The Bridge (Croatia)
The Bridge (Croatian: Most), previously known as Bridge of Independent Lists (Croatian: Most nezavisnih lista) until November 2020, is a political party in Croatia founded in 2012. The party is led by Božo Petrov, its founder and the former mayor of Metković, deputy prime minister and speaker of the Croatian Parliament. Although the party leaders initially avoided ideological topics, The Bridge underwent through a rebranding prior to the 2020 Croatian parliamentary election and established itself as a social conservative party.
|Founded||17 November 2012|
|Political position||Centre-right to right-wing|
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The Bridge of Independent Lists (Most) was founded in Metković on 17 November 2012 as a regionalist political platform. Božo Petrov was chosen as the first party president.
In 2013, the Bridge of Independent Lists participated in the local elections in the town of Metković. The party won 46.25% of the votes, and 9 out of 17 seats in the City Council. Petrov won 45.78% of the votes and entered the second round of elections for the mayor against Stipe Gabrić Jambo, incumbent mayor since 1997. In the second round Petrov won with 67.94% of the votes and became the Mayor of Metković. At the same election, Most won 9.97% of the votes in county elections and entered the County Assembly of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County.
2015 parliamentary electionEdit
For the 2015 parliamentary election the party went national and was joined by independent local politicians from other parts of the country.
The party campaigned for fiscal responsibility, reduction of government spending and public debt, tax cuts, reforms in the public sector and the reduction of administrative divisions in Croatia. The party supported an expansionary monetary policy and monetary reforms that would include the Croatian National Bank introducing a low interest policy to foster economic growth.
The party won 19 seats in the Croatian Parliament and came third behind the ruling centre-left Croatia is Growing coalition, led by the Social Democratic Party (SDP), and the centre-right opposition Patriotic Coalition, led by the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ). Four MPs left Most in the aftermath of the election. When the 8th Parliament assembly was formed, Most had 15 MPs.
Government of Tihomir OreškovićEdit
After more than 40 days of negotiations and numerous turnarounds, Most decided to form a government with the Patriotic Coalition, giving them a slim majority of 78 seats. They nominated the Croatian-Canadian businessman Tihomir Orešković to be the next Prime Minister of Croatia. The government cabinet was formed on 22 January 2016 and party president Božo Petrov was named Deputy Prime Minister, together with HDZ's president Tomislav Karamarko. Along with Petrov, six ministers in the new government were proposed by Most: Interior, Justice, Administration, Economy, Agriculture and Environment.
The new government was marked by strained relations between Most and the Patriotic Coalition, particularly over the INA, Croatia's national oil company, and the Ministry of the Interior. Several legislative proposals by the party were rejected by HDZ, including an amendment for reducing benefits of MPs, and the adoption of a new waste management plan.
In May 2016 Most called for Karamarko's resignation over a conflict of interest, which the latter refused to do. After Orešković also requested his resignation, a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister was initiated by HDZ. Three MPs of Most sided with HDZ and later formed their own party. 125 MPs voted in favour, 15 voted against, and 2 abstained. Both the HDZ and most of the opposition voted in favour, while Most voted against.
2016 parliamentary electionEdit
Following the collapse of the Orešković government in June 2016, an attempt was made by the Croatian Democratic Union to assemble a parliamentary majority which would support a new government, to be headed by Finance Minister Zdravko Marić. This attempt failed, however, and the main opposition party in Parliament, the Social Democratic Party of Croatia, began to gather signatures for an early dissolution of parliament so elections could be held by the end of the year. Following consultations within Most, its Members of Parliament agreed to sign the opposition's petition for an early dissolution, with the successful parliamentary vote on the issue taking place on 20 June 2016 and taking effect on 15 July 2016. President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović set 11 September 2016 as the date on which elections were to be held.
Most contested the early parliamentary election on its own and won 13 seats (with 9.91% of the vote), which was a decline of 6 seats compared to the previous parliamentary election (when Most won 19 seats with 13.17% of the vote). However if post-election changes in the MPs party membership are taken into account following the previous election, Most actually gained one seat more than it held on the day parliament was dissolved on 15 July 2016.
Government of Andrej PlenkovićEdit
Following the announcement of parliamentary election results Most chairman Božo Petrov declared that Most would be open to negotiations with either one of the larger parties (HDZ and SDP) if they accepted Most's seven conditions (a package of laws aimed at passing reforms in a series of fields).
The following is a summary of the party's results in legislative elections for the Croatian parliament.
||Percentage||Total seats won
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|Election year||# of total votes||% of overall vote||# of seats won||Change||Rank||Affiliation|
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- ^ "Izvješće o obavljenoj financijskoj reviziji - Blok za Hrvatsku za 2021" (PDF). State Audit Office (in Croatian). 20 September 2022. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
- ^ a b c Gladoic, Andrea (14 June 2018). "Croatia's Largest Political Parties". Expat in Croatia. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- ^ "Što je ekonomska desnica i tko je zastupa na izborima?". tportal.hr. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- ^ "Petrov: Eurobureaucrats are creating a superstate, MEPs are serving the European political families". tportal.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- ^ "Grmoja:Djeci se nameće LGBT propaganda, izradit ću antipedofilski paket i tome stati na kraj". vecernji.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- ^ Grbeša, Marijana; Šalaj, Berto (2017). "Populism in Croatia: The Curious Case of The Bridge (Most)". Anali Hrvatskog politološkog društva. 14 (1): 7–30. doi:10.20901/an.14.01. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
- ^ "Croatia opposition says health minister must go over waiting lists, costs". Reuters. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- ^ "Hrvatska desnica: Mala bara s puno krokodila". Al Jazeera (in Croatian). 31 January 2022. Retrieved 25 May 2022.
- ^ "Grmoja: Most je moderna politička stranka i zato smo promjenom Statuta pojednostavili procese i pravila uoči unutarstranačkih izbora" (in Croatian). Most. 9 November 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
- ^ "'SPASILI SMO METKOVIĆ' Gradonačelnik Božo Petrov se hvali uspjesima nakon 14 mjeseci vođenja grada". Jutarnji.hr. 11 August 2014.
- ^ "KONAČAN PAD JAMBA: Mostarski liječnik u drugom krugu postaje novi gradonačelnik Metkovića?". poskok.info. 20 May 2013.
- ^ "Privremeni neslužbeni rezultati izbora za Županijsku skupštinu". Izbori.hr. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- ^ Prelec, Tena; Brown, Stuart (7 November 2015). "Croatian elections: a final look at the parties and the campaign". EuroPP – European Politics and Policy. London School of Economics and Political Science.
- ^ "Newcomer Set For Key Role After Croatian Election". balkaninsight.com. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- ^ "NU2: Ovako Božo Petrov misli riješiti probleme u Hrvatskoj". Croatian Radiotelevision. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- ^ "Croatia Elections: New Prime Minister Will Not Be Milanović or Karamarko, Says MOST". Total Croatia News. 10 November 2015.
- ^ "Independent Alliance Becomes Kingmaker After Croatia Polls". balkaninsight.com. 9 November 2015.
- ^ "Tihomir Orešković to Be Named as Croatian Prime Minister-Designate". Total Croatia News. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- ^ "Prime Minister Orešković and His Croatian Government Take Power". Total Croatia News. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- ^ "Petrov: Bridge seeks six ministries, including Interior Ministry". About Croatia. 4 January 2016.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Is Further Cooperation between HDZ and MOST Possible?". Total Croatia News. 8 May 2016.
- ^ "Bridge says HDZ, SDP stop amendment of MP benefits' law". About Croatia. 19 February 2016. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- ^ "Dobrovic accuses HDZ over scrapped waste management plan". About Croatia. 19 August 2016.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "MOST: We Support Prime Minister Orešković, HDZ Should Show Us Its "Majority"". Total Croatia News. 9 June 2016.
- ^ "Prime Minister Orešković: I Will Not Resign, I Will Defend Myself in Parliament". Total Croatia News. 10 June 2016.
- ^ "New political party, Let's Change Croatia, founded". About Croatia. 2 July 2016.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Croatia government falls as PM loses no-confidence vote". Al Jazeera. 16 June 2016.
- ^ "Izbori za EU parlament 2019". www.izbori.hr. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
- ^ "MOST Leader Says Eurobureaucrats Attempting to Create Super-State". Total Croatia News. 5 May 2019.