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( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] sovereign country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and is considered part of western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in
Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
Selected article -
(from Juventus Football Club Latin: iuventūs, "youth"; Italian pronunciation: ), colloquially known as [juˈvɛntus] Juventus and Juve ( pronounced ), is a professional [ˈjuːve] football club based in Turin, Piedmont, Italy, that competes in the Serie A, the top flight of Italian football. Nicknamed I Bianconeri (The Black and Whites) or La Vecchia Signora (The Old Lady), the club was founded in 1897 by a group of students from Turin. They have played home matches in different grounds around its city, the latest being the 41,507-capacity Juventus Stadium since 2011.
Juventus has won 36 official
titles, and eight
titles, being the record holder for all these competitions; two
European Cups / UEFA Champions Leagues
European Cup Winners' Cup
, a joint national record of three
UEFA Super Cups
and a joint national record of one
UEFA Intertoto Cup
. Consequently, the side leads the historical
Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio
(FIGC) ranking, whilst on the international stage occupies the 5th position
and the eleventh in the world for most confederation titles won with eleven trophies, having led the
during seven seasons since its inception in 1979,
for an Italian team and joint second overall.
Selected picture -
Did you know... -
First Italian balloon flight medal
...that the is the most ancient tunnel dug through a mountain in Italy? Monte Viso Tunnel Selected fare or cuisine -
changed greatly over the duration of the civilization's existence. Dietary Ancient Roman cuisine habits were affected by the political changes from kingdom to republic to empire, and the empire's enormous expansion, which exposed Romans to many new provincial culinary habits and cooking methods.
In the beginning, dietary differences between Roman social classes were not great, but disparities developed with the empire's growth.
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General images -
The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
Attack of the far-right terrorist group NAR at the Bologna railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.
Giacomo Matteotti was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Fiat 600, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
Umberto II, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal.
Italy and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
Sheets with the iconic picture of
Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, exposed as a sign of protest against Italian Mafia. They read: "You did not kill them: their ideas walk on our legs".
Prada shop in Singapore.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
Count Ciano at the signing of Munich Agreement.
Physician attire for protection from the Bubonic plague or Black death, 1656.
Italy has been a home for innovation in
science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
gelato ice cream dessert.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Insurgents celebrating the liberation of Naples after the
Four days of Naples (27–30 September 1943).
Ötzi the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Trentino-Alto Adige) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BC.
Regional seat of
RAI in Cosenza.
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
mosaic depicts some of the Gladiators entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
Italian states (1815–1859).
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
The signing ceremony of the
Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the EEC, forerunner of the present-day EU.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.