Yugoslav Radio Television

Yugoslav Radio Television (Jugoslavenska radiotelevizija/Југославенска радиотелевизија or Jugoslavenska radio-televizija/Југославенска радио-телевизија; JRT/ЈРТ) was the national public broadcasting system in the SFR Yugoslavia. It consisted of eight subnational radio and television broadcast centers with each one headquartered in one of the six constituent republics and two autonomous provinces of Yugoslavia.

Yugoslav Radio Television
Jugoslavenska radiotelevizija
Југославенска радиотелевизија
TypeBroadcast radio and television
HeadquartersTakovska 10, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Broadcast area
OwnerGovernment of Yugoslavia
Launch date
Affiliation(s)European Broadcasting Union
LanguageSerbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene, Albanian

History Edit

JRT was one of the founding members of the European Broadcasting Union and the SFR Yugoslavia was the only socialist country among its founding members.

Among other activities, it organized the Yugoslavian national final for the Eurovision Song Contest and broadcast both events for the Yugoslav audience.

Each television center created its own programming independently, and some of them operated several channels. The system dissolved during the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s when most republics became independent countries. As a result, the once subnational broadcasting centers became public broadcasters of the newly independent states, with altered names:

Federal unit HQ Established as TV launch Present-day broadcaster
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo RTV Sarajevo 1961 Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT)
SR Croatia Zagreb RTV Zagreb 1956 Croatian Radiotelevision (HRT)
SR Macedonia Skopje RTV Skopje 1964 Macedonian Radio-Television (MRT)
SR Montenegro Titograd RTV Titograd 1971 Radio Television of Montenegro (RTCG)
SR Serbia Belgrade RTV Belgrade 1958 Radio Television of Serbia (RTS)
SR Slovenia Ljubljana RTV Ljubljana 1958 Radio-Television Slovenia (RTVSLO)
SAP Kosovo Pristina RTV Pristina 1975 Radio Television of Kosovo (RTK)[a]
SAP Vojvodina Novi Sad RTV Novi Sad 1975 Radio Television of Vojvodina (RTV)
a. ^ RTV Pristina still legally exist in Serbia as a dormant entity due to ongoing territorial dispute[1]

Frequencies Edit

JRT TV Frequencies:

  • 1956. Zagreb 1
  • 1958. Beograd 1
  • 1958. Ljubljana 1
  • 1964. Skopje 1
  • 1961. Sarajevo 1
  • 1970. Ljubljana 2
  • 1971. Koper – Capodistria
  • 1971. Titograd
  • 1971. Beograd 2
  • 1972. Zagreb 2
  • 1975. Novi Sad
  • 1975. Priština
  • 1977. Sarajevo 2
  • 1978. Skopje 2
  • 1979. Split (trials; became a RTV Center of RTVZ in 1980)
  • 1988. Zagreb 3, satellite program relays (usually Super Channel and Sky Channel); full program commenced in 1989 as Z3
  • 1989. Beograd 3K, same as Zagreb 3; full program from July 1989
  • 1989. 3P Novi Sad (time-sharing with Beograd 3)
  • 1989. Sarajevo 3, same as Beograd 3K and Zagreb 3
  • 1991. Novi Sad Plus
  • 1991. Skopje 3, same as Beograd 3K and Zagreb 3
  • 1991. Titograd 3K, same as all third channels mentioned

See also Edit

References Edit

External links Edit