Supercopa de España

The Supercopa de España or the Spanish Super Cup is a super cup tournament in Spanish football. Founded in 1982 as a two-team competition, the current version has been contested since 2019–20 by four teams: the winners and runners-up of La Liga and the winners and runners-up of the Copa del Rey.[1] Barcelona have won the Supercopa thirteen times, while Real Madrid eleven.

Supercopa de España
Supercopa de España logo.svg
Organising bodyRoyal Spanish Football Federation
Founded1980
RegionSpain
Number of teams2 (until 2018)
4 (2019–present)
Current championsAthletic Bilbao (3rd title)
Most successful club(s)Barcelona (13 titles)
Television broadcastersList of broadcasters
2020–21 Supercopa de España

HistoryEdit

The current competition has existed since 1982. Between 1940 and 1953, several other tournaments between the Spanish league champions and the cup winners (then Copa del Generalísimo) were played.[2][3][4]

In September 1940, a match with this format had the name of Copa de Campeones.[4] It was not repeated until December 1945 when, due to the good relations with the Spanish military government the ambassador of Argentina, offered a trophy called Copa de Oro Argentina.[2][4] Both these trophies were unofficial and were only played once.[2]

In 1941 the Copa Presidente FEF was established as an official tournament founded and organized by the RFEF; however, it was also only contested once, and though 11 of the 12 matches in its mini-league format were played between April and May 1941, its last, decisive fixture was delayed until eventually taking place in September 1947.[5]

Also in 1947, the Copa Eva Duarte de Perón was established as an annual and official tournament founded and organized by the RFEF, as a tribute to Argentine president Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón. It was played between September and December, usually as one-match finals. The trophy was the predecessor of the current Supercopa de España, first held in 1982.[2][4]

In 2018, the Supercopa was played for the first time as a single match hosted at a neutral venue.[6]

On 12 November 2019, it was announced that the Supercopa would expand to four teams, and would be held at King Abdullah Sports City in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia for the next three years, in a deal valued at €120 million. The event was also moved to January in order to reduce the "congestion" on teams' schedules.[7] The agreement has faced criticism: Jesus Alvarez, head of sport programming for state broadcaster RTVE, stated that it would not bid for the media rights to the Supercopa, in protest of Saudi Arabia's human and women's rights records—especially in women's sports. Liga de Fútbol Profesional president Javier Tebas also criticized the decision, citing the human rights violations and the country's "pirating" of European football (in reference to pirate broadcaster beoutQ).[8] In the past, Tebas has been a major advocate to hold the competition outside of Spain, and especially the United States, as part of his efforts to expand La Liga globally.[9] RSFF president Luis Rubiales stated that women would be able to attend the matches without restriction, and defended the agreement as the use of football to "transform society".[10][11][12]

Predecessors of SupercopaEdit

Year Champion Winner of Runner-up Winner of Score Trophy name
1940 Atlético Madrid 1939–40 La Liga Espanyol 1940 Copa del Generalísimo 3–3, 7–1 Copa de los Campeones de España (Unofficial competición)
1941 Atlético Madrid 1940–41 La Liga Valencia 1941 Copa del Generalísimo 4–0 Copa Presidente FEF (Official competición)
1945 Barcelona 1944–45 La Liga Athletic Bilbao 1944–45 Copa del Generalísimo 5–4 Copa de Oro Argentina (Unofficial competición)

Copa Eva DuarteEdit

Year Champion Winner of Runner-up Winner of Score
1947 Real Madrid 1947 Copa del Generalísimo Valencia 1946–47 La Liga 3–1
1948 Barcelona 1947–48 La Liga Sevilla 1947–48 Copa del Generalísimo 1–0
1949 Valencia 1948–49 Copa del Generalísimo Barcelona 1948–49 La Liga 7–4
1950 Athletic Bilbao 1949–50 Copa del Generalísimo Atlético Madrid 1949–50 La Liga 5–5, 2–0
1951 Atlético Madrid 1950–51 La Liga Barcelona 1951 Copa del Generalísimo 2–0
1952 Barcelona 1951–52 Liga & Copa Awarded automatically for winning the Double.
1953 Barcelona 1952–53 Liga & Copa Awarded automatically for winning the Double.

* In 1952[13] and 1953 the cup was awarded to Barcelona, as they had won the La Liga / Copa del Generalísimo double.

Finals by yearEdit

Two-team formatEdit

Except for the 1983, 1988 and 1992 tournaments, the first leg match was played at the cup winner's stadium.

Year Champions Scores Runners-up
1982 Real Sociedad

(1981–82 La Liga)

0–1 Real Madrid

(1981–82 Copa del Rey)

4–0
Real Sociedad won 4–1 on aggregate
1983 Barcelona

(1982–83 Copa del Rey)

3–1 Athletic Bilbao

(1982–83 La Liga)

0–1
Barcelona won 3–2 on aggregate
1984 Athletic Bilbao

(1983–84 Liga & Copa)

N/A
Awarded automatically to Athletic Bilbao after they won the Double
1985 Atlético Madrid

(1984–85 Copa del Rey)

3–1 Barcelona

(1984–85 La Liga)

0–1
Atlético Madrid won 3–2 on aggregate
1986 Real Madrid and Zaragoza did not play
1987 Real Madrid and Real Sociedad did not play
1988 Real Madrid

(1987–88 La Liga)

2–0 Barcelona

(1987–88 Copa del Rey)

1–2
Real Madrid won 3–2 on aggregate
1989 Real Madrid

(1988–89 Liga & Copa)

N/A
Awarded automatically to Real Madrid after they won the Double
1990 Real Madrid

(1989–90 La Liga)

1–0 Barcelona

(1989–90 Copa del Rey)

4–1
Real Madrid won 5–1 on aggregate
1991 Barcelona

(1990–91 La Liga)

1–0 Atlético Madrid

(1990–91 Copa del Rey)

1–1
Barcelona won 2–1 on aggregate
1992 Barcelona

(1991–92 La Liga)

3–1 Atlético Madrid

(1991–92 Copa del Rey)

2–1
Barcelona won 5–2 on aggregate
1993 Real Madrid

(1992–93 Copa del Rey)

3–1 Barcelona

(1992–93 La Liga)

1–1
Real Madrid won 4–2 on aggregate
1994 Barcelona

(1993–94 La Liga)

2–0 Zaragoza

(1993–94 Copa del Rey)

4–5
Barcelona won 6–5 on aggregate
1995 Deportivo La Coruña

(1994–95 Copa del Rey)

3–0 Real Madrid

(1994–95 La Liga)

2–1
Deportivo won 5–1 on aggregate
1996 Barcelona

(1995–96 Copa runners-up)

5–2 Atlético Madrid

(1995–96 Liga & Copa)

1–3
Barcelona won 6–5 on aggregate
1997 Real Madrid

(1996–97 La Liga)

1–2 Barcelona

(1996–97 Copa del Rey)

4–1
Real Madrid won 5–3 on aggregate
1998 Mallorca

(1997–98 Copa runners-up)

2–1 Barcelona

(1997–98 Liga & Copa)

1–0
Mallorca won 3–1 on aggregate
1999 Valencia

(1998–99 Copa del Rey)

1–0 Barcelona

(1998–99 La Liga)

3–3
Valencia won 4–3 on aggregate
2000 Deportivo La Coruña

(1999–2000 La Liga)

0–0 Espanyol

(1999–2000 Copa del Rey)

2–0
Deportivo won 2–0 on aggregate
2001 Real Madrid

(2000–01 La Liga)

1–1 Zaragoza

(2000–01 Copa del Rey)

3–0
Real Madrid won 4–1 on aggregate
2002 Deportivo La Coruña

(2001–02 Copa del Rey)

3–0 Valencia

(2001–02 La Liga)

1–0
Deportivo won 4–0 on aggregate
2003 Real Madrid

(2002–03 La Liga)

1–2 Mallorca

(2002–03 Copa del Rey)

3–0
Real Madrid won 4–2 on aggregate
2004 Zaragoza

(2003–04 Copa del Rey)

0–1 Valencia

(2003–04 La Liga)

3–1
Zaragoza won 3–2 on aggregate
2005 Barcelona

(2004–05 La Liga)

3–0 Real Betis

(2004–05 Copa del Rey)

1–2
Barcelona won 4–2 on aggregate
2006 Barcelona

(2005–06 La Liga)

1–0 Espanyol

(2005–06 Copa del Rey)

3–0
Barcelona won 4–0 on aggregate
2007 Sevilla

(2006–07 Copa del Rey)

1–0 Real Madrid

(2006–07 La Liga)

5–3
Sevilla won 6–3 on aggregate
2008 Real Madrid

(2007–08 La Liga)

2–3 Valencia

(2007–08 Copa del Rey)

4–2
Real Madrid won 6–5 on aggregate
2009 Barcelona

(2008–09 Liga & Copa)

2–1 Athletic Bilbao

(2008–09 Copa runners-up)

3–0
Barcelona won 5–1 on aggregate
2010 Barcelona

(2009–10 La Liga)

1–3 Sevilla

(2009–10 Copa del Rey)

4–0
Barcelona won 5–3 on aggregate
2011 Barcelona

(2010–11 La Liga)

2–2 Real Madrid

(2010–11 Copa del Rey)

3–2
Barcelona won 5–4 on aggregate
2012 Real Madrid

(2011–12 La Liga)

2–3 Barcelona

(2011–12 Copa del Rey)

2–1
4–4 on aggregate, Real Madrid won on away goals
2013 Barcelona

(2012–13 La Liga)

1–1 Atlético Madrid

(2012–13 Copa del Rey)

0–0
1–1 on aggregate, Barcelona won on away goals
2014 Atlético Madrid

(2013–14 La Liga)

1–1 Real Madrid

(2013–14 Copa del Rey)

1–0
Atlético Madrid won 2–1 on aggregate
2015 Athletic Bilbao

(2014–15 Copa runners-up)

4–0 Barcelona

(2014–15 Liga & Copa)

1–1
Athletic Bilbao won 5–1 on aggregate
2016 Barcelona

(2015–16 Liga & Copa)

2–0 Sevilla

(2015–16 Copa runners-up)

3–0
Barcelona won 5–0 on aggregate
2017 Real Madrid

(2016–17 La Liga)

3–1 Barcelona

(2016–17 Copa del Rey)

2–0
Real Madrid won 5–1 on aggregate
2018 Barcelona

(2017–18 Liga & Copa)

2–1 Sevilla

(2017–18 Copa runners-up)

A single-leg final was played at Stade Ibn Batouta, Tangier, Morocco.

Four-team formatEdit

Year Champions Score Runners-up Semi-finalists Stadium
2019–20 Real Madrid
(2018–19 Liga third place)
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(4–1 pen.)
Atlético Madrid
(2018–19 Liga runners-up)
Valencia
(2018–19 Copa finalists)
  King Abdullah Sports City, Jeddah
Barcelona
(2018–19 Liga & 2018–19 Copa finalists)
2020–21 Athletic Bilbao
(2019–20 Copa finalists)
3–2 (a.e.t.) Barcelona
(2019–20 Liga runners-up)
Real Sociedad
(2019–20 Copa finalists)
  Estadio de La Cartuja, Seville
Real Madrid
(2019–20 Liga)

Titles by team in SupercopaEdit

Team Winner Runner-up Semi-finalist Years won Years runner-up Years semi-finalist
Barcelona 13 11 1 1983, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2016, 2018 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2020–21 2019–20
Real Madrid 11 5 1 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2017, 2019–20 1982, 1995, 2007, 2011, 2014 2020–21
Athletic Bilbao 3 2 1984, 2015, 2020–21 1983, 2009
Deportivo La Coruña 3 1995, 2000, 2002
Atlético Madrid 2 5 1985, 2014 1991, 1992, 1996, 2013, 2019–20
Valencia 1 3 1 1999 2002, 2004, 2008 2019–20
Sevilla 1 3 2007 2010, 2016, 2018
Zaragoza 1 2 2004 1994, 2001
Mallorca 1 1 1998 2003
Real Sociedad 1 1 1982 2020–21
Espanyol 2 2000, 2006
Real Betis 1 2005

Titles by team in predecessors of SupercopaEdit

Team Winner Runner-up Years won Years lost
Barcelona 4 2 1945, 1948, 1952, 1953 1949, 1951
Atlético Madrid 3 1 1940, 1941, 1951 1950
Valencia 1 2 1949 1941, 1947
Real Madrid 1 1947
Athletic Bilbao 1 1 1950 1945
Espanyol 1 1940
Sevilla 1 1948

All-time top goalscorersEdit

 
Lionel Messi is the all-time top scorer in the history of the Supercopa with a total of 14 goals.

Bold indicates active players in Spanish football.[14]

Player Team(s) Goals Apps Ref
  Lionel Messi Barcelona 14 20 [15]
  Raúl Real Madrid 7 12 [16]
  Hristo Stoichkov Barcelona 6 10 [17]
  Txiki Begiristain Real Sociedad, Barcelona,
Deportivo La Coruña
6 12 [18]
  Frédéric Kanouté Sevilla 5 2 [19]
  Aritz Aduriz Athletic Bilbao 4 2 [20]
  Cristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid 4 7 [21]
  José Mari Bakero Real Sociedad, Barcelona 4 11 [22]
  Xavi Barcelona 4 14 [23]

Individual recordsEdit

  • All-time top scorer: Lionel Messi has scored the most goals in Supercopa de España history, a total of 14 goals.[15]
  • Most finals scored in: Lionel Messi has scored in 7 different final editions, more than any other player in Supercopa de España history.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "La Supercopa de España 2019 se disputará entre cuatro equipos" (in Spanish). besoccer.com. 19 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Spanish Supercup history, RSSSF
  3. ^ "Honours - FC Barcelona". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Historia de la Supercopa de España: ¿Sabías que durante unos años se llamó Copa Eva de Duarte y Perón?" [History of the Spanish Super Cup: Did you know that for a few years it was called the Eva de Duarte y Perón Cup?] (in Spanish). Royal Spanish Football Federation. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  5. ^ El Torneo más largo de la historia del fútbol español. La Copa del presidente de la RFEF (1941-47) [The longest tournament in Spanish football history: The RFEF President's Cup (1941-47), in Spanish, CIHEFE, 1 April 2018
  6. ^ McTear, Euan (9 July 2018). "It's official: The Supercopa de Espana will be a one-legged match on August 12". MARCA. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  7. ^ Reuters (2019-11-11). "Spanish Super Cup to Be Held in Saudi Arabia, Says Federation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  8. ^ "Tebas criticises Spanish Super Cup Saudi plans given piracy association". SportBusiness. 2019-11-14. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  9. ^ Panja, Tariq (2020-01-20). "La Liga Chief Claims Saudi Arabia Is Using Sports to 'Whitewash' Reputation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-02-28.
  10. ^ "Spanish Super Cup to be held in Saudi Arabia for three years". SportsPro Media. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  11. ^ "Spanish Super Cup: Saudi Arabia to host Barcelona, Real Madrid, Atletico Madrid and Valencia". BBC Sport. 2019-11-11. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  12. ^ "RTVE won't bid for Spanish Super Cup amid Saudi human rights concerns". SportsPro Media. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  13. ^ http://www.cihefe.es/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/revistabar%C3%A7a.jpg
  14. ^ "All-time top goalscorers". worldfootball.net.
  15. ^ a b c "Lionel Messi goals". BDFutbol.
  16. ^ "Raúl González goals". BDFutbol.
  17. ^ "Hristo Stoichkov goals". BDFutbol.
  18. ^ "Txiki Begiristain goals". BDFutbol.
  19. ^ "Frédéric Kanouté goals". BDFutbol.
  20. ^ "Aritz Aduriz goals". BDFutbol.
  21. ^ "Cristiano Ronaldo goals". BDFutbol.
  22. ^ "José Mari Bakero goals". BDFutbol.
  23. ^ "Xavi Hernández goals". BDFutbol.

External linksEdit