Vålerenga Fotball

Vålerenga Fotball (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈvôːɽɛŋɑ] (listen)) is a Norwegian association football club from Oslo and a part of the multi-sport club Vålerengens IF. Founded in 1913, the club is named after the neighbourhood of Vålerenga. Vålerenga's home ground is Intility Arena, located in Valle-Hovin. Vålerenga are five-time league champions and four-time Norwegian Football Cup champions, having last won the league in 2005 and the cup in 2008. The club has a somewhat mythical status[according to whom?] due to a history of colorful players, staff and fans.

Vålerenga Oslo logo.svg
Full nameVålerenga Fotball
The Bohemians
The Pride of Oslo
St. Hallvard's Men
Founded29 July 1913; 108 years ago (1913-07-29)
GroundIntility Arena
Valle Hovin, Oslo
ChairmanThomas Baardseng
Head coachDag-Eilev Fagermo
2021Eliteserien, 7th of 16
WebsiteClub website
Current season
Active departments of Vålerengens Idrettsforening
Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg Football pictogram.svg
Football (Men's) Football Reserves (Men's) Vålerenga Bredde
Football pictogram.svg Ice hockey pictogram.svg American football pictogram.svg
Football (Women's) Ice hockey American football
Simple Game.svg Chess pictogram.svg
eSports Chess


VIF players at Sotahjørnet in 1946

Early days (1913–45)Edit

The history of Vålerenga Fotball goes back to Fotballpartiet Spark, which was founded in 1898 by pastor Hans Møller Gasmann. An early mission for Gasmann was to give the local youth social activity and exercise. On a larger scale, the club was part of the movement known as Muscular Christianity.[2] A successor to this football club, Idrettslaget Spring, was founded on 29 July 1913 by a group of teenage factory workers. A year later, the club changed its name to Vaalerengens Idrættsforening. Rooted in the neighborhood of Vålerenga on the east end of Oslo, the club would recruit players and supporters from the many workers in the area, in a society then characterized for its low mobility between social strata. Within its first seasons, Vålerengen would compete with the major clubs in Oslo at that time; Lyn, Mercantile and Frigg. Where Lyn and Frigg had a strong identity with the academia and the upper classes, Vålerengen developed a working class identity.[2]

Vålerengens Idrettsforening had mixed success in its first years, but fortunes improved as the 1920s came around and the club secured promotion to the Oslo Championships in 1921. Vålerengen won the Oslo Championships four times before a national league (Norgesserien) was established in 1937. In the 1948–49 season, Vålerengen finished second.

After this period, Vålerengen entered a period of instability, being relegated from the top division two times in the 1950s.

The Bohemians (1946–68)Edit

Leif Eriksen was part of the group of players known as Bohemene.

The charismatic Helmuth Steffens became a central figure in building up the culture in the club after the war. At the beginning of the 1960s, a new generation of local players broke into Vålerengen's first squad. Players like Einar Bruno Larsen, Terje Hellerud and Leif Eriksen became core personalities of a group of players which eventually became known as Bohemene (The Bohemians). The club would become known for its brilliant style of football as the number of people in the audience increased. The players became popular for their charismatic, witty comments and light hearted humour. Vålerengen secured a third place in 1961.

In 1965, Vålerengen won the First Division for the first time. By the help of manager Helmuth Steffens and head coach Anton Ploderer, the club had managed to win the title with a team of local players. The league was won in dramatic fashion, with arch-rivals Lyn giving Vålerengen a fight for the title until the final matches of the season.

The Bohemian era came to an end when the club was relegated from the First Division in 1968 and then again to the Third Division in 1970. Vålerengen did not achieve promotion to the top league again until 1974. In 1976, Vålerenga signed Odd Iversen, who at the time had 112 First Division goals to his name. Iversen would help the club reestablish itself in the First Division.

The glory years (1977–86)Edit

The 80s saw the emergence of a new generation. With the help of players like Tom Jacobsen and Vidar Davidsen, Vålerengen would win its first cup title in 1980.

Led by head coach Leif Eriksen, the team won the First Division title for the second time in 1981 with a style of play characterized by intensity and discipline. The club was unable to reclaim the league title in 1982, but won it again in 1983 and 1984. During the decade, Vålerengen would also become twice runners-up in the cup and also achieve a third place in the league in 1985. Vålerengen had become a stable top team for the first and, to date, only time.

1985 also saw the signing of striker Jørn Andersen, who would go on to score 23 goals in 22 matches in his sole season for Vålerengen. However, as the club had miscalculated the home crowd average, the club entered severe financial difficulties. Vålerenga was saved from bankruptcy in 1987.

Ups and downs (1987–2003)Edit

In 1990, now known as Vålerenga, the club was relegated after 14 seasons in the top division. Vålerenga was close to further relegation in the 1992 season, but managed to remain in the second highest division thanks to a last round 3–0 win against Eik-Tønsberg IF. In 1994, Vålerenga returned to the top division, but were relegated again in 1996. In 1997 Vålerenga won the cup and the 1. divisjon and were again promoted to Tippeligaen. As earlier in the 1990s, the stay in the top division lasted only a few years.

Kjetil Rekdal joined Vålerenga in 2000 and became player-manager in 2001.

In the 2000 season Vålerenga lost the play-off matches against Sogndal and was relegated to the 1. divisjon. Vålerenga returned to Tippeligaen and won the cup in 2002.

The 2003 season was poor for Vålerenga and they wound up third last in the league sending them into play-offs against Sandefjord to avoid relegation. The result was a 0–0 draw in Sandefjord and a 5–3 victory in Oslo and so Vålerenga retained the position in the top league and avoided relegation.

Success, disappointments and troubles (2004–12)Edit

Vålerenga rebounded nicely in the 2004 season and proved a serious challenge to the dominant Rosenborg team in the bid for the league's gold medal. After a frantic final round where Vålerenga beat Stabæk 3–0, they missed out on the league title since Rosenborg beat FK Lyn, Vålerenga's city rivals 4–1. Vålerenga won the silver medal, finishing 2nd to Rosenborg equal on points and goal difference, but Vålerenga had scored fewer goals than Rosenborg during the season, leaving Rosenborg as league champions.

At the start of the 2005 season it was apparent that Rosenborg was in bad shape and it seemed like Vålerenga's season to go all the way. After a strong season opening, the surprise of the season IK Start – newly promoted to the Tippeligaen – looked to give Vålerenga a fight to the finish, and the two clubs basically alternated on leading the series to the final round. On 29 October it looked to be a thrilling last round reminiscent of the previous year, as both Start and Vålerenga had exactly the same number of points, but Start with a slightly better goal difference. Start met Fredrikstad FK at home, while Vålerenga met Odd Grenland away. Eventually Fredrikstad, who faced relegation if they lost, beat Start 3–1 while at the same time Vålerenga managed a 2–2 draw against Odd Grenland. Vålerenga stepped one up from the previous year, and won the title with a one-point margin. The title was Vålerenga's first league title in 21 years, ending Rosenborg's 13-year reign as league champions.

Morten Berre holds the record for most matches in the highest division for Vålerenga.

The follow-up season of 2006 did not start out as well for the reigning champions, and a poor start left them at the bottom of the table after seven rounds, having gained only 5 points. A steady rise in form though still brought the team to 6th place by the time the season was half-through. Late July brought a string of bad results, including embarrassing losses to main rival FK Lyn, and the exit from the UEFA Champions League, after losing 5–3 on aggregate to Czech club Mladá Boleslav in the 2nd qualifying round. Vålerenga had aimed to qualify for the tournament after missing out the previous year by being defeated by Belgian side Club Brugge on a penalty shoot-out. After losing five out of seven games between 22 July and 19 August head-coach Kjetil Rekdal announced his resignation. Assistant coach Petter Myhre took over as interim manager, and as a result the club regained their form and scored 25 out of the last 30 possible points, bringing the club to a third place in the league, as well as a qualification spot for the 2007–08 Europa League. Vålerenga also qualified for play in the 2006–07 Scandinavian Royal League after finishing among the top four teams in Norway. In October 2006, Petter Myhre was hired on a permanent basis, but he would resign in July 2007, following a string of bad results.

In November 2007, Martin Andresen signed a three-year contract to become the next manager of Vålerenga. Heavy investment from owners and investors saw the signing of several high-profile players, most notably Lars Iver Strand and Kristoffer Hæstad. However, despite winning the 2008 Norwegian Football Cup, the following season was a disappointment, with Vålerenga finishing 10th in the league. In the 2009 season, Vålerenga finished 7th, reaching the semifinal in the cup. 2010 saw a revitalized Vålerenga, led by a trio of effective forwards, Mohammed Abdellaoue, Bengt Sæternes and Luton Shelton. Vålerenga finished second in the league.

However, Vålerenga could not repeat the success in 2011 and 2012. In October 2012, Andresen and Vålerenga agreed to part ways.

A new era (2013–present)Edit

Kjetil Rekdal returned to the club as head coach in January 2013. Facing economic difficulties from previous seasons and being without a shirt sponsorship deal, Vålerenga spent much of the 2014 season dealing with a severe risk of bankruptcy, finally signing a new shirt sponsorship deal with DnB on 29 July.[3] The signing of striker Vidar Örn Kjartansson in front of 2014 season proved to be a huge success, with the Icelandic player scoring 25 goals in 29 games, helping the Oslo club secure a sixth place in the league after a drop in form in the latter half of the season.

On 13 July 2016, Ronny Deila was appointed as the new head coach. Deila was originally planned to take over in January 2017, but was involved in the coaching team for the final games of the 2016 season.[4] Kjetil Rekdal was to become director of sports, but left the club in early 2017. In December 2019, Ronny Deila left to become the coach of New York City Football Club. In January 2020, Dag-Eilev Fagermo became the new head coach.

Vålerenga moved into their newly built stadium, Intility Arena, in September 2017. This was a historic move for the club, after spending 104 years without owning a home stadium.[5] The new stadium is also close to Vålerenga neighborhood of Oslo.


Up to 1913, Vålerenga's kit was moss green. In 1914, the Norwegian State Railways had a set of blue and red kits left over, which Vålerenga bought cheaply, so their official colours became blue and red. The 2006 season away kit was white with a touch of moss green.


In 2017, Vålerenga opened their own home ground at Valle Hovin in Eastern Oslo, called Intility Arena. The stadium has a capacity of 17,333 on domestic games (15,389 on international games), and the playing surface is artificial grass. The very first match in the ground saw the Vålerenga women's team beat Kolbotn Fotball 2–0 on 9 September 2017, with Stephanie Verdoia being the first ever goalscorer on the Arena. The next day, the men's team lost 2–1 to Sarpsborg 08 in their first game at the stadium. The ground was first called Vålerenga kultur- og idrettspark, before the club agreed a contract with the IT company Intility to rename the stadium.[6]

The construction of the new arenaEdit

Following a press statement made on 15 May 2008, Vålerenga announced that they would be moving home to Valle Hovin after purchasing the area of the proposed stadium for the symbolic sum of 1 Norwegian Krone. In late 2014, the plans were accepted by the city council of Oslo.[7] On 10 June 2014, the European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority accepted the plans for the stadium.[8]

The foundation stone of the new stadium was laid on 29 July 2015, the club's 102nd anniversary.[9] Construction was begun in the summer of 2015 and is planned to be completed in 2017.[8]

Stadium historyEdit

Before moving into Intility Arena, the Ullevaal Stadion was the home ground, a stadium owned jointly by the Football Association of Norway and Vital Eiendom.

From the 1960s till the 1980s and a short period in the end of the 1990s Bislett Stadium was Vålerenga's home ground. Bislett Stadium also hosted speed skating and track and field events in addition to football, and hosted the 1952 Winter Olympics. Poor conditions and maintenance of Bislett forced Vålerenga to move to Ullevaal and a groundshare with FK Lyn.

After Vålerenga moved from Bislett Stadium plans for building their own ground were conceived, but poor results on the field combined with financial problems kept those plans at bay for a few years. After the second place in 2004 and the league title in 2005 as well as business man John Fredriksen's deletion of the club's debt in 2003, the talks of building a ground for Vålerenga resurfaced.


Vålerenga supporters in the stand nicknamed "The West Bank"

Vålerenga has traditionally drawn support from the area around Vålerenga, Oslo and various other places on the east end of Oslo, although today these lines are largely blurred and the club has supporters all over Oslo and the surrounding areas. Up until the early 90s, Vålerenga's supporters were loosely organised. The supporters were sometimes referred to as Apeberget, but this is actually a misnomer from a journalist.[10] An independent supporter club called Klanen ("The Clan") was founded in 1991. It has around 10,000 members today. The senior team of Vålerenga has reserved shirt number 12 for their supporters. Vålerenga's supporters, and specifically Klanen, are widely considered to be the best football supporters in Norway.


Vålerenga's main rivals include Lillestrøm, Ham Kam, Kongsvinger, Brann and Lyn. Since the 90s, the main supporter club has actively worked hard for social issues and against hooliganism.[11] Despite this, as recently as 2019, isolated individuals within the club's support have engaged in disruptive and dangerous activities during live matches.[12]

In the 2014 season, Vålerenga gathered an average attendance of 9,756 at their home matches, ranking them fourth in Norway with regard to attendance.[13]

Klanen celebrating the bronze medal after the final game of the 2006 season


Recent seasonsEdit

Season League Cup Other competitions Top goalscorer Ref(s)
Division P W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos Att[17] CL EL ECL Name Goals
1999 Tippeligaen 26 8 4 14 40 53 −13 28 11th 6,626 4R  —  —  — Pascal Simpson 8
2000 Tippeligaen 26 5 9 12 32 44 −12 24   12th 7,630 QF  —  —  — Kjetil Rekdal 6
2001 1. divisjon 30 19 8 3 71 29 +42 62   1st N/A QF  —  —  — Kjetil Rekdal 11
2002 Tippeligaen 26 7 12 7 38 31 +7 33 8th 8,782 W  —  —  — David Hanssen 7
2003 Tippeligaen 26 6 10 10 30 33 −3 28 12th 9,336 QF  — 3R  — Freddy dos Santos 10
2004 Tippeligaen 26 13 9 4 40 22 +18 48 2nd 14,392 3R  —  —  — Freddy dos Santos 8
2005 Tippeligaen 26 13 7 6 40 27 +13 46 1st 15,658 SF 3QR 1R  — Morten Berre 9
2006 Tippeligaen 26 13 5 8 43 28 +15 44 3rd 13,873 QF 2QR  —  — Jan-Derek Sørensen 9
2007 Tippeligaen 26 10 6 10 34 34 0 36 7th 13,837 4R  — 1R  — Morten Berre 9
2008 Tippeligaen 26 8 6 12 31 37 −6 30 10th 12,700 W  —  —  — Mohammed Abdellaoue 9
2009 Tippeligaen 30 12 4 14 47 50 −3 40 7th 10,788 SF  — 3QR  — Bengt Sæternes 11
2010 Tippeligaen 30 19 4 7 69 36 +33 61 2nd 13,646 2R  —  —  — Mohammed Abdellaoue 15
2011 Tippeligaen 30 14 5 11 42 33 +9 47 7th 13,331 2R  — 3QR  — Bojan Zajić 8
2012 Tippeligaen 30 12 5 13 42 44 −2 41 8th 10,768 3R  —  —  — Marcus Pedersen 8
2013 Tippeligaen 30 10 6 14 41 50 −9 36 11th 9,900 QF  —  —  — Morten Berre 10
2014 Tippeligaen 30 11 9 10 59 53 +6 42 6th 9,751 4R  —  —  — Viðar Örn Kjartansson 25
2015 Tippeligaen 30 14 7 9 49 41 +8 49 7th 10,099 2R  —  —  — Daniel Fredheim Holm
Deshorn Brown
Ghayas Zahid
2016 Tippeligaen 30 10 8 12 41 39 +2 38 10th 9,074 QF  —  —  — Ghayas Zahid 8
2017 Eliteserien 30 11 6 13 48 46 +2 39 8th 9,703 SF  —  —  — Herman Stengel 6
2018 Eliteserien 30 11 9 10 39 44 −5 42 6th 9,180 QF  —  —  — Sam Johnson 11
2019 Eliteserien 30 8 10 12 39 44 −5 34 10th 7,834 3R  —  —  — Bård Finne 8
2020 Eliteserien 30 15 10 5 51 33 +18 55 3rd 200 Cancelled  —  —  — Viðar Örn Kjartansson 9
2021 Eliteserien 30 11 12 7 46 37 +9 45 7th 4,318 3R  —  — 2QR Aron Dønnum
Henrik Udahl


European recordEdit


Competition Pld W D L GF GA Last season played
European Cup
UEFA Champions League
14 4 3 7 17 25 2006–07
UEFA Europa League
24 6 9 9 21 28 2011–12
UEFA Europa Conference League 2 1 0 1 2 4 2021–22
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 8 1 4 3 11 17 1998–99
UEFA Intertoto Cup 2 1 0 1 1 2 1999
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 4 0 0 4 5 13 1965–66
Total 54 13 16 25 57 89

Source: uefa.com, Last updated on 29 July 2021
Pld = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against. Defunct competitions indicated in italics.
Notes: This summary includes matches played in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, which was not endorsed by UEFA and is not counted in UEFA's official European statistics.

List of matchesEdit

Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
1964–65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup R1   Everton 2–5 2–4 4–9
1965–66 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup R2   Hearts 1–3 0–1 1–4
1966–67 European Cup R1   17 Nëntori N/A N/A w/o
R2   Linfield 1–4 1–1 2–5
1975–76 UEFA Cup R1   Athlone Town 1–1 1–3 2–4
1981–82 Cup Winners' Cup R1   Legia Warszawa 2–2 1–4 3–6
1982–83 European Cup PR   Dinamo București 2–1 1–3 3–4
1984–85 European Cup R1   Sparta Prague 3–3 0–2 3–5
1985–86 European Cup R1   Zenit Leningrad 0–2 0–2 0–4
1986–87 UEFA Cup R1   Beveren 0–0 0–1 0–1
1998–99 Cup Winners' Cup R1   Rapid București 0–0 2–2 2–2 (a)
R2   Beşiktaş 1–0 3–3 4–3
QF   Chelsea 2–3 0–3 2–6
1999–00 Intertoto Cup R1   Ventspils 1–0 0–2 1–2
2003–04 UEFA Cup R1   Grazer AK 0–0 1–1 1–1 (a)
R2   Wisła Kraków 0–0 0–0 0–0 (4–3 p)
R3   Newcastle United 1–1 1–3 2–4
2005–06 Champions League QR2   Haka 1–0 4–1 5–1
QR3   Club Brugge 1–0 0–1 1–1 (3–4 p)
UEFA Cup R1   Steaua București 0–3 1–3 1–6
2006–07 Champions League QR2   Mladá Boleslav 2–2 1–3 3–5
2007–08 UEFA Cup QR1   Flora Tallinn 1–0 1–0 2–0
QR2   Ekranas 6–0 1–1 7–1
R1   Austria Wien 2–2 0–2 2–4
2009–10 Europa League QR3   PAOK 1–2 1–0 2–2 (a)
2011–12 Europa League QR2   Mika 1–0 1–0 2–0
QR3   PAOK 0–2 0–3 0–5
2021–22 Europa Conference League QR2   Gent 2–0 0–4 2−4


  • Largest victory in the top division: 8–0 vs. Lisleby, 1951
  • Longest consecutive seasons in the top division: 17 seasons (2002–present)
  • Most top division matches since 1963:   Morten Berre, 281 matches (2003–14)
  • Most goals in mandatory matches:   Einar Bruno Larsen, 99 goals (1957–68)
  • Most goals in a single season:   Viðar Örn Kjartansson, 25 goals in 29 matches (2014)
  • Record attendance: Ullevaal Stadion, 23 October 2005. The 2005 season's last home game, against Rosenborg, 24894 spectators
  • Biggest win in a European cup match: 6–0 vs.   Ekranas, 30 August 2007 (7–1 overall)

(numbers as of 3 September 2007)

Players and staffEdit

First-team squadEdit

As of 30 March 2022[19]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   NOR Kjetil Haug
2 DF   NOR Christian Borchgrevink
3 DF   NOR Brage Skaret
4 DF   NOR Jonatan Tollås (Captain)
5 DF   MKD Leonard Zuta
6 DF   NOR Vegar Eggen Hedenstad
7 MF   NOR Fredrik Oldrup Jensen
8 MF   NOR Henrik Bjørdal
9 FW   ISL Viðar Örn Kjartansson
10 FW   NOR Osame Sahraoui
11 FW   TUN Amor Layouni
14 FW   NOR Henrik Udahl
No. Pos. Nation Player
15 MF   NOR Odin Thiago Holm
16 MF   NOR Mathias Johnsrud Emilsen
17 FW   NOR Tobias Christensen
18 FW   NGA Taofeek Ismaheel (on loan from Lorient)
19 FW   NOR Seedy Jatta
20 MF   NOR Magnus Bech Riisnæs
21 GK   NOR Magnus Smelhus Sjøeng
22 DF   NOR Ivan Näsberg
23 DF   ISL Brynjar Ingi Bjarnason
24 MF   NOR Petter Strand
26 FW   NOR Aron Dønnum (on loan from Standard Liège)
27 FW   NOR Jacob Eng

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
10 MF   SWE Albin Mörfelt (at Mjällby)

Notable past players and staffEdit

Retired and reserved numbersEdit

Coaching staffEdit

Position Name
Head coach Dag-Eilev Fagermo
Assistant coach Kenneth Dokken
Goalkeeper coach Gjermund Østby
Fitness coach Mohammad Dajani
Reserve team coach Gard Holme
U-19 coach Tommy Berntsen
Assistant U-19 coach Stian Tjærnås Dahl
Head scout Lars Tjærnås
Head of Youth Development Igor Aase
Director of football Joacim Jonsson
Physio Carl Fredrik Birkemo
Physio Petter Øren
Equipment manager Egil Larsen
Club doctor Erik Rosenlund


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "FAKTA OM INTILITY ARENA" [Facts About the Intility Arena]. VIF-Fotball.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b Olstad, Finn (2012). Heia Vålerenga! (in Norwegian). Aschehoug. ISBN 978-82-03-39021-0.
  3. ^ "Generalsponsor er i boks!" (in Norwegian). Klanen.no. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Ronny Deila har signert for Vålerenga!". Vålerenga fotball. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Nå flytter VIF hjem" (in Norwegian). Dagsavisen.no. 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Historien om Intility Arena" (in Norwegian). vif-fotball.no. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  7. ^ Eriksen, Per Øivind (11 February 2015). "Det nærmer seg byggestart for Vålerenga Stadion på Valle Hovin men stadion blir enklere enn tidligere vist på bilder" (in Norwegian). Ensjo.org. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  8. ^ a b Sørgjerd, Christian (10 June 2015). "Vålerenga får grønt lys, starter stadionbygging til høsten" (in Norwegian). Osloby.no. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Grunnsteinen til vålerenga stadion legges" (in Norwegian). vif-fotball.no. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Hvor ble humoristene av?" (in Norwegian). VPN.no. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  11. ^ Rove Berntsen, Anders (5 May 2011). "20 år med Klanen" (in Norwegian). NRK.no. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  12. ^ Herrebrøden, Øyvind (27 October 2019). "SUPPORTERFYRVERKERI PREGET MÅLLØST DERBY MELLOM LILLESTRØM OG VÅLERENGA" (in Norwegian). VG.no. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  13. ^ Torjusen, Thomas (9 November 2014). "Tippeligaen med publikumsøkning på drøye 2%" (in Norwegian). Toppfotball.no. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  14. ^ "SERIEVINNERE – Eliteserien" [Series Winners – Eliteserien]. Eliteserien.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Norgesmestere menn" [Norwegian Champions men]. Fotball.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  16. ^ "- Ordentlig klønete. Urutinert" [- Properly clumsy. A lack of experience.]. Dagbladet.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Tilskuertall Vålerenga". NIFS (in Norwegian). NTB. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Vålerenga Fotball". NIFS (in Norwegian). NTB. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  19. ^ "A-lag spillere" [First team squad] (in Norwegian). Vålerenga Fotball. Retrieved 25 February 2022.

External linksEdit