Thales Alenia Space
Thales Alenia Space is a Franco-Italian aerospace manufacturer formed after the Thales Group bought the participation of Alcatel in the two joint-ventures between Alcatel and Leonardo, Alcatel Alenia Space and Telespazio. The company is Europe's largest satellite manufacturer, and was responsible for the manufacturing of the ESA built modules of the International Space Station.
|Predecessor||Alcatel and Finmeccanica|
|Jean-Loïc Galle, President and CEO|
|2 billion € (2015)|
Number of employees
|Parent||Thales Group & Leonardo|
The creation of the company was concurrent with the creation of Telespazio Holding. This too was a merger of Finmeccanica and Alcatel businesses (Telespazio and Alcatel's Space Services and Operations respectively).
The company built the Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules, which was used to transport cargo inside the Space Shuttle orbiters. It also built several modules for the International Space Station: the Cupola, the Columbus, Harmony, Tranquility and Leonardo. It also built the pressure vessels for the Automated Transfer Vehicle and Cygnus spacecraft.
In the mid-1990s, the United States stopped issuing export licenses for satellite components that will be launched on Chinese rockets, fearing that this would help China's military. In response, Thales Alenia developed a line of ITAR-free satellites that contained no restricted US components. From 2005 to 2012, ITAR-free satellites such as Apstar 6, Chinasat-6B, and Apstar 7 were launched on Chinese Long March rockets. However, the US Department of State did not accept the ITAR-free status of these satellites and fined the US company Aeroflex $8 million for selling ITAR components. In 2013, Thales Alenia discontinued its ITAR-free satellite line.
In 2016, Thales Alenia Space had 7,980 employees and from 2016 operates in 17 industrial sites located in eight countries (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland and United States):
- Cannes, France, hosting also the headquarters in the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center
- L'Aquila, Italy
- Colombes, France
- Florence, Italy
- Gorgonzola (Milan), Italy
- Rome (Saccomuro), Italy
- Rome (Tiburtina), Italy
- Turin, Italy
- Toulouse, France
- Charleroi, Belgium (Thales Alenia Space ETCA (acronym of « Études Techniques et Constructions Aérospatiales »)
- Madrid (Tres Cantos), Spain
- Stuttgart (Ditzingen), Germany
- Cupertino, United States
- Harwell, United Kingdom
- Bristol, United Kingdom
- Warsaw, Poland
- Zurich, Switzerland
- "Creation of the New Space Alliance between Thales and Finmeccanica" (Press release). Thales Alenia Space. April 10, 2007. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.
- "Alcatel and Finmeccanica finalize the creation of new joint ventures and announce nominations" (Press release). Alcatel. July 1, 2005. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.
- "Alcatel pursues the transfer of its satellite activities and critical systems for security to Thales" (Press release). Alcatel. April 5, 2006. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.
- "Alcatel-Lucent cleared by the EU to transfer its space assets to Thales" (Press release). Thales Alenia Space. April 10, 2007. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.
- Harvey, Brian (2013). China in Space: The Great Leap Forward. New York: Springer. pp. 160–162. ISBN 9781461450436.
- "China launches satellite despite restrictions". USA TODAY. July 6, 2007. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- Ferster, Warren (5 September 2013). "U.S. Satellite Component Maker Fined $8 Million for ITAR Violations". SpaceNews.