Pizza Margherita

Pizza Margherita (more commonly known in English as Margherita pizza) is a typical Neapolitan pizza, made with San Marzano tomatoes, mozzarella cheese, fresh basil, salt, and extra-virgin olive oil.

Pizza Margherita
Pizza Margherita (burrata/marinara)

Origin and historyEdit

Filippo Palizzi, Il pizzaiolo, 1858

In June 1889 the pizzaiolo Raffaele Esposito, Pizzeria Brandi's chef, invented a dish called "pizza Margherita" in honor of the Queen of Italy, Margherita of Savoy, and Italian unification, since toppings are tomato (red), mozzarella (white), and basil (green), ingredients inspired by the colors of the national flag of Italy.[1]

The origins of pizza Margherita came from mixing similar toppings that were already present in Naples between 1796 and 1810.[2] In 1849 Emanuele Rocco recorded different pizza toppings including basil, tomatoes and thin slices of mozzarella;[3] the mozzarella was thinly sliced, and added to the toppings already present.

In 1866, Francesco De Bourcard, writing about the Naples traditions,[3] described the most commonly used pizza toppings at that time as well as the possible origin of calzone:

The most ordinary pizza, called coll'aglio e l'olio (with garlic and oil), is dressed with oil, and over it is spread, as well as salt, origanum and garlic cloves shredded minutely (optionally), often referred to as focaccia (depending on the region). Others can be covered in grated cheese and dressed with lard, and then they put on a few leaves of basil. Over the former is often added (depending on the region) some small seafish; on the latter some thin slices of mozzarella. Sometimes they use slices of prosciutto, tomato, arselle, etc. Sometimes folding the dough over itself to form what is called "calzone".[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Iengo, Arturo (2008). Cucina Napoletana: 100 Recipes from Italy's Most Vibrant City. New Holland Publishers. p. 126. ISBN 978-1-84537-989-6. Archived from the original on 2018-06-16. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  2. ^ Forgione, Angelo (2013). Made in Naples. Magenes. p. 195. ISBN 978-88-6649-039-5.
  3. ^ a b c De Bourcard, Francesco (1866). Usi e costumi di Napoli e contorni descritti e dipinti [Uses and customs of Naples and outlines described and painted.]. Vol. 2. G. Nobile. p. 124.


  • De Bourcard, Francesco (1866). Usi e costumi di Napoli e contorni descritti e dipinti. Naples.

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