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Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona (Catalan pronunciation: [rəˈjal ˈklub dəpuɾˈtiw əspəˈɲɔl də βəɾsəˈlonə]; Royal Spanish Sports Club of Barcelona, Spanish: Real Club Deportivo Español), commonly known as Espanyol de Barcelona, or simply as Espanyol, is a professional sports club based in Barcelona, Spain.

Espanyol
Rcd espanyol logo.svg
Full nameReal Club Deportivo
Espanyol de Barcelona, S.A.D.
Nickname(s)Periquitos (Budgerigars) Blanquiazules (White and Blue) Mágico (Magical)
Short nameRCDE, ESP
Founded13 October 1900; 118 years ago (13 October 1900)
as Sociedad Española de Football
StadiumRCDE Stadium,
Cornellà de Llobregat
Capacity40,500[1]
OwnerRastar Group
PresidentChen Yansheng
Head coachRubi
LeagueLa Liga
2018–19La Liga, 2nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Founded in 1900, the club plays in La Liga, the highest division of Spanish football and play their home games at the RCDE Stadium, which holds up to 40,500 spectators. Espanyol have won Copa del Rey four times, most recently in 2006, and reached the UEFA Cup final in 1988 and 2007. The team competes in the Barcelona Derby against FC Barcelona.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Foundation and club cultureEdit

 
First shield of Club Español de Fútbol
 
CD Español, Catalonian champions in 1904
 
RCD Español in 1912.
 
Ricardo Zamora with Español

Espanyol was founded on 28 October 1900 by Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz (1879–1959), an engineering student at the University of Barcelona. The club's original home was in the well-off district of Sarrià and was initially known as the Sociedad Española de Football. One year later, the club changed its name to Club Español de Fútbol. Espanyol was the first club in Spain to be formed exclusively by Spanish fans of the game.

The club originally played in bright yellow shirts, with the colour of the shorts being left to the individual player. A friend of the club founder owned a textile business and happened to have an abundance of yellow material left over from a job. In 1910, the club changed its name to Club Deportivo Español and chose blue and white stripes as shirt colours and as the central colours of the club badge. Blue and white was chosen in homage to the colours appearing on the shield of the great Sicilian-Aragonese Admiral Roger de Lluria, who sailed the Mediterranean protecting the interests of the Crown of Aragon in the Middle Ages. The club were successful from the very beginning, winning the Campionat de Catalunya in 1903 and subsequently playing in the Copa del Rey.

Development of club's nameEdit

In 1906, the club folded due to financial reasons and most of the players joined the X Sporting Club. This club won the Campionat de Catalunya three times between 1906 and 1908. In 1909, this club was effectively relaunched as Club Deportivo Español, and in 1910, they adopted their present-day colours. Espanyol are one of several Spanish football clubs granted patronage by the Spanish crown and thus entitled to use Real in their names and the royal crown on their badge. This right was granted to Espanyol in 1912 by Alfonso XIII and the club subsequently became known as Real Club Deportivo Español.[2]

Following the abdication of the same king in 1931 and the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic, due to prohibition of royal symbols, the club adopted the more Catalan/republican friendly name, Club Esportiu Espanyol. After the Spanish Civil War, the name reverted.

The club took the Catalan spelling for its name in February 1995. The word "Deportiu" in Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona is a Catalanised form of the original word "Deportivo" (Castilian), despite the correct word being "Esportiu" in the Catalan language. This choice was made in order to retain the initials "RCD" in the club's name.

In 1994, Espanyol created its reserve team, Espanyol B, currently playing in the Segunda División B.

2006–07 UEFA CupEdit

With their win in the Copa del Rey the previous season, Espanyol entered the UEFA Cup. Following a 5–3 aggregate success against Slovak side Artmedia Bratislava, they were drawn in Group F alongside Ajax, Belgian minnows Zulte Waregem, Sparta Prague and Austria Wien. Espanyol were group winners, victorious in all four of their ties.

Their opponent in the Round of 32 was Livorno, who had just scraped into the knockout stages. Espanyol were 4–1 victors on aggregate, recording a 2–1 win in Tuscany and finishing the job 2–0 in Barcelona. Next up was Israeli side Maccabi Haifa, and after a dour 0–0 draw in the away leg, Espanyol thrashed their Israeli counterparts 4–0 in the second leg. Many were starting to see Espanyol as favourites to go all the way to the final in Glasgow's Hampden Park.

If that were to be the case, however, Espanyol would have to defeat Portuguese club Benfica, two-time European Cup winners. Espanyol did not seem fazed by this, as they raced into a 3–0 lead in Spain. However, Benfica fought back and scored two away goals to leave the tie firmly in the balance. Nevertheless, Espanyol survived a daunting trip to Lisbon, coming away with a 0–0 draw, which was enough to book them a place in the semi-finals.

Germans Werder Bremen lay in wait for the Catalan side in the last four, but once again, Espanyol produced a brilliant home performance to virtually seal the tie on the night. A 3–0 rout of the Germans put the Spanish firmly in control, and any real doubts about their passage to the final disappeared, with a 2–1 win in Bremen. In the final, held on 16 May in Glasgow, Espanyol fell to fellow La Liga side Sevilla, losing 3–1 in a shootout following a 2–2 draw.[3] They became the only football team in UEFA Cup history to remain unbeaten in the tournament, yet didn't take home the trophy. Walter Pandiani, who would leave the club at the end of the season, was the top goal scorer of the UEFA Cup of that season.

On 9 June 2007, Raúl Tamudo became Espanyol's highest-ever goalscorer after surpassing the 111 goals scored by Rafael Marañón. (Tamudo also scored his 113 goal in the night.) One of the most memorable of Tamudo's goals was his 90th-minute match equalizer away at the Camp Nou against rivals Barcelona in 2006–07. The goal, which secured a 2–2 draw, cost Barcelona the Liga title after it finished level on points (76) with champions Real Madrid, but with a poorer head-to-head record.

On 31 May 2009, Espanyol played its last match at the Estadio Olímpico de Montjuic, a 3–0 defeat of Málaga. Espanyol had played in the Estadi Olímpic after moving from their previous ground in Sarria. With the move, club talisman Raúl Tamudo had the unique distinction of having played in three different home stadiums with his club: Sarrià, Montjuïc and, beginning in the 2009–10 season, the Cornellà-El Prat.

Recent yearsEdit

After 12 seasons playing at the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc, Espanyol moved to the Estadi de Cornellá-El Prat. The new stadium was officially inaugurated on 2 August 2009 with a match between Espanyol and Liverpool. The periquitos ("budgerigars") won 3–0, with Luis García scoring the first goal at the ground, followed by a Ben Sahar double.

On 8 August 2009, Espanyol captain Daniel Jarque, then 26, died from a cardiac arrest in the Italian village of Coverciano, where the club was at the time after playing several fixtures in Italy.[4] Since then, at every match in the 21st minute – his former shirt number – for a full minute an ovation is made in his honour. Espanyol supporters also pay tribute to Jarque by singing his name.

On 10 September 2009, the IFFHS published the best European Clubs classification during the 20th century, ranking Espanyol 98th due to their European participations. Mauricio Pochettino, former player, was named manager of the team during the 2008–09 season in order to prevent the team from relegation to the Second Division; an objective that he fulfilled, the Club carries out a sport project based in the promotion of footballers coming from the Club lower teams as well as within this environment of cutbacks. In subsequent seasons, the Club managed to stay in the First Division trouble free, even in certain moments the team fought to take part in the UEFA Europa League. Nevertheless, after 14 matches in season 2012–13, the Directors of the Club fired Pochettino since the team was last in the classification. A few days later, Mexican coach Javier Aguirre took over managing to revert the situation and obtaining good results.

Javier Aguirre carried on in charge one more year and again he managed to keep the Club in the First Division in the course of a so-called transition season. Sergio González took over in the summer of 2014 and in his first season the team reached the semifinal of the Cup and the team ended the league with no difficulties in staying in the First Division. But in December 2015, the Board of Directors decided to sack him in view of poor results obtained.[5] It was then Constantin Galca, another former Espanyol player, who was appointed as new Manager.[6]

At the same time, there were remarkable changes office-wise. President Joan Collet and his Board of Directors resigned on 20 January 2016 and Chen Yansheng took charge of the management of the Club. The Rastar Managerial Group owner bought out the shares in November 2015. His shareholding of over 50% of the written down capital meant he was able to take full control. The operation was completed on 29 January 2016 when the acquisition was finally confirmed.[7] His takeover was crucial to cover several payments with the Treasury as well as various suppliers.

RivalriesEdit

El derbi BarceloníEdit

In the first half of the 20th century during the Miguel Primo de Rivera dictatorship (1923–1930), FC Barcelona was seen as a symbol of Catalan identity, in stark contrast to RCD Espanyol which cultivated a kind of compliance to the central authority .[8]

In 1918 the municipalities of Catalonia promote a campaign to request to the Spanish Government a Statute of Autonomy. FC Barcelona joins that request and the Catalan press explains it by saying "F. C. Barcelona has become the club of Catalonia" .The other great team of the city, RCD Espanyol is dissociated from the claim.[citation needed]

In the present FC Barcelona is the club that is closer to the political powers in Catalonia, the last presidents have placed the club in a favourable position to Catalan independence movement and the holding of a referendum even with discomfort in some fans in Catalonia who feel neglected and biased against, and practically the totality of the fans in the rest of Spain.[9] Although some of the directors of the RCD Espanyol have manifested their independentist ideology the club stay out of politics and it is considered that most of the fans are against the independence of Catalonia.[10]

On numerous occasions the RCD Espanyol has complained of an unfavourable treatment and sometimes directly offensive according to them towards the club in favour of FC Barcelona by some public media dependent on the Generalidat of Catalonia like TV3.[11][12][13]

Despite these differences in ideology, the derbi has always been more relevant to Espanyol supporters than Barcelona ones due to the difference in objectives.

Though it is the most played local derby in the history of La Liga, it is also the most unbalanced, with Barcelona overwhelmingly dominant. In the league table, Espanyol has only managed to end above Barça on three occasions in almost 70 years and the only all-Catalan Copa del Rey final was won by Barça in 1957. Espanyol has the consolation of achieving the largest margin win with a 6–0 in 1951.

Espanyol achieved a 2–1 win against Barça during the 2008–09 season, becoming the first team to defeat Barcelona at Camp Nou in their treble-winning season.[14]

StadiumEdit

From 1923 until 1997, Espanyol played their home games in Estadi de Sarrià in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona. In 1997, they moved to the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on Montjuïc. For the beginning of the 2009–10 season, Espanyol moved into the newly constructed RCDE Stadium (also known as Estadi Cornellà-El Prat) between Cornellà de Llobregat and El Prat de Llobregat.

Competition summaryEdit

AchievementsEdit

  • In 1928, Espanyol became a founding member of La Liga, and in 1929, the team won their first Copa del Rey. Espanyol has completed the highest number of seasons in La Liga without actually winning the title.
  • The team has qualified seven times for the UEFA Cup (including the 2006–07 qualification following the 2006 Spanish Cup win) and reached the final in 1988,[15][16][17][18] losing to Bayer Leverkusen of then-West Germany on penalty kicks (3–2), after a memorable home-and-away final (3–0 in Barcelona, 0–3 in Leverkusen)[19][20] and in 2007, losing to Sevilla on another penalty kicks round (3–1), after a memorable match (ended 1–1 after normal time, and 2–2 after extra time).

HonoursEdit

Men's footballEdit

Domestic competitionsEdit

Winners (4): 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Winner (1): 1993–94

International competitionsEdit

Runners-up (2): 1987–88, 2006–07

Regional competitionsEdit

Winners (11): 1903–04, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1911–12, 1914–15, 1917–18, 1928–29, 1932–33, 1936–37, 1939–40
Winners: 2016[24]

Women's footballEdit

Winners (1): 2005–06
Runners-up (3): 2006–07, 2009–10, 2010–11
Winners (6): 1996, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012
Runners-up (4): 1990, 2002, 2007, 2011

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 31 January 2019[25]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Roberto
2   MF Alfa Semedo (on loan from Benfica)
4   MF Víctor Sánchez (vice-captain)
5   DF Naldo
6   DF Óscar Duarte
7   FW Borja Iglesias
8   DF Roberto Rosales (on loan from Málaga)
9   FW Sergio García (4th captain)
10   MF Sergi Darder
11   FW Facundo Ferreyra (on loan from Benfica)
12   DF Dídac Vilà
13   GK Diego López
No. Position Player
14   MF Óscar Melendo
15   MF David López (3rd captain)
16   DF Javi López (captain)
17   MF Hernán Pérez
18   MF Álex López
19   FW Pablo Piatti
20   FW Javi Puado
21   MF Marc Roca
22   DF Mario Hermoso
23   MF Esteban Granero
24   FW Wu Lei

Reserve teamEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
26   GK Edu Frias
27   DF Lluís López
28   DF Adrià Pedrosa
No. Position Player
29   FW Carlos Doncel
31   FW Víctor Campuzano

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
  DF Pipa (at Gimnàstic until 30 June 2019)
  DF Aarón Martín (at Mainz 05 until 30 June 2019)
No. Position Player
  FW Álvaro Vázquez (at Zaragoza until 30 June 2019)

Retired numbersEdit

21   Daniel Jarque (posthumous honour) (2002–09)

Players with most appearancesEdit

Competitive, professional matches only.

As of 14 April 2018

Name Years League Second Division League Cup Other Total
1   Raúl Tamudo 1996–2010 340 49 389
2   Antonio Argilés 1950–1964 301 14 42 357
3   José María 1965–1976 269 31 43 343
4   Mauricio Pochettino 1994–2006 275 45 320
5   Arteaga 1993–2003 238 28 44 310
6   Thomas N'Kono 1982–1990 241 33 19 10 303
7   Manuel Zúñiga 1979–1988 259 18 9 286
8   Fernando Molinos 1974–1984 264 6 15 285
9   Marañón 1974–1983 261 4 14 279
10   Diego Orejuela 1982–1991 216 33 15 12 276
1Includes Copa del Rey data only from 1943-1944 to 1975-1976, and since 1992-1993.

CoachesEdit

Club officialsEdit

Current technical staffEdit

 
Rubi is the current head coach of Espanyol.
Position Staff
Head coach   Rubi
Assistant coach   Jaume Torras
Goalkeeping coach   Jesús Salvador Garrido
Fitness coaches   Jaume Bartrés Arenas
  Xabi Gil Tora
  Manel González
  Thomas N'Kono
Analyst   Ramón Alturo
Doctor   Carles Enrique
Physiotherapists   Javier Carrión Delgado
  Adrià García
  Manuel González Postigo
  Roberto Nestares Fernández
  Albert Torner
Nutritionist   Albert Martínez
Delegate   José María Calzón Calzón
Kit men   Ángel Inac Martínez
  Jorge Pérez de Jesús

Last updated: 9 April 2019
Source: RCD Espanyol

Board of directorsEdit

Office Name
President Chen Yansheng
Vice president Carlos García Pont
Secretary Jorge Sarró Riu
Vice secretary Iñaki Frías Inchausti
Directors Wang Lirong
Hongyuan Wang
Mao Ye Wu
Zheng Zefeng
Lu Zuilan
Business and coordination director Mao Ye Wu
Sport general area manager Óscar Perarnau Figueras
CEO Roger Guasch
Professional football director Francisco Joaquín Pérez Rufete
Academy directors Àlex García Borau
Fran Navarro Ortiz
Femenino football director Lauren Florido Revilla
Femenino sporting director Francisca Camúñez Moreno
Head of medical services Manolo González Postigo
Marketing and commercial director Agustí Filomeno Alsina
Sponsoring, hospitality and new business director Antoni Alegre Puzo
Financial director Joan Fitó Pardo
Chief communications officer and director of
institutional relations
Agustín Rodríguez Mas
Social area director Alberto Ariza Navarro
Head of Ciutat Esportiva Dani Jarque's schools
and academies
Eloy Pérez García
Stadium director Josep Toldrà Alegret
Office manager Olga Moscatel Vivet
Administration and human resources manager Vacant
Security director Antoni Guerra Rojas
Telecommunications director Ángel Rojas Gómez
Business coordination and expansion in Asia Senon Chen

Last updated: 9 April 2019
Source: RCD Espanyol

PresidentsEdit

Dates Name
1900–02   Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1902–06   Josep María Miró Trepat
1906–09 no activities
1909   Julià Clapera Roca
1909–10   Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1910–11   Evelio Doncos
1911–12   Josep García Hardoy
1912–13   Santiago de la Riva
1913–14   Alfonso Ardura
1914–15   Josep García Hardoy
Dates Name
1915–18   José María Bernadas
1918–19   Manuel Allende
1919–20   Victorià de la Riva
1920–22   Genaro de la Riva
1922–24   Victorià de la Riva
1924–25   Santiago de la Riva
1925–30   Genaro de la Riva
1930–31   Santiago de la Riva
1931–33   Javier de Salas
1933–42   Genaro de la Riva
Dates Name
1942–47   Francisco Román Cenarro
1947–48   José Salas Painello
1948–58   Francisco Javier Sáenz
1958–60   Frederic Marimón Grifell
1960–62   Victorià Oliveras de la Riva
1962–63   Cesáreo Castilla Delgado
1963–67   Josep Fusté Noguera
1967–69   Juan Vilá
1969–70   Josep Fusté Noguera
1970–82   Manuel Meler
Dates Name
1982–89   Antonio Baró
1989   Ferran Martorell
1989–93   Julio Pardo
1993–97   Francisco Perelló
1997–11   Daniel Sánchez Llibre
2011–12   Ramon Condal
2012–16   Juan Collet
2016–   Chen Yansheng

Historical departments of RCD EspanyolEdit

 
Logo of the new sports club founded by Espanyol supporters.

Until the 1990s, Espanyol had several sporting sections. In March 2017, the Association of Supporters and Shareholders of RCD Espanyol boosted a project for recovering the sporting sections of the club, but this time without any economic link with the football team. The new multi-sports club was created with the name of Seccions Deportives Espanyol (Sporting sections Espanyol).[27]

Two months later, the Association confirmed that Espanyol would start competing in the 2017–18 season, with a roller hockey team and women's volleyball teams.[28] In the next season, the basketball section was refounded and a new section of handball would be created.

Men's basketballEdit

Winners (1): 1941
Winners (2): 1931, 1932
Runners-up (3): 1941, 1943, 1954

Women's basketballEdit

Winners (1): 1943
Runners-up (1): 1944

Men's hockeyEdit

Winners (11): 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1961, 1962
Runners-up (4): 1946, 1952, 1953, 1958

Women's volleyballEdit

Winners (3): 1985, 1988, 1991
Winners (5): 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992

Men's baseballEdit

Winners (2): 1946, 1953

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ RCDE Stadium – RCD Espanyol Official Page
  2. ^ "History". RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Palop ensures cup joy for Sevilla". uefa.com. 17 May 2007.
  4. ^ "Espanyol stunned by Jarque death". BBC. 8 August 2009.
  5. ^ "Sergio González is resigned". rcdespanyol.com. 14 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Constantin Galca, new coach of RCD Espanyol". rcdespanyol.com. 14 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Official statement". rcdespanyol.com. 20 January 2016.
  8. ^ Missiroli, Antonio (March 2002). "European football cultures and their integration: the 'short' Twentieth Century". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  9. ^ Temprano, Alejandra (2016-01-11). "El Barça cae en su trampa con el tuit de la vergüenza de Bartomeu". esdiario.es. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  10. ^ MARCA.com (2015-09-10). "Joan Collet: "Vamos a dar guerra al Madrid"". MARCA.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  11. ^ "El Espanyol "exige" la retirada de la campaña 'Si sientes el Barça, sientes Cataluña'". ELMUNDO (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  12. ^ BARCELONA, SERGI LÓPEZ-EGEA / (2016-03-03). "Ensenyament retira un texto ofensivo con el Espanyol". El Periódico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-06-17.
  13. ^ "El Espanyol y el Joventut denuncian pensamiento único en Cataluña". Economiadigital (ed. general). Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  14. ^ "How Mauricio Pochettino's Espanyol beat Pep Guardiola's Barcelona". skysports.com. 1 October 2016.
  15. ^ Licia Granello (October 22, 1987). "Il Milan è già disperato". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 25.
  16. ^ Licia Granello (November 5, 1987). "Un Milan senza attacco Una partita senza storia". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 33.
  17. ^ Gianni Mura (November 26, 1987). "Ma l' Inter soffre ancora". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23.
  18. ^ Gianni Mura (December 10, 1987). "L' Inter perde l' ultima chance". la Repubblica (in Italian). p. 23.
  19. ^ "Finale UEFA Tre gol dell' Espanyol". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 5, 1988. p. 33.
  20. ^ "Coppa UEFA Il Bayer vince ai rigori". la Repubblica (in Italian). May 19, 1988. p. 23.
  21. ^ "Spain – List of Cup Finals". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  22. ^ "Spain – List of Second Division Champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  23. ^ "Spain – List of Champions of Catalonia". RSSSF. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  24. ^ "El Espanyol gana la Supercopa" [Espanyol win the Supercup]. Mundo Deportivo. Roger Torelló. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  25. ^ www.rcdespanyol.com, RCD Espanyol -. "First Team - RCD Espanyol". www.rcdespanyol.com.
  26. ^ "First Team RCD Espanyol Marc Roca Junqué #21". rcdespanyol.com. RCD Espanyol de Barcelona S.A.D. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  27. ^ "Pericos sobre ruedas" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 15 March 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  28. ^ "Reneix el gegant adormit" (in Catalan). L'Esportiu de Catalunya. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.

External linksEdit