Qarabağ FK

Qarabağ Futbol Klubu, commonly known as Qarabağ (pronounced [ɡɑ'ɾɑbɑɣ]) is an Azerbaijani professional football club, based in Baku, that competes in the Azerbaijan Premier League, the top flight of Azerbaijani football. The club originates from Agdam, but has not played in its hometown since 1993 due to the First Nagorno-Karabakh War. The club is now based in the capital city of Baku.[2] Qarabağ plays its matches at the Azersun Arena and Tofiq Bahramov Stadium in Baku, which also serves as the venue for Azerbaijan national team matches.

Qarabağ
Qarabağ FK logo
Full nameQarabağ Futbol Klubu
Nickname(s)Atlılar (The Horsemen)[1]
Founded1951; 70 years ago (1951), as Məhsul
1987; 34 years ago (1987), as Qarabağ
GroundAzersun Arena
Capacity5,800
OwnerAzersun Holding
PresidentAbdolbari Gozal
ManagerGurban Gurbanov
LeagueAzerbaijan Premier League
2020–212nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Formed in 1987, Qarabağ were founding members of the Azerbaijan Premier League in 1992. One season later, they won their first league championship, becoming the first non-Baku-based club to win the Premier League title. Qarabağ is one of the two teams in Azerbaijan, along with Neftçi PFK which has participated in all Premier League championships so far.

In 2014, the club won the Premier League, their first league title in 21 years.[3] Qarabağ have won the Premier League eight times and Azerbaijan Cup six times.[4] Qarabağ became the second Azerbaijani team after Neftçi PFK[5] to advance to the group stage of a European competition, making its in the UEFA Europa League group stage in 2014–15 season. Qarabağ is the first Azerbaijani team to advance to the group stage of the higher UEFA Champions League, competing in the 2017–18 season.[6] The club have played more UEFA matches than any other Azerbaijani team.

HistoryEdit

Early years (1951–1991)Edit

The club was founded in 1951 as Mehsul after the Aghdam city stadium was built;[7][8][9] there then began a serious effort towards the creation of a professional football team.[10] Consequently, Qarabağ FK, playing under the name of Mehsul, took part in the 1966 Azerbaijani championship.[7] That year, the club reached fourth place in the local championship.

Qarabağ participated in the local championship for four consecutive years during which second place was their best result (achieved in 1968). After 1968, however, owing to carelessness and a lack of financial support, the team withdrew from the championships for almost ten years.[7] In 1977, the team was reborn under name Shafaq. In 1982 Shafaq was the only representative of Aghdam in football. Between 1982 and 1987, the squad used the name "Cooperative society". In 1988, Qarabağ won the champions title in the Azerbaijan SSR local championship under its current name.[7]

Effects of war and financial struggles (1991–2008)Edit

On 23 July 1993, during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War, the city of Agdam was seized by Armenian armed forces,[11] and the team was forced to move from Imarat Stadium to Baku, while the head coach of the team, Allahverdi Bagirov, died in the war.[12][13][14] Financial problems plagued the club during the period from 1998 to 2001, and the club went through hard times although it became the first Azerbaijani team to win away from home in a European competition by defeating the Israeli side Maccabi Haifa in the 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup thanks to a double strike from club legend Mushfig Huseynov. Qarabağ has also represented Azerbaijan in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Cup many times.

These problems were alleviated in 2001, when one of the largest holding companies of Azerbaijan, Azersun Holding, starting sponsoring the team. The squad used the name of Qarabag-Azersun for two seasons, but then returned its original name in 2004.[15]

Gurban Gurbanov era (2008–present)Edit

 
Gurban Gurbanov the most successful Azerbaijani manager in European competitions.

In 2008, former Azerbaijani football star Gurban Gurbanov was appointed as head coach after the unexpected departure of Rasim Kara to Khazar Lankaran one week before the start of the 2008–09 season. Led by Gurban Gurbanov, Qarabağ have ignored a common strategy in Azerbaijani football: eschewing foreign signings in favour of nurturing local talent.[2] Gurbanov brought with him a tiki-taka style of play, characterised by short passes, long periods of build-up and players interchanging positions.[16]

Under Gurbanov, Qarabağ has become one of the most successful Azerbaijani football clubs in Europe (with three consecutive wins) and one which reached the UEFA Europa League play-off-round by beating Rosenborg in the UEFA Europa League, and also eliminated Honka of Finland.[17][18] The achievements in European competitions marked Gurban Gurbanov as among the most successful Azerbaijani managers ever.[19]

In 2010, the club set an Azerbaijani record for the most significant win in a European competition by beating Metalurg Skopje 4–1 in Baku and eliminating Wisła Kraków to reach the play-offs for the second year in succession.[20][21][22] In 2011, the club duplicated the same record by beating Banga Gargždai 4–0 in Gargždai.[23] The 2011–12 season ended in disappointing style for Qarabağ, however, as they finished in fourth place, leaving the club without European competition.[24] In 2013, Qarabağ reached Europa League play-off-round for third time in their history.[25][26]

In May 2014, Qarabağ earned its second league title after 21 years.[27] A month later, by beating Red Bull Salzburg, the club became first Azerbaijani side to win in the third round of UEFA Champions League.[28][29] In August 2014, the club reached Europa League play-off round for the fourth time in last five seasons.[30] In 2014, Qarabağ qualified for the 2014–15 Europa League group stage, becoming the second Azerbaijani team to advance to this stage in a European competition.[31] On 23 October 2014, after defeating[32] Ukrainian club Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 1–0, the team became the first Azerbaijani club to win a Europa League group stage match.[33][34]

In 2017, after victory over the Sheriff Tiraspol, Qarabağ qualified for the UEFA Champions League play-off rounds for the first time. In the first leg they recorded a 1–0 victory over Danish side F.C. Copenhagen in Baku.[35] Despite losing 2–1 in the second leg, Qarabağ won on away goals and became the first Azerbaijani team to reach the group stages of the UEFA Champions League.[36] They were drawn in Group C alongside Chelsea, Atlético Madrid and Roma, where they managed to obtain two points in six games after two draws and four losses.[37]

In July and August 2021, Qarabağ secured their first participation in the group stage of UEFA Europa Conference League. Qarabağ knocked-out Ashdod (0-0 and 1-0),[38] AEL Limassol (1-1 and 1-0)[39] and Aberdeen (1-0 and 3-1)[40] in the qualifiers. On 27 August, Qarabağ was drawn on Group H of the 2021–22 UEFA Europa Conference League along side Basel, Kairat and Omonia.[41] On 16 September, Qarabağ opened the group stage campaign with a 0-0 home draw against Basel.[42]

StadiumEdit

The club have previously used Guzanli Olympic Stadium, which is situated in Quzanlı, the most populous municipality in the Agdam Rayon of Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan. The Imarat Stadium which was club's original home stadium was destroyed as a result of artillery attacks from Armenian military forces during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.[43][44][45]

In 2012, the construction of a new football stadium Azersun Arena was announced, which was opened in June 2015. Azersun Arena is a multi-use football stadium in Surakhani settlement of Baku, Azerbaijan. It is currently used as the club's Azerbaijan Premier League home stadium and holds 5,800 people.[46]

The Baku Olympic Stadium and Tofiq Bahramov Republican Stadium is used for UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europe League games,[47] where the record attendance for Qarabağ occurred on 27 September 2017, in a UEFA Champions League group stage match attended by 67,200 fans against Roma.[48]

SupportersEdit

Although a large part of Qarabağ's support is drawn from the local Aghdam population, they remain immensely well supported in the rest of Azerbaijan. This is mainly due to their being the only team to represent the war-torn Nagorno-Karabakh region in the league.[49] The club is a sole remnant of the past and a living symbol of hope and pride for over half a million Azerbaijani internally displaced people. In recent years, thanks to achievements on the pitch, the club has been able to inspire and initiate special youth projects enforcing stability and development in the IDP-settlements near the border of Nagorno-Karabakh.[50][51]

The club have few supporting groups such as Imarat, Qarabağ Ordusu, Boys Qarabağ, and Ladies of Qarabağ.[52][53] These groups often receive free tickets to Qarabağ's games, which helps Karabakh to have more support from fans.

Crest and coloursEdit

 
Qarabağ's away shirt for the 2018–19 campaign.

The crest on the club emblem is the symbol of the Karabakh. It is produced by English designers and based on the Karabakh horse.[54] The horse stems from the club's nickname "The Horsemen"; although it was included on club programmes and scarves earlier, the crest was not displayed on the shirt until 2004.[55] After Gurban Gurbanov's appointment, Qarabağ's attractive style of play led fans to call the team "Qafqazın Barselonası" ("Barcelona of The Caucasus"), which plays upon Barcelona's success in Europe.[16][56] The club is sometimes called "Qaçqın Klub" ("The Refugee Club") after its conservative position on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and refugee problem in Azerbaijan.[16][57][58]

Shirt sponsors and kit manufacturersEdit

Qarabağ's traditional kit alludes to the club's location in Nagorno-Karabakh with the black and white representing light and darkness respectively. The club's kits are manufactured by Adidas and sponsored by Azersun, a Baku-based food producing company.

Years Manufacturer Sponsor
2004–2011 Adidas Azersun
2011–2012 Kappa
2012 – present Adidas

Recent seasonsEdit

The season-by-season performance of the club over the last ten years:

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top Scorer (League goals) Head Coach
2011–12 Premier League 4 32 15 8 9 37 28 53 SF EL III R   Georgi Adamia (7)   Gurban Gurbanov
2012–13 2 32 16 11 5 43 26 59 SF   Richard Almeida (13)
2013–14 1 36 21 9 6 65 21 72 QF EL PO   Reynaldo (22)
2014–15 1 32 20 8 4 51 28 68 W CL
EL
III R
GS
  Reynaldo (10)
  Leroy George (10)
2015–16 1 36 26 6 4 66 21 84 W CL
EL
III R
GS
  Dani Quintana (15)
2016–17 1 28 19 5 4 46 14 62 W CL
EL
III R
GS
  Dino Ndlovu (10)
2017–18 1 28 20 5 3 37 13 65 QF CL GS   Mahir Emreli (8)
2018–19 1 27 19 6 2 62 19 63 SF CL
EL
III R
GS
  Mahir Emreli (16)
2019–20 1 20 13 6 1 34 7 45 SF CL
EL
III R
GS
  Mahir Emreli (7)
2020–21 2 28 16 9 3 64 18 57 SF CL
EL
III R
GS
  Mahir Emreli (18)

European recordEdit

 
Qarabağ playing against Chelsea at Stamford Bridge during the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League.

The club have participated in 18 editions of the club competitions governed by UEFA, the chief authority for football across Europe. These include 7 seasons in the Champions League, 13 seasons in the UEFA Cup and Europa League, two seasons in the Cup Winners' Cup and one seasons in the UEFA Europa Conference League and Intertoto Cup.[59] Qarabağ has played six times in the Europa League after qualifying via the Champions League. Counting all of the 134 games the side have played in UEFA competitions since their first entry into the Cup Winners' Cup in the 1996–97 season, the team's record stands at 48 wins, 35 draws and 51 defeats.

As of match played 26 August 2021
Tournament P W D L GF GA GD Win%
UEFA Champions League 39 16 14 9 43 30 +13 041.03
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 81 27 18 36 85 111 −26 033.33
UEFA Europa Conference League 7 4 3 0 7 2 +5 057.14
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 4 0 1 3 1 12 −11 000.00
UEFA Intertoto Cup 4 1 0 3 2 11 −9 025.00
Total 135 48 36 51 138 166 −28 035.56

MatchesEdit

UEFA club rankingsEdit

Updated 9 August 2020[60]

Rank Team Coefficient
69   Rapid Wien 22.000
70   Leicester City 22.000
71   Başakşehir 21.500
72   Qarabağ 21.000
73   PAOK 21.000
74   Standard Liège 20.500
75   FCSB 20.500

PlayersEdit

The squad list includes only the principal nationality of each player; several non-European players on the squad have dual citizenship with an EU country.

Current squadEdit

As of 3 September 2021[61]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   AZE Shahrudin Mahammadaliyev
2 MF   AZE Gara Garayev
4 DF   AZE Rahil Mammadov
5 DF   AZE Maksim Medvedev (Captain)
6 MF   CPV Patrick Andrade
7 MF   AZE Richard Almeida
10 MF   FRA Abdellah Zoubir
11 MF   ESP Jaime Romero
12 GK   AZE Emil Balayev
13 DF   AZE Bahlul Mustafazade
17 MF   ESP Gaspar Panadero
18 MF   AZE Ismayil Ibrahimli
19 MF   AZE Filip Ozobić
20 MF   BRA Kady Borges
No. Pos. Nation Player
22 FW   AZE Musa Gurbanli
24 DF   AZE Zamig Aliyev
25 FW   SEN Ibrahima Wadji
27 MF   AZE Toral Bayramov
28 MF   AZE Huseyn Huseynzade
29 DF   MNE Marko Vešović
30 DF   AZE Abbas Huseynov
44 MF   AZE Elvin Jafarguliyev
55 DF   AZE Badavi Huseynov
77 FW   AZE Ramil Sheydayev
81 DF   COL Kevin Medina
83 DF   AZE Nihad Guliyev
89 GK   AZE Amin Ramazanov
94 GK   AZE Ayhan Arazli

For recent transfers, see 2021–22 Qarabağ FK season and Transfers summer 2021 .

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   AZE Rauf Huseynli (at Zira)
MF   AZE Hajiagha Hajili (at Zira)
FW   GHA Owusu Kwabena (at Ankaragücü)

Reserve teamEdit

As of 3 September 2021

Qarabağ-2 plays in the Azerbaijan First Division from 2018. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
15 MF   AZE Musa Musazade
16 MF   RUS Sultan Mustafayev
26 FW   IRN Azad Golikimilan
33 MF   AZE Huseyn Aliyev
39 MF   AZE Zaur Farzaliyev
45 MF   AZE Seykhan Farajov
49 MF   AZE Ali Najafli
54 DF   AZE Ibrahim Huseynov
59 GK   AZE Kanan Hasanov
No. Pos. Nation Player
61 GK   AZE Gurban Maharramov
66 MF   AZE Javid Bayramov
70 MF   AZE Riad Abbaszade
73 MF   AZE Tolgar Yagubov
80 DF   AZE Kamran Mammadov
88 DF   AZE Shirkhan Hasanzade
91 MF   AZE Farid Khasiyev
95 GK   AZE Mammad Huseynov
97 MF   AZE Nariman Akhundzade

Club officialsEdit

Individual recordsEdit

Lists of the players with the most caps and top goalscorers for the club in the Azerbijani league (players in bold signifies current Qarabağ player). Mushfig Huseynov is the club's all-time most capped player and top scorer with 125 goals in 320 games.

 
Almeida is one of the highest goalscoring players for the club.
Top Ten Highest Goalscorers in the Azerbaijani League
Player Period Appearances Goals
1     Mushfig Huseynov 1989–99; 2003–04; 2005–07 320 125
2   Samir Musayev 2002–06 85 44
3   Richard Almeida 2012–18, 2019–2020, 2021–present 191 44
4   Reynaldo 2012–2017, 2019 87 43
5   Dani Quintana 2015–2020 98 33
6   Georgi Adamia 2010–12 72 29
7   Tarlan Ahmadov 1993–97; 2004 102 28
8   Vugar Nadirov 2001–05; 2009–15; 2016–17 211 28
9   Vagif Javadov 2007–10; 2012–13 110 25
10   Rauf Aliyev 2006–13 131 23
 
Maksim Medvedev is the most capped players for the club.
Top Ten Players With Most Appearances in the Azerbaijani League
Player Period Caps Goals
1   Maksim Medvedev 2006–present 325 11
2     Mushfig Huseynov 1989–99; 2003–04; 2005–07 320 125
3   Ansi Agolli 2010–2019 224 3
4   Namiq Yusifov 2006–07; 2008–16 214 1
5   Vugar Nadirov 2001–05; 2009–15; 2016–17 211 28
6   Rashad Sadygov 2009–10; 2011–2020 211 8
7   Richard Almeida 2012–18, 2019–2020 191 44
8   Admir Teli 2009–15 173 8
9   Aslan Kerimov 1993–97; 2003–11 168 12
10   Rauf Aliyev 2006–13 131 23

Notable managersEdit

Information correct as of match played 17 December 2018. Only competitive matches are counted.

Name Nat. From To P W D L GS GA %W Honours Notes
Adil Nadirov   Soviet Union 1987 1988 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Azerbaijan SSR League [62]
Elbrus Abbasov   Azerbaijan 1990 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Azerbaijan SSR League
Azerbaijan SSR Cup
[63]
Aghasalim Mirjavadov   Azerbaijan 1993 1994 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Azerbaijan Premier League
Azerbaijan Cup
Azerbaijan Supercup
[64][65]
Boyukagha Aghayev   Azerbaijan
2006
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Azerbaijan Cup [66]
Gurban Gurbanov   Azerbaijan 2008 Present 406 226 106 74 588 301 055.67 Azerbaijan Premier League (7)
Azerbaijan Cup (4)
[67]

Notes: P – Total of played matches W – Won matches D – Drawn matches L – Lost matches GS – Goal scored GA – Goals against
%W – Percentage of matches won

Nationality is indicated by the corresponding FIFA country code(s).

HonoursEdit

Qarabağ has won eight Azerbaijan Premier League titles, six Azerbaijan Cup titles and one Azerbaijan Supercup trophy. The club is the first non-Baku based club to have won the Azerbaijan Premier League title.[68] Qarabağ is one of the two teams in Azerbaijan, along with Neftchi Baku which has participated in all Azerbaijan Premier League championships so far.[68]

USSREdit

AzerbaijanEdit

In popular cultureEdit

Qarabağ is featured on the football simulation game Pro Evolution Soccer 2015 and 2016.[69]

Ban for hate speechEdit

In October 2020, amid the Nagorno-Karabakh war, Qarabağ was called on for sanctions by Armenian Football Federation after the club's PR and media manager Nurlan Ibrahimov made a hate speech on social network calling to "kill all the Armenians, old and young, without distinction".[70] UEFA announced about temporary banning the club's official from any football-related activity for "racist and other discriminatory conduct” targeting Armenians.[71] Qarabag issued a statement saying Ibrahimov had "suffered psychological trauma" watching the news of Ganja and Barda missile attacks, while also urging its employees to "refrain from such sharing in this sensitive period, adhere to the principles of humanism and fully comply with the laws of our state".[72] Ibrahimov was punished in an administrative manner for the calls he made expressing cruelty against another nation and inciting national, racial or religious hatred while behaving emotionally on social network.[73] On November 26, UEFA officially banned the Qarabag official for life and fined the club €100,000.[74] Shortly after the UEFA sanction, Ibrahimov was declared wanted in Armenia.[75]

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Further readingEdit

  • Huizinga, Arthur (2012). Offside – Football in Exile. Paradox / YdocPublishing. ISBN 9789081887601.
  • Giulianelli, Emanuele (2018). Qarabag: La squadra senza città alla conquista dell'Europa. Ultra sport. ISBN 978-8867767113.

External linksEdit