Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian: Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine / Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is a three-member body which collectively serves as head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[2] According to Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency comprises three members: one Bosniak, one Serb, and one Croat.[3] The Bosniak and Croat members are elected from a joint constituency in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, whilst the Serb member is elected from voters in Republika Srpska.

Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine
Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Milorad Dodik (cropped).jpg Šefik Džaferović.1.jpg Saeimas priekšsēdētājas vizīte Izraēlā (49433178981) (cropped).jpg
Milorad Dodik
Šefik Džaferović
Željko Komšić

since 20 November 2018
SeatPresidency Building (Sarajevo)
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFour years
renewable once every individual term
First holderAlija Izetbegović
Momčilo Krajišnik
Krešimir Zubak
Salary3,091 EUR per month[1]

The three members elected at any one election serve a collective four-year term. Individuals are able to serve no more than two consecutive four-year terms, although there are no overall term limits.

Although the unsubdivided body is the collective head of state, one member is designated as Chairperson. The position of Chairperson rotates twice around the three members every eight months, with the candidate receiving the most votes overall becoming the first Chairperson over the four-year term.

Current membersEdit

Member of Presidency Photo Joined Presidency Party Representing Chairman terms[a]
Šefik Džaferović   20 November 2018
1st term
SDA Bosniaks 20 March 2020 – 20 November 2020
Željko Komšić   20 November 2018
3rd term
DF Croats 20 July 2019 – 20 March 2020
20 July 2021 – present
Milorad Dodik   20 November 2018
1st term
SNSD Serbs 20 November 2018 – 20 July 2019
20 November 2020 – 20 July 2021

Powers, duties and responsibilitiesEdit

The Presidency is responsible for:

  • Conducting the foreign policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Appointing ambassadors and other international representatives, no more than two-thirds of which may come from the Federation;
  • Representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in European and international organizations and institutions and seeking membership in such organizations and institutions of which it is not a member;
  • Negotiating, denouncing, and, with the consent of the Parliamentary Assembly, ratifying treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Executing decisions of the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Proposing, upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers, an annual budget to the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Reporting as requested, but no less than annually, to the Parliamentary Assembly on expenditures by the Presidency;
  • Coordinating as necessary with international and nongovernmental organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and;
  • Performing such other functions as may be necessary to carry out its duties, as may be assigned to it by the Parliamentary Assembly, or as may be agreed by the Entities.

List of Members of PresidencyEdit

Term Election Members Party Ethnicity
(13 October 1996 – 12 October 1998)
1996 Alija Izetbegović SDA Bosniak
Momčilo Krajišnik SDS Serb
Krešimir Zubak HDZ BiH Croat
(13 October 1998 – 28 October 2002)
1998 Alija Izetbegović (until October 2000) SDA Bosniak
Halid Genjac (October 2000 – March 2001)
Beriz Belkić (from March 2001) SBiH
Živko Radišić SP Serb
Ante Jelavić (until March 2001) HDZ BiH Croat
Jozo Križanović (from March 2001) SDP BiH
(28 October 2002 – 6 November 2006)
2002 Sulejman Tihić SDA Bosniak
Mirko Šarović (until April 2003) SDS Serb
Borislav Paravac (from April 2003)
Dragan Čović (until March 2005) HDZ BiH Croat
Ivo Miro Jović (from March 2005)
(6 November 2006 – 17 November 2010)
2006 Haris Silajdžić SBiH Bosniak
Nebojša Radmanović SNSD Serb
Željko Komšić SDP BiH Croat
(17 November 2010 – 17 November 2014)
2010 Bakir Izetbegović SDA Bosniak
Nebojša Radmanović SNSD Serb
Željko Komšić SDP BiH (until 2012) Croat
DF (from 2013)
(17 November 2014 – 20 November 2018)
2014 Bakir Izetbegović SDA Bosniak
Mladen Ivanić PDP Serb
Dragan Čović HDZ BiH Croat
(20 November 2018 – )
2018 Šefik Džaferović SDA Bosniak
Milorad Dodik SNSD Serb
Željko Komšić DF Croat

Living former office holdersEdit

There are twelve living former members of the Presidency. The last former Presidency member to die was Živko Radišić (1998–2002) on 5 September 2021.

Bosniak members:

Croat members:

Serb members:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Infographic: What are the Monthly Salaries of Presidents in the Region - Sarajevo Times". Sarajevo Times. 25 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^[permanent dead link]


  1. ^ Current 2018–2022 term only

External linksEdit