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The UEFA Intertoto Cup (abbreviated as UI Cup), originally called the International Football Cup, was a summer football competition for European clubs that had not qualified for one of the major UEFA competitions, the Champions League, the UEFA Cup and until 1999, the Cup Winners' Cup. The competition was discontinued after the 2008 tournament.[1] Teams who originally would have entered the Intertoto Cup now directly enter the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League from this point.

UEFA Intertoto Cup
UEFA Intertoto Cup logo.svg
Founded1961 (taken over by UEFA in 1995)
Abolished2008
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams50
Most successful club(s)Germany VfB Stuttgart (3 titles)

The tournament was founded in 1961–62, but was only taken over by UEFA in 1995. Initially, the tournament ended with a single champion, who received the Intertoto Cup. Starting in 1967, the tournament ended with a number of group winners (7 to 14 winners, see below), who received cash prizes. When UEFA took on the tournament, it became a qualifier for the UEFA Cup, with 2 to 11 Intertoto winners (see below) advancing to the Second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup.

Any club who wished to participate had to apply for entry, with the highest placed clubs (by league position in their domestic league) at the end of the season entering the competition. The club did not have to be ranked directly below the clubs which had qualified for another UEFA competition; if the club which was in that position did not apply, they would not be eligible to compete, with the place instead going to the club which did apply.

The cup billed itself as providing both an opportunity for clubs who otherwise would not get the chance to enter the UEFA Cup and as an opportunity for sports lotteries (or pools) to continue during the summer.[2] This reflects its background, which was as a tournament solely for football pools. In 1995, the tournament came under official UEFA sanctioning[3] and UEFA Cup qualification places were granted. Initially, two were provided; this was increased to three after one year; but in 2006, it was again increased to the final total of 11.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Intertoto Cup was the idea of Malmö FF chairman Eric Persson and the later FIFA vice-president and founder of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Ernst B. Thommen, and the Austrian coach Karl Rappan, who coached the Swiss national team at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and at the 1954 World Cup.[2] The "Cup for the Cupless" was also heavily promoted by the Swiss newspaper Sport. It derived its name from Toto, the German term for football pools.

Thommen, who had set up football betting pools in Switzerland in 1932, had a major interest in having purposeful matches played in the summer break. UEFA were initially disinclined to support the tournament, finding its betting background distasteful; nevertheless they permitted the new tournament but refrained from getting officially involved.[2] Clubs which qualified for one of the official continental competitions, such as the European Champions Cups and Cup Winners Cup, were not allowed to participate.

The first tournament was held in 1961 as the International Football Cup (IFC). Initially the Cup had a group stage, which led to knock-out matches culminating in a final. By 1967, it had become difficult to organize the games,[3] and so the knock-out rounds and the final were scrapped, leaving the tournament without a single winner. Instead, group winners received prizes of CHF10,000-15,000.

By 1995, UEFA had reconsidered their opinion, took official control of the tournament and changed its format. Initially, two winners were given a place in the UEFA Cup. The success of one of the first winners, Bordeaux, in reaching the final of the 1995–96 UEFA Cup encouraged UEFA to add a third UEFA Cup place in 1996.[3]

Many clubs disliked the competition and saw it as disruptive in the preparation for the new season. As a consequence, they did not nominate themselves for participation even if entitled. In particular, following its 1995 relaunch, clubs in England were sceptical about the competition; after initially being offered three places in the cup, all English top division teams rejected the chance to take part.[4] Following the threat of bans of English teams from all UEFA competitions,[4] the situation was eventually resolved with three English clubs entering weakened teams, and none of them qualified.

In following years, UEFA made it possible for nations to forfeit Intertoto places. For example, in 1998, Scotland, San Marino and Moldova forfeited their places, and England, Portugal, and Greece forfeited one of their two, Crystal Palace being the sole English entrant despite finishing bottom of the Premier League.[5] Other clubs have built upon their success in the UI Cup, following it up with great campaigns in the UEFA Cup. Furthermore, UEFA rejected this assertion that the tournament is disruptive. They point out that in the 2004–05 season, two of the three 2004 Intertoto Cup winners went on to qualify directly for the Champions League, whilst the 3rd one qualified by winning its 3rd qualifying round tie (Schalke and Lille directly, Villarreal by winning their 3rd qualifying round tie).[3]

In December 2007, following the election of new UEFA president Michel Platini, it was announced that the Intertoto Cup would be abolished as of 2009. This was a part of a range of changes that were to be made to the UEFA Cup/Champions League System. Instead of teams qualifying for the Intertoto Cup, they will now qualify directly for the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League, which was expanded to four rounds to accommodate them.

FormatEdit

When the competition was taken over by UEFA in 1995, the format was both a group stage and a knock-out stage; 60 teams were split into 12 groups of five with the 16 best teams then contesting the knock-out stage with two-legged ties at each stage, the two winning finalists qualifying for the UEFA Cup. In 1996 and 1997, just the 12 group winners entered the knock-out round, with now three finalists advancing. Nations were allocated places according to their UEFA coefficients, much as with other UEFA tournaments.

The group stage was scrapped for the 1998 tournament, which became a straight knock-out tournament, with clubs from more successful nations entering at a later stage. This arrangement lasted until 2005.

From the 2006 tournament, the format for the Cup changed. There were three rounds instead of the previous five, and the 11 winning teams from the third round went through to the second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup.[6] The clubs which were furthest in the UEFA Cup would each be awarded with a trophy.[7] The first club that received that trophy (a plaque) was Newcastle United.[8]

Only one team from each national association was allowed to enter. However, if one or more nations did not take up their place, the possibility was left open for nations to have a second entrant. Seedings and entry were determined by each association.[6] Teams from the weakest federations entered at the first round stage, while those from mid-level federations entered in the second round, and those from the strongest federations entered in the third round.

ResultsEdit

Winners by yearEdit

2006–2008Edit

Listed are all 11 teams that won the Intertoto Cup, qualifying for the UEFA Cup. The outright winners (determined by the best performance in the UEFA Cup) are marked in bold.

Year Outright winners Winners
2008   Braga   Aston Villa   Deportivo La Coruña   VfB Stuttgart   Rosenborg   Napoli
  Rennes   Vaslui   Elfsborg   Grasshopper   Sturm Graz
2007   Hamburger SV   Atlético Madrid   AaB   Sampdoria   Blackburn Rovers   Lens
  Leiria   Rapid Wien   Hammarby IF   Oţelul Galaţi   Tobol
2006   Newcastle United   Auxerre   Grasshopper   OB   Marseille   Hertha BSC
  Kayserispor   Ethnikos Achna   Twente   Ried   Maribor

1995–2005Edit

The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs. Listed are each year's three teams (two in 1995) that won the final matches, qualifying them for the UEFA Cup.

Year Winners Runners-up Result
2005   Hamburger SV   Valencia 1–0
  Lens   CFR Cluj 4–2
  Marseille   Deportivo La Coruña 5–3
2004   Lille   Leiria 2–0 (after extra time)
  Schalke 04   Slovan Liberec 3–1
  Villarreal   Atlético Madrid 2–2 (3–1 on penalties)
2003   Schalke 04   Pasching 2–0
  Villarreal   Heerenveen 2–1
  Perugia   VfL Wolfsburg 3–0
2002   Málaga   Villarreal 2–1
  Fulham   Bologna 5–3
  VfB Stuttgart   Lille 2–1
2001   Aston Villa   Basel 5–2
  Paris Saint-Germain   Brescia 1–1 (a)
  Troyes   Newcastle United 4–4 (a)
2000   Udinese   Sigma Olomouc 6–4
  Celta de Vigo   Zenit St. Petersburg 4–3
  VfB Stuttgart   Auxerre 3–1
1999   Montpellier   Hamburger SV 2–2 (3–0 on penalties)
  Juventus   Rennes 4–2
  West Ham United   Metz 3–2
1998   Valencia   Austria Salzburg 4–1
  Werder Bremen   Vojvodina 2–1
  Bologna   Ruch Chorzów 3–0
1997   Bastia   Halmstad 2–1
  Lyon   Montpellier 4–2
  Auxerre   Duisburg 2–0
1996   Karlsruher SC   Standard Liège 3–2
  Guingamp   Rotor Volgograd 2–2 (a)
  Silkeborg   Segesta 2–2 (a)
1995   Strasbourg   Tirol Innsbruck 7–2
  Bordeaux   Karlsruher SC 4–2

1967–1994Edit

During this time there were no competition winners, as only group stages were contested. The outright winners (determined by their best champions) are marked in bold.

Non-region system (1969, 1971–1994)Edit
Year Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group 8 Group 9 Group 10 Group 11 Group 12
1994   Halmstad   Young Boys   AIK   Hamburger SV   Békéscsaba   Slovan Bratislava   Grasshopper   Austria Wien
1993   Rapid Wien   Trelleborg   Norrköping   Malmö   Slavia Prague   Zürich   Young Boys   Dynamo Dresden
1992   Copenhagen   Siófok   Bayer Uerdingen   Karlsruher SC   Rapid Wien   Lyngby   Slovan Bratislava   Aalborg   Slavia Prague   Lokomotiv Gorna Oryahovitsa
1991   Neuchâtel Xamax   Lausanne-Sports   Austria Salzburg   Dukla Banská Bystrica   Boldklubben 1903   Grasshopper   Bayer Uerdingen   Dunajská Streda   Tirol Innsbruck   Örebro
1990   Neuchâtel Xamax   Tirol Innsbruck   Lech Poznań   Slovan Bratislava   Malmö   GAIS   Luzern   First Vienna   Chemnitz   Bayer Uerdingen   Odense
1989   Luzern   Boldklubben 1903   Tirol Innsbruck   Grasshopper   Tatabánya   Næstved   Örebro   Sparta Prague   Baník Ostrava   Örgryte   1. FC Kaiserslautern
1988   Malmö   Gothenburg   Baník Ostrava   Austria Wien   Young Boys   1. FC Kaiserslautern   Ikast FS   Carl Zeiss Jena   Grasshopper   Karlsruher SC   Bayer Uerdingen
1987   Carl Zeiss Jena   Pogoń Szczecin   Wismut Aue   Tatabánya   Malmö   AIK   Etar Veliko Tarnovo   Brøndby
1986   Fortuna Düsseldorf   Union Berlin   Malmö   Rot-Weiss Erfurt   Sigma Olomouc   Újpesti Dózsa   Brøndby   Lyngby   Lech Poznań   Gothenburg   Slavia Prague   Carl Zeiss Jena
1985   Werder Bremen   Rot-Weiss Erfurt   Gothenburg   AIK   Wismut Aue   Sparta Prague   Górnik Zabrze   Maccabi Haifa   Baník Ostrava   Újpesti Dózsa   MTK Hungária
1984   Bohemians Prague   AGF   Fortuna Düsseldorf   Standard Liège   AIK   Malmö   Videoton   Maccabi Netanya   Zürich   GKS Katowice
1983   Twente   Young Boys   Pogoń Szczecin   Maccabi Netanya   Sloboda Tuzla   Bohemians Prague   Gothenburg   Hammarby   Fehérvár   Vítkovice
1982   Standard Liège   Widzew Łódź   AGF   Lyngby   Admira Wacker Mödling   Bohemians Prague   Brage   Öster   Gothenburg
1981   Wiener Sportclub   Standard Liège   Werder Bremen   Budućnost   AGF   Molenbeek   Gothenburg   Stuttgarter Kickers   Cheb
1980   Standard Liège   Bohemians Prague   Maccabi Netanya   Sparta Prague   Nitra   Halmstad   Malmö FF   Gothenburg   Elfsborg
1979   Werder Bremen   Grasshopper   Eintracht Braunschweig   Bohemians Prague   Spartak Trnava   Zbrojovka Brno   Pirin Blagoevgrad   Baník Ostrava
1978   Duisburg   Slavia Prague   Hertha Berlin   Eintracht Braunschweig   Malmö FF   Lokomotiva Košice   Tatran Prešov   Maccabi Netanya   Grazer AK
1977   Halmstad   Duisburg   Internacionál Bratislava   Slavia Sofia   Slavia Prague   Frem   Jednota Trenčín   Slovan Bratislava   Öster   Pogoń Szczecin
1976   Young Boys   Hertha Berlin   Union Teplice   Baník Ostrava   Zbrojovka Brno   Spartak Trnava   Internacionál Bratislava   Öster   Djurgården   Vojvodina   Widzew Łódź
1975   Tirol Innsbruck   VÖEST Linz   Eintracht Braunschweig   Zagłębie Sosnowiec   Zbrojovka Brno   Rybnik   Åtvidaberg   1. FC Kaiserslautern   Belenenses   Čelik Zenica
1974   Zürich   Hamburger SV   Malmö FF   Standard Liège   Slovan Bratislava   Spartak Trnava   Duisburg   Baník Ostrava   Košice   CUF
1973   Hannover 96   Slovan Bratislava   Hertha Berlin   Zürich   Rybnik   Union Teplice   Feyenoord   Wisła Kraków   Nitra   Öster
1972   Nitra   Norrköping   Saint-Étienne   Slavia Prague   Slovan Bratislava   Eintracht Braunschweig   Hannover 96   VÖEST Linz
1971   Hertha Berlin   Stal Mielec   Servette   Třinec   Åtvidaberg   Eintracht Braunschweig   Austria Salzburg
1969   Malmö FF   Szombierki Bytom   SpVgg Fürth   Žilina   Norrköping   Jednota Trenčín   Frem   Wisła Kraków   Odra Opole
Region system (1967, 1968, 1970)Edit
Year Group A1 Group A2 Group A3 Group A4 Group A5 Group A6 Group B1 Group B2 Group B3 Group B4 Group B5 Group B6 Group B7 Group B8
1970   Slovan Bratislava   Hamburger SV   Union Teplice   MVV   Košice   Eintracht Braunschweig   Slavia Prague   Marseille   Öster   Wisła Kraków   Austria Salzburg   Baník Ostrava   Polonia Bytom
1968   Nuremberg   Ajax   Sporting   Feyenoord   Español   ADO Den Haag   Karl-Marx-Stadt   Empor Rostock   Slovan Bratislava   Košice   Lokomotíva Košice   Odra Opole   Eintracht Braunschweig   Legia Warsaw
1967   Lugano   Feyenoord   Lille   Lierse   Hannover 96   Zagłębie Sosnowiec   Polonia Bytom   Gothenburg   Ruch Chorzów   Košice   KB   Fortuna Düsseldorf

1961–1967Edit

The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs unless otherwise noted.

Season Winners Runners-up Results
1966–67   Eintracht Frankfurt   Inter Bratislava 4 – 3
1965–66   Lokomotive Leipzig   IFK Norrköping 4 – 1
1964–65   Polonia Bytom   SC Leipzig 5 – 4
1963–64   Inter Bratislava   Polonia Bytom 1 – 0*
1962–63   Inter Bratislava   Padova 1 – 0*
1961–62   Ajax   Feyenoord 4 – 2*
* - Single match finals (although 1962–63 has been unofficially reported (http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/intertoto.html) as over two legs)

StatisticsEdit

Winners by nationEdit

From 2006 onwards, the final round was no longer termed as the "Final", but instead simply as the "Third Round". In addition, there were 11 winners, compared to three under the old system. The clubs which progressed furthest in the UEFA Cup were awarded with a trophy (plaque).

Organized by UEFAEdit

Nation Winners Runners-up Winning clubs Runner-up clubs
  France 16 5 Auxerre (2), Lens (2), Marseille (2), Bastia, Bordeaux, Guingamp, Lille, Lyon, Montpellier, Paris Saint-Germain, Rennes, Strasbourg, Troyes Auxerre, Lille, Metz, Montpellier, Rennes
  Germany 10 4 VfB Stuttgart (3), Hamburger SV (2), Schalke 04 (2), Hertha Berlin, Karlsruher SC, Werder Bremen Duisburg, Hamburger SV, Karlsruher SC, VfL Wolfsburg
  Spain 7 5 Villarreal (2), Celta de Vigo, Málaga, Valencia, Deportivo, Atlético Madrid Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Deportivo, Valencia
  Italy 6 2 Bologna, Juventus, Napoli, Perugia, Sampdoria, Udinese Bologna, Brescia
  England 6 1 Aston Villa (2), Blackburn Rovers, Fulham, Newcastle United, West Ham United Newcastle United
  Austria 3 3 Rapid Vienna, Ried, Sturm Graz SV Pasching, Salzburg, Tirol Innsbruck
  Denmark 3 1 Aalborg, Odense, Silkeborg Odense
  Romania 2 3 Oţelul Galaţi, Vaslui CFR Cluj, Farul Constanţa, Gloria Bistrița
  Sweden 2 2 Elfsborg, Hammarby Halmstad, Kalmar
  Portugal 2 1 Braga, Leiria Leiria
  Switzerland 2 1 Grasshoppers (2) Basel
  Netherlands 1 3 Twente Heerenveen, NAC Breda, Utrecht
  Turkey 1 2 Kayserispor Sivasspor, Trabzonspor
  Norway 1 1 Rosenborg Lillestrøm
  Cyprus 1 Ethnikos Achna
  Kazakhstan 1 Tobol Kostanay
  Slovenia 1 Maribor
  Russia 5 FC Moscow, Rotor Volgograd, Rubin Kazan, FC Saturn, Zenit St. Petersburg
  Belgium 3 Gent (2), Standard Liège
  Greece 3 Larissa, OFI Crete, Panionios
  Ukraine 3 Chornomorets Odessa, Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, Tavriya Simferopol
  Bulgaria 2 Cherno More Varna, Chernomorets Burgas
  Czech Republic 2 Sigma Olomouc, Slovan Liberec
  Israel 2 Bnei Sakhnin, Maccabi Petah Tikva
  Moldova 2 Dacia Chişinău, Tiraspol
  Azerbaijan 1 Neftchi Baku
  Croatia 1 Segesta
  FR Yugoslavia 1 Vojvodina
  Hungary 1 Budapest Honvéd
  Latvia 1 FK Rīga
  Lithuania 1 Vėtra
  Poland 1 Ruch Chorzów
  Scotland 1 Hibernian
  Serbia 1 Hajduk Kula

OverallEdit

Nation Winners Runners-up Winning and group champion clubs Runner-up and group runners-up clubs
  Czechoslovakia 62 34 Slovan Bratislava (8), Banik Ostrava (7), Bohemians Prague (6), Slavia Prague (6), Inter Bratislava (4), Košice (4), Nitra (3), Sparta Prague (3), Spartak Trnava (3), Union Teplice (3), Zbrojovka Brno (3), Jednota Trencin (2), Lokomotiva Kosice (2), DAC Dunajská Streda, Dukla Banská Bystrica, Cheb, Sigma Olomouc, Tatran Prešov, Třinec, Vítkovice, Žilina Slavia Prague (5), Bohemians Prague (3), Cheb (3), Inter Bratislava (3), Nitra (2), Sigma Olomouc (2), Sparta Prague (2), Spartak Trnava (2), Zbrojovka Brno (2), Žilina (2), DAC Dunajská Streda, Dukla Prague, Jednota Trencin, Košice, Slovan Bratislava, Tatran Prešov, Union Teplice, Vítkovice
  Germany 50 46 Eintracht Braunschweig (7), Hamburg (5), Hertha Berlin (5), Bayer Uerdingen (4), Werder Bremen (4), Duisburg (3), Fortuna Düsseldorf (3), Hannover 96 (3), Kaiserslautern (3), Karlsruhe (3), Stuttgart (3), Schalke 04 (2), Dynamo Dresden, Eintracht Frankfurt, Nuremberg, SpVgg Fürth, Stuttgarter Kickers Duisburg (5), Kaiserslautern (5), Werder Bremen (5), Arminia Bielefeld (3), Bayer Leverkusen (3), Hertha Berlin (3), Bochum (2), Fortuna Düsseldorf (2), Hannover 96 (2), Karlsruhe (2), Saarbrücken (2), 1860 Münich, Bayer Uerdingen, Borussia Dortmund, Eintracht Braunschweig, Eintracht Frankfurt, Hallescher, Hamburg, Kickers Offenbach, Lokomotive Leipzig, Schalke 04, Stuttgarter Kickers, Wolfsburg
  Sweden 46 28 Malmö FF (10), IFK Göteborg (8), Öster (5), AIK (4), Halmstad (3) IFK Norrköping (3), Atvidaberg (2), Elfsborg (2), Hammarby (2), Örebro (2), Brage, Djurgården, GAIS, Örgryte, Trelleborg Malmö FF (8), Atvidaberg (2), IFK Göteborg (2), IFK Norrköping (2), Kalmar (2), Örgryte (2), Öster (2), Djurgården, Häcken, Halmstad, Hammarby, Helsingborg, Landskrona, Örebro, Trelleborg
  Poland 25 27 Pogoń Szczecin (3), Polonia Bytom (3), Wisla Kraków (3), Lech Poznań (2), Odra Opole (2), ROW Rybnik (2), Widzew Łódź (2), Zaglebie Sosnowiec (2), Górnik Zabrze, Katowice, Legia Warsaw, Ruch Chorzów, Szombierki Bytom Zaglebie Sosnowiec (4), Górnik Zabrze (2), Gwardia Warsaw (2), Katowice (2), Legia Warsaw (2), Polonia Bytom (2), Ruch Chorzów (2), Szombierki Bytom (2), Wisla Kraków (2), Lech Poznań, LKS Łódź, Odra Opole, Pogoń Szczecin, ROW Rybnik, Widzew Łódź, Zawisza Bydgoszcz
  Switzerland 22 15 Grasshopper (6), Young Boys (5), Zürich (4), Luzern (2), Neuchâtel Xamax (2), Lausanne Sports, Lugano, Servette Grasshopper (4), Lausanne Sports (2), Zürich (2), Aarau, Basel, Grenchen, Lugano, Sion, St. Gallen, Young Boys
  Denmark 21 30 AGF (3), Lyngby (3), Aalborg (2), B 1903 (2), Brøndby (2), Frem (2), Odense (2), Copenhagen, Ikast, KB, Næstved, Silkeborg Odense (7), AGF (4), KB (4), Vejle (4), Brøndby (2), Esbjerg (2), Lyngby (2), Næstved (2), Frem, Hvidovre, Silkeborg
  Austria 20 32 Wacker/Tirol Innsbruck (4), Rapid Vienna (3), Salzburg (3), Ried, Sturm Graz, Austria Vienna (2), VÖEST Linz (2), Admira, First Vienna, Grazer AK, Ried, Sturm Graz, Wiener Sportclub Sturm Graz (5), Wacker/Tirol Innsbruck (5), LASK Linz (4), Admira (3), Austria Vienna (3), First Vienna (3), Salzburg (3), VÖEST Linz (2), Austria Klagenfurt, Pasching, Rapid Vienna, Wiener Sportclub
  France 19 9 Marseille (3), Auxerre (2), Lens (2), Lille (2), Bastia, Bordeaux, Guingamp, Lyon, Montpellier, Paris Saint-Germain, Rennes, Saint-Étienne, Strasbourg, Troyes Auxerre, Bordeaux, Caen, Lille, Metz, Montpellier, RCF Paris, Rennes, Saint-Étienne
  East Germany 12 9 Carl Zeiss Jena (3), Chemnitz/Karl-Marx-Stadt (2), Rot-Weiss Erfurt (2), Wismut Aue (2), Empor Rostock, Lokomotive Leipzig, Union Berlin Lokomotive Leipzig (3), Carl Zeiss Jena (2), Chemnitz/Karl-Marx-Stadt (2), Dynamo Dresden, Magdeburg
  Hungary 9 12 Tatabánya (2), Újpest (2), Videoton (2), Békéscsaba, MTK, Siófok Vác (3), Honvéd (2), Videoton (2), Győr, MTK, Pécsi, Siófok, Zalaegerszegi
  Netherlands 9 11 Feyenoord (3), Ajax (2), Twente (2), ADO Den Haag, MVV ADO Den Haag (3), Armsterdam, Feyenoord, Groningen, Heerenveen, NAC Breda, PSV, Twente, Utrecht
  Spain 8 5 Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Celta de Vigo, Deportivo La Coruña, Español, Málaga, Valencia Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña, Valencia
  Belgium 7 15 Standard Liège (5), Lierse, Molenbeek Standard Liège (8), Gent (2), Anderlecht, Beveren, Liège, Molenbeek, Royal Antwerp
  Italy 6 3 Bologna, Juventus, Napoli, Perugia, Sampdoria, Udinese Bologna, Brescia, Padova
  England 6 1 Aston Villa (2), Blackburn Rovers, Fulham, Newcastle United, West Ham United Newcastle United
  Israel 5 6 Maccabi Netanya (4), Maccabi Haifa (1) Maccabi Haifa (2), Bnei Sakhnin, Hapoel Be’er Sheva, Hapoel Tel Aviv, Maccabi Petah Tikva
  Portugal 5 6 Belenenses, Braga, CUF, Leiria, Sporting Vitória Guimarães (2), Belenenses, CUF, Leiria, Vitória Setúbal
  Bulgaria 4 13 Etar Veliko Tarnovo, Lokomotiv Gorna Oryahovitsa, Pirin Blagoevgrad, Slavia Sofia Pirin Blagoevgrad (3), Slavia Sofia (3), Chernomorets Burgas (2), Lokomotiv Sofia (2), Cherno More Varna, Marek Dupnitsa, Spartak Varna
  Yugoslavia 4 6 Budućnost, Čelik Zenica, Sloboda Tuzla, Vojvodina Vojvodina (3), Olimpija Ljubljana, Rad, Sloboda Tuzla
  Romania 2 5 Oţelul Galaţi, Vaslui Rapid Bucureşti (2), CFR Cluj, Farul Constanţa, Gloria Bistriţa
  Norway 1 7 Rosenborg Bryne (2), Lillestrøm (2), Vålerenga (2), Viking
  Czech Republic 1 4 Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc (2), Slavia Prague, Slovan Liberec
  Turkey 1 2 Kayserispor Sivasspor, Trabzonspor
  Slovakia 1 1 Slovan Bratislava Slovan Bratislava
  Cyprus 1 Ethnikos Achna
  Kazakhstan 1 Tobol Kostanay
  Slovenia 1 Maribor
  Russia 5 FC Moscow, Rotor Volgograd, Rubin Kazan, Saturn, Zenit St. Petersburg
  Greece 3 Larissa, OFI Crete, Panionios
  Ukraine 3 Chornomorets Odessa, Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, Tavriya Simferopol
  Moldova 2 Dacia Chişinău, Tiraspol
  Azerbaijan 1 Neftchi Baku
  Croatia 1 Segesta
  FR Yugoslavia 1 Vojvodina
  Latvia 1 Riga
  Lithuania 1 Vėtra
  Scotland 1 Hibernian
  Serbia 1 Hajduk Kula

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chaplin, Mark (1 December 2007). "Champions League changes agreed". uefa.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Elbech, Søren Florin. "Background on the Intertoto Cup". Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  3. ^ a b c d "UEFA Intertoto Cup history". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2006. Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  4. ^ a b "Intertoto Cup: English Joy". Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  5. ^ "1998 Intertoto Cup Draw". EuroFutbal Archive. Retrieved 7 June 2006.
  6. ^ a b "New look for Intertoto Cup". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 1 January 2007. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
  7. ^ "Regulations of the Intertoto Cup 2006" (PDF). UEFA. Retrieved 15 April 2007. The clubs which qualify for ... the UEFA Cup and which subsequently go furthest in the competition each receive a UEFA Intertoto Cup trophy
  8. ^ "Newcastle to lift Intertoto Cup". BBC Sport. 16 December 2006. Retrieved 20 February 2007.

External linksEdit