Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian: Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine / Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is a three-member body which collectively serves as head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency comprises three members: one Bosniak, one Serb, and one Croat. The Bosniak and Croat members are elected from a joint constituency in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, whilst the Serb member is elected from voters in Republika Srpska.
|Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine |
Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине
|Seat||Presidency Building (Sarajevo)|
|Term length||Four years|
renewable once every individual term
|First holder||Alija Izetbegović |
|Salary||3,091 EUR per month|
The three members elected at any one election serve a collective four-year term. Individuals are able to serve no more than two consecutive four-year terms, although there are no overall term limits.
Although the unsubdivided body is the collective head of state, one member is designated as Chairperson. The position of Chairperson rotates twice around the three members every eight months, with the candidate receiving the most votes overall becoming the first Chairperson over the four-year term.
|Member of Presidency||Photo||Joined Presidency||Party||Representing||Chairman terms[a]|
|Šefik Džaferović||20 November 2018
|SDA||Bosniaks||20 March 2020 – 20 November 2020|
|Željko Komšić||20 November 2018
|DF||Croats||20 July 2019 – 20 March 2020 |
20 July 2021 – present
|Milorad Dodik||20 November 2018
|SNSD||Serbs||20 November 2018 – 20 July 2019 |
20 November 2020 – 20 July 2021
Powers, duties and responsibilitiesEdit
The Presidency is responsible for:
- Conducting the foreign policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- Appointing ambassadors and other international representatives, no more than two-thirds of which may come from the Federation;
- Representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in European and international organizations and institutions and seeking membership in such organizations and institutions of which it is not a member;
- Negotiating, denouncing, and, with the consent of the Parliamentary Assembly, ratifying treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- Executing decisions of the Parliamentary Assembly;
- Proposing, upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers, an annual budget to the Parliamentary Assembly;
- Reporting as requested, but no less than annually, to the Parliamentary Assembly on expenditures by the Presidency;
- Coordinating as necessary with international and nongovernmental organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and;
- Performing such other functions as may be necessary to carry out its duties, as may be assigned to it by the Parliamentary Assembly, or as may be agreed by the Entities.
List of Members of PresidencyEdit
Living former office holdersEdit
There are twelve living former members of the Presidency. The last former Presidency member to die was Živko Radišić (1998–2002) on 5 September 2021.
March 8, 1958
September 8, 1946
October 1, 1945
June 28, 1956
January 25, 1947
August 21, 1963
August 20, 1956
Ivo Miro Jović
July 15, 1950
- "Infographic: What are the Monthly Salaries of Presidents in the Region - Sarajevo Times". Sarajevo Times. 25 February 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- http://www.predsjednistvobih.ba/nadl/default.aspx?id=18268&langTag=en-US[permanent dead link]
- Current 2018–2022 term only