Antun Vrdoljak

Antun Vrdoljak (Croatian pronunciation: [ǎntuːn ʋr̩dǒʎaːk]; born 5 June 1931) is a Croatian film actor and director, sports official, and head of Croatian Radiotelevision during the Yugoslav Wars. Between the 1960s and early 1990s he was mainly a film artist. In the early 1990s he became involved in politics and became a prominent member of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), which led to his appointment to a series of offices. He was director general of Croatian Radiotelevision (1991–1995), and president of the Croatian Olympic Committee (1991–2000).

Antun Vrdoljak
Antun Vrdoljak.jpg
Born (1931-06-05) 5 June 1931 (age 91)
Imotski, Yugoslavia (modern-day Croatia)
EducationAcademy of Dramatic Art
Alma materUniversity of Zagreb
Occupation
  • Actor
  • film director
  • screenwriter
  • activist
  • politician
Years active1965–present
Spouse
Branka Vrdoljak
(m. 1966)
Children4
President of the Croatian Olympic Committee
In office
1991–2000
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byZdravko Hebel

LifeEdit

Born in Imotski, Vrdoljak studied acting at the Zagreb Academy of Dramatic Art. His acting debut was in a 1957 film It Was Not in Vain by Nikola Tanhofer. In 1958, he appeared in Tanhofer's best known film H-8 to much critical acclaim. In the late 1960s, Vrdoljak gradually switched to film directing. Following the events of the Croatian Spring (1968–71), Vrdoljak became associated with Croatian nationalism.[1] Authorities nevertheless allowed him to continue with his career. This included lavish adaptations of Croatian literary classics such as Cyclops (1982) and The Glembays (1988).[2]

When first democratic elections were announced in Croatia, Vrdoljak was among 200 top intellectuals publicly endorsing the moderate Coalition of People's Accord. By the end of campaign, he switched his support for the more hardline Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and Franjo Tuđman, with whom he developed a close friendship. On 30 May 1990, the new democratically elected Croatian Parliament convened and Franjo Tuđman was elected President of Croatia. Vrdoljak became one of country's six vice-presidents. As such, he was entrusted with the supervision of 1990 European Athletics Championships in Split.[3]

HRTEdit

In December 1990, a new Croatian Constitution was adopted, ending the office of vice-president. A few months later, Vrdoljak was appointed to the post of general manager of Croatian Radiotelevision (HRTV), where he promoted Tuđman and the HDZ, working hard to prevent any criticism of government on the programme, while Croatian opposition parties were ignored. Vrdoljak garnered a degree of notoriety for saying television "must become a cathedral of the Croatian spirit".[4]

On 16 September 1991, guards at the entrances of the HRT building told more than 300 employees that their passes were no longer valid. The move was attributed to "security reasons". Most of those on the security blacklists were Serbs or married to Serbs. Others may have had a relative in the Yugoslav Army or did not publicly support the HDZ.[5]

In describing the role of both Croatian and Serbian national television in the awakening of ultranationalism, Slovenian journalist Sandra Bašić-Hrvatin reflects on the ways in which Croatian television projected itself as "the cathedral of the Croatian spirit" as promised by Vrdoljak:

Cultural populism is evident in the revival of undefined folk culture: music with extremely nationalistic lyrics and overwrought national sentiments, myths, old forgotten customs, publicity for religious practices... On Croatian television there is a whole list of programmes made for "the life of the nation": Good Morning Croatia, Croatia: Land and People, Greetings from the Homeland, Study Croatia, Croatian Language, Croatian Literature, Croatia in the World... On Serbian television, the most popular programmes are quiz games whose subject is national history, and programmes featuring popular folk music.[6]

Ivan Parać, Vrdoljak's successor, charged him with corruption.[4] To the opposition, Vrdoljak had been the embodiment of HDZ domination of the media. Although he maintained his seat in Parliament and other positions, he gradually retired from both politics and Tuđman's inner circle.[4]

Professional workEdit

He began his career as an actor and was praised for his role in now classic 1958 film H-8, directed by Nikola Tanhofer. He received praise for his two early films as a director and screenwriter, Kad čuješ zvona (1969) and U gori raste zelen bor (1971). Both films were based on the diaries of Croatian Partisan leader Ivan Šibl. When You Hear the Bells was entered into the 6th Moscow International Film Festival, where it won a Silver Prize.[7]

Vrdoljak worked on television, with his 1972 mini-series Prosjaci i sinovi, based on the script (and later the novel) by Ivan Raos, later receiving a cult status. The series was shown only in 1984, due to Raos' status as a "Croatian nationalist". Vrdoljak also garnered favorable attention for his adaptations of Kiklop (from the novel by Ranko Marinković, 1982) and The Glembays (from the play by Miroslav Krleža, 1988). Both films were broadcast in their longer TV versions. After securing funding from new government, he directed Duga mračna noć, a mini-series about World War II in Slavonia.[citation needed]

After the HDZ lost power in 2000, Vrdoljak decided to return to film-making. He made news in 2006 due to a quarrel and a physical altercation with fellow filmmaker, Lordan Zafranović.[8]

In 2019, he directed a state-funded movie entitled General which depicts the life of Ante Gotovina, budgeted at 3 million euros.[9] In the movie, Serbian soldiers are shown as drunk, lazy Chetnik criminals, while the Croatian soldiers are shown as a group respecting the customs of war.[10] Balkan Insight described the movie as reinforcing war myths and of Vrdoljak as toeing the party line: "In Yugoslav times, the party line he followed was that of the ruling League of Communists, while now it is the ruling centre-right Croatian Democratic Union, HDZ, of which the director used to be a member."[11] General was panned by critics and received largely negative ratings.[12][13][14][15][16] The movie opened 2019 Pula Film Festival but did not win any major awards, losing to The Diary of Diana B..[17][18] In 2020 it was reported that a number of actors and crew members were not paid for their work on the film, which resulted in some of them to file a lawsuit.[19][20]

AwardsEdit

At the 1960 Pula Film Festival, the Yugoslav equivalent of Oscars, he won a Golden Arena for his role in Veljko Bulajić's nuclear holocaust film Atomic War Bride.[21]

Personal lifeEdit

Vrdoljak was married twice. Divorced from his first wife, with whom he had one child, he remarried and has three other children.[citation needed] He is the father-in-law of actor Goran Višnjić who is married to Vrdoljak's daughter, Ivana, an artist known as Eva Višnjić/Eva Visnjic.[citation needed]

FilmographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zimmerman, Warren (1996). Origins of a Catastrophe: Yugoslavia and Its Destroyers -- America's Last Ambassador Tells what Happened and why. Times Books. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-812-96399-1. ..Antun Vrdoljak, a nationalist zealot even by Tudjman's standards. Vrdoljak once told me that Serbs were genetically equipped only for war, not intellectual activity.
  2. ^ Derk, Denis (17 April 2017). "Branili su mi snimiti i Kiklopa i Glembajeve i Generala. I svima sam rekao: Ma boli me". vecernji.hr. Večernji list.
  3. ^ "Mr. Antun Vrdooljak". olympic.org.
  4. ^ a b c Vrdoljak's removal from HRTV Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine; 2 February 1996.
  5. ^ Kurspahić 2003, p. 67.
  6. ^ Kurspahić 2003, p. 74.
  7. ^ "6th Moscow International Film Festival (1969)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
  8. ^ Zafranović: Nisam udario Vrdoljaka Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, jutarnji.hr; accessed 12 March 2016. (in Croatian)
  9. ^ ""Dnevnik Diane Budisavljević" pobednik Pulskog festivala". Politika Online. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Croatia's State-Funded Gotovina Movie Reinforces War Myths". Balkan Insight. 13 August 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  11. ^ "Croatia's State-Funded Gotovina Movie Reinforces War Myths". Balkan Insight. 13 August 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  12. ^ "„Generalska" pljuska nacionalnom ponosu". Tacno.net (in Croatian). 13 August 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  13. ^ Nedeljnik.rs (18 July 2019). ""Politički nepošten, autocenzurisan, dosadan, ideološki film": Oštre reakcije hrvatskih kritičara na film "General" o Gotovini". Nedeljnik. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Serija General je neopisiv trash, ali to je tek dio problema. Gdje je novac?". www.index.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  15. ^ "Vrdoljakov 'General' 7. najgori film ikada snimljen na IMDB listi Najgorih 100". espreso.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  16. ^ "Jutarnji list - 'General Je Suh, Siv i Dosadan' Filmski kritičar Jutarnjeg Jurica Pavičić pogledao je najiščekivaniji hrvatski film stoljeća - film o Anti Gotovini". www.jutarnji.hr (in Croatian). 14 July 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  17. ^ Aleks, Piše; Ćuk, ra. "I esnaf i Pula sačuvali obraz". Dnevni list Danas (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  18. ^ ""Dnevnik Diane Budisavljević" pobednik u Puli, "General" bez glavnih nagrada". N1 Srbija (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Problemi nakon snimanja Generala: Glumci, scenografi i snimatelji tvrde da im Vrdoljak nije isplatio honorar". Dnevnik.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  20. ^ "Glumci nisu plaćeni, a gledaoci se smeju diletantizmu: Film o Anti Gotovini doživeo potpuni krah". Novosti (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Pulski Filmski Festival". pulafilmfestival.hr.

BoksEdit

External linksEdit

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Post established
President of the Croatian Olympic Committee
1991–2000
Succeeded by