot Bird satellites in the mid-1990s to offer capacity that would be able to attract hundreds of channels to the same orbital location, appealing to widespread audiences for consumer satellite TV.

With the general liberalisation of the telecommunications sector in Europe, EUTELSAT's assets, liabilities and operational activities were transferred to a private company called Eutelsat S.A. established for this purpose in July 2001.[5] The structure role and activities of the new intergovernmental organisation EUTELSAT IGO evolved. To this day, the main purpose of EUTELSAT IGO has been to ensure that Eutelsat S.A. observes the Basic Principles set forth in the EUTELSAT Amended Convention entered into force in November 2002. These Basic Principles refer to public service/universal service obligations, pan European coverage by the satellite system, non-discrimination and fair competition.[6] The Executive Secretary of EUTELSAT IGO participates in all meetings of the Board of Directors of Eutelsat Communications S.A. and Eutelsat S.A. as an observer to the Board (censeur).[7]

In April 2005, the principal shareholders of Eutelsat S.A. grouped their investment in a new entity (Eutelsat Communications), which is now the holding company of the Group owning 95.2% of Eutelsat S.A. on October 6, 2005. Currently it owns 96.0% of Eutelsat S.A.[8]

On July 31, 2013, Eutelsat Communications announced the 100% acquisition of Satélites Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V. (“Satmex”) for $831 million in cash plus assumption of $311 million in Satmex debt, pending government and regulatory approvals.[9] The transaction was finalized on January 2, 2014. Based in Mexico, Satmex operates three satellites at contiguous positions, 113° West (Satmex 6), 114.9° West (Satmex 5) and 116.8° West (Satmex 8) that cover 90% of the population of the Americas.

In December 2015, the company announced a partnership[10] with Facebook to launch an internet satellite over Africa by 2016 where Facebook lease all of a satellite's high-throughput Ka-band capacity, however the satellite was destroyed during launch preparations.


1/10 scale mockup of a Eutelsat W3 satellite, a Spacebus 4000C3 Image does NOT show W3B (for comparison actual W3B Photo)
Video Applications Professional Data Networks Broadband Services
Direct broadcasting of TV and radio Private networks Backhauling and trunking
Cable & IPTV distribution Data broadcasting Virtual Private Networks
Satellite newsgathering Business TV, videoconferencing Broadband Internet access on ground, at sea, in-flight
Programme exchanges Mobile services (messaging, positioning) Multicasting and IP content distribution

Hybrid Satellite OTT Solutions

In September 2018, Eutelsat launched Eutelsat CIRRUS, a new turnkey content delivery solution which enables broadcasters to deliver content to satellite and OTT screens and offer their audiences a seamless, multi-screen experience. Combining the wide reach of traditional DTH, with next-generation features, broadcasters can deliver an enriched viewer experience through live channel broadcasting, channel numbering, programme information, content security, subscriber management and set-top box management. Viewers can watch content on screens, phones and tablets, access multiple programmes, record and rewind and view detailed programme information.[11]


Eutelsat sells capacity on 37 satellites located in geosynchronous orbit between 133 degrees West and 174 degrees East.

On 1 March 2012, Eutelsat changed the names of its satellites. The group's satellites mostly take the Eutelsat name, with the relevant figure for their orbital position and a letter indicating their order of arrival at that position.

On 21 May 2014, Eutelsat Americas (formerly Satmex) aligned its satellite names with the Eutelsat brand.[12]

Satellite COSPAR ID Location Regions served Launch Comments
Eutelsat 3B 2014-030A 3°E Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Brazil 2014-05-26 Entered service in July[13]
Eutelsat 5 West A 2002-035A 5°W Europe, Americas, Africa 2002-07-05 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 3 until March 2012, was also called Stellat 5
Eutelsat 7A 2004-008A 7°E Europe, Middle East, Africa 2004-03-16 Formerly named Eutelsat W3A until March 2012
Eutelsat 7B 2013-022A 7°E Europe, Middle East, Africa 2013-05-14
Eutelsat 7 West A 2011-051A 7.3°W Middle East, North Africa 2011-09-24 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West B 2015-039A 8°W Africa, Middle East August 2015
Eutelsat KA-SAT [14][15] 2010-069A 9°E Europe 2010-12-26
Eutelsat 9B[16][17] 2016-005A 9°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2016-01-30
Eutelsat 10A 2009-016A 10°E Europe, Africa, Middle East 2009-04-03 Formerly named Eutelsat W2A until March 2012; S-band payload not yet entered into service due to an anomaly.[18][19][20] Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim and should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.[21][22][23]
Eutelsat 12 West B 2001-042A 12.5°W Europe, Americas 2001-09-25 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 2 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 8 West A until October 2015, when it was redeployed to 12.5 degrees West.
HOT BIRD 13B [24] 2001-011A 13°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2006-08-05 Formerly named Hot Bird 8 until March 2012
HOT BIRD 13C 2008-065D 13°E Europe, Africa, Middle East 2008-12-20 Formerly named Hot Bird 9 until March 2012
HOT BIRD 13E [25] 2006-007B 13°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2006-03-11 Formerly named Eurobird 9A until March 2012; former Hot Bird 7A satellite / Eutelsat 9A
Eutelsat 16A 2011-057A 16°E Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Ocean Islands 2011-10-07 Formerly named Eutelsat W3C until March 2012
Eutelsat 21B 2012-062B 21.5°E Europe, Middle East, North Africa, West Africa, Central Asia 2012-11-10 Fully operational since 2012-12-19.[26]
Eutelsat 33C [27] 2001-011A 33°E Europe 2001-03-08 Satellite is currently being redeployed at 33 degrees East where it will be co-located with EUTELSAT 33B. Formerly named Eurobird 1 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 28A until July 2015
Eutelsat 33E 2009-008B 33°E Europe, South-West Asia 2009-02-12 Formerly Hot Bird 10 and Atlantic Bird 4A [28]
Eutelsat 36A 2000-028A 36°E Africa, Russia 2000-05-24 Formerly named Eutelsat W4 until March 2012. It is currently under redeployment
Eutelsat 36B 2009-065A 36°E Europe, Africa, Middle East, Russia 2009-11-24 Formerly named Eutelsat W7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 36C 2015-082A 36°E Russia, Africa 2015
Eutelsat 36 West A 2002-040A 36.5°W Europe, Middle East, Americas 2002-08-28 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 1 until March 2012, and Eutelsat 12 West A
Eutelsat 48D 2008-065B 48°E Afghanistan, Central Asia 2008-12-20 Co-branded AFGHANSAT 1. Formerly named Eutelsat 28B until January 2014, Eutelsat 48B until August 2012, W2M until March 2012[29]
Eutelsat 65 West A 2016-014A 65°W Americas 2016-03-09
Eutelsat 70B 2012-069A 70.5°E Europe, Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South East Asia, Australia 2012-12-03
Eutelsat 113 West A 2006-020A 113°W Americas 2006 Formerly Satmex 6 until May 2014
Eutelsat 115 West B 2015-010B 114.9°W Americas 2015-03-02
Eutelsat 117 West A 2013-012A 116.8°W Americas 2013 Formerly Satmex 8 until May 2014
Eutelsat 117 West B[30] 2016-038B 116.8°W Americas 2016-06-15 Formerly Satmex 9
Eutelsat 172B 2017-027A 172°E Asia-Pacific 2017-06-01
Eutelsat 174A 2005-052A 174°E Asia-Pacific 2005-12-29 Formerly EUTELSAT 172A, and GE-23 satellite

Rented capacityEdit

Satellite Location Regions served Launch
EUTELSAT 28E 28.2°E Europe 2013-09-29
EUTELSAT 28F 28.2°E Europe 2012-09-28
EUTELSAT 28G 28.2°E Europe 2014-12-27
Express AT1 56°E Europe, Asia 2014-03-16
Express AT2 140°E Europe, Asia 2014-03-16
SESAT 2 15°W Europe, Americas 1999-10-19

Former satellitesEdit

Satellite COSPAR ID Location Launched Inclined Retired Lost Comments
Eutelsat 1F1 1983-058A 13°E 1983 1989 1996 N/A
Eutelsat 1F2 1984-081A 7°E 1984 1990 1993 N/A
Eutelsat 1F4 1987-078B 7/13°E 1987 1993 2002 N/A
Eutelsat 1F5 1988-063B 10°E 1988 1994 2000 N/A
Eutelsat 2F1 1990-079B 13°E 1990 1999 2003 N/A
Eutelsat 2F2 1991-003B 10°E 1991 2000 2005 N/A
Eutelsat 2F3 1991-083A 16°E 1991 2000 2004 N/A
Eutelsat 2F4 1992-041B 7°E 1992 2001 2003 N/A
Hot Bird 1 1995-016B 13°E 1995 2006 2007 2012
Eutelsat W2 1998-056A 16°E 1998 N/A 2010 N/A
Eutelsat W3B [31] 2010-056A 16°E 2010 N/A 2010 N/A
Eutelsat W75 1997-049A 4°E 1997 N/A 2011 N/A Former Hot Bird 3 and Eurobird 4 satellite
Eurobird 4A 2000-052A 4°E 2000 N/A 2012 N/A Former Eutelsat W1 satellite
Eutelsat 4B 1998-057A 4°E 1998 2014 N/A Formerly named Eurobird 2 until March 2012, now at 4E and called Eutelsat 4B
Eutelsat 16B 1998-013A 16°E 1998 2015 N/A Formerly named Eurobird 16 until March 2012; former Atlantic Bird 4 and Hot Bird 4 satellite
Eutelsat 16C 2000-019A 16°E 2000 2018 N/A Formerly named SESAT 1 until March 2012. Operated in inclined orbit at 16° East
Eutelsat 31A 2003-043A 31°E 2003 2018 N/A Formerly named Eurobird and Eutelsat 33A
Eutelsat 33B 2002-051A 33°E 2002 2015 N/A Formerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels June 16, 2008[32] Now at 25E and called Eutelsat 25C
Eutelsat 115 West A 1998-070A 114.8°W 1998 2015 N/A Formerly Satmex 5 until May 2014
Eutelsat 48A 1996-067A 48°E 1996-11-21 2017 N/A Formerly named Eutelsat W48 until March 2012; former Hot Bird 2 and Eurobird 9 satellite; operating in inclined orbit
Eutelsat 25B 2013-044A 25.5°E 1998-08-29 Eutelsat's share in the satellite sold to Es'hail Sat in 2018[33]


  • (in French) (in English) Guy Lebègue, (trad. Robert J. Amral), « Eutelsat II: OK For West-to-East Service! », in Revue aerospatiale, n°73, November 1990.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "World Teleport Association publishes top operator rankings for 2016". Satellite Evolution Group. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Communications Executive Committee". 1 July 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Eutelsat consolidates its presence in Middle East with the acquisition of Noorsat". 17 October 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  4. ^ Convention Establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  5. ^ "Restructuring | EUTELSAT igo". Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  6. ^ EUTELSAT Amended Convention
  7. ^ "Eutelsat Group | EUTELSAT igo". Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  8. ^ "CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AT 30 JUNE 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ de Selding, Peter B. (1 August 2013). "Eutelsat's Satmex Acquisition Expands Satellite Fleet Operator's Global Reach". Space News.
  10. ^ "Facebook plans satellite 'in 2016'".
  11. ^ "Eutelsat takes a further step in the integration of satellite into the IP ecosystem with the launch of Eutelsat CIRRUS". Mynewsdesk. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Eutelsat Americas aligns satellite". Archived from the original on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ "Eutelsat 3b satellite fully fire". Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ de Selding, Peter B. "Russian Rocket Launches Communications Satellite". Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  15. ^ Jonathan Amos (26 December 2010). "Ka-Sat net-dedicated spacecraft lifts off". BBC News.
  16. ^ "Proton-M wyniósł na orbitę satelitę Eutelsat 9B - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Nowy satelita Eutelsat trafi na orbitę w styczniu | DEFENCE24". Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  18. ^ "SES - Global Satellite Services Provider - Your Satellite Company". 4 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Press releases -". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Welcome to EchoStar Mobile Online » EchoStar Mobile" (PDF). Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  21. ^ "SES - Global Satellite Services Provider - Your Satellite Company". 4 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  22. ^ "Press releases -". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  23. ^ "Welcome to EchoStar Mobile Online » EchoStar Mobile" (PDF). Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  24. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2001-011A". NASA. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  25. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-007B". NASA. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  26. ^ Paoli-Lebailly, Pascale. "Eutelsat 21B satellite in full commercial service". Rapid TV News. Archived from the original on 17 November 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  27. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-032A". NASA. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
  28. ^ "Hot Bird 8, 9, 10 → Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B, 13C, 13D / Atlantic Bird 4A / Eutelsat 3C / Eutelat Hotbird 13D". 20 December 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  29. ^ Julian Clover. "In orbit failure for Eutelsat W2 replacement". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  30. ^ Mission events timeline for Falcon 9’s launch for ABS and Eutelsat Spaceflight Now Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  31. ^ "Ariane Launch Report | Eutelsat declares craft total loss after propellant leak". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  32. ^ "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Eutelsat W5". Thales. 3 September 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  33. ^ "Disposal of Eutelsat's interest in EUTELSAT 25B satellite". Eutelsat (Press release). 9 August 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2019.

External linksEdit