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Borussia Mönchengladbach

Borussia VfL 1900 Mönchengladbach e.V., commonly known as Borussia Mönchengladbach (pronounced [boˈʁʊsi̯aː mœnçn̩ˈɡlatbax]),[1][2] Mönchengladbach or Gladbach, is a German football club in Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia. Founded in 1900, Borussia Mönchengladbach play in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system, making their first appearance in the league during the 1965–66 season. Subsequently, the club became one of Germany's best-known, best-supported, and most successful teams, winning the Bundesliga five times during the 1970s,[3] as well as two UEFA Cup titles in 1975 and 1979 and reaching a European Cup final in 1977.

Borussia Mönchengladbach
Borussia Mönchengladbach logo.svg
Full nameBorussia VfL 1900
Mönchengladbach e.V.
Nickname(s)Die Fohlen (The Foals)
Die Borussen (The Borussians)
Founded1 August 1900; 118 years ago (1900-08-01)
GroundStadion im Borussia-Park
Capacity54,057
PresidentRolf Königs
Head coachDieter Hecking
LeagueBundesliga
2017–189th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Since 2004, Borussia Mönchengladbach have played at the 54,057 capacity Borussia-Park, having previously played at the smaller Bökelbergstadion since 1919. Borussia-Park is famous for its "Nordkurve" (or North stand), a single-tiered stand. Borussia Mönchengladbach has over 75,000 members as of April 2016 and is the fifth largest club in Germany.[4] Their main rivals are 1. FC Köln, against whom they compete in the Rheinland Derby.[5]

"Borussia" is a Latinized form of Prussia, a popular term for German clubs in the former Kingdom of Prussia. The club's nickname is Die Fohlen [diː ˈfoːlən] ("The Foals"), coined in the 1970s due to having a young team with a fast, aggressive playing style. They also frequently refer to themselves as Die Fohlenelf ("The Foals' Eleven"), a nickname displayed on their shirts. The official mascot of the club is the foal Jünter. In October 2016, they briefly adopted the nickname A German Team after a Scottish pub failed to spell the club's full name on a board advertising a Champions League game against Celtic.[6]

Contents

HistoryEdit

FormationEdit

 
Player of FC Borussia in 1900
 
Coat of arms of FC Borussia between 1904 and 1919

As a forerunner of the club Borussia Mönchengladbach is a group of players who founded on 17 November 1899 after leaving the sports club Germania in the restaurant "Anton Schmitz" on the Alsstraße in Eicken district of Mönchengladbach a gaming community with the name FC Borussia in 1900.[7]

The name "Borussia" derives from the Latinized form of Prussia, the kingdom in which the city of Mönchengladbach was situated from 1815. By 1912, Die Borussen found itself in the Verbandsliga, at the time the highest division the club could play in.

In March 1914, the club purchased De Kull, the ground on which the Bökelbergstadion would be built. The First World War halted the progress of both the stadium and FC Borussia, but by late 1917 the team had begun to play games once more. In 1919, FC Borussia merged with another local club, Turnverein Germania 1889, becoming 1899 VfTuR M.Gladbach. The club achieved its first major success in 1920, defeating Kölner BC 3–1 to win the Westdeutsche Meisterschaft final.

The union between Germania and Borussia only lasted a matter of two years; the club was thereafter known as Borussia VfL 1900 e.V. M.Gladbach.[8]

1933–1945: Football under the Third ReichEdit

Following the rise of the Nazi Party to power in 1933, the German league system was reformed to consist of 16 Gauligen – Gladbach found themselves playing first in the Gauliga Niederrhein, and later in various Bezirksklassen (district leagues). Also while under the Third Reich, Mönchengladbach's first ever international player was capped; Heinz Ditgens playing in a 9–0 win over Luxembourg for Germany in the 1936 Olympic Games. After the outbreak of World War II, play continued as usual, other than for the 1944–45 season.

Post War until 1959Edit

 
Historical chart of Borussia Mönchengladbach league performance after WWII

Eventually, Mönchengladbach resumed play in June 1946, gaining successive promotions to the Landesliga Niederrhein (the regional second tier) in 1949 and the top flight, the Oberliga West, in 1950. Following many years of promotions and relegations, Borussia won their first Oberliga title in the 1958–59 season.

Ascent to the BundesligaEdit

Seasons 1959–60 – 1964–65
Season Position Goals For Goals Against Points Average Attendance
Oberliga West 1959–60 14 27 33 38 16,134
Oberliga West 1960–61 6 31 29 58 22,400
Oberliga West 1961–62 13 21 39 42 13,543
Oberliga West 1962–63 11 24 36 44 11,200
Regionalliga West 1963–64 8 41 35 71 12,000
Regionalliga West 1964–65 1 52 16 92 22,334
gold: promotion to the Bundesliga as Champions
 
Ascent game at Holstein Kiel, 19 June 1965

In August 1960, Borussia Mönchengladbach defeated 1. FC Köln in the West German Cup. Weeks later, the club won the DFB-Pokal, clinching their first national honours after defeating Karlsruher SC 3–2 in the final.

The following year, the club took on the now-familiar name Borussia VfL Mönchengladbach after the city of München-Gladbach became Mönchengladbach.

The season 1961/62 in the Oberliga ended again on the 13th place in the table. In the league season 1962/63, the club hoped in vain to join the circle of the DFB determined clubs, which would start next year in the newly founded Bundesliga. Helmut Beyer , who remained in office for 30 years, took over the responsibility as president this season and Helmut Grashoff took over as second chairman. In July 1962 Borussia committed Fritz Langner as new coach, who had won the West German championship in 1959 with Westfalia Herne. The new leadership sold first to the chagrin of the new coach the player Albert Brüllsfor a record amount of 250,000 DM to Italy to the FC Modena and rehabilitated the club so financially. Helmut Grashoff, who took over the sum in Italian lira in cash in a suitcase, later said he had been scared after the money transfer, "to be considered a bank robber" .[9] The proceeds from the transfer set Langner one to rebuild the squad with the signing of players like Heinz Lowin , Heinz Crawatzo and Siegfried Burkhardt. This year, the A-Youth won with the later professional players Jupp Heynckes and Herbert Laumen in the West German championship. The season closed Borussia after a weak first round by the merits of the goalkeeper Manfred Orzessek in the eleventh place in the table.

However, further honours would have to wait a decade. Borussia's results in the ten years leading up to the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963 were not strong enough to earn them admission into the ranks of the nation's new top flight professional league, and so the club played in the second tier, the Regionalliga West.

n the next season 1964/65 the club signed with Jupp Heynckes and Bernd Rupp again young players, some of the youth team were appointed to the professional squad. The average age of 21.5 years was the lowest of all regional league teams.[10] The nickname "Foals" 'was the one hand by the low average age of the team as well as by careless and successful play. The reporting by the reporter Wilhelm August Hurtmanns coined the term through articles in the Rheinische Post . He was taken with the style of Borussia and wrote that they would play like young foals.[10][11] Already in April 1965, the team stood as a season winner in the Regionalliga West and thus secured the participation in the Bundesliga promotion round in Group 1. This wore the team against the competitors of Wormatia Worms (Second in the Regionalliga Südwest), SSV Reutlingen (Second in the Regionalliga Süd) and Holstein Kiel (Champions in the Regionalliga Nord) in first and second matches. Of the six games Borussia won three (5-1 in Worms, 1-0 against Kiel and 7-0 against Reutlingen) and had to accept only in the away game in Kiel a 2-4 defeat.[12] The achievement of the first place put the promotion to the Bundesliga safe. Together with the Borussia Bayern Munich rose by winning the Group 2 on.

Mönchengladbach enjoyed its first taste of the Bundesliga in the 1965–66 season, earning promotion alongside future powerhouse Bayern Munich. The two clubs would go on to engage in a fierce struggle as they challenged each other for domestic supremacy throughout the 1970s. Bayern took first blood in the struggle for supremacy between the two: winning the Bundesliga championship in 1969. Mönchengladbach struck back immediately in the next season with a championship of their own and followed up with a second title in 1971, becoming the first Bundesliga club ever to successfully defend their title.

1965 to 1969 - The first years in the BundesligaEdit

 
Hennes Weisweiler, 1970

The commitment of Weisweiler as coach pointed the way for the sporting success of the club in the Bundesliga. The economic situation of the club did not allow to finance a team of stars. Weisweiler corresponded to the needs of the association with his attitude to promote the education and development of young talents.[13] He pressed Players not in a fixed game system, but promoted individualism and gave them considerable freedom on the field. This resulted in a carefree and offensive style of playing, the hallmark of Fohlenelf.

The club signed with Berti Vogts and Heinz Wittmann turn players whose names should be closely linked to the sporting successes of Borussia.

The first Bundesliga match in the 1965/66 season took place away against Borussia Neunkirchen and ended with a 1-1, the first Bundesliga goal scorer was Gerhard Elfert. The first home game against SC Tasmania 1900 Berlin Borussia won 5-0. Weisweiler knew how to give the team tactical freedom and to promote the individual enthusiasm of the players. These freedoms paid the still immature team in the first Bundesliga season with a number of sometimes high defeats. The Borussia finished the first season in the Bundesliga on the 13th place in the table.

In the following season 1966/67 showed the scoring of the Mönchengladbacher team, which scored 70 goals. The strikers Herbert Laumen 18, Bernd Rupp 16 and Jupp Heynckes scored 14 goals. Due to the good goal difference, the team was able to complete the season on the eighth place in the table. With an 11-0 home win over FC Schalke 04 on Matchday 18, the team celebrated the first highest ever victory in Bundesliga history.[14]

The successes had the side effect that the salaries of the players jumped up and thus good players were not to hold. Jupp Heynckes changed for the former record transfer fee of 275,000 DM to Hannover 96 , Bernd Rupp moved to SV Werder Bremen, Eintracht Braunschweig advertised Gerhard Elfert. The club engaged Peter Meyer and Peter Dietrich and thus compensated for the departure of seasoned players. With a 10-0 on the twelfth match-day of the season 1967/68 over Borussia Neunkirchen, the team showed again their scoring. The team reached in this and the next season, the third place in the table. The club signed in the season 1968/69 the future coach Horst Köppel, who had already had first experiences in the national team, and as hitherto unknown amateur VfL Schwerte the then long-time goalkeeper Wolfgang Kleff and Hartwig Bleidick , Gerd Zimmermann and Winfried Schäfer, who played ten seasons at Borussia.

1970 to 1980: Borussia's golden decade - dominance in the league and successes in EuropeEdit

Seasons 1969–70 – 1979–80
Season Position Goals For Goals Against Points Average Attendance
1969–70 First 71 29 51 25,645
1970–71 First 77 35 50 21,706
1971–72 Third 82 40 43 16,294
1972–73 Fifth 82 61 39 14,912
1973–74 Second 93 52 48 22,265
1974–75 First 86 40 50 22,150
1975–76 First 66 37 45 23,647
1976–77 First 58 34 44 25,135
1977–78 Second 86 44 48 26,059
1978–79 Tenth 50 53 32 20,129
1979–80 Seventh 61 60 36 17,655
in green: winning the Bundesliga

The 1970s went down as the most successful in the club's history.

 
Club crest between 1970 and 1999

Under coach Hennes Weisweiler, the young side displayed an offensive-minded philosophy and powerful play that attracted fans from all over Germany. The Borussia won the championship five times, more often than any other team in this time. At the same time a duel with FC Bayern Munich, with which Borussia together ascended in 1965 in the Bundesliga developed.

After the club had twice finished in previous years, the third place in the table, coached Hennes Weisweiler in the 1969/70 season especially the defense. Deviating from the "foal" concept, Borussia bought for the first time experienced defensive players like Luggi Müller and Klaus-Dieter Sieloff . With Ulrik le Fevre the club signed the first Danish player, the later more like Henning Jensen and Allan Simonsen followed. This season, the first Bundesliga victory over Bayern succeeded. After a 5-1 win over Alemannia Aachen Borussia took over on 31 October 1969 for the first time the league leaders in the Bundesliga. Today (as of November 2017) Borussia takes third place in the list of league leaders in the Bundesliga with a total of 131 league titles behind Bayern and Dortmund.

With a home win against Hamburger SV stood on 30 April 1970, the 33rd Round of the season, Borussia prematurely as champions.

On 16 September 1970 Herbert Laumen scored the 6-0 against EPA Larnaka the first goal for Borussia in a game of European club football.[15] The first round of the following season 1970/71 joined the club from having only one defeat. In the history of the Bundesliga unique is an incident in the home game of the 27th matchday against Werder Bremen, known as the post break from Bökelberg . In the game on 3 April 1971 kinked after a penalty area scene in the 88th minute, in the striker Herbert Laumen after a header action together with the Bremen goalkeeper Günter Bernardinto the net overturned, the left goal post. After unsuccessful attempts at repair and no replacement goal could be set up, the referee broke the game at the score of 1: 1. The DFB sports court in Frankfurt rated the game as a 2-0 win for Bremen. As a consequence, the DFB obliged the clubs to provide a replacement for both goals. The championship decided only on the last match day as head-to-head race with Bayern Munich. Nine weeks after the post-break game, on 5 June 1971, Borussia defended as the first team in the history of the Bundesliga successfully their championship title with a victory at Eintracht Frankfurt.

 
Berti Vogts with the UEFA Cup, 1975
 
Monument to the legendary trio of foals - Herbert Wimmer, Berti Vogts and Günter Netzer (from left to right), situated in the pedestrian area of Mönchengladbach-Eicken
 
Game scene from the final of the UEFA Cup 1975, with FC Twente
 
Berti Vogts in running duel with Johan Cruyff in the World Cup final in 1974

On 20 October 1971 in the European Cup, the champion held as a rifle throwing game in football history game against Inter Milan instead. The Borussia won the match at Bökelbergstadion 7-1, but UEFA canceled the game, as the Italian striker Roberto Boninsegna was hit by an empty rifle and received medical treatment.[16] coaching legend Matt Busby described the game of the colt :[17]

Nobody in the world would have won against this team today. That was football in the highest perfection.

After a 4-2 away defeat in Milan and a goalless draw in the replay at the Berlin Olympic Stadium, the Borussia resigned from the Cup of the national champions.

Die Fohlen were able to take some consolation in a 2–1 victory over 1. FC Köln in the Rheinland derby by a goal by Günter Netzer in 1973 to win their second DFB-Pokal. For Netzer this was the last game for Borussia, he left the club and moved to Real Madrid.[18]

In addition to the game-winning scene in the 93rd minute through the gate of Netzer there were numerous other highlights in the 30th cup final in history, that of the one best, playful highly interesting and exciting in the history of this competition in the annals entered and of which one could swarm only in highest tones ( Kicker ).[19]

The first international final match took place on 9 May 1973. Liverpool won the UEFA Cup first leg 3-0 on the second try after the game was canceled the day before due to rain. The second leg on 23 May 1973 Borussia Mönchengladbach won 2-0, the cup went by winning the first leg to Liverpool.[20]

The following seasons were marked by the departure of well-known players, the scoring of Mönchengladbach striker remained. Jupp Heynckes won in the 1973/74 season with 30 goals the title as the first top scorer in the Bundesliga for Borussia Mönchengladbach. The Borussia succeeded in the first year after the departure of Günter Netzer, with one point behind Champions Bayern Munich to win the runner-up. With a total of 93 goals scored Borussia set a new club record. Borussia graduated in the following years 1972 to 1974, the championship in third and fifth place and vice-champion.

The following seasons were marked by the departure of well-known players, the scoring of Mönchengladbach striker remained. Jupp Heynckes won in the 1973/74 season with 30 goals the title as the first top scorer in the Bundesliga for Borussia Mönchengladbach. The Borussia succeeded in the first year after the departure of Günter Netzer, with one point behind Champions Bayern Munich to win the runner-up. With a total of 93 goals scored Borussia set a new club record. Borussia graduated in the following years 1972 to 1974, the championship in third and fifth place and vice-champion.

Borussia laid in the 1974/75 season, the foundation for a previously unheard of in the Bundesliga success series. On Matchday 17, the "foals" topped the league table and did not relinquish the league lead until winning the championship on 14 June 1975. The joy over the title clouded the departure of coach Hennes Weisweiler, who left the club after eleven years in the direction of FC Barcelona .[21] The nearest international final with Mönchengladbach participation took place on 7 May 1975. The first leg of the UEFA Cup in Düsseldorf between Borussia and Twente Enschede ended goalless. The second leg on 21 May 1975 won the VfL 5: 1.

With the highest away win in a UEFA Cup final (as of August 2012) , Borussia won their first international title.[22]

Udo Lattek , who came from the rival Bayern Munich, although he had already signed with Rot-Weiss Essen , took over the club in the 1975/76 season . In contrast to replace Weisweiler, Lattek represented rather a safety philosophy. The team took on the twelfth round of the season with a victory over Werder Bremen and Eintracht Braunschweig the championship lead and remained leading the campaign until the end of the season.

On 3 March 1976, an Ash Wednesday, it came to the next sensational international appearance Borussia. In European Champions Cup, Borussia Mönchengladbach played against Real Madrid, where now Günter Netzer and Paul Breitner were under contract, 2: 2. In the second leg (17 March 1976), which ended 1-1, the referee Leonardus van der Kroft did not recognize two Mönchengladbach goals, in the 68th minute a goal by Henning Jensen and in the 83rd minute by Hans-Jürgen Wittkamp. Once a foul must have preceded the goal, once the referee decided on offside, although it had not indicated the linesman. The draw was enough for the Madrilenians to progress.[23]

The team stayed on the attack and matched Bayern's achievement with three consecutive titles of their own from 1975 to 1977. On 12 June 1976 Mönchengladbach won the fourth league title.

In the 1976/77 season Lattek went with an almost unchanged team at the start. As Wolfgang Kleff injured, the club signed a new goalkeeper. With Wolfgang Kneib, who came from SV Wiesbaden, Lattek found a safe substitute. Borussia needed one point to defend the title on the final day. The match took place away against Bayern Munich, the then sixth of the table, and ended with the needed 2: 2 by an own goal in the 90th minute by Hans-Jürgen Wittkamp. Borussia made the title hat-trick perfect and won on 21 May 1977 for the third time in a row and for the fifth time overall the German championship title. The Dane Allan Simonsen received after this season the award as Europe's Footballer of the Year with the Ballon d'Or.

The team missed in the following season 1977/78, the fourth championship title in a row only just. Monchengladbach had to be beaten at the same time as 1. FC Köln only due to the worse goal difference . The Borussia won against Borussia Dortmund 12-0 on the final day of the match, which is still the highest victory in the history of the Bundesliga. As the Domstädter turn their last game at FC St. Pauliwon 5: 0, they saved a better goal difference by three goals the championship. For the first time in the Bundesliga first and second were tied after the end of the season. The Borussia would have been able to decide by winning a direct comparison against 1. FC Cologne a few weeks earlier the championship in their favor. The game ended, however, a draw, the Cologne player Heinz Flohe succeeded in the 83rd-minute equalizer.

Although Mönchengladbach lost the 1977 final of the European Cup to Liverpool in Rome(25 May 1977), but also made four appearances in the UEFA Cup with wins in 1975 and 1979 against losses in 1973 and 1980. The club's spectacular run had come to an end with eight trophies to their credit, and although they would continue to be competitive for many years, success would be much harder to come by.[3]

The team missed in the following season 1977/78, the fourth championship title in a row only just. Monchengladbach had to be beaten at the same time as their rival 1. FC Köln only due to the worse goal difference .

The Borussia won against Borussia Dortmund 12-0 on the final day of the match, which is still the highest victory in the history of the Bundesliga. As the Domstädter turn their last game at FC St. Pauliwon 5: 0, they saved a better goal difference by three goals the championship. For the first time in the Bundesliga first and second were tied after the end of the season. The Borussia would have been able to decide by winning a direct comparison against 1. FC Köln a few weeks earlier the championship in their favor. The game ended, however, a draw, the Cologne player Heinz Flohe succeeded in the 83rd-minute equalizer.

In the following season 1978/79 trained Udo Lattek the Borussia for the last time. Many regulars like the later vice-president Rainer Bonhofleft the club or announced their career end, such as Jupp Heynckes and Berti Vogts. Lattek did not succeed in offsetting these disposals with appropriate new signings. On Matchday 30, the team was in 15th place with a goal balance of 38:47 goals, with three wins from the last four games improved to tenth place in the table. It was the first season in a long time, which ended the club with a negative goal balance. Borussia signed Jupp Heynckes as assistant coach of Lattek this season. The second international title started on 9 May 1979. The first leg in the UEFA Cup against Red Star Belgrade ended in a draw. In the second leg on 23 May 1979 Borussia drew 1-0 at home to win the UEFA Cup for the second time.

After the departure of Lattek in the 1979/80 season, the club appointed Jupp Heynckes head coach. The season was marked by two new entries. The club engaged Harald Nickel of Eintracht Braunschweig. With a transfer fee of 1.15 million DM this was the hitherto most expensive new purchase. From Herzogenaurach came Lothar Matthäus. Borussia finished the season in seventh place, with a close to goal difference. On 7 May 1980 Borussia Mönchengladbach was again in a final for the UEFA Cup. At home, the team won against Eintracht Frankfurt 3-2. In the second leg on 21 May 1980 Eintracht Frankfurt won 1-0 against Borussia Mönchengladbach and secured the trophy due to the larger number of away goals they scored .

1980 to 1996: Slow downEdit

In the 1980s, Borussia could no longer build on the titles of the past decade and lost the connection to the former rival from Munich. Due to the lack of audience revenue from the small Bökelbergstadion the club had to sell top performers again and again. Nevertheless, it was possible to settle frequently in the upper third of the Bundesliga and play in the championship fight. In the 1980/81 season many longtime players and performers left the club, including Karl Del'Haye is considered the first player, who was obliged by FC Bayern Munich in hostile intent.[24] Borussia committed with Wolfram Wuttke only a striking players. Replaced Wolfgang Kleff in goal to Uli Sude. The team reached this season's sixth place in the table. The sporting record did not improve in the following two seasons. With a seventh place in 1982 Borussia missed the participation in the international competitions. The following year, Uwe Kamps guarded the gate for the first time, who remained long-time goalkeeper for a long time.

In the 1983/84 season Borussia played long for the title. With Borussia Bernd Krauss , Michael Frontzeck and Uli Borowka Borussia committed players who played for a long time successfully for the club. At the end they landed tied behind VfB Stuttgart and Hamburger SV in third place. It was the first time in the history of the Bundesliga that three clubs tied the table on the last matchday. This season Borussia reached the DFB Cup final. In the game against FC Bayern Munich, there was a penalty shoot-out that Bayern Munich won.

Even so, they managed to finish most seasons in the upper half of the league table, and in 1984, Die Fohlen were part of a four-way race to the Meisterschale – the Bundesliga championship – finishing one point ahead of Bayern, and tied on points with Hamburger SV and champions VfB Stuttgart, but behind on goal difference. In the same season, Mönchengladbach also lost the DFB-Pokal final to Bayern Munich on penalties, Lothar Matthäus and Norbert Ringels both missing from the spot after the game originally ended all square at 1–1. Matthäus subsequently joined Bayern Munich for a then-record fee of 2.25 million DM, leading some fans to question whether he had deliberately missed his penalty.[25]

In the 1984/85 season succeeded Borussia with a 10-0 on Matchday 8 Eintracht Braunschweig which is the so far last two-digit victory in Bundesliga history.[26] In the semi-finals of the German Cup VfL met again at Bayern Munich. After no goals had been scored in the regular season in Munich's Olympiastadion , Søren Lerby converted a penalty kick against Borussia goalkeeper Ulrich Sude in the 101st minute. This remained the only goal of the evening, so that Borussia missed the entry into the final.

The season 1985/86 brought no sporting highlights in the Bundesliga. Borussia Mönchengladbach gave away a 5-1 win over Real Madrid on 27 November 1985 in Düsseldorf (11 December 1985) when the club lost 4-0 in Madrid and dropped out of the UEFA Cup.

In the 1986/87 season was again a coach change. Jupp Heynckes announced his move to Bayern Munich. The club nominated Wolf Werner to the new coach. At the end of the season Borussia stood with the third place in the table for the last time in this decade at a UEFA Cup place. The Association of German Sports Journalists voted Uwe Rahn Player of the Year. Again Borussia reached the semi-finals of the DFB Cup. But also this time Borussia resigned against the later DFB Cup winner Hamburger SV. On 22 April 1987 Borussia divorced against the Scottish representative Dundee United defeat at home in Bökelberg in the UEFA Cup semi-final. It was also the first defeat in a European Cup game on the Bökelberg. After the departure of Jupp Heynckes, the era of long-standing engagements of head coaches ended. In the first 23 years from 1964 to 1987 Borussia only had three instructors; Since the departure of Heynckes, Borussia has committed 16 new coaches until 2008, with the exception of interim solutions. It was Werner's release on 21 November 1989, the first premature dismissal of a coach at Borussia at all. Only three later coaches managed to succeed in Mönchengladbach for more than three years, Bernd Krauss (1992-1996), Hans Meyer (1999-2003) and Lucien Favre (2011-2015).

In the next season Borussia signed with Stefan Effenberg, a player who worked long and successfully for the club. The Borussia finished the season in seventh place and thus missed the participation in international competitions. In the early 1990s followed a significant downward trend. As a result of the sporting decline, the number of spectators at the Bökelberg was declining for the first time. Already in the season 1989/90 the club played against relegation. In the following years Borussia placed in the midfield of the league. In the 1991/92 season Borussia played again a good cup season. In the Cup semi-final goalkeeper Uwe Kamps held on penalties all four penalties of the players of Bayer 04 Leverkusen. Borussia reached the final. The final on 23 May 1992 lost the Mönchengladbacher against the club from second division Hannover 96 with 3: 4 on penalties.

In 1993, the club signed the players Heiko Herrlich and Patrik Andersson ; In 1994, Stefan Effenberg came back, who played for Borussia Mönchengladbach from 1987 to 1990. Under coach Bernd Krauss managed a renewed connection to the Bundesliga top.

In the 1994/95 season followed the first title for Borussia since 1979.

On 24 June 1995 Mönchengladbach won by a 3-0 victory over VfL Wolfsburg for the third time the DFB Cup.

The on 5 August 1995 discharged in the Düsseldorf,Rheinstadion, game for the Supercup won the German champions Borussia Dortmund 1-0.

1996 to 2010 - The decline of the moon, up and down with new stadiumEdit

 
The northern curve in Bökelbergstadion

The team's performance slipped significantly in the 1990s and Die Fohlen soon found themselves struggling in the lower half of the Bundesliga table.

After the first round of the 1996/97 season, Borussia finished 17th place in the table. The club dismissed coach Krauss due to the sporting failure. At the end of the season, the Mönchengladbacher were in 11th place. None of the other four coaches to Krauss remained in office for more than a year. Under Friedel Rausch could Borussia hold the class after a dramatic season finale in 1998. Before the last matchday, the Borussia were three points behind a relegation zone. On the final day of the season succeeded a 2-0 away win at VfL Wolfsburg; the Karlsruher SC lost to Hansa Rostock and dismounted due to the worse goal difference.

In the international arena, the season was disappointing despite two victories in the first round of the UEFA Cup against Arsenal . Borussia lost in the second round of the first leg 2-4 against AS Monaco, the most recent victory Borussia reached with a 1-0 in Monaco, but retired from the competition. In the season 1998/99Borussia won 3-0 against FC Schalke 04 on Matchday 1 and was at the top of the table for 13 years for the last time for a week. As a result, the team lost six matches and drew two draws, so they stood on the ninth day at the bottom of the table. On tenth and eleventh round followed by a 2: 8 against Bayer 04 Leverkusen and a 1: 7 at Vfl Wolfsburg two high defeats in a row. The team remained until the end of the season in 18th place. After a total of 21 lost games, the consequence was the first descent from the Bundesliga. As a consequence of the descent, several top performers, including goalkeeper Robert Enke , defender Patrik Andersson and midfielder Karlheinz Pflipsen and Sebastian Deisler were left the club.

Finally, in 1999, Gladbach were relegated to 2. Bundesliga, where they would spend two seasons. Upon returning to the Bundesliga in 2001, Mönchengladbach remained uninspired as they continued to be mired in the bottom half of the league.

The first season in the 2nd Bundesliga started the same way as the previous one ended. In the DFB Cup, the team retired early after a lost penalty shootout against the regional league SC Verl . The second division season 1999/2000 ended the Borussia despite bad first round still on the fifth place in the table. Four points were missing for direct promotion.

 
Blackboard at Borussia Park with Hennes Weisweiler and the names of the players of the "Team of the Century"

On 1 August 2000, Borussia Mönchengladbach celebrated the 100-year anniversary of the club. As part of the celebrations were next to coach Hennes Weisweiler the following players elected by Borussia supporters in the so-called century Elf: As goalkeeper Wolfgang Kleff , in defense Berti Vogts, Hans-Günter Bruns , Wilfried Hannes and Patrik Andersson , in midfield Rainer Bonhof , Stefan Effenberg , Herbert Wimmer and Günter Netzer and in attack Jupp Heynckes and Allan Simonsen. Later, large-format posters with images of the players on the north and east sides were attached to the steel exterior of the stadium in Borussia Park.

In the 2000/01 season, the team was able to celebrate as a runner-up in the Bundesliga 2 re-emergence in the Bundesliga and reached the semi-finals of the DFB Cup, but retired as in the previous year against a Regionalligisten ( 1 FC Union Berlin ) on penalties, Borussia won first place in the national fair play ranking in 2002 in the draw for a place in the UEFA Cup, but the lot was not drawn. Also in the season 2003/04 Borussia missed the participation in the UEFA Cup. On 17 March 2004, the Borussia retired by a 0-1 defeat against the then second division Alemannia Aachen in the semi-finals of the DFB Cup. A victory against the Alemannia would have been enough, because the final opponent Werder Bremen was already qualified for the UEFA Champions League due to the table position. The season was under the motto Bye Bye Bökelberg , because on 22 May 2004, the last Bundesliga match took place in Bökelbergstadion. The Borussia defeated the TSV 1860 Munich with 3: 1; the last goal on Bökelberg was headed by Arie van Lent. Uwe Kamps came on in the 82nd minute and came to his 457th match in the Bundesliga.

In 2004, Mönchengladbach appointed Dick Advocaat, who had guided the Netherlands national team to the semi-finals of UEFA Euro 2004 and was a successful manager at Rangers, as their new coach. However, Advocaat was unable to turn the team's fortunes and resigned in April of the following year. Former Mönchengladbach player and German international Horst Köppel was appointed caretaker for the remaining five fixtures of the season. Köppel had managed the club's reserves since leaving Borussia Dortmund in June 2004. For the 2006–07 season, legendary Mönchengladbach player and coach Jupp Heynckes was appointed as team coach.

Borussia had taken steps to improve their financial situation with the construction of a new state-of-the-art stadium called Borussia-Park with a permitted capacity of 59,771 spectators (limited to 54,067 for Bundesliga games and to 46,249 for international games). The club had long been hindered by playing in a much smaller and older facility (Bökelberg, capacity 34,500) and with the opening of the new stadium in 2004 can look forward to increased revenues through higher ticket sales and the ability to host lucrative international matches.

On the 31st matchday of the 2006–07 season, Borussia Mönchengladbach were relegated from the Bundesliga after fellow relegation fighters Arminia Bielefeld upset Werder Bremen 3–2 while Mönchengladbach lost 1–0 at home to VfB Stuttgart. They were promoted back to the Bundesliga on the 32nd match-day of the 2007–08 season after winning the match against SV Wehen 3–0.

2010 to 2017 - ResurgenceEdit

 
Borussia Mönchengladbach against Borussia Dortmund in April 2012
 
Former manager Lucien Favre

For the 110th anniversary of the club brought out a DVD on which the club's story is told in a 110-minute film. On 28 July 2010 it was premiered in a cinema in Mönchengladbach.

In the DFB Cup 2010/11 for the first time after five years the round of 16 was reached. In the Bundesliga succeeded after 16 years, the first victory against Bayer 04 Leverkusen, but at the end of the preliminary round, the club landed but in last place.

Due to the seasonally poor athletic performance, a merger of leaders from the local economy founded the initiative Borussia , which accused the club management mismanagement. According to the initiative, the old, encrusted structures should be dissolved in order to give Borussia a future. So the money should be invested in the sport rather than in the planned museum complex with attached hotel.[27] At the 2011 Annual General Meeting, only 335 of the 4769 members present voted in favour of the initiative's goals.[28][29][30]

At the Bundesliga home game against 1. FSV Mainz 05, Marco Reus shot the 2500th Bundesliga in the 1445th game. Other Jubiläumstorschützen were Jupp Heynckes (500), Carsten Nielsen (1000), Uwe Rahn (1500) and Martin Dahlin (2000).[31]

The first newcomer to the winter break was the free striker Mike Hanke of Hannover 96.[32] In defense reinforced Håvard Nordtveit and Martin Stranzl the team. On 13 February 2011 Michael Frontzeck was dismissed due to continued failure as a coach. Decisive were defeats against the direct relegation competitors VfB Stuttgart and FC St. Pauli.[33][34] Lucien Favre was hired as the new head coach.[35] After the team had been on the last place in the table until the 30th match day, they reached three wins in a row and reached after a 1–1 draw at the last game day the 16th place, which allowed one last chance to keep the league. The Borussia competed in two relegation matches against the second league team VfL Bochum and were able to prevent relegation with a 1–0 in at home and a 1–1 in Bochum.[36][37][38]

Under coach Lucien Favre, who took over in January 2011, Borussia Mönchengladbach has in recent years shown ambitions to re-establish themselves in the top regions of the Bundesliga. In the 2010–11 season, after a disastrous first half of the season, Borussia Mönchengladbach managed to narrowly avoid relegation through the post-season relegation play-offs.

The following season, 2011–12, followed this up with a strong season in which they were for much of the year in contention for the championship and eventually finished in fourth place. They missed out on qualification to the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League after losing 4–3 on aggregate to Ukrainian club Dynamo Kyiv in the playoff round. During the 2012–13 Bundesliga season, after losing some key players, notably Marco Reus who was voted player of the year in the Bundesliga in the previous season, Borussia Mönchengladbach still contended for the international places until the last match day, eventually finishing in eighth place.

In the 2013–14 Bundesliga season, they had another very successful year, achieving an excellent third-place after the first half of the season and finishing the season in sixth place, entering them into the 2014–15 Europa League competition at the play-off stage.[citation needed] They finished the 2014–15 Bundesliga season in third place, saving the club a place for direct qualification to the 2015–16 UEFA Champions League group stage. The club found itself in a tough group[39] together with Juventus, Manchester City and Sevilla and although they finished bottom of the group, they claimed a respectable points tally of five, claiming draws home and away against Juventus and defeating eventual Europa League winners Sevilla 4–2 at home.

 
The crew of the 2014/15 season before the home game against Bayer 04 Leverkusen on 9 May 2015

Left to right: Kruse, Wendt, Johnson, Xhaka, Raffael, Korb, Herrmann, Kramer, Brouwers, Sommer, Jantschke

After a poor start to the 2015–16 Bundesliga season, including five defeats, Lucien Favre surprisingly resigned[40] and was replaced with André Schubert as interim coach. The club's fortunes immediately changed, as it won six-straight Bundesliga matches and eventually finishing the season in fourth position, earning qualification to the Champions League for a second successive season.

In the 2016–17 season, Borussia drew a difficult group in the Champions League, but managed to finish in third place above Celtic and qualify for the UEFA Europa League knockout phase. However, after a promising start in the Bundesliga, the club experienced a poor run of form exacerbated by injuries, and had dropped to the 14th position by the winter break. As a result, André Schubert resigned and was replaced by ex-VfL Wolfsburg manager Dieter Hecking. Hecking began with three wins in four Bundesliga matches as Borussia rose to ninth place and also earned a place in the quarter-finals of the DFB-Pokal.

Since 2017Edit

A new record transfer made the VfL for the season . For the German international and world champion Matthias Ginter , the club transferred 17 million euros plus bonus payments to Borussia Dortmund. In the ninth edition of the Telekom Cup , the Borussia had as early as January of the same year again be content with the fourth and last place after a defeat on penalties against Werder Bremen and against TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. The first round of the DFB Cup 2017/18 was able to make Borussia victorious. The VfL won the West duel against Rot-Weiss Essen with 2: 1. In the league prelude, the Fohlenelf kept by a hit of Nico Elvedi 1-0 in the Rheinland derby against 1. FC Köln the upper hand and "overwintered" after a final 3-1 home win against Hamburger SV to half-time as a sixth with 28 points from eight wins, four draws and five defeats. In the DFB Cup Borussia divorced on 20 December 2017 in the last competitive game of the year after a 0-1 defeat in the second round against Bayer 04 Leverkusen in the Borussia-park at home, after the "Werkself" had already on the 9th matchday of the Bundesliga at the same place with a 5: 1. The second round kickback failed; the decisive goal to 1: 2 defeat at 1. FC Köln fell in the fifth minute of stoppage time. By contrast, the financial data in the 2017 financial year was more positive. Despite a lack of participation in international competitions, the association posted the second-best result in its history with a turnover of 179.3 million euros and a profit after tax of 6.56 million euros after the record year 2016. The 2017/18 season ended for Borussia after a 1: 2 defeat at Hamburger SV in ninth place and thus missed as in the previous year, the qualification for the European competitions. The game was also the last for the Hamburg in the highest German league after about 55 years of uninterrupted affiliation.

In July 2018, the French striker Alassane Pléa from the OGC Nice for the record sum of 23 million euros moved to the Lower Rhine. In the first round of the DFB Cup 2018/19 Mönchengladbach defeated BSC Hastedt 11: 1. Thus, the Borussia surpassed the previous record, which had set the club in an 8-0 victory in the away game at 1. FC Viersen in the first round of the DFB Cup 1977/78.

Former head coachesEdit

 
Current manager Dieter Hecking
Borussia Mönchengladbach coaching history from 1946 to present

Fan CultureEdit

In addition to celebrity fans like Theo Zwanziger , Wolfgang Thierse , Sven Ottke , Kai Ebel , Mickie Krause , Matthias Opdenhövel , Peer Steinbrück and Hannelore Kraft there are fan clubs in many countries, as far as California , South Africa and New Zealand.[42] Known fans of the club were "Steinwegs Mamm",[43] The service provides its drum already in the 1960s the team, and Ethem Özenrenler, known by his nickname "Manolo"who has been beating the drum for almost 25 years in the northern curve of the Bökelberg Stadium since 1977.[43] die mit ihrer Trommel schon in den 1960er Jahren die Mannschaft unterstützte, und Ethem Özenrenler, bekannt unter seinem Spitznamen „Manolo“, der seit 1977 fast 25 Jahre in der Nordkurve des Bökelbergstadions die Trommel schlug.[44]

Friendships and rivalriesEdit

Friendship with FSV Mainz 05Edit

After the DFB Cup match against the 1. FSV Mainz 05 on 25 October 1994, which turned out to be very scorching for Mönchengladbach with 6:4, a fan friendship developed between Mainz and Borussia, which is now maintained by only a few supporters.

Friendship with Liverpool F.C.Edit

On the other hand, the long friendship with Liverpool F.C. , which comes from common times, as both teams regularly met in international games. Fans of Borussia travel to Liverpool at regular intervals to watch local Reds games. Conversely, followers from Liverpool still use a visit to Mönchengladbach to symbolize the mutual fan friendship of both clubs.[45] The fans of Mönchengladbach collected the only initiative serves 21,000 DM for the families of the 96 dead of the stadium disaster in Sheffield (1989) and presented to the Official Liverpool FC 1991 in Mönchengladbach.[46][47] For the 110th anniversary of the club Borussia Mönchengladbach arrived on 1 August 2010, the Liverpool FC to a friendly match. The match in front of 51,515 spectators in the Borussia Park Mönchengladbach won 1-0.[48]

Rivalry with FC KölnEdit

By contrast, there is a strong sporting rivalry between Mönchengladbach and the regional rival 1. FC Köln. Widely considering the most severe of Mönchengladbach's rivalries,[49] the animosities between Mönchengladbach and Cologne had their spark in 1964, when Cologne legend Hennes Weisweiler switched allegiance in favor of Mönchengladbach. Weisweiler is a central figure in both clubs' mythologies; the mascot of Cologne is named Hennes in his honor, whereas Mönchengladbach venerates Weisweiler as the coach of its "team of the century". Mönchengladbach's stadium, Borussia-Park, is furthermore located at a road named Hennes-Weißweiler-Allee in Weißweiler's memory.

This initial outrage on behalf of FC Köln supporters was soon met with a serious sporting rivalry: Although Cologne initially had had the athletic edge as a founding member of the Bundesliga and the league's first champion, Mönchengladbach quickly closed the gap. Between the seasons 69-70 and 77-78, Mönchengladbach won five championships, Cologne won one, and FC Bayern Munich secured the remaining three. Especially the 77-78 season has become remembered in both club's collective memories: Although Mönchengladbach defeated Borussia Dortmund in the highest victory in Bundesliga history with a crushing 12-0, Cologne carried the championship with a 5-0 over FC St. Pauli due to their slightly better Goal difference - +45 versus +42 in Cologne's favor. To add insult to injury, Cologne was back under the leadership of Hennes Weisweiler, the personified point of contention between both clubs.

Although neither club was able to win a Bundesliga title since the 77-78 season, the rivalry remains, with several incidents of violence between supporters of both clubs.[50][51][52][53] Overall, Mönchengladbach has been more successful in matches between the two, winning 54 out of 105 duels, drawing 20 and losing 31. Notably, Mönchengladbach is more likely to win than FC Köln even in away matches (24-10-17 in Mönchengladbach's favor).[54] The very first iteration of Borussia vs FC Köln was played on 1 January 1961 in front of a crowd of 11,000 in Oberliga West (1947–63). Cologne defeated Mönchengladbach 4-1.[55]

Other RivalriesEdit

  • FC Bayern Munich: Both Mönchengladbach and Munich had not been starters in the Bundesliga - each won their right to a spot starting with the 1965-66 season. Munich finished 3rd, Mönchengladbach 13th. Both clubs rose to dominance between the 69-70 and 76-77 seasons, when five championships went to Mönchengladbach and three to Munich. However, with Mönchengladbach's decline in the 1980s and 1990s, Munich could firmly assert its dominance in both the Bundesliga and in the direct comparisons with Borussia: Out of 108 matches, Munich won exactly half, 54. Mönchengladbach won 24, only 4 of which were away games, and the two clubs drew 30.[56] However, Mönchengladbach has remained a notable wildcard with the ability to inflict painful defeats on Munich, for example when Igor de Camargo scored the decisive 1-0 in the first ever game of goalkeeper Manuel Neuer and defender Jérôme Boateng at Munich on 7 August 2011.[57]
  • Borussia Dortmund: While not nearly as pronounced as Dortmund's rivalry against FC Schalke 04 or Mönchengladbach's own struggle against 1. FC Köln, Dortmund and Mönchengladbach still occasionally lock horns, mostly because of the naming similarity - both are the two Borussias of the Bundesliga. The song Es gibt nur eine Borussia ('there is only one Borussia') is popular among Mönchengladbach supporters when facing Dortmund squads. The duel between the two has been dubbed the Borussengipfel, the Borussia Summit, in the media.[58][59]
 
Oliver Neuville and mascot Jünter

SongsEdit

The official club anthem is the song The Eleven of the Lower Rhine,[60] which is sung before every home game. The song was recorded by the group BO, the band of the fan project.[61] Next to them are the songs We are Borussia and The soul burns a permanent place in the fan scene. The original Liverpool anthem by Gerry & the Pacemakers ,You'll Never Walk Alone, is frequently heard.

The Torhymne, which is heard after every home game of Borussia, is the refrain of the song Maria (I Like It Loud) of the group Scooter. It is accompanied by the sonorous announcement "Tor für die Borussia", by Rolf Göttel, who worked as honorary announcer of Borussia in Bökelbergstadion for decades.

MascotEdit

A first mascot was created by manager Helmut Grasshoff and was called Bumsi. The head was a Telstar- style ball with eyes and black, curly hair. The official mascot of the club since the season opening in 1998, the foal Jünter, whose name refers to the Mönchengladbach native and longtime Borussia player Günter Netzer.

SponsorsEdit

 
Flags of Borussia and the former sponsor Kyocera
Year Shirt Sponsor Branch
1976–1980 Erdgas Energy/Natural gas
1980–1983 Datsun Cars
1983–1990 Erdgas Energy/Natural gas
1990–1992 Tuborg Brewery
1992–1994 Trigema Sportswear
1994–1997 Diebels Brewery
1997–2002 Belinea Hardware
2002–2005 Jever Brewery
2005–2009 Kyocera Electronics and ceramics
2009– Postbank Retail banking

Kit Manufacturers

Year Kit Manufacturer
1976–1992 Puma
1992–1995 Asics
1995–2003 Reebok
2003–2013 Lotto
2013–2018 Kappa
2018– Puma

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 15 August 2018[62]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Yann Sommer (2nd vice-captain)
2   DF Mandela Egbo
3   DF Michael Lang
5   MF Tobias Strobl
6   MF Christoph Kramer
7   MF Patrick Herrmann
8   MF Denis Zakaria
10   FW Thorgan Hazard
11   FW Raffael
13   FW Lars Stindl (captain)
14   FW Alassane Pléa
15   DF Louis Beyer
16   MF Ibrahima Traoré
17   DF Oscar Wendt (Vice-captain)
18   FW Josip Drmić
19   MF Fabian Johnson
No. Position Player
20   FW Julio Villalba
21   GK Tobias Sippel
22   MF László Bénes
23   MF Jonas Hofmann
24   DF Tony Jantschke
26   FW Torben Müsel
27   MF Mickaël Cuisance
28   DF Matthias Ginter
29   DF Mamadou Doucouré
30   DF Nico Elvedi
32   MF Florian Neuhaus
35   GK Moritz Nicolas
37   MF Keanan Bennetts
38   DF Marcel Benger
40   DF Andreas Poulsen
42   DF Florian Mayer

Retired numbersEdit

LoansEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player

Coaching and backroom staffEdit

Role Nation Name
Head coach   Germany Dieter Hecking
Assistant coach   Germany Dirk Bremser
Assistant coach   Germany Frank Geideck
Goalkeeping coach   Germany Uwe Kamps
Team doctor   Germany Dr. Heribert Ditzel
Team doctor and orthopedic surgeon   Germany Dr. Stefan Hertl
Team doctor and orthopedic surgeon   Germany Dr. Stefan Porten
Athletic trainer   Germany Alexander Mouhcine
Physiotherapist   Germany Andreas Bluhm
Physiotherapist   Germany Dirk Müller
Physiotherapist   Poland Adam Szordykowski

UEFA club rankingsEdit

As of 10 April 2018[63]
Rank Team
46   Celtic 31.000
47   Sporting Braga 30.500
48   PAOK Thessaloniki 29.500
  Club Brugge
  Galatasaray
51   Borussia Mönchengladbach 29.000
52   Milan 28.000
53   Steaua București 27.500
54   APOEL Nicosia 27.000
  AA Gent
  Racing Genk

HonoursEdit

Borussia Mönchengladbach's five Bundesliga championships entitle the club to display two gold stars of the "Verdiente Meistervereine"[clarification needed].

DomesticEdit

Bundesliga:

2. Bundesliga:

DFB-Pokal:

German Supercup:

  • (Unofficial winners): 1977

EuropeanEdit

European Cup:

UEFA Cup:

InternationalEdit

Intercontinental Cup:

YouthEdit

German Under 17 Champions:

  • Winners: 1981

Under 17 Bundesliga West

  • Winners: 2009

DoubleEdit

Records and statisticsEdit

Only for Bundesliga

Most appearancesEdit

# Name Matches
  Berti Vogts 419
  Uwe Kamps 390
  Herbert Wimmer 366
  Christian Hochstätter 339
  Hans-Günter Bruns 331
  Wolfgang Kleff 321
  Hans-Jörg Criens 290
  Jupp Heynckes 283
  Michael Klinkert 274
10°   Martin Schneider 266

Top scorersEdit

# Name Goals
  Jupp Heynckes 195
  Herbert Laumen 97
  Hans-Jörg Criens 92
  Günter Netzer 82
  Uwe Rahn 81
  Allan Simonsen 76
  Frank Mill 71
  Hans-Günter Bruns 61
  Martin Dahlin 60
10°   Wilfried Hannes 58

Players' honoursEdit

For a list of every Borussia Mönchengladbach player with 50 or more appearances, see List of Borussia Mönchengladbach players

Players of the club achieved the following honours:

Player of the Year – Europe
Player of the Year – Germany
Player of the Year – Australia
Player of the Year – Austria
Player of the Year – Belgium
Player of the Year – Denmark
Player of the Year – Sweden
Player of the Year – USA
Bundesliga Top-Scorers
Goal of the Year
Goal of the Season

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LiteratureEdit

  • Holger Jenrich (2007), Das Borussia Mönchengladbach Lexikon (in German), Göttingen: Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 3-89533-585-1
  • Holger Jenrich; Markus Aretz (2005), Die Elf vom Niederrhein. 40 Jahre Borussia Mönchengladbach in der Bundesliga (in German), Göttingen: Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 3-89533-503-7
  • Werner Jakobs; Rainer Kalb; Markus Aretz (1999), 100 Jahre Borussia Mönchengladbach – Die Borussen-Chronik (in German), Düsseldorf: Verlag Rheinsport networking, ISBN 3-934702-00-7
  • Helmut Grashoff; Susanne Grashoff (2005), Meine launische Diva: 30 Jahre mit Borussia Mönchengladbach (in German), Norderstedt: Radtke & Bahr GbR, ISBN 3-00-016918-0
  • Markus Aretz; Ingo Rütten (2008), Akte Aufstieg: Borussias Tagebuch der Saison 2007/08 (in German), Göttingen: Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 3-89533-626-2

External linksEdit