2018 Bosnian general election

General elections were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 7 October 2018. Voters elected the national Presidency and House of Representatives, as well as the Presidents and legislatures of the two entities and the legislatures of the ten cantons of the federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

2018 Bosnian general election

← 2014 7 October 2018 2022 →
Bosniak member of the Presidency
  Sefik Dzaferovic.jpg
Candidate Šefik Džaferović Denis Bećirović
Party SDA SDP BiH
Popular vote 212,581 194,688
Percentage 36.6% 33.5%
Croat member of the Presidency
  Željko Komšić.jpg Dragan Čović, portrait 2.jpg
Candidate Željko Komšić Dragan Čović
Party DF HDZ BiH
Popular vote 225,500 154,819
Percentage 52.6% 36.1%
Serb member of the Presidency
  Milorad Dodik (cropped).jpg Mladen Ivanic.jpg
Candidate Milorad Dodik Mladen Ivanić
Party SNSD Alliance for Victory
Popular vote 368,210 292,065
Percentage 53.9% 42.7%

2018 Bosnian presidential election - Results.svg
Results of the presidential elections (from left to right: Bosniak, Croat, Serb.) Darker shade indicates a larger share of the vote for the indicated candidate.

President before election

Bakir Izetbegović (Bosniak)
Dragan Čović (Croat)
Mladen Ivanić (Serb)

Elected President

Šefik Džaferović (Bosniak)
Željko Komšić (Croat)
Milorad Dodik (Serb)

Electoral systemEdit

The three members of the Presidency are elected by plurality. In Republika Srpska voters elect the Serb representative, whilst in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina voters elect the Bosniak and Croat members.[1]

The 42 members of the House of Representatives are elected by open list proportional representation in two constituencies, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska.[2]

FranchiseEdit

A total of 3,352,933 citizens are registered to vote: 2,092,336 in the FBiH and 1,260,597 in the RS (citizens living in Brcko District vote in one of the entities). There are 77,814 persons registered to vote outside of BiH, out of which 76,729 persons are registered to vote by mail and 1,085 are registered to vote at diplomatic missions.

TurnoutEdit

Turnout at the level of BiH was 53.36%; FBiH 51.25%; RS 57.30% and BD 46.81%. The percentage was slightly lower as compared to 2014 that was 54.14%.

The BiH Central Election Commission (CEC) reported that all 5714 polling stations closed down in time or with slight delay. According to the initial assessment by the BiH CEC, the elections passed in an overall calm and peaceful atmosphere.

ResultsEdit

Presidency of BiHEdit

The elected members of the BiH Presidency are Šefik Džaferović (Bosniak, SDA), Željko Komšić (Croat, DF) and Milorad Dodik (Serb, SNSD). There was controversy over the election of the Croat member, as the non-nationalist candidate Željko Komšić (Democratic Front) won against the nationalist Dragan Čović (HDZ BiH) with the help of Bosniak voters, with Komšić winning first place almost exclusively in municipalities without a Croat relative majority. The result prompted protests of Croats accusing Bosniaks of out-voting and calling for the creation of their own entity or electoral constituency. In the following days, protests were held in Mostar with signs such as "Not my president" and "RIP Democracy",[3][4] In the days following election, several municipalities with Croat majority declared Komšić persona non grata.[5][6]

Candidate Party Votes %
Bosniak member
Šefik Džaferović Party of Democratic Action 212,581 36.61
Denis Bećirović Social Democratic Party 194,688 33.53
Fahrudin Radončić Union for a Better Future of BiH 75,210 12.95
Mirsad Hadžikadić Mirsad Hadžikadić - Platform for Progress 58,555 10.09
Senad Šepić Independent Bloc 29,922 5.15
Amer Jerlagić Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,655 1.66
Croat member
Željko Komšić Democratic Front 225,500 52.64
Dragan Čović Croatian Democratic Union 154,819 36.14
Diana Zelenika Croatian Democratic Union 1990 25,890 6.04
Boriša Falatar Our Party 16,036 3.74
Jerko Ivanković-Lijanović People's Party for Work and Betterment 6,099 1.42
Serb member
Milorad Dodik Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 368,210 53.88
Mladen Ivanić Alliance for Victory (SDSPDPNDPSRS RSSRS–NS–SNS) 292,065 42.74
Mirjana Popović Serb Progressive Party of Republika Srpska 12,731 1.86
Gojko Kličković First Serb Democratic Party 10,355 1.52
Invalid/blank votes 120,259
Total 1,812,575 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,355,429 54.02
Source: CEC

House of Representatives of BiHEdit

 
Results of the BiH House of Representatives election.
Party Federation Republika Srpska Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Party of Democratic Action 252,081 25.48 8 29,673 4.45 1 281,754 17.01 9 –1
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats 4,663 0.47 0 260,930 39.10 6 265,593 16.03 6 0
SDSNDP–NS–SRS 162,414 24.34 3 162,414 9.80 3 –2
Social Democratic Party 140,781 14.23 5 9,672 1.45 0 150,453 9.08 5 +2
HDZHSS–HSP-HNS–HKDUHSP-AS BiH–HDU BiH 145,487 14.71 5 4,385 0.66 0 149,872 9.05 5 +1
Democratic FrontCivic Alliance 96,180 9.72 3 96,180 5.81 3 –2
Party of Democratic Progress 83,832 12.56 2 83,832 5.06 2 +1
Democratic People's Alliance 652 0.07 0 68,637 10.29 1 69,289 4.18 1 0
Union for a Better Future of BiH 67,597 6.83 2 1,394 0.21 0 68,991 4.16 2 –2
Our Party 48,402 4.89 2 48,402 2.92 2 +2
Independent Bloc 41,511 4.20 1 41,511 2.51 1 New
Movement of Democratic Action 38,417 3.88 1 38,417 2.32 1 New
Socialist Party 31,321 4.69 1 31,321 1.89 1 +1
Party of Democratic Activity 29,763 3.01 1 756 0.11 0 30,519 1.84 1 0
HDZ 1990HSP 28,962 2.93 0 28,962 1.75 0 0
People and Justice 23,353 2.36 0 23,353 1.41 0 New
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 17,830 1.80 0 17,830 1.08 0 0
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party 16,433 1.66 0 16,433 0.99 0 –1
Independent Bosnia-Herzegovina List 12,505 1.26 0 12,505 0.75 0 New
Labour Party 7,735 0.78 7,735 0.47 0 0
First Serb Democratic Party 7,513 1.13 0 7,513 0.45 0 New
Pensioners Party 7,185 0.73 7,185 0.43 0 New
Bosnian Party 5,771 0.58 5,771 0.35 0 0
Serb Progressive Party of Republika Srpska 4,750 0.71 0 4,750 0.29 0 0
Union for New Politics 728 0.07 1381 0.21 0 2,109 0.13 0 New
Croatian Party BiH 1,095 0.11 1,095 0.07 0 New
LDS za Boljitak 1,833 0.19 0 1,833 0.11 0 New
Lijevo Krilo 264 0.03 0 666 0.10 0 930 0.06 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 95,808 60,600 156,408
Total 1,085,036 100 28 727,924 100 14 1,812,960 100 42 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,093,784 51.82 1,261,645 57.70 3,352,429 54.03
Source: CEC

House of Representatives of FBiHEdit

 
Results of the FBiH House of Representatives election.
Party Votes % Seats
Direct Compensatory Total
Party of Democratic Action 252773 25.24 22 5 27
Social Democratic Party 145453 14.52 12 4 16
HDZ BIH,HSS,HKDU BIH,HSP-HNS,HSP DR AS BIH,HDU BIH,HSS SR 143705 14.35 13 3 16
Democratic FrontCivic Alliance 93696 9.36 9 1 10
Union for a Better Future of BiH 70683 7.06 5 3 8
Our Party 50945 5.09 1 5 6
Movement of Democratic Action 37731 3.77 3 1 4
Independent Bloc 34912 3.49 1 3 4
Party of Democratic Activity 27429 2.74 2 0 2
HDZ 1990-HSP 25663 2.56 2 0 2
People and Justice 23222 2.32 2 0 2
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 23007 2.3 0 0 0
Independent Bosnia-Herzegovina List 15113 1.51 0 0 0
Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party 14033 1.4 0 0 0
Pensioners Party 8152 0.81 0 0 0
Labour Party 7656 0.76 1 0 1
Bosnian Party 7092 0.71 0 0 0
Croatian Republican Party 6670 0.67 0 0 0
Serb List 5244 0.52 0 0 0
LDS za Boljitak 2158 0.22 0 0 0
Democratic People's Union 1865 0.19 0 0 0
Croatian Party BiH 1481 0.15 0 0 0
Advanced Serb Party 896 0.09 0 0 0
Communist Party 593 0.06 0 0 0
Stari Grad Union 474 0.05 0 0 0
Democratic Party 367 0.04 0 0 0
First Party 258 0.03 0 0 0
Union for New Politics 155 0.02 0 0 0
Valid votes 1,001,426
Total 1.085.156 100 73 25 98
Registered voters 2,093,784
Source: CEC

Assemblies of the Cantons of FBiHEdit

Party  
Una-Sana
 
Posavina
 
Tuzla
 
Zenica-Doboj
 
Bosnian-Podrinje Goražde
 
Central Bosnia
 
Herzegovina-Neretva
 
West Herzegovina
 
Sarajevo
 
10
Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S Votes % S
SDA 26262 28.45 9 1843 10.41 2 49074 23.3 9 45606 28.25 11 2910 19.4 5 36358 31.73 10 23159 22.84 8 - - - 54066 24.8 10 1981 7.21 2
HDZ BiH - - - 9025 50.96 11 - - - 11564 7.16 3 - - - 33982 29.65 9 38404 37.87 13 23508 65.21 16 2371 1.09 - 8438 30.69 8
SDP 9883 10.7 4 869 4.91 1 49326 23.42 10 26674 16.53 6 1018 6.79 2 16135 14.08 5 9716 9.58 3 152 0.42 - 22212 10.19 4 827 3.01 1
SBB BiH 6904 7.48 2 649 3.66 1 11741 5.58 2 12857 7.97 3 1314 8.76 2 7402 6.46 2 6196 6.11 2 - - - 20304 9.31 4 - - -
DF 6703 7.26 2 498 2.81 - 14546 6.91 3 11266 6.98 3 904 6.03 2 5783 5.05 2 4232 4.17 1 - - - 13483 6.18 3 479 1.74 -
HDZ 1990 117 0.13 - 2452 13.85 3 - - - - - - - - - 4549 3.97 1 7079 6.98 2 3884 10.77 3 - - - 3791 13.79 4
A-SDA 21973 23.8 8 - - - 4548 2.16 - 7288 4.52 2 567 3.78 1 1322 1.15 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
NS 3533 3.83 1 - - - 9006 4.28 2 5212 3.23 1 710 4.73 1 - - - 1865 1.84 - - - - 28386 13.02 5 - - -
NB 4107 4.45 1 - - - 2637 1.25 - 19,54 12.11 5 769 5.13 1 3478 3.04 1 1358 1.34 - 6 0.02 - 3518 1.61 - 10 0.04 -
PDA - - - 538 3.04 1 37465 17.79 7 1875 1.16 - - - - 841 0.73 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
People and Justice 1290 1.4 - - - - - - - 566 0.35 - 406 2.71 - - - - 328 0.32 - - - - 29821 13.68 6 - - -
SBiH - - - - - - 8517 4.04 2 6381 3.95 1 1320 8.8 2 2823 2.46 - 1849 1.82 - - - - 2733 1.25 - 101 0.37 -
Ind. BiH List - - - - - - 5847 2.78 - 2392 1.48 - 1924 12.83 3 97 0.08 - 28 0.03 - 16 0.04 - 10534 4.83 2 3 0.01 -
Liberal party 75 0.08 - 9 0.05 - 101 0.05 - 108 0.07 - 1942 12.95 4 32 0.03 - 41 0.04 - 17 0.05 - 67 0.03 - 6 0.02 -
Croatian Republican 106 0.11 - - - - 36 0.02 - - - - - - - - - - 3266 3.22 1 3208 8.9 2 - - - 1007 3.66 1
Labour Party 7359 7.97 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Serb List 671 0.73 - 390 2.2 - 118 0.06 - 179 0.11 - 63 0.42 - 121 0.11 - 1534 1.51 - - - - 595 0.27 - 3328 12.11 3
Croatian Ind. list - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 0.05 - - - - - - - 3037 11.05 3
Posavina - - - 1338 7.56 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Goraždanska - - - - - - - - - - - - 835 5.57 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
BOSS - - - 17 0.1 - 2643 1.26 - 623 0.39 - 6 0.04 - 314 0.27 - 135 0.13 - - - - 7955 3.65 1 - - -
SNS RS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1262 4.59 1
HSP 31 0.03 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1316 3.65 1 - - - 41 0.15 -
NSRZB 249 0.27 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 357 0.99 - - - - 1117 4.06 1
HSP Dr. Ante - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1882 5.22 1 - - - - - -
Ind. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1007 3.66 1
Others 3.31 - 22488 0.45 - 234248 7.1 - 196904 5.74 - 11724 2.06 - 112765 1.19 - 96453 2.15 - 38601 4.73 - 221807 10.09 - 38606 3.84 -
Total 254621 100 30 40116 100 21 429853 100 35 329495 100 35 23502 100 25 226002 100 30 195693 100 30 72947 100 23 417852 100 35 65041 100 25
 
Results of the FBiH canton assembly elections.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Maja Sahadžic (2009) The Electoral System of Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Short Review of Political Matter and/or Technical Perplexion Contemporary Issues, Vol. 2, No. 1
  2. ^ Electoral System IPU
  3. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Croats protest against election of moderate in Bosnia's presidency".
  4. ^ Mladen Lakic (3 May 2013). "Bosnian Croats Protest Against Komsic's Election Victory". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  5. ^ "I Čitluk prekrižio Komšića".
  6. ^ Reuters (9 October 2018). "STUDENTI SVEUČILIŠTA U MOSTARU KOMŠIĆA PROGLASILI NEPOŽELJNIM 'Takve nas stvari ne zanimaju od nekoga tko se lažno predstavlja kao Hrvat' - Jutarnji List". Jutarnji.hr. Retrieved 14 October 2018.