This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Wisła Kraków (Polish pronunciation: [ˈviswa ˈkrakuf]) is a Polish football club based in Kraków. Wisła play in the Ekstraklasa, the top level of the Polish football league system. Wisła is one of the oldest and most successful Polish football clubs. It ranks third in the number of national titles won (13), behind Górnik Zabrze and Ruch Chorzów (14), and second in all-time victories. Wisła was founded in 1906 under the name TS Wisła (Polish Towarzystwo Sportowe Wisła).
|Full name||Wisła Kraków Spółka Akcyjna|
|Nickname(s)||Biała Gwiazda (The White Star)|
|Ground||Stadion im. Henryka Reymana|
The club's coat of arms is a white star on a red background crossed by a blue ribbon.
Wisła Kraków has been one of the most successful Polish football clubs in recent years, winning eight league championships since 1999. Along with league titles, Wisła also won the Polish Cup on four occasions. Wisła also enjoyed some success in European competitions in the 1970s, reaching the quarter-finals in the 1978–79 European Cup and winning the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1969, 1970 and 1973.
Birth of the club, 1906Edit
Wisła Kraków was founded in May 1906 when students of the Second Practical School in Kraków, inspired by their professor Tadeusz Łopuszański, formed a football club.
Early success: Polish champions, 1927–1928Edit
In this first, historic season of the League, the fight for the championship was decided between two teams: Wisła Kraków and 1. FC Katowice. This rivalry was treated very seriously, not only by the two sides involved, but also by the whole nation. 1. FC was regarded as the team supported by the German minority, while Wisła, at the end of this historic season, represented ambitions of all Poles.
Some time in the fall of 1927 in Katowice, an ill-fated game between 1.FC and Wisła took place. Stakes were very high – the winner would become the Champion. Kraków's side won 2–0 and became the Champion. 1.FC finished second, third was Warta Poznań.
In 1949, the club was renamed to Gwardia-Wisła Kraków. In 1955 the club returned to its original name, TS Wisła. In 1967, the club was once again renamed, to GTS Wisła, a name which held until 1990 when the club reverted to its original name, TS Wisła. In the late 1990s, the football section of the club was incorporated and was renamed Wisła Kraków SSA.
The club has had its ups and downs, winning national championships and earning European qualification. It was also relegated to the second division on three occasions. Since the football section has been bought by Tele-Fonika Kable S.A. in 1998, the team has been far and away the most successful club in Poland, winning seven national championships and finishing in second place three times, totalling ten top two finishes in 12 years.
At international level, Wisła has competed in all three of the European competitions. The club's greatest success came in the 1978–79 season, when Wisła was able to reach the quarter-finals of the European Cup, eventually to be knocked out by Malmö FF 3–5 on aggregate. Most recently, Wisła narrowly missed out on a chance to compete in the 2005–06 UEFA Champions League group stage, being defeated 4–5 by Panathinaikos after extra time.
The White Star has competed in the UEFA Cup ten times.
Wisła's Stadium is located at 22 Reymonta Street in Kraków. The stadium was originally built in 1953 and currently has a capacity of 34,000. The stadium was renovated in 2010, being upgraded to UEFA elite standards. The Wisła Stadium has also been chosen as a reserve venue for the UEFA Euro 2012 tournament, jointly held in Poland and Ukraine. The record attendance of 45,000 at Wisła Stadium came on 29 September 1976 when Wisła defeated Celtic 2–0. The venue has been a fortress for Wisła, where the team is especially difficult to defeat. It is worth noting that Wisła holds the all-time European football record for consecutive home games without a loss. The streak began following a loss on 16 September 2001 to KSZO Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, and ended more than five years later on 11 November 2006, when GKS Bełchatów defeated Wisła 4–2. The number of matches without a loss was then settled at 73, overcoming the former Polish record of 48 which belonged to Legia Warsaw. During the 2008–09 season, Wisła lost points at home only twice, drawing with ŁKS Łódź and being defeated by Lech Poznań.
Supporters and rivalriesEdit
Wisła fans formerly had relations with Lechia Gdańsk and Śląsk Wrocław until 2016, when their alliance fell apart. They formed a new group with Ruch Chorzów and Widzew Łódź which divided Wisła fans. The club also has relations with Italian side Lazio, and formerly held relations with Unia Tarnów.
The Holy WarEdit
The term "Holy War" refers to the intense rivalry between the two Kraków-based teams; Wisła and KS Cracovia. In 1906, the establishment of the two first Polish football clubs, Cracovia and Wisła, created a rivalry that now dates back more than 100 years. The term "Holy War" was first used to describe the rivalry of Kraków's Jewish teams, Makabbi and Jutrzenka. A Jutrzenka defender, Ludwik Gintel, who later joined the Cracovia side referred to the derby match against Wisła as the "Holy War". The phrase was incorporated into a song and has since been popular amongst both Wisła and Cracovia fans.
The first recorded Kraków Derby was contested on 20 September 1908, a 1–1 draw. A historic derby match between Cracovia and Wisła occurred on 8 May 1913. It was the first time Polish teams played a championship game officially sanctioned by FIFA; Cracovia won 2–1. The most famous derby took place in 1948 when after the first post-war season, both Cracovia and Wisła accumulated an even number of points and the championship had to be decided by an additional game played at a neutral venue. On 5 December 1948, Cracovia defeated Wisła 3–1 and was crowned national champions. As of May 2011, the Kraków derby game between Wisła and Cracovia has been contested 183 times, with Wisła winning 82 times, tying 42 times and Cracovia winning 59 times.
The match contested between Wisła Kraków and Legia Warsaw is commonly recognized as the greatest rivalry in Polish club football. The two sides have been the most successful clubs in Poland during the past decade and the rivalry between two of Poland's premier cities of Kraków and Warsaw sparks the rivalry even more. The regional differences of Kraków (South) and Warsaw (North), and the fact that Kraków used to be the capital of Poland before Warsaw (in the years 1041–1596) and the full official name of Kraków is Stołeczne Królewskie Miasto Kraków, or "Royal Capital City of Kraków" in English, also add a greater meaning to the match.
- As of 26 March 2019
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Current coaching staffEdit
|Assistant Coach||Radosław Sobolewski|
|Assistant Coach||Kazimierz Kmiecik|
|Goalkeeping Coach||Artur Łaciak|
|Fitness Coach||Wojciech Żuchowicz|
|Club doctor||Mariusz Urban|
|U-19 Team Head Coach||Mariusz Jop|
- Ekstraklasa (First league):
- Winners (14): 1927, 1928, 1949, 1950, 1951,[n 1] 1977–78, 1998–99, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11
- 2nd place (10): 1930, 1931, 1936, 1948, 1965–66, 1980–81, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2005–06, 2009–10
- 3rd place (9): 1929, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1952, 1953, 1975–76, 1990–91, 1997–98
- Polish non-League Football Championship:
- Polish Cup:
- Winners (4): 1926, 1966–67, 2001–02, 2002–03
- Finalist (6): 1950–51, 1953–54, 1978–79, 1983–84, 1999–2000, 2007–08
- Polish SuperCup:
- Winner (1): 2001
- Finalist (4): 1999, 2004, 2008, 2009
- Polish League Cup:
- Winner (1) : 2000–01
- Finalist (1): 2001–02
- Polish First League (Second Division):
- Winner (1) : 1964–65
- 2nd Place (3): 1985–86, 1988–89, 1995–96
- 3rd Place (1): 1994–95
- Galician Championship:
- 2nd place (1): 1913
- European Cup:
- Quarterfinal: 1978-79
- UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League:
- Round of 16: 2002–03
- European Cup Winners' Cup
- Intertoto Cup:
- Biggest win: 21–0 (8–0) – in Polish Championship elimination match with Pogoń Siedlce in Kraków, 24 August 1947.
- Highest home attendance: 45,000 – Wisła Kraków 2–0 Celtic (UEFA Cup), 29 September 1976.
- Highest home league attendance: 40,000 – Wisła Kraków 2–1 Legia Warszawa (Polish league), 7 August 1977.
- Debut in the league: 3 April 1927 in the first in league history.
- In the table of all time: 2nd place
- Consecutive matches without defeat in the league: 38 (25 October 2003 – 22 May 2005) – a record in the league
- Consecutive home matches without defeat: 73 (16 September 2001 – 11 November 2006) – a record in the league
- Biggest win in European competition: WIT Georgia Tbilisi 2:8 Wisła Kraków, in Georgia, 27 July 2004 year. Wisła Kraków 7–0 Newtown, in Kraków, 29 July 1998.
- Top scorer in the league: Kazimierz Kmiecik – 153 goals in 304 matches
- Top scorer in the second league: Grzegorz Kaliciak – 32 goals
- Top scorer (total): Kazimierz Kmiecik – 181 goals in 350 matches
- Top scorer in European competition: Maciej Żurawski – 23 goals
- Most matches in European Cups: Marcin Baszczyński – 52 games
- Most meetings (total): Arkadiusz Głowacki – 460 games
- The youngest debut: Daniel Hoyo-Kowalski – 15 years 287 days
- The oldest player: Arkadiusz Głowacki – 38 years 361 days
- Most matches in the Polish national team: Antoni Szymanowski – 65 games (a total of 82 games in the national team)
- Most goals in the Polish national team: Maciej Żurawski – 14 goals
- Top scorer in one season: Mieczysław Gracz and Maciej Żurawski – 38 goals (all meetings), Henryk Reyman – 37 goals (league only)
- All records
Wisła in European footballEdit
- Q = Qualifying
- PO = Play-Off
Club Ranking for 2014 (Previous year rank in italics, UEFA Club Coefficients in parentheses)
Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Wisła.
- "Informacje - Wisła Kraków". Wisła Kraków (in Polish). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Zmiany we władzach Wisły Kraków SA". Wisła Kraków (in Polish). Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- "Historia TS Wisła w pigułce". Towarzystwo Sportowe Wisła (in Polish). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Kotsios completes comeback". UEFA. 24 August 2005. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Drużyna - Wisła Kraków". Wisła Kraków (in Polish). Retrieved 26 March 2019.
- "Drużyny - Wisła Kraków". Wisła Kraków (in Polish). Retrieved 26 March 2019.