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Fudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla (English: Football Club Sloboda Tuzla) is a Bosnian professional football club based in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The English translation of the team's name is Football Club Freedom. The club is a member of the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina and has been active in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina since it was founded.

Sloboda Tuzla
Club crest
Full nameFudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla
Nickname(s)Crveno-crni (The Red-and-blacks)
Founded1919; 100 years ago (1919)
GroundStadion Tušanj
Capacity7,200
PresidentSead Kozlić
ManagerAdmir Smajić (team manager)
Mile Lazarević (manager)
LeaguePremier League BH
2018–19Premier League BH, 8th
WebsiteClub website

HistoryEdit

FoundationEdit

FK Sloboda Tuzla was founded in 1919, as a part of the Labour Sport Society Gorki, named after the great socialist Russian poet Maxim Gorky. The football club and the labour society was popular in a wide part of the sporting public in Tuzla and beyond. The club was formed on the initiative of the Tuzla branch of the newly formed Communist party of Yugoslavia, under the influence of the ideas of the October revolution of 1917 and revolutionary movements in Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as its integral part.

After the initial congress of unification and the creation of the Socialist Labour Party (Communists) in Yugoslavia that took place in Vukovar, Croatia in 1919, the first conference of the Tuzla municipal organisation of the SWPY(c) took place on 17 October 1919 in Tuzla. The elected party council decided on the same day to start with the formation of a worker's sporting society. The official founding of the club took place in the end of October 1919, and gathering was led by Jovo Sretenović, Mato Vidović, Safet Hadžiefendić, Ljubko Simić, Niko Trifković and Petar Dugonjić.[1]

The men elected into the first Board of directors of the club were: Leonard Bancher, Mato Vidović, Niko Trifković, Stjepan Brkljačić and Alfred Puhta, Mijo Cuvaj and Ahmed Mandžić, Franto Bauzek (locksmith), Emil Kranjčec, Jakov Čurić and Petar Dugonjić, Franjo Miškovski, Safet Hadžiefendić, August Mot and Karlo Schwartz. The origin of the original name of the sporting society, Gorki, was explained by Petar Dugonjić:

When the final preparations for the organising meeting were being dealt with, it was suggested that the club be named Sokolović, after Mićo Sokolović, a known worker's rights activist. Then Mitar Trifunović noticed: "People, few will know that we named the Club after our Mića. Most will think of Mehmed-paša Sokolović". The practical Franjo Rezač insisted we go to the meeting with a concrete name suggestion. Mitar Trifunović then said: "If no one objects, I would suggest the club bears the name of Maxim Gorky". I remember it well. Afterwards the name was accepted with enthusiasm at the meeting.[1]

The first headquarters of the club was in Rudarska Street in Tuzla, not far from Skver is today. Afterwards the headquarters moved to the building of the Jewish Bank, then to the Grand Hotel and then back to Rudarska Street. The games were played on two fields – the first one was called the Communist playground between what today are the Chemical and Mechanical high-schools and the second one was the field where the Braća Ribar primary schools stands.

All the players were workers, and the Gorki first team had the following players: Mirko Veseli, Peri Mot, Karlo Krejči, Santo Altarac, Ivica Šifer, Franto Bauzek, Mijo Josić, Lorenc Ajhberger, Vili Zaboš, Slavko Zafani, Ahmed Mandžić, Alfred Puhta, Jozo Vikić, Malaga Mustačević, Dragoslav Stakić and several others. The coach was Brato Gamberger, former player of HŠK Zrinjski.[1]

The club mostly played against other Tuzla football clubs. Namely, at the time of the formation of FK Gorki there were three other football clubs in Tuzla, Zrinjski, Obilić and Makabi, based around the Croatian, Serbian and Jewish population of Tuzla. In 1921 the Bosniak club Bura was also formed. Unlike these confessional clubs, FK Gorki was multinational and accepted members of all faiths and ethnicities.

It is important to note that the official ground of Tuzla in this period was the field of HŠK Zrinjski built in 1928 on the road to Solina from Brčanska Malta with the help of Kalman Liska, a wood merchant and president of HŠK Zrinjski.

Panoramic view of the stadium

FK SlobodaEdit

In 1924, because of the country-wide ban of communist activities, FK Gorki was banned by the government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under the orders of the infamous Obznana. There was an attempt to form another worker's club, called Hajduk, but this was also banned in 1924.

Foundation and activity between 1927 and 1941Edit

Thanks to the perseverance of labour activists, on 20 November 1927 the Labour-cultural and sporting society Sloboda (Bosnian: Radničko-kulturno sportsko društvo Sloboda) was formed in Tuzla. The society initially had four sections: Sports, Tamburica, Choir and Amateur theatre. The first team of the sports section was: Karlo Mot, Nikola Kemenc, Suljo Nezirović, Alfred Puhta, Safet and Ešo Isabegović, Oto and Ivica Milinović, Josip Leder and Muho Mujezinović, Karlo Schwartz, Vlado Mileusnić, Jozo Kemenc, Rihard Žlebnik, Mujo Begić and many others.

In the beginning of 1928, the sports section becomes independent and renames itself to RSK Sloboda. Although officially under the influence of social-democrats, communists continue to have a substantial influence in the club, hence it is a continuation of the formerly banned FK Gorki. That is the reason the year of foundation is always considered to be 1919, the year when Gorki was formed and not 1928. The first game played by the new club was against FK Solvaj from Lukavac. Because of the discontinuation of several other Tuzla football clubs, like Obilić nad Bura, many players transferred to Sloboda and in 1928 it had a formidable team that consisted of the following players: Asim Mulaosmanović, Muho Mujeznović, Dejan Vujasinović, Mujko Mešković, Meša Selimović, Abdurahman Mujezinović Smrt, Vlado Mileusnić, Karlo Mot, Ivan Majer and others. It is a very interesting fact that Mehmed Meša Selimović, one of the greatest Bosniak writers of all time, played in Sloboda at this period.

Re-foundation in SFRY and rise to the top 1945–1992Edit

During the time of former Yugoslavia, FK Sloboda was active in the Yugoslav First League and the team had much success, despite never winning the title. The best result was achieved in 1977 when FC Sloboda has qualified for the UEFA cup 1977–78. Unfortunately, Las Palmas from Spain was stronger, 5–0 in Spain for Las Palmas and 4–3 for FK Sloboda in Tuzla. This is a club with very rich history in former Yugoslavia giving many stars such as Mesud Nalić, Omer Jusić, Rizah Mešković, Mersed Kovačević, Fuad Mulahasanović, Ismet Hadžić, Dževad Šećerbegović, Mustafa Hukić, Midhat Memišević as well as young players members of U-20 national team such as Isanović, Ćulumarević, Milošević, Hajrulahović, Jogunčić.

Bosnian First League 1993–2000Edit

In 1991 Sloboda was to be relegated from 1st Yugoslav league, but after Croatian and Slovenian teams left Yugoslav 1st league Sloboda was there for season 1992 but left league with Željezničar, Sarajevo and Velež after breakout of war. Until 2000 Sloboda played First League of NFSBiH, after 2000 Sloboda played Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Season 1994–1995 was first season of Bosnian First League, Sloboda won Tuzla Group but lost in First Play-off Round from Bosna Visoko,and reached finals of National Cup, but lost to Čelik Zenica.

Next season saw Sloboda wining third place in League, top scorer was Nedim Omerović with 17 goals, same thing happens again in Cup, losing to Čelik.

In season 1996–1997 Sloboda declined and ended up tenth in First League. In Season 1997–1998 Sloboda missed Championship Playoff with Croat teams by 3 points.

Season 1998–1999 was turbulent one, by the end of first half of championship Sloboda was in relegation zone, on winter Mustafa Hukić took club over and made great success by reaching fifth place.

Season 1999–2000 started with huge expectations, fans expected great things, but on August 7 manager of Sloboda Mustafa Hukić died in car crash, and Sloboda ended up in 7th place and runner up in 3 team finals of National Cup.

Number of great players played for team during these years such as Vedin Musić, Muhamed Konjić, Sakib Malkočević, Nedim Omerović.

Premijer League, decline and relegation 2000–2012Edit

1st League of Federation of BiH (2nd tier of Bosnian football), back in top flight 2014–presentEdit

After 42 years, Sloboda got relegated from the top divisions (including both, Jugoslavia and Bosnian football) to the First League of FBiH in the 2011–12 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina season. They came back after their 2nd season of being relegated. In their first season after getting back to the top tier (2014/2015), Sloboda finished at the 8th place, recording 2nd best performance of the spring part of the season (8–4–3).

Sloboda was the league leader of the first part of the 2015–16 Bosnian Premier League season. Until March, 2016, the team were on an 18-game unbeaten run in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina dating back to November 18, 2015. Team took 2nd league place that season, managing also to achieve the Bosnian Cup final which was lost by Radnik Bijeljina (11 May – Tuzla: 1–1, 18 May – Bijeljina: 0–3).

The season 2016–17 was followed by turbulent the clubs board change when Mr Azmir Husic decided to leave the president seat in September and was replaced with Mr Senad Mujkanovic. The club took 5th league place at the end. That season left us with memories on one of the best come backs when Sloboda hosted Zrinjski Mostar on November 19, 2016. Zrinski had 3–0 after 51 minutes (Mesanovic `14, Petrak `17, Bilbija `51), but Sloboda managed to tie in only 18 minutes (Subic `54, Mehmedagic `61, Krpic `72).

League season 2017–2018 was entire to forget when club took 10th position, just one place above relegation zone. However, through the 2017–18 Bosnian Cup, under the guidance of then manager Slavko Petrović, Sloboda made it all the way to the semi-finals, losing 4–1 on aggregate to eventual winner, FK Željezničar Sarajevo.[2]

On 29 March 2019, the club president Senad Mujkanović, left the club and Sead Kozlić was named for the new clubs president.[3]

SupportersEdit

Home team supporters from Stadion Tušanj are known as Fukare Tuzla established in 1987. The name originated from Red-Black Killers in the early 1970s.[4]

RivalryEdit

FK Sloboda Tuzla main rival is Tuzla City the other team from the city of Tuzla. The first match was played on August 11, 2018, when Tuzla City was a host. Sloboda Tuzla won 1:0. Last derby played in 2019, finished in favor of Tuzla City 2:1, making them the first win ever against their fellow rivals.

HonoursEdit

European recordEdit

UEFA Europa League
Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
1977–78 UEFA Cup 1Q   Las Palmas 4–3 0–5 4–8  
2016–17 UEFA Europa League 1Q   Beitar Jerusalem 0–0 0–1 0–1  
UEFA Intertoto Cup
Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
2003 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1Q   KA Akureyri 1–1 1–1 1–1 (p: 3-2)  
2Q   Lierse 1–0 1–5 2–5  
2004 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1Q   Celje 1–0 1–2 2–2  
2Q   Spartak Trnava 0–1 1–2 1–3  

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 9 September 2019

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Nikola Lakić
2   DF Amar Beganović (captain)
3   DF Emir Jusić
4   MF Armin Hodžić
5   DF Adnan Salihović
6   DF Dejan Uzelac
7   MF Omar Pršeš
8   FW Adnan Osmanović
9   MF Edis Smajić
10   MF Samir Bekrić
11   FW Amer Bekić
12   GK Irfan Fejzić
13   MF Adnan Buljić
14   DF Perica Ivetić
No. Position Player
15   MF Tony Livančić
16   MF Dušan Ristić
18   MF Saša Maksimović
19   DF Almir Bekić
20   MF Marinko Rastoka
21   DF Kenin Devedžić
22   MF Yoann Martelat
23   FW Abid Mujagić
  DF Sabit Alispahić
  DF Petar Dodig
  DF Adel Halilović
  DF Bakir Karić
  MF Eldin Omerović
  MF Dino Hodžić

Players with multiple nationalitiesEdit

  •     Nikola Lakić
  •     Tony Livančić
  •     Marinko Rastoka
  •     Petar Dodig
  •     Adel Halilović

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Edin Salkić (at Bratstvo Gračanica)

ManagersEdit

PresidentsEdit

  •   Ante Raos
  •   Salko Bukvarević
  •   Enver Bijedić
  •   Salih Šabović
  •   Davud Zahirović
  •   Mersad Kovačević
  •   Azmir Husić
  •   Senad Mujkanović
  •   Sead Kozlić

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c RSD Sloboda Tuzla 1919–1989, a monography commemorating 70 years of the club
  2. ^ N.K. (18 April 2018). "Željezničar protutnjao Tuzlom i zakazao finale Kupa BiH s Krupom" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Skupština razriješila Mujkanovića, Kozlić novi predsjednik Slobode" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. 29 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Fukare Tuzla – najvjernija armija!". fksloboda.ba. 22 August 2015.

External linksEdit