SK Slavia Prague

Sportovní klub Slavia Praha – fotbal (Sports Club Slavia Prague – Football, pronounced [ˈslaːvɪja ˈpraɦa]), commonly known as Slavia Praha or Slavia Prague, is a Czech professional football club in Prague. Founded in 1892, they are the second most successful club in the Czech Republic since its independence in 1993.[1]

Slavia Prague
Logo of SK Slavia Praha.svg
Full nameSportovní klub Slavia Praha – fotbal a.s.
Nickname(s)Červenobílí
(The red and whites)
Sešívaní
(The stitched)[nb 1]
Slávisté
(The Slavists)
Founded1892; 130 years ago (1892) as ACOS (Akademický cyklistický odbor Slavia)
GroundSinobo Stadium,
Vršovice, Prague 10, Prague
Capacity20,232
OwnerCITIC Group
PresidentJaroslav Tvrdík
Head coachJindřich Trpišovský
LeagueCzech First League
2020–211st
WebsiteClub website
Current season

They play in the Czech First League, the highest competition in the Czech Republic. They play the Prague derby with Sparta Prague, an important rivalry in Czech football. Slavia has won 21 titles, several Czech cups, and the Mitropa Cup in 1938. The club has won seven league titles since the foundation of the Czech league in 1993. They have also reached the semi-finals of the 1995–96 UEFA Cup and qualified for the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League group stage for the first time in their history. In 2019, Slavia reached the quarter-finals of the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League and also qualified for the 2019–20 UEFA Champions League group stage for the second time in their history. They once again reached the Europa League quarter-finals in 2020–21. In the title-winning 2020-21 the team completed an entire season undefeated and set a Czech record for the longest top-flight unbeaten league run at 54 games between 2020 and 2021.[2]

In addition to their men's squad, Slavia Prague has reserve, youth, and women's teams.

HistoryEdit

Slavia was founded on 2 November 1892 by medicine students in Vinohrady, Prague, as a sport club aimed at increasing sport activity among students. Initially the club focused on cycling, and expanded to football in 1896.[3] On 25 March of that year, Slavia won their first match against AC Prague 5–0.[3] Four days later, Slavia played against Sparta Prague, with the match finishing 0–0, this match being the start of the rivalry between these two clubs.[4][5] In 1905, Scottish manager and former Celtic player Jake Madden brought new tactics and views on football from his home country to the club.

 
SK Slavia Prague team in 1901

He managed to set up an early golden age for the club that lasted 25 years. Under Madden Slavia won 134 domestic matches out of a total of 169, and 304 internationals out of 429 between the years 1905 and 1930. In 1930, Madden retired from Slavia and professional football at the age of 66, though he remained in Prague for the rest of his life.

In the 1934 World Cup, the Czechoslovak national team included eight Slavia players. The second golden period came when Slavia bought Josef Bican from Admira Vienna. Slavia with Bican won titles in 1940, 1941, 1942 and 1943, while many football players were at war. In 1951 Slavia finished in 11th position in the league. Poor results continued during the 1950s and 1960s when Slavia were relegated twice, in 1961 and 1963. They next played in the top level of football in 1965.

In 1996, Slavia won their 14th title after 49 years.[6] During this season, Slavia played in the semi-final of the UEFA Cup and four players of this team had big importance for the silver medal-winning Czech team from UEFA Euro 1996.[7][8]

Slavia participated in the qualifying rounds for the UEFA Champions League five times (1996, 2000, 2001, 2004 and 2005), being eliminated each time until finally qualifying for the group stage in the 2007–08 season following a 3–1 aggregate victory over Ajax in the third qualifying round. For the group stage, Slavia were drawn in Group H along with Arsenal, Steaua București and Sevilla. They started with a 2–1 win at home against Steaua and a 4–2 loss to Sevilla. Next came two matches against Arsenal; Slavia lost 7–0 at the Emirates Stadium, but in the second leg they managed to draw 0–0. In Bucharest came a 1–1 draw, which qualified the Czech team for the UEFA Cup round of 32, from third place in Group H, in spite of a home 0–3 defeat against Sevilla.

In October 2006, the construction of the new and long-awaited stadium at Eden for 21,000 spectators began. The stadium was opened on 7 May 2008 with an exhibition match against Oxford University.[9]

In the 2007–08 and 2008–09, Slavia were back-to-back Czech champions, although they did not play in the Champions League group stage due to elimination in the qualifying rounds by Fiorentina (0–2 on aggregate in 2008–09) and Sheriff Tiraspol (1–1 on away goals rule in 2009–10). In the 2009–10 season the club managed only 7th place in the league.

In the autumn of 2010, the club found itself in crisis due to its economic problems. It was discovered that Slavia owed 112 million Czech koruna to the club's former owner, ENIC Sports Ltd (English National Investment Company).[10] As a result of this, major cost-cutting was needed to service this debt and it was confirmed that the squad would need to be purged.[10] In addition to the players sold, midfielder Petr Trapp left the club mid-season, claiming that Slavia had not paid his wages for three months.[11]

On 5 May 2011, a cup semi-final against Olomouc was abandoned due to fans storming the pitch in protest against the deteriorating financial situation of the club.[12]

In September 2015, CEFC China Energy Company bought the team. Since November 2018, the club owners have been the Sinobo Group and CITIC Group.

Historical namesEdit

  • 1892 – SK ACOS Praha (Sportovní klub Akademický cyklistický odbor Slavia Praha)
  • 1893 – SK Slavia Praha (Sportovní klub Slavia Praha)
  • 1948 – Sokol Slavia Praha
  • 1949 – ZSJ Dynamo Slavia Praha (Základní sportovní jednota Dynamo Slavia Praha)
  • 1953 – DSO Dynamo Praha (Dobrovolná sportovní organizace Dynamo Praha)
  • 1954 – TJ Dynamo Praha (Tělovýchovná jednota Dynamo Praha)
  • 1965 – SK Slavia Praha (Sportovní klub Slavia Praha)
  • 1973 – TJ Slavia Praha (Tělovýchovná jednota Slavia Praha)
  • 1977 – TJ Slavia IPS Praha (Tělovýchovná jednota Slavia Inženýrské průmyslové stavby Praha)
  • 1978 – SK Slavia IPS Praha (Sportovní klub Slavia Inženýrské průmyslové stavby Praha)
  • 1991 – SK Slavia Praha (Sportovní klub Slavia Praha – fotbal, a.s.)

Club symbolsEdit

 
Flag of SK Slavia Prague.

The club's colours, red and white, were chosen as standing for the heart and blood, and fair play and sportsmanship respectively. The inverted five-pointed star was intended to symbolise "new hope, forever strengthening the mind and uplifting the spirit."[3] The name "Slavia" is a Latin term used in older literature to denote the lands inhabited by Slavs.[13]

Supporters and rivalriesEdit

Slavia's greatest rivals are Sparta Prague, with whom they contest the Prague derby. A local Vršovice derby is also contested between Slavia and Bohemians 1905, whose stadium is situated a kilometre from Eden.[14]

Slavia is widely misconceived as being a Jewish club among other fans, particularly Sparta fans, and its fans and players are often subjected to anti-semitic abuse. However, the club was not founded by Jews nor did it have any Jewish history. Football historian Vladimír Zapotocký commented in an interview that were this the case, the Nazis would have shut the club down during the wartime occupation, as they did with DFC Prag. The association stems from a friendly match played against West Ham United in 1922, when Slavia insured the match against adverse weather conditions, and the match was later cancelled due to rain. They then agreed with West Ham to play the fixture the next day, while also collecting money from the insurance company for cancelling the fixture. A week later in a Prague derby fixture, Slavia were greeted onto the pitch by chants of "vy židi!" ("you Jews!") from the Sparta fans.[15]

In modern times, Slavia developed kinship with Hajduk Split.

CooperationsEdit

In May 2018 a strategic cooperation with Chinese club Beijing Sinobo Guoan for both professional and youth level football started.[16]

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 12 January 2022[17]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   CZE Ondřej Kolář
2 DF   CZE David Hovorka
3 DF   CZE Tomáš Holeš
4 DF   SWE Aiham Ousou
5 DF   DEN Alexander Bah
6 DF   UKR Maksym Talovyerov
7 MF   ROU Nicolae Stanciu
8 MF   CZE Lukáš Masopust
9 FW   NGA Peter Olayinka
10 MF   SRB Srđan Plavšić
11 FW   CZE Stanislav Tecl
13 MF   CZE Daniel Samek
15 DF   CZE Ondřej Kúdela
17 MF   CZE Lukáš Provod
18 DF   CZE Jan Bořil (captain)
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 MF   LBR Oscar Dorley
20 MF   NGA Ubong Ekpai
21 MF   DEN Mads Emil Madsen
22 FW   CZE Michael Krmenčík (on loan from Club Brugge)
23 MF   CZE Petr Ševčík
24 DF   CZE Ladislav Takács
25 MF   SVK Jakub Hromada
26 FW   SVK Ivan Schranz
27 MF   CIV Ibrahim Traoré
28 GK   CZE Aleš Mandous
30 DF   UKR Taras Kacharaba
31 GK   CZE Přemysl Kovář
32 MF   CZE Ondřej Lingr
34 GK   CZE Antonín Kinský
MF   CZE Filip Blecha

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   CRO Petar Musa (at Boavista F.C.)
DF   CZE Ondřej Karafiát (at Mladá Boleslav)
MF   CZE Tomáš Malínský (at FK Jablonec)
MF   CZE Jan Matoušek (at Slovan Liberec)
FW   BHR Abdulla Yusuf Helal (at Slovan Liberec)
FW   NED Mick van Buren (at České Budějovice)
GK   CZE Jan Stejskal (at Sigma Olomouc)
GK   CZE Jakub Markovič (at FK Pardubice)
MF   CZE Lukáš Červ (at FK Pardubice)
MF   CZE Michal Beran (at Bohemians)
DF   CIV Mohamed Tijani (at FK Teplice)
No. Pos. Nation Player
DF   CZE Tomáš Vlček (at Vysočina Jihlava)
DF   CZE Daniel Kosek (at Táborsko)
GK   CZE Matyáš Vágner (at Vlašim)
DF   CZE Michal Hošek (at Vlašim)
MF   CZE Marek Icha (at Vlašim)
MF   CZE Martin Douděra (at Vlašim)
MF   CZE Jakub Křišťan (at Vlašim)
MF   SVK Tomáš Rigo (at Vlašim)
FW   CZE Matěj Jurásek (at Vlašim)
FW   CZE Jonáš Kneifel (at Vlašim)
FW   CZE Adam Toula (at Vlašim)

Reserve squadEdit

All time best Slavia's eleven selected by fans at the 125th club anniversary[18]

Notable former playersEdit

The best known Slavia player of all time is perhaps forward Josef "Pepi" Bican, one of the most prolific goalscorers in the history of football. Other famous players include forward Antonín Puč, goalkeeper František Plánička (both of them members of the Czechoslovakia national team in two World Cups) and midfielder František Veselý. Other big names in club history are Karel Jarolím, Ivo Knoflíček, Vladimír Šmicer, Karel Poborský, Patrik Berger, Vladimír Coufal and Tomáš Souček.[3][19]

Player records in the Czech First LeagueEdit

As of 30 May 2021.[20]

Most clean sheetsEdit

# Name Clean sheets
1   Radek Černý 86
2   Ondřej Kolář 61
3   Jan Stejskal 42
4   Martin Vaniak 39

Ownership and financesEdit

Under the Czech jurisdiction the club's legal form is a joint-stock company (updated 1 August 2020) with the largest shareholder being the Chinese real estate Sinobo Group,[21] which has on 11 November 2018 purchased a majority stake from CITIC, at the time holding 99.98% of the 212,074 stocks worth of CZK 1.514 billion (Annual report from 30 June 2018). CITIC remains to be a minority shaholder and the companies did not reveal the distribution of the shares.

According to their chairman Jinhui Zhou, the Sinobo business model is a combination of real estate development and sports activities.[22] In a similar business model, Sinobo owns 64% of the shares in the Chinese club Beijing Guoan where the 36% minority belongs to CITIC. Sinobo also holds the naming rights of the arena, the Sinobo Stadium.

The Chinese investment activity in Slavia has firstly started in September 2005, when a private conglomerate CEFC acquired 59.97% shares of the club through its Czech subsidiary CEFC Group (Europe) Company a.s. from Aleš Řebíček for CZK 27 million. Through the course of the years, the share has increased to 67% and 80%, and on 22 November 2016 CEFC has capitalized its loan into the equity and increased their shares to 99.96% which made them the sole owner. In early 2018, it turned out that CEFC had serious financial problems and CITIC bought the club and arena. In late 2018, CITIC transferred Slavia's majority stake to the Chinese company Sinobo Group.

Slavia's financial results for the 2017–18 season show group revenue of CZK 837.4 million, with a profit before tax of CZK <366.7> million.

Financial data in CZK millions[23]
Year 2020-21 2019-20 2018-19 2017–18 2016–17 2015–16 2014–15
Revenue 942.133 837.390 430.070 204.806 137.909
Net Income 156.0 [24] <219.208> <366.376> <263.442> <117.099> <61.503>
Assets 1,024.278 605.796 610.835 386.571 211.416
Employees 114 108 125 115 118

ManagementEdit

The club's current manager is Jindřich Trpišovský, who joined the club in December 2017 from Slovan Liberec. He replaced Jaroslav Šilhavý, who was appointed in September 2016 and moved on to manage the Czech national team. There have been 65 managers in Slavia's history. The club's first professional coach, Jake Madden, was appointed in 1905, serving in that position until 1930. He remains the club's longest-serving coach in terms of both length of tenure and number of games overseen.[citation needed]

Managerial record of Jindřich Trpišovský in Slavia
From To Record[25]
G W D L GF GA GD Win %
22 Dec 2017
As of match played 15 July 2020
84 60 15 9 171 50 +121 071.43

Former coachesEdit

Only competitive matches are counted.

HonoursEdit

Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic League Czech First League 7 1995–96, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2016–17, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2020–21
Czechoslovak First League 13 1925, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1936–37, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1946–47
Bohemian Football Union Championships 1 1913
League titles not counted by Czech FA[26] Czech Championship 10 spring of 1897, fall of 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1915, 1918, 1924, 1948
Domestic Cup Czech Cup 6 1996–97, 1998–99, 2001–02, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2020–21
Czechoslovak Cup 3 1940–41, 1941–42, 1973–74[27]
Domestic cups not counted by Czech FA Charity Cup 4 1908, 1910, 1911, 1912[27]
Central Bohemian Cup 8 1922, 1925–26, 1927, 1927–28, 1929–30, 1931–32, 1934–35, 1940–41[27]
Liberty Cup 1 1945[27]
European Mitropa Cup 1 1938
Coupe des Nations Runners-up (1) 1930

In European footballEdit

Progress in UEFA competitionsEdit

Competition Pld W D L GF GA GD WPCT
UEFA Champions League 44 12 12 20 33 61 −28 27.27
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 8 3 3 2 11 9 +2 37.50
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League 140 52 38 50 175 167 +8 37.14
Total 192 67 53 72 219 237 −18 34.90
Updated to match(es) played on 15 April 2021. Source: UEFA.com
UEFA Champions League
Season Second
qualifying round
Third
qualifying round
Play-off round Group stage Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
1996–97   Grasshopper advanced to 1996–97 UEFA Cup
2000–01   Shamkir   Shakhtar advanced to 2000–01 UEFA Cup
2001–02   Panathinaikos advanced to 2001–02 UEFA Cup
2003–04   Leotar   Celta advanced to 2003–04 UEFA Cup
2005–06   Anderlecht advanced to 2005–06 UEFA Cup
2007–08   Žilina   Ajax   Steaua advanced to 2007–08 UEFA Cup
  Sevilla
  Arsenal
2008–09   Fiorentina advanced to 2008–09 UEFA Cup
2009–10   Sheriff advanced to 2009–10 UEFA Europa League
2017–18   BATE   APOEL advanced to 2017–18 UEFA Europa League
2018–19   Dynamo advanced to 2018–19 UEFA Europa League
2019–20   Cluj   Inter eliminated
  Barcelona
  Dortmund
2020–21   Midtjylland advanced to 2020–21 UEFA Europa League
2021–22   Ferencváros advanced to 2021–22 UEFA Europa League play-off round
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
Season Second
qualifying round
Third
qualifying round
Play-off round Group stage
(First round)
Round of 32
(Second round)
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
1976–77   Akademik
1977–78   S. Liège
1985–86   St Mirren
1992–93   Hearts
1993–94   OFI
1994–95   Cork   AIK
1995–96   Sturm   Freiburg   Lugano   Lens   Roma   Bordeaux
1996–97   Malmö   Valencia
1998–99   I. Bratislava   Schalke   Bologna
1999–00   Vojvodina   Grasshoppers   Steaua   Udinese   Leeds
2000–01   AB   OFI   Osijek   K'lautern
2001–02   Servette
2002–03   Mouscron   Partizan   PAOK   Beşiktaş
2003–04   Smederevo   Levski
2004–05   D. Tbilisi
2005–06   Cork   CSKA   Palermo
  Viking
  Monaco
  Hamburg
2006–07   Karvan   Tottenham
2007–08   Tottenham
2008–09   Vaslui   A. Villa
  Žilina
  Hamburg
  Ajax
2009–10   Red Star   Genoa
  Lille
  Valencia
2016–17   Levadia   Rio Ave   Anderlecht
2017–18   M. Tel Aviv
  Astana
  Villarreal
2018–19   Bordeaux   Genk   Sevilla   Chelsea
  Zenit
  Copenhagen
2020–21   Leverkusen   Leicester   Rangers   Arsenal
  Be'er Sheva
  Nice
2021–22   Legia advanced to 2021–22 UEFA Europa Conference League
UEFA Europa Conference League
Season Second
qualifying round
Third
qualifying round
Play-off round Group stage
(First round)
Play-off
(Knockout round)
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
2021–22   Feyenoord   Fenerbahçe
17 February 2022 (A)
24 February 2022 (H)
  Union
  Haifa
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Season Second
qualifying round
Third
qualifying round
Play-off round Group stage
(First round)
Round of 32
(Second round)
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
1974–75   Carl Zeiss
1997–98   Luzern   Nice   Stuttgart
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
Season Second
qualifying round
Third
qualifying round
Play-off round Group stage
(First round)
Round of 32
(Second round)
Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
1967–68   Köln
1968–69   Vienna SC   Hamburg

UEFA club coefficientEdit

As of 1 January 2022.[28]
Rank Team Points
30   Lazio 53.000
31   Dinamo Zagreb 49.500
32   Slavia Prague 49.000
33   Eintracht Frankfurt 47.000
34   Zenit St. Petersburg 46.000

Club recordsEdit

Czech First League recordsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sešívaní means "stitched together", referring to the home kit with a red half and white half which were traditionally sewn together.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Historická tabulka". Fortuna Liga. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  2. ^ "NEPORAŽENÍ 582 dnů. Série, na kterou se nezapomene". Slavia.cz. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Běrný, Aleš (2 November 2012). "Přesně před 120 lety založili studenti Slavii, klub funguje dodnes". iDnes. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Historie Zápasů – 1896". Slavia Prague. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  5. ^ "O derby. Proč a jak dlouho se nemáme rádi". Sparta Prague. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  6. ^ Jeřábek, Luboš (2007). Český a československý fotbal – lexikon osobností a klubů (in Czech). Prague, Czech Republic: Grada Publishing. p. 163. ISBN 978-80-247-1656-5.
  7. ^ SK Slavia Praha – official site Archived 9 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ SK Slavia Praha – official site Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Czech champions Slavia too strong for Blues". Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2008.
  10. ^ a b "Konec sporů: Natland se dohodl se zástupci ENICu a uhradil dluhy Slavie". ihned.cz. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Fotbalista Trapp se po dvou letech vrací ze Slavie zpátky do Plzně". iDnes. 5 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Zápas ukončete, přikázal velitel policejního zásahu, říká delegát". Idnes.cz. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  13. ^ Kollar, Jan. Sláwa bohyně a půwod gména Slawůw čili Slawjanůw.
  14. ^ "A look ahead: Here comes SK Slavia Praha". Union Berlin FC. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  15. ^ "ZAUJALO NÁS: Kde se vzal pokřik jude Slavie?". Supporters.cz. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Slavia Prague seals cooperation with oldest Chinese football club". 19 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Soupiska A-tým". slavia.cz. SK Slavia Prague.
  18. ^ "Historické jedenáctky". slavia.cz. SK Slavia Prague.
  19. ^ "Fourteen years red and white". slavia.cz. SK Slavia Prague. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  20. ^ "Detailed stats". Fortuna liga.
  21. ^ "Slavia má oficiálně nového majoritního vlastníka. Čínskou společnost Sinobo". www.isport.blesk.cz.
  22. ^ "Luxury apartment builder Sinobo to focus on mix-use projects". www.chinadaily.com.cn.
  23. ^ https://or.justice.cz/ias/ui/vypis-sl-firma?subjektId=706684
  24. ^ "Zábava za všechny prachy. Majitelé "S" musejí kluby dotovat, platy vzrostly". www.isport.blesk.cz.
  25. ^ "Jindřich Trpišovský | CSFOTBAL". www.csfotbal.cz.
  26. ^ "eFotbal.cz » Česká liga : Slavii nebylo přiznáno deset historických titulů, Spartě čtyři. Vzniká iniciativa, která chce, aby t". eFotbal.cz.
  27. ^ a b c d Czech Republic - List of Cup Finals RSSSF
  28. ^ "Club coefficients". UEFA.

External linksEdit