Star (football badge)
In football, some national and club teams include one or more stars as part of (or beside) the team badge (often referred to as a "crest") appearing on their shirt, to represent important trophies the team has previously won. Often this is a unilateral decision by a team itself, rather than a specific privilege earned or sanctioned by any governing body (e.g. as with the FIFA Champions Badge), and as such, the relevance of these stars on a club's shirt is somewhat tenuous.[clarification needed]
The first team in association football history to adopt a star was Juventus, who added one above their badge in 1958 to represent their tenth Italian Football Championship and Serie A title, at the time, the new national record. This was an extension of the existing convention by which the reigning champions are entitled to display the scudetto on their shirts for the following season. The star was later formally adopted by some organisations as a symbol for ten titles, and the ratio of one star for ten titles has become the "most common" arrangement.
Juventus unofficially won their 30th league title in 2011–12, but a dispute with the Italian Football Federation, who stripped Juventus of their 2004–05 title and did not assign to them the 2005–06 title due to their involvement in a 2006 Italian football scandal, left their official total at 28. However, they elected to wear no stars at all the following season. Juventus won their 30th title in 2013–14 and thus earned the right to wear their third star, however, club president Andrea Agnelli stated that the club suspended the use of the stars until another team wins their 20th championship, thus having the right to wear two stars, "to emphasise Juventus' superiority". However, for the 2015–16 season, Juventus reintroduced the stars and added the third star to their jersey as well with new kit manufacturers Adidas.
In Scotland, Rangers displayed five stars above the badge on their shirts in 2003 to symbolise their 50 league titles. Celtic have one star above their badge to represent their triumph in the 1967 European Cup. Aberdeen displayed two stars to commemorate their 1980s wins in the European Cup Winners' Cup and European Super Cup.
Football in Germany has two official star systems operating in parallel. In 2004, the DFL, which governs the Bundesliga (the top two divisions), introduced Verdiente Meistervereine (roughly "distinguished champion clubs"). This has a sliding scale of 1, 2, 3, and 4 stars for 3, 5, 10, and 20 titles. It includes only Bundesliga titles, excluding titles from before the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963, and from the former East German League. Dynamo Berlin (playing in the fourth level) unilaterally began wearing three unapproved stars for its East German titles. In November 2005, the DFB, which governs non-Bundesliga football, allowed former champions playing outside the Bundesliga to display a single star inscribed with the number of titles. In 2007, Dynamo Berlin switched to a single approved star inscribed with the number 10. Greuther Fürth retains three silver stars on its club badge, but not on its shirts.
Major League Soccer's previously informal system, one star per MLS Cup title, was standardised in 2006, with the defending champions wearing the MLS Scudetto, like the Serie A system, for one season before adding a new star. Starting in 2012, the Scudetto was replaced with a single gold star worn by reigning champions above any other silver championship stars. In 2016, this system changed again in recognition of the LA Galaxy's fifth championship title: champion clubs during their title defence will wear a large gold star (featuring the year of the league win) above other smaller stars set in silver; clubs with five championships (presently only the Galaxy) will wear one gold star; and teams with one-to-four MLS Cup wins will wear one silver star for each victory. In Australia, they also use a system based around different coloured stars for different trophy wins: Australian winners of the AFC Champions League will wear a gold star inscribed with the number of wins, while A-League and W-League victory is recognised with a silver star similarly embossed; reigning league or FFA Cup champions will also wear a gold competition emblem in the season following the championship.
In Norway a team will display a star for every 10 titles in Tippeligaen. Rosenborg is the only team with more than 10 titles. Since 2006, all Swedish football clubs that have won ten or more Swedish championships have added a star above their badge. Malmö FF added a second star following its 20th championship title win in 2017. The same system has applied in the Dutch Eredivisie from the 2007–08 season onwards. This innovation was suggested by PSV, after the club won its twentieth title in 2007. Ajax currently have the right to wear three stars since they have won the league more than 30 times. PSV have the right to wear two stars with their 21 league titles, while Feyenoord and HVV Den Haag can add one for their 15 and 10 titles, respectively. HVV won all titles before 1915 and is currently playing in the fourth level of the Dutch league system. In Malta, Floriana, Valletta and Sliema Wanderers boast 2 Golden Stars on their badges having won 25, 20 and 26 titles, respectively, while Hibernians have one star thanks to their 10 titles. No other team in the Maltese League has the golden star on their badge.
Occasionally, stars are added to badges of successor or phoenix clubs for the achievements of defunct predecessors. An example of this is the Tampa Bay Rowdies. They added a star to represent the Soccer Bowl, the championship of the original NASL, won by the original Tampa Bay Rowdies in 1975. The club has since added a second star, after the new club won the 2012 edition of the resurrected Soccer Bowl in the new NASL. This approach is atypical: neither the Montreal Impact nor the Seattle Sounders FC franchises retained the stars worn by the old clubs when they joined the MLS.[nb 1] In the case of the Impact, the new team paid tribute to the former team's first title through the stripes on their badge.
As well as predecessor clubs, victories in the national leagues of defunct countries have also been represented by stars. FC Dynamo Kyiv have two stars, commemorating championships won in the Soviet and Ukrainian football league systems. The same is true of Belgrade clubs Partizan and Red Star who have won titles in Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro and present-day Serbia, while Spartak Moscow's four stars for every five league titles refer to their 22 Soviet Top League and Russian Football Premier League titles.
The star has given rise to a byword to winning trophies. Examples of this include when Fawaz Al-Hasawi, then owner of Nottingham Forest, was quoted as saying "maybe [Nottingham Forest] will have a third star", and France international Paul Pogba's comments in the days before the 2018 FIFA World Cup Final: "Croatia do not have stars – they want one. They have done very well and they want the victory, like us. But I do not have a star. It’s on the shirt, but I did not win it. We want to go looking for it like all players."
Brazil had two stars above their badge in 1968. It was used briefly (friendly matches only) and then removed. After winning their third World Cup in 1970, three stars were officially added and Italy did likewise in 1982. Germany added three in 1996, one in each of the German flag's colours. All world champions have since followed suit. Brazil, Italy, and Germany have since added more stars, after they won later tournaments (cf. 1994, 2002, 2006, 2014), while France are the most recent nation to add a star, commemorating their 2018 triumph less than an hour after victory in the Final.
Uruguay display four stars, including their triumphs in the 1924 and 1928 Olympics, which are regarded as FIFA world championships by the governing body. The 1924 FIFA Congress ruled, “on condition that the Olympic Football Tournament takes place in accordance with the Regulations of FIFA, the latter shall recognize this as a world football championship”, and the 1924 and 1928 championships are regarded as equivalent to World Cups in the 1984 Official History of FIFA.
In the equipment regulations for FIFA competitions, section 16.1 states, "Those Member Associations that have won one or more of the previous editions of the FIFA World Cup or the FIFA Women's World Cup may display on the Playing Equipment used by their first men's or women's representative teams a five-pointed star, or other symbol as instructed by FIFA, per edition of the FIFA World Cup (men's shirt) or FIFA Women's World Cup (women's shirt) won by the Member Association." The form of symbol is now specified, the accompanying illustrative example depicts a gold star.
Ad hoc adoptionsEdit
More recently, club teams have added stars either upon winning a landmark trophy, or in response to a rival team's having added stars. In the Romanian first league, Steaua uses 2 stars above their badge since they won their 20th title. Since then Dinamo added a star for the 18 championships they won. Manchester United sported a star in their UEFA Champions League matches on their special European home kit between 1997 and 1999. To celebrate their second victory that year, they added an extra star to that kit for the 1999–00 season. Liverpool likewise wore four stars in 2001–02, their first campaign in the competition since the Heysel Stadium disaster in 1985. They wore five stars in the competition in 2005–06 after their fifth victory. Instead of stars, UEFA introduced a multiple winner badge in 2000–01 season, currently worn by five teams who have won the Champions League either five times or more in total, or three times in a row.
Occasionally, stars are temporarily added for one season, usually to commemorative kits to celebrate the anniversary of a particular event in the club's history. Burnley sported two stars on their 2006–07 shirt, for the club's 125th anniversary, to celebrate their two league titles in 1921 and 1960. Likewise Bury in 2009–10, also for their 125th anniversary, commemorating their 1900 and 1903 FA Cup triumphs; Bury have since revived the stars, from 2011–12, after a season's absence. Commemorating anniversaries in this way is not confined to English clubs: Peruvian side Universitario celebrated their 90th anniversary by adding 26 stars to their kits worn home and away. This is not a practice limited to clubs, as in 2004, Denmark wore a star on their shirts specially for Euro 2004, to commemorate their victory in the competition in 1992.
In women's football, the emerging ad hoc standard is to wear stars on the sleeve instead of above the badge. Two of the four teams that have won the FIFA Women's World Cup to date — Norway and Germany — use this practice, as did three-time Women's World Cup winners, the USA, until moving the stars to the back collar in 2007. The United States has returned its two stars to above the badge on their new uniforms for the 2011 Women's World Cup, and have added a third and fourth star since their 2015 and 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup championships.
The practice of using stars to signify major titles has spread to other football codes, and to unrelated sports. For example, in 2009, Meath senior Gaelic football team began wearing seven stars on their jerseys, signifying their seven All-Ireland Senior Football Championships. In rugby union, Toulon added a star above its badge after winning the Heineken Cup in 2013, added a second star immediately after winning the same competition in 2014 and a third after winning the inaugural European Rugby Champions Cup in 2015; English rugby union side Sale Sharks wear a gold star in tribute to their sole Premiership title. In basketball, the men's team of Indiana University Bloomington added five stars to its shorts, representing its five NCAA championships, for the 2015 NCAA tournament, and made the stars at that location a permanent fixture for the 2015–16 season.
Excluding the temporary stars, the following teams have chosen to add stars to their shirts:
|Brazil||World Cup||1971||5||Third win was in 1970; fourth and fifth stars added after 1994 and 2002 wins. Briefly wore 2 stars on a tour of Europe in 1968.|
|Italy||World Cup||1982||4||Added after third win; fourth star added after the 2006 win. Incorporated into the badge from 2005 to 2017.|
|Germany||World Cup||1996||4||Stars first added during Euro 1996 qualification, representing wins in 1954, 1974 and 1990 (as "West Germany"). Worn above the badge. Fourth win was in 2014.|
|Uruguay||World Cup and Olympics||1930||4 (2+2)||Represent 2 Olympic football titles (1924 & 1928) and 2 World Cups (1930 & 1950)|
|Argentina||World Cup||2003||2||Titles won in 1978 and 1986. The stars were added in 2004.|
|France||World Cup||1998||2||Titles won in 1998 and 2018. The stars that were added above their badge were unveiled at their opening qualifying game for Euro 2000.|
|England||World Cup||2003||1||Title won in 1966. Star added in 2003 after a campaign on Sky Sports' Soccer AM programme, first worn on the sleeve.|
|Spain||World Cup||2010||1||Title won in 2010. Spain played in their away kit for the final, but upon winning the World Cup they changed into their home kit, complete with a star above the badge, for the presentation ceremony.|
|Egypt||Africa Cup of Nations||2000||7||Subsequent stars added after their 2006, 2008 and 2010 triumphs.|
|Cameroon||Africa Cup of Nations||2008||5||1984, 1988, 2000, 2002 A fifth was added after their 2017 tournament victory.|
|Ghana||Africa Cup of Nations||2008||4||1963, 1965, 1978, Fourth win was in 1982.|
|Japan||Asian Cup||2011||4||1992, 2000, 2004, Fourth win was in 2011. For commemorative jerseys only.|
|Nigeria||Africa Cup of Nations||2013||3||Titles won in 1980, 1994, and 2013.|
|Algeria||Africa Cup of Nations||2010||2||Title won in 1990. Second title in 2019.|
|DR Congo||Africa Cup of Nations||2013||2||Titles won in 1968 and 1974.|
|Ivory Coast||Africa Cup of Nations||2010||2||Title won in 1992. Second title in 2015.|
|Peru||Copa América||2019||2||Titles won in 1939 and 1975.|
|Morocco||Africa Cup of Nations||2019||1||Title won in 1976.|
|Tunisia||Africa Cup of Nations||2004||1||Title won in 2004.|
|Zambia||Africa Cup of Nations||2012||1||Title won in 2012. To be worn from 2012 onwards.|
|Qatar||Asian Cup||2019||1||Title won in 2019.|
|South Africa||Africa Cup of Nations||1996||1||Title won in 1996. Star added after 1996 . However kit producers that have sponsored produced Bafana Bafana kits in the past have come under some fire for not adding the star, however Bafana Bafanas latest kit sponsor Le Coq Sportif has added the star to its latest kit.|
|United States||Women's World Cup||1991||4||Worn on the chest, worn on the back collar between 2007 and 2011 and until early 2007 worn on the sleeve. Second star added following the victory in the 1999 World Cup. Third and fourth stars added following the back-to-back triumphs in the 2015 and 2019 World Cups.|
|Germany||Women's World Cup||2003||2||Until 2003 the three stars of the men's team had been worn. Second star added for their 2007 victory.|
|Norway||Women's World Cup||1995||1||Worn on the chest, Worn on the sleeve until 2015.|
|Japan||Women's World Cup||2011||1|
Note: Some women teams, like Uruguay or Brazil, wear the men's stars on their jersey.
|Western Sydney Wanderers||Australia||AFC Champions League||1||Gold star for winning the 2014 AFC Champions League, introduced in 2015.|
|Melbourne Victory||Australia||A-League||1||Silver star for winning the A-League|
|Brisbane Roar||Australia||A-League||1||Silver star (inscribed with the number 3) for winning the A-League thrice, star added in 2015.|
|Sydney FC||Australia||A-League||1||Silver star (inscribed with the number 5) for winning the A-League five times, star added in 2015 and updated in 2019 and 2020.|
|Central Coast Mariners||Australia||A-League||1||Silver star for winning the A-League|
|Newcastle Jets||Australia||A-League||1||Silver star for winning the A-League|
|Adelaide United||Australia||A-League||1||Silver star for winning the A-League|
|Wollongong Wolves||Australia||National Soccer League, New South Wales state champions||4||Two gold stars for NSL victories in 2000 and 2001 and two silver stars for state-level titles in 1987 and 2008.|
|Shandong Luneng||China PR||Chinese Jia-A League, Chinese Super League||4||One title per star.|
|Guangzhou Evergrande||China PR||Chinese Super League, AFC Champions League||2||One star each for AFC Champions League and Chinese Super League. Stars for the respective number of wins (2 for ACL, 7 for CSL) on sleeves.|
|Shenzhen Ruby||China PR||Chinese Super League||1||One title per star.|
|Changchun Yatai||China PR||Chinese Super League||1||One title per star.|
|Beijing Guoan||China PR||Chinese Super League||1||One title per star.|
|Shanghai Shenhua||China PR||Chinese Jia-A League||1||One title per star.|
|Shanghai SIPG F.C.||China PR||Chinese Super League||1||One title per star.|
|Mohun Bagan||India||National Football League and I-League||4||Three National Football League titles and one I-League title.|
|Arema Malang||Indonesia||Liga 1||2||One league title per star. Arema Malang had won Premier Division in 2004 and 2010.|
|Bali United F.C.||Indonesia||Liga 1||1||One league title per star. Bali had won Premier Division in 2019.|
|Persib Bandung||Indonesia||Liga 1||2||One league title per star. Persib had won Premier Division in 1995 and 2014.|
|Persija Jakarta||Indonesia||Perserikatan and Liga 1||11||Nine Perserikatan titles and one Premier Division title in 2001.|
|Persik Kediri||Indonesia||Liga 1||2||One league title per star. Persik had won Premier Division in 2003 and 2006.|
|Persipura Jayapura||Indonesia||Liga 1||4||One league title per star. Persipura had won 4 title Premier Division in 2005, 2009, 2011 and2013.|
|Semen Padang F.C.||Indonesia||Liga 1||1||One league title per star. Semen Padang had won Premier Division in 2012.|
|Sriwijaya F.C.||Indonesia||Liga 1||2||One league title per star. Sriwijaya FC had won Premir Division in 2008 and 2012 but in 2011-2012 Indonesia Super League as Premier Division not organized by PSSI cause internal conflict, so the real champions of 2011-2012 Indonesia Premier Division is Semen Padang.|
|Persepolis F.C.||Iran||Iranian Football League||1||For their record 10 championship titles in Iranian Football League.|
|Esteghlal F.C.||Iran||Asian Club Championship||2||For their Asian Club Championship triumph.|
|PAS F.C.||Iran||Asian Club Championship||1||A star for Asian Club Championship triumph.|
|Damash Tehran F.C.||Iran||Tehran Province League||1||For their Tehran Province League triumph.|
|Al-Shorta||Iraq||Asian Club Championship, Arab Club Champions Cup||2||One star for the 1971 Asian Club Championship where the club reached the final and refused to play against an Israeli team in protest at the Israeli occupation of Palestine, and one star for the 1981–82 Arab Club Champions Cup victory.|
|Gamba Osaka||Japan||AFC Champions League, J1 League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup||9||A star for each major title. The star for their sole AFC Champions League title is larger than the others.|
|Kashima Antlers||Japan||J1 League, J. League Cup, Emperor's Cup, AFC Champions League||2||A star per 10 major titles.|
|Urawa Red Diamonds||Japan||J1 League, AFC Champions League||3||A large star per ACL titles, a small star per J1 League title.|
|Kawasaki Frontale||Japan||J1 League||3||A star per major title.|
|Nagoya Grampus||Japan||J1 League, Emperor's Cup||3||A star per major title.|
|Shonan Bellmare||Japan||J. League Cup, Asian Cup Winners' Cup, Emperor's Cup||3||A star per title.|
|Kashiwa Reysol||Japan||J1 League, J. League Cup, Emperor's Cup||4||A star per major title.|
|Yokohama F. Marinos||Japan||J1 League||4||A star per J1 League title.|
|Tokyo Verdy||Japan||J1 League||2||A star per J1 League title.|
|Sanfrecce Hiroshima||Japan||J1 League||3||A star per J1 League title.|
|Júbilo Iwata||Japan||J1 League||3||A star per J1 League title.|
|Cerezo Osaka||Japan||J. League Cup, Emperor's Cup||2||A star per major title.|
|Oita Trinita||Japan||J. League Cup||1||A star per J. League Cup title.|
|JEF United Chiba||Japan||J. League Cup||2||A star per J. League Cup title.|
|Kyoto Sanga FC||Japan||Emperor's Cup||1||A star per Emperor's Cup title.|
|Vissel Kobe||Japan||Emperor's Cup||1||A star per Emperor's Cup title.|
|Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors||Korea Republic||K League Classic||8||One title per star.|
|Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma||Korea Republic||K League Classic||7||One title per star. Six stars introduced in 2003; seventh star worn since 2007.|
|Pohang Steelers||Korea Republic||K League Classic||5||One title per star.|
|Busan IPark||Korea Republic||K League Classic||4||One title per star. Four stars worn since 2010.|
|Suwon Samsung Bluewings||Korea Republic||K League Classic||4||One title per star. Three stars introduced initially in 2005; fourth star added in 2009.|
|Ulsan Hyundai||Korea Republic||K League Classic||2||One title per star. Stars added in 1998.|
|Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin||Korea Republic||Korea National League||3||One title per star.|
|Goyang KB||Korea Republic||Korea National League||3||One title per star.|
|Gangneung City||Korea Republic||Korea National League||1||One title per star.|
|Suwon City||Korea Republic||Korea National League||1||One title per star. Began wearing star in 2011.|
|Incheon Korail||Korea Republic||Korea National League||1||One title per star. Star worn since 2011.|
|Gyeongju Citizen||Korea Republic||K3 League||2||One title per star.|
|Seoul United||Korea Republic||K3 League||1||One title per star.|
|Yangju Citizen||Korea Republic||K3 League||1||One title per star.|
|FC Pocheon||Korea Republic||K3 League||1||One title per star.|
|Al Ansar FC||Lebanon||Lebanese Premier League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Al Shabiba Mazraa Beirut||Lebanon||Lebanese Premier League||1||Represents 1 title, won in 1967.|
|Kelantan FA||Malaysia||Malaysian Super League||2||One title per star. Kelantan FA had won the MSL in 2011 & 2012.|
|Al-Sadd SC||Qatar||AFC Champions League||2||A star for each AFC Champions League triumph.|
|Al Hilal SFC||Saudi Arabia||AFC Champions League, Asian Cup Winners Cup, Asian Super Cup||7||A star for each AFC Champions League, Asian Cup Winners Cup and Asian Super Cup triumph.|
|Al-Ain FC||UAE||UAE Pro-League||1||For their 10 championship titles in UAE League. Star worn since 2012.|
|Sharjah FC||UAE||UAE Pro-League||1||For their 5 championship titles in UAE League.|
|Shabab Al-Ahli Dubai FC||UAE||UAE Pro-League||2||Two stars for their 10 championship titles in UAE League. 7 with Al-Ahli Dubai FC and 3 with Al Shabab Al Arabi Club Dubai.|
|FC Pakhtakor||Uzbekistan||Uzbekistan League||2||Two stars for 10 championship in Uzbekistan League|
|FC Bunyodkor||Uzbekistan||Uzbekistan League||1||One star for 5 championship in Uzbekistan League|
|FC Neftchi Fergana||Uzbekistan||Uzbekistan League||1||One star for 5 championship in Uzbekistan League|
- The CAF Champions League was known as the African Cup of Champions Clubs prior to 1997.
|Montreal Impact||Canada||USL First Division, A-League, American Professional Soccer League||3||Each star represents a league championship from 1994, 2004 and 2009. 2 stars were worn after the second league title in 2004 and a third star was added after their third title in 2009. The stars were removed when they joined Major League Soccer for the 2012 season; the four stars on the 2012 Impact logo do not represent championships, but instead the four founding communities of Montreal represented on the city's coat of arms.|
|Toronto FC||Canada||MLS Cup||1||Title won in 2017|
|Vancouver Whitecaps||Canada||USL First Division, North American Soccer League||3||2 stars are worn for their 2 championships in the USL First Division (2006, 2008) and one for the Vancouver Whitecaps (NASL) win in the Soccer Bowl of 1979. The stars were removed when they joined Major League Soccer for the 2011 season.|
|Herediano||Costa Rica||Costa Rican league||27||One star per national league title.|
|Saprissa||Costa Rica||Costa Rican league||2||Costa Rican most recent champions wear one star for every consecutive national league championship.|
|Jong Colombia||Curaçao||CONCACAF Champions' Cup (Caribbean Zone) and Sekshon Pagá.||3 (2+1)||Two CONCACAF Champions League (Caribbean Zone) titles (1967 and 1979) and one for at least ten league titles.|
|Atlético Pantoja||Dominican Republic||Liga Mayor||3||Each national title won.|
|Firpo||El Salvador||La Primera||9||Each national title won.|
|Racing CH||Haiti||CONCACAF Champions League||1||One CONCACAF Champions League title (in 1963)|
|Guadalajara||Mexico||Mexican First Division||12||One star per title.|
|Pachuca||Mexico||Mexican First Division, CONCACAF Champions League, Copa Sudamericana||12 (6+6)||One star per league title. 6 gold stars for continental trophies: 5 for CONCACAF Champions League titles, and a star for its Copa Sudamericana title.|
|Toluca||Mexico||Mexican First Division||10||One star per title.|
|Cruz Azul||Mexico||Mexican First Division||8||One star per league title, incorporated into the crest.|
|León||Mexico||Mexican First Division||8||One star per title.|
|Monterrey||Mexico||Mexican First Division + CONCACAF Champions League||9 (5+4)||5 silver stars above for league titles. 4 gold stars below for CONCACAF Champions League titles.|
|Tigres UANL||Mexico||Mexican First Division||7||One star per league title.|
|Santos Laguna||Mexico||Mexican First Division||6||One star per title.|
|Atlante||Mexico||Mexican First Division||3||One star per title.|
|Necaxa||Mexico||Mexican First Division||3||One star per title.|
|Puebla||Mexico||Mexican First Division and Mexican Cup||7 (2+5)||2 gold stars incorporated into crest for league titles. 5 blue stars outside for cup titles.|
|Veracruz||Mexico||Mexican First Division||2||Titles won in 1946 and 1950.|
|Atlas||Mexico||Mexican First Division||1||Title won in 1951.|
|Morelia||Mexico||Mexican First Division||1||Title won in Invierno 2000.|
|Tecos||Mexico||Mexican First Division||1||Title won in 1994.|
|Tijuana||Mexico||Mexican First Division||1||Title won in 2012.|
|Murciélagos||Mexico||Mexican Third Division||1||Title won in 2012.|
|Celaya||Mexico||Mexican Division Promotion||2||One star per division promotion.|
|Real Estelí||Nicaragua||Nicaraguan Primera División||2||First two national championships won by the club (in 1991 and 1999).|
|Tauro F.C.||Panama||Liga Panameña de Fútbol||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Puerto Rico Islanders||Puerto Rico||CFU Club Championship||2||One title per star.|
|S.V. Transvaal||Suriname||CONCACAF Champions League and SVB Topklasse.||3 (2+1)||Two CONCACAF Champions League titles and one for at least ten league titles.|
|Defence Force F.C.||Trinidad and Tobago||CONCACAF Champions League, CFU Club Championship and TT Pro League.||4 (2+1+1)||Two CONCACAF Champions League titles, One CFU Club Championship and one for at least ten league titles.|
|LA Galaxy||United States||MLS Cup||1||One single gold star to symbolize their five MLS Cup titles.|
|D.C. United||United States||MLS Cup||4||Titles won in 1996, 1997, 1999, and 2004.|
|Seattle Sounders FC||United States||MLS Cup||2||Titles won in 2016 and 2019.|
|Houston Dynamo||United States||MLS Cup||2||Titles won in 2006 and 2007.|
|San Jose Earthquakes||United States||MLS Cup||2||Titles won in 2001 and 2003. [nb 2]|
|Sporting Kansas City||United States||MLS Cup||2||Titles won in 2000 (as Kansas City Wizards) and 2013 (as Sporting Kansas City).|
|Chicago Fire||United States||MLS Cup||1||Title won in 1998.|
|Columbus Crew||United States||MLS Cup||2||Title won in 2008 and 2020.|
|Real Salt Lake||United States||MLS Cup||1||Title won in 2009.|
|Colorado Rapids||United States||MLS Cup||1||Title won in 2010.|
|Portland Timbers||United States||MLS Cup||1||Title won in 2015, star to feature on 2016 change jersey.|
|Atlanta United FC||United States||MLS Cup||1||Title won in 2018.|
|Louisville City FC||United States||USL Cup||2||Representing the back-to-back USL Cup Championships won in 2017 and 2018.|
|Seattle Sounders||United States||A-League, USL First Division||4||Two of each title achieved: A-League titles in 1995 and 1996, USL-1 champions in 2005 and 2007.|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||United States||North American Soccer League championships||2||The team, which began play in 2010 as FC Tampa Bay in the D2 Pro League and now plays in the current North American Soccer League (NASL), added the first star to represent the Soccer Bowl, the championship of the original NASL, won by the original Tampa Bay Rowdies in 1975. A second star was added after the new club won Soccer Bowl 2012.|
|Minnesota United FC||United States||North American Soccer League championship||1||Title won in 2011.|
|Rochester Rhinos||United States||A-League, Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup||4||Four titles won in four seasons: their first championship was the A-League in 1998; victory in the 1999 Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup followed before the Rhinos picked up successive A-League titles in 2000 and 2001. Four stars were added in 2013.|
|San Antonio Scorpions FC||United States||North American Soccer League championship||1||Title won in 2014, star added shortly afterwards.|
|Cleveland City Stars||United States||USL Second Division championship||1||Cleveland won the 2008 USL Second Division championship and moved into the USL First Division for 2009, along with the Austin Aztex, to replace the departed Seattle Sounders and Atlanta Silverbacks. The team folded after the 2009 season.|
|Tulsa Roughnecks FC||United States||North American Soccer League championship||1||The team, which began play in 2015 in the rebranded United Soccer League, added a star to the back of their inaugural kit to represent the original Tulsa Roughnecks' sole Soccer Bowl success, when victory in Soccer Bowl '83 resulted in them being crowned NASL champions.|
|Akron Zips||United States||NCAA Division I||1||Represents 2010 NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship.|
|Northern Kentucky Norse||United States||NCAA Division II||1||Represents club's 2010 NCAA Division II national championship. The team retained its star even after moving to Division I in 2012.|
|AFC Cleveland||United States||National Premier Soccer League championship||1||Title won in 2016.|
|Vélez Sársfield||Argentina||Argentine League, Copa Libertadores, and Intercontinental Cup||11 (1+10)||Gold star for 1994 Intercontinental Cup over 10 blue stars for 6 Argentine and 4 international titles.|
|Estudiantes de La Plata||Argentina||Argentine League, Copa Libertadores, and Intercontinental Cup||11||5 Argentine league titles; 4 Copa Libertadores; 1968 Intercontinental and 1969 Interamerican Cups. An earlier badge had just four stars, for the Libertadores and Intercontinental titles. Tenth star added after Copa Libertadores 2009 victory.|
|Rosario Central||Argentina||Argentine league and CONMEBOL Cup||6 (4+1+1)||The middle star, for the CONMEBOL Cup, is larger. The previous badge had 5 blue stars and one larger yellow star; the extra small star was for the unofficial "1974 Argentinian Championship", a qualification playoff for the 1974 Copa Libertadores.|
|Newell's Old Boys||Argentina||Argentine league||7||One star per title, including one each for the 1990 Apertura and the 1990/91 Apertura/Clausura playoff.|
|Argentinos Juniors||Argentina||Argentine League, Copa Libertadores, and Interamerican Cup||5||3 Argentine League; 1985 Libertadores and 1986 Interamerican Cup|
|Club Atlético Lanús||Argentina||Argentine League, National Cup and two international titles.||5||2 Argentine League (2007 and 2016); 2016 Copa Bicentenario, 2013 Copa Sudamericana and 1996 Copa CONMEBOL.|
|Boca Juniors||Argentina||Various Titles||68||The club has a policy of adding a star to their badge since 1970 for each title worn ever (Except during 2007-2009 when a design with only 3 stars was used for each Intercontinental Cup won). However, the version of the club badge on the shirts provided by kit manufacturer Nike remains on 52 stars as of 2019.|
|Quilmes AC||Argentina||Argentine league||2||Amateur title of 1912 and 1978 Metropolitano|
|Ferro Carril Oeste||Argentina||Argentine league||2||1982 Nacional and 1984 Nacional|
|Club Atlético Banfield||Argentina||Argentine league and Copa de Honor||2||2009 Torneo Apertura and 1920 amateur Copa de Honor.|
|Racing Club de Avellaneda||Argentina||Intercontinental Cup||1||Trophy won in 1967; star added for the fortieth anniversary.|
|Chacarita Juniors||Argentina||Argentine league||1||1969 Metropolitano|
|Joinville||Brazil||Campeonato Catarinense||12||12 titles won|
|Americano||Brazil||Campeonato da Cidade de Campos||9||For 9-in-a-row 1967–1975|
|Vasco da Gama||Brazil||Various Brazilian and South American||8||South American Club Championship 1948; Copa Libertadores 1998; Copa Mercosur 2000; 1974, 1989, 1997 and 2000 Brazilian Championships; unbeaten Campeão de Terra e Mar season in 1945|
|Palmeiras||Brazil||Campeonato Paulista, Brazilian Championship, Copa Rio||9 (1+8)||8 titles won under the name "Palestra Itália" between 1920 and 1940. Others say it commemorates the eighth month (August) of 1914, when the club was founded. Previously wore 4 silver stars, one for each Brazilian championship conquered (1972, 1973, 1993, 1994). Stars are placed inside the badge, rather than the usual placement above. A red star above the badge was added in 2017 for their 1951 Copa Rio win.|
|Santa Cruz||Brazil||Pernambucan Championship||8 (3+5)||Club badge has 5 yellow stars for the 5-in-a-row (1969–73) and 3 stars for 3 "super-championships" (black for 1957, white for 1976, red for 1983).|
|São Raimundo (AM)||Brazil||Copa Norte, Campeonato Amazonense||7 (3 + 4)||3 red stars for Norte 3-in-a-row 1999–2001; 4 silver stars for Amazonas titles|
|Internacional (Porto Alegre)||Brazil||FIFA Club World Cup, Copa Libertadores, Brazilian Championship, Copa do Brasil||6 (1+5)||Silver star for 2006 World title, 5 gold stars for others, with the Libertadores star larger than the other 4 (3 Championships, 1 Copa).|
|Goiás EC||Brazil||Brazilian Série B and Goiás State Championship||2||2 silver stars, for the 1999 and 2012 Série B championships.|
|Náutico||Brazil||Campeonato Pernambucano||6||6-in-a-row won 1963–1968|
|Corinthians Paulista||Brazil||FIFA Club World Cup, Brazilian Championship||5 (1+4)||Larger star for the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship, above the other 4 stars for 4 Campeonato Brasileiro titles. The stars were removed for the 2011 season onwards.|
|América do Natal||Brazil||Copa Nordeste, Campeonato Potiguar||5 (1 + 4)||1 silver star for 1998 Nordeste; 4 yellow stars for Potiguar 4-in-a-row 1979–82|
|Fortaleza EC||Brazil||Campeonato Cearense and Copa Norte-Nordeste||6 (4+2)||4 blue stars for Cearense Championship 4-in-a-row in 2007-10; 2 yellow stars for wins of North/Northeast Cup in 1946 and 1970.|
|Vila Nova||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série C, Campeonato Goiano||5 (1 + 4)||1 yellow star for 1996 Brasileiro title; 4 red stars for Goiano 4-in-a-row between 1977–80.|
|Goiânia||Brazil||Campeonato Goiano||5||5-in-a-row won between 1950–1954.|
|Ceará||Brazil||Campeonato Cearense||5||5-in-a-row between 1915–19.|
|ABC||Brazil||Campeonato Potiguar||4||Sweep of all four categories in 1954: professional, amateur, junior, and youth leagues.|
|Colo-Colo (Ilhéus)||Brazil||Campeonato de Ilhéus||4||4-in-a-row between 1960–63.|
|São Paulo FC||Brazil||Intercontinental Cup, FIFA Club World Cup||3 (red stars; also 2 gold stars)||3 red stars represent 2 Intercontinental Cups (1992 and 1993) and 1 FIFA Club World Championship (2005). Also, 2 gold stars commemorate Adhemar da Silva's triple jump world records at the 1952 Olympics and the 1955 Pan American Games.|
|Grêmio Porto Alegre||Brazil||Intercontinental Cup, Libertadores Cup, Brazilian Championship, Copa do Brasil||3 (1+1+1)||The gold star on the badge was added in 1970 to honour Everaldo of the 1970 World Cup team, the first Grêmio player to be world champion. It also represents the 1983 Intercontinental Title. The silver star represents Continental titles (3 Libertadores and 2 Recopa); the bronze star represents Brazilian titles (2 Championships, 1 Serie B, and 5 Copas).|
|Criciuma EC||Brazil||Copa do Brasil; Série B; Série C||3[nb 3]||Copa won in 1991, Série B in 2002, Série C in 2006.|
|Fluminense||Brazil||Brazilian Championships||3||Titles won in 1970, 1984 and 2010.|
|Caxias (Santa Catarina)||Brazil||Campeonato Catarinense||3||Titles won in 1929, 1954, and 1955.|
|Galícia||Brazil||Campeonato Baiano||3||3 in-a-row won between 1941–1943.|
|União Barbarense||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série C, 2 others||3||Série C title won in 2004.|
|Santos FC||Brazil||Intercontinental Cup||2||Titles won in 1962, 1963.|
|EC Bahia||Brazil||Taça Brasil and Brazilian Championship||2||Taça won 1959, Championship won 1988.|
|Atlético Paranaense||Brazil||Brazilian Championship and Série B||2 (1 + 1)||Gold star for 2001 title; silver star for 1995 B title.|
|Sport Club do Recife||Brazil||Brazilian Championship, Série B and Brazilian Cup||3 (1+1+1)||A Gold star for Championship of 1987; a silver star for Série B 1990 and another Gold star for Brazilian Cup 2008.|
|EC Juventude||Brazil||Copa do Brasil and Brazilian Série B||2 (1+1)||Gold star for the 1999 Copa; silver star for 1994 Série B.|
|Paraná Clube||Brazil||Brazilian Série B||2||Official Série B of 1992 and Yellow Module of Copa João Havelange in 2000.|
|Paysandu SC||Brazil||2||Titles won in 1991 and 2001.|
|Brasiliense||Brazil||Brazilian Série B and Série C||2 (1+1)||Bronze star for C title won in 2002; silver star for B title won in 2004.|
|América Mineiro||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, Campeonato Mineiro||2 (1 + 1)||Gold star for 1997 Serie B title, red star for Mineiro 10-in-a-row between 1916–25.|
|CRAC||Brazil||Campeonato Goiano||2||Won in 1967 and 2004.|
|Grêmio Barueri||Brazil||Campeonato Paulista||2||2005 Série A3 title; 2006 Série A2 title|
|CR Flamengo||Brazil||Intercontinental Cup||1||Title won 1981. Stars for lesser titles were removed from badge in 2004.|
|Atlético Mineiro||Brazil||Brazilian Championship||1||Represents title won in 1971. Previously wore 3 stars (2 red and 1 gold), the 2 red stars for the 1992 and 1997 Copa CONMEBOL titles.|
|Chapecoense||Brazil||Copa Sudamerica||1||Represents title awarded in 2016, another star incorporated into the badge to commemorate the victims of LaMia Flight 2933. Previously wore 4 stars representing 1977, 1996, 2007 and 2011 Campeonato Catarinense titles.|
|Coritiba||Brazil||Brazilian Championship||1||Represents title won in 1985.|
|Guarani FC||Brazil||Brazilian Championship||2||Represents title won in 1978 and Série B of 1981.|
|Paulista||Brazil||Copa do Brasil||1||Title won in 2005.|
|Santo André||Brazil||Copa do Brasil||1||Title won in 2004.|
|Gama||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série B||1||Title won in 1998.|
|Londrina||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série B||1||Title won in 1980.|
|Avaí||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série C||1||Title won in 1998.|
|Atlético Goianiense||Brazil||Campeonato Brasileiro Série C||1||Title won in 1990.|
|Rio Branco||Brazil||Copa Norte||1||Title won in 1997.|
|Anápolis||Brazil||Campeonato Goiano||1||Title won in 1965.|
|Bragantino||Brazil||Campeonato Paulista||1||Title won in 1990.|
|Brusque||Brazil||Campeonato Catarinense||1||Title won in 1992.|
|Goiatuba||Brazil||Goiás State Championship||1||Title won in 1992.|
|Ipatinga||Brazil||Campeonato Mineiro||1||Title won in 2005.|
|São Caetano||Brazil||Campeonato Paulista||1||Title won in 2004|
|Colo-Colo||Chile||Copa Libertadores||4(1+3)||Represents trophy won in 1991 and other three stars addered after winning 30th national championship, each star represents 10 title.|
|Club Universidad de Chile||Chile||Copa Sudamericana||1||Trophy won in 2011.|
|O'Higgins de Rancagua||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||1||Title won in 2013 Apertura.|
|Cobresal||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||1||Represents title won in 2014 Clausura.|
|Santiago Wanderers||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||3||One star per title.|
|Everton de Viña del Mar||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||4||One star per title.|
|Huachipato||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||2||One star per title.|
|Santiago Morning||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||3||Title winning in 1940.|
|Cobreloa||Chile||Chilean Primera Division||8||One star per title.|
|América de Cali||Colombia||Colombian league||13||One star per title.|
|Atlético Junior||Colombia||Colombian league||7||One star per title.|
|Deportivo Cali||Colombia||Colombian league||9||One star per title.|
|Once Caldas||Colombia||Colombian league and Copa Libertadores||5 (4+1)||Gold star over badge for Libertadores; 4 stars within badge for one league each.|
|Barcelona SC||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||15||Wore black and later red stars under badge for each Serie A title on shirt starting in 1982 until 2015; starting in 2016 stars no longer worn below badge; wore 2 black stars above badge in 2007 for 2 Copa Libertadores runners up performances in 1991 and 1998.|
|CD El Nacional||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||20 (13+7)||13 gold stars above badge in two rows, top row consists of three grouped together on both left and right with two together in the middle for 8 total, the sets on left and right represent the three consecutive Serie A titles won in 1976, 1977, 1978 and 1982, 1983, 1984, the set of two in middle represent the two consecutive Serie A titles 2005 (Clausura) and 2006, second row consists of five additional gold stars for single league titles won, below badge seven silver stars for seven Serie A 2nd place finishes|
|CD Cuenca||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||1||Gold star above badge for 2004 Serie A title|
|CD Espoli||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||1||White star below badge for 1995 Serie A 2nd place finish|
|CD Everest||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||1||Gold star below badge for 1962 Serie A title|
|CD Olmedo||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||2 (1+1)||White star above badge for 2000 Serie A title; white star below badge for 2004 Serie A 2nd place finish|
|CD Técnico Universitario||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A and Ecuadorian Serie B||3 (2+1)||Wore three black or red stars above badge from 2000 until 2010 for the two Serie A 2nd place finishes in 1978, 1980, and one for the Serie B titles won|
|CS Emelec||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||11||Wore stars under badge for each Serie A title on shirt starting in 1997 until 2015; starting in 2016 stars no longer worn below badge|
|CS Patria||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A, Campeonato de Guayaquil, and Segunda Categoría del Guayas||4||4 green stars below badge for 1961 Serie A 2nd place finish, 2 Campeonato de Guayaquil titles in 1958 and 1959, and the 1968 Segunda Categoría del Guayas title|
|Delfín SC||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||1||Gold star above badge for 2019 Serie A title|
|Independiente del Valle||Ecuador||Copa Sudamericana||1||Gold star above badge for 2019 Copa Sudamericana title|
|LDU Portoviejo||Ecuador||Segunda Categoría de Manabí||1||From 1985-1987 wore a white star above badge for the 1969 Manabi provincial title|
|LDU Quito||Ecuador||Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, and Recopa Sudamericana||4||One star for each international title won - 2008 Copa Libertadores, 2009 Copa Sudamericana, 2009 and 2010 Recopa Sudamericana; previously wore red or blue stars above badge for each Serie A title from 1981 until 2003|
|SD Aucas||Ecuador||Campeonato Amateur del Futbol de Pichincha and Campeonato Professional Interandino||8 (6+2)||From 1998 to 2010 wore eight red or black stars above badge - six for provincial amateur titles from 1945-1951, and two inter-provincial professional titles in 1959 and 1962|
|SD Quito||Ecuador||Ecuadorian Serie A||5||Gold stars above badge for each Serie A title|
|Olimpia Asunción||Paraguay||Intercontinental Cup and Copa Libertadores||4||1 Golden Star for 1979 Intercontinental Cup, 3 Silver Stars for the 1979, 1990 and 2002 Copa Libertadores|
|Cienciano||Peru||Copa Sudamericana and Recopa Sudamericana||2||Won in 2003 and 2004 respectively.|
|FBC Melgar||Peru||Peruvian Primera División||2||Peruvian championship title in 1981. Second star added after their 2015 championship title.|
|Juan Aurich||Peru||Peruvian Primera División||1||Peruvian championship titles won in 2011.|
|CD San Martín||Peru||Peruvian Primera División||3||Peruvian championship titles won in 2007, 2008 and 2010.|
|Sporting Cristal||Peru||Peruvian Primera División||3||Three consecutive titles in 1994–96.|
|Sport Boys||Peru||Peruvian Primera División||6||Stars under the badge (one per title).|
|Comerciantes Unidos||Peru||Copa Perú||3||The three stars represent the three times that Comerciantes reached the National Stage of the Copa Perú.|
|Sport Rosario||Peru||Copa Perú||1||Copa Perú championship title won in 2016.|
|Caracas FC||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||10||One title per star.|
|Deportivo Tachira||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||6||One title per star.|
|Deportivo Petare||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||5||One title per star, titles won as Deportivo Italchacao.|
|Portuguesa FC||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||5||One title per star.|
|Estudiantes de Mérida||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||2||One title per star.|
|Minervén FC||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||1||One title per star.|
|Unión Atlético Maracaibo||Venezuela||Primera División Venezolana||1||One title per star.|
|Deportivo Anzoátegui||Venezuela||Segunda División Venezolana||1||One title per star.|
|KF Tirana||Albania||Albanian Superliga||2||Each represents 10 titles.In total they won 24 titles.|
|Dinamo Tirana||Albania||Albanian Superliga||1||Represents 10 titles.In total they won 18 titles.|
|Partizani Tirana||Albania||Albanian Superliga||1||Represents 10 titles.In total they won 16 titles.|
|Rapid Vienna||Austria||Austrian Bundesliga||3||Each represents 10 titles.|
|FK Austria Wien||Austria||Austrian Bundesliga||2||Each represents 10 titles.|
|FC Wacker Innsbruck||Austria||Austrian Bundesliga||1||Represents 10 titles|
|Red Bull Salzburg||Austria||Austrian Bundesliga||1||Each represents 10 titles. but only get FC Red Bull Salzburg|
|Kapaz PFC||Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Premier League||3||One golden star per each league championship.|
|FC Baku||Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Premier League||2||One golden star per each league championship.|
|FC Inter Baku||Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Premier League||2||One golden star per each league championship.|
|Neftchi Baku||Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Premier League||1||Represents 5 league championships.|
|Qarabağ||Azerbaijan||Azerbaijan Premier League||1||Represents 5 league championships.|
|FC BATE Borisov||Belarus||Belarusian Premier League||3||Each star represents 5 titles.|
|FC Dinamo Minsk||Belarus||Belarusian Premier League||1||Represents 5 titles.|
|R.S.C. Anderlecht||Belgium||Belgian First Division||3||Each golden star represents 10 titles.|
|Club Brugge||Belgium||Belgian Pro League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Standard Liège||Belgium||Belgian Pro League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|R.U. Saint-Gilloise||Belgium||Belgian Pro League||1||Represents 10 titles. They won 11 titles in total. They currently play in Belgian Third Division B.|
|PFC CSKA Sofia||Bulgaria||Bulgarian A Group||3||Added 3 stars because of their 30th league title in 2005.|
|GNK Dinamo||Croatia||1. HNL||3||Represent 10 titles. 30th title won in 2019.|
|SK Slavia Prague||Czech Republic||Gambrinus Liga||2||Represent 20 titles. 19th and 20th titles won respectively in 2019 and 2020.|
|AC Sparta Prague||Czech Republic||Gambrinus Liga||3||Represent 30 titles. 36th title won in 2014.|
|FK Dukla Prague||Czech Republic||Gambrinus Liga||1||Represent 10 titles. 11th title won in 1982 as Dukla Prague.|
|APOEL Nicosia||Cyprus||Cypriot First Division||2||Each represent 10 titles.|
|Omonoia Nicosia||Cyprus||Cypriot First Division||2||Each represent 10 titles.|
|Anorthosis Famagusta||Cyprus||Cypriot First Division||1||Represent 10 titles.|
|KB||Denmark||Danish Premier League||3||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 15|
|F.C. København||Denmark||Danish Premier League||2||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 12|
|Brøndby IF||Denmark||Danish Premier League||2||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 10|
|AB||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 9|
|B93||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 9|
|B1903||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 7|
|BK Frem||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 6|
|AGF||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 5|
|Esbjerg fB||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 5|
|Vejle BK||Denmark||Danish Premier League||1||Gold star for every fifth championship. Total number of championships 5|
|Aston Villa||England||European Cup||1||Title won in 1982. Star incorporated into the crest.|
|Bury||England||FA Cup||2||Titles won in 1900 and 1903. Stars added initially for the 2009–10 season only, reintroduced from 2011 onwards.|
|Huddersfield Town||England||English First Division||3||First team to win English First Division 3 times in a row, between 1924 and 1926.|
|Ipswich Town||England||English First Division, FA Cup, UEFA Cup||3||Trophies won respectively in 1962, 1978 and 1981. Stars added in 2007.|
|Nottingham Forest||England||European Cup||2||Two silver stars worn above the club crest to commemorate back to back European Cup victories, in 1979 and 1980.|
|Notts County||England||FA Cup||1||One gold star was added in 2013 to represent 120 years since Notts' victory in the 1893–94 FA Cup. County have worn this star each season since then.|
|Flora Tallinn||Estonia||Meistriliiga||2||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Levadia Tallinn||Estonia||Meistriliiga||1||Each represents 5 titles.|
|HB||Faroe Islands||Faroe Islands Premier League||2||Each represents 10 titles.|
|KÍ||Faroe Islands||Faroe Islands Premier League||1||Each represents 10 titles.|
|B36||Faroe Islands||Faroe Islands Premier League||1||Each represents 10 titles.|
|Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi||Finland||Veikkausliiga||3||Each represents 10 titles.|
|Nantes||France||French league||8||One title per star, incorporated into the crest. Removed in 2019 due to a rebrand.|
|Marseille||France||UEFA Champions League||1||Title won in 1993.|
|Saint-Étienne||France||French league||1||Represents 10 titles. Last won in 1981.|
|Bayern Munich||Germany||German Bundesliga||4||Represents 20 Bundesliga titles, the 1932 German championship win is not counted. Fourth star added after 2008 title|
|Borussia Mönchengladbach||Germany||German Bundesliga||2||Represents 5 titles.|
|Borussia Dortmund||Germany||German Bundesliga||2||Represents 5 titles. Second star added in 2012, previously wore only one.|
|Werder Bremen||Germany||German Bundesliga||1||Represents 3 titles.|
|Hamburger SV||Germany||German Bundesliga||1||Represents 3 titles.|
|VfB Stuttgart||Germany||German Bundesliga||1||Represents 3 titles; added after third win.|
|Olympiacos||Greece||Superleague Greece||4||Each represents 10 titles.|
|Ferencvárosi TC||Hungary||Hungarian Championship||3||Each represents 10 titles (31).|
|MTK||Hungary||Hungarian Championship||2||Each represents 10 titles (23).|
|Újpest FC||Hungary||Hungarian Championship||2||Each represents 10 titles (20).|
|Budapest Honvéd||Hungary||Hungarian Championship||1||Each represents 10 titles (14).|
|Valur||Iceland||Icelandic league||4||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Fram Reykjavík||Iceland||Icelandic league||3||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur||Iceland||Icelandic league||5||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Knattspyrnufélagið Víkingur||Iceland||Icelandic league||1||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Íþróttabandalag Akraness||Iceland||Icelandic league||3||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Fimleikafélag Hafnarfjarðar||Iceland||Icelandic league||1||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Wexford Youths||Ireland||FAI Youth Inter-League Cup||2||Titles won by Wexford Football League sides coached by Mick Wallace, founder of Wexford Youths F.C.; the junior league is a nursery for the senior club. Titles were won in 2004–5 and 2006–7. A third star is due for the 2007–8 victory.|
|Bohemians||Ireland||League of Ireland||1||Represents 10 titles. Tenth won in 2008.|
|Dundalk||Ireland||League of Ireland||1||Represents 10 titles. Tenth won in 2014.|
|Shamrock Rovers||Ireland||League of Ireland||1||Represents 10 titles. Tenth won in 1964; 15 held at time star was added.|
|Shelbourne||Ireland||League of Ireland||1||Represents 10 titles. Tenth won in 2002; 11 held at time star was added.|
|Limerick||Ireland||League of Ireland||2||1 title per star. 1959/60 and 1979/80.|
|Beitar Jerusalem||Israel||Israeli championships||1||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Hapoel Tel Aviv||Israel||Israeli championships||2||Each represents 5 titles. (5 won Before the state of Israel was Formed)|
|Ironi Kiryat Shmona||Israel||Israeli championships||1||One title per star.|
|Maccabi Haifa||Israel||Israeli championships||2||Represents 5 titles. 12th Title won in 2011.|
|Maccabi Netanya||Israel||Israeli championships||5||One title per star.|
|Maccabi Tel Aviv||Israel||Israeli championships||4||Each represents 5 titles. (5 won Before the state of Israel was formed)|
|Juventus||Italy||Italian Serie A||3||Each represents 10 Italian Football Championship and Serie A titles. The first, added in 1958 by a Lega Calcio sentence, represents the first case in association football history which a star is used in the kits as a sporting and honorific symbol. Second star added in 1982. Added a third star following their supposed 30th league title in 2011–12 but removed them all following a dispute with the Italian Football Federation, who stripped Juventus of their 2004–05 title and did not assign to them the 2005–06 title due to the 2006 Italian football scandal, leaving the official total at 28. Juventus have since won their 30th title in the 2013–14 season and thus earned the right to wear the third star, the club removed all stars until another club earns the right to wear two stars to emphasise their superiority. However, the three stars have been reinstated from 2015–16.|
|Internazionale||Italy||Italian Serie A||1||Represents 10 titles. Added in 1966.|
|Milan||Italy||Italian Serie A||1||Represents 10 titles. Added in 1979.|
|Ventspils||Latvia||Latvian Higher League||1||Each represents 5 titles.|
|Jeunesse Esch||Luxembourg||National Division||2||Each represents 10 titles.|
|F91 Dudelange||Luxembourg||National Division||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Sliema Wanderers||Malta||Maltese Premier League||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Floriana||Malta||Maltese Premier League||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Valletta||Malta||Maltese Premier League||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Hibernians||Malta||Maltese Premier League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Sheriff Tiraspol||Moldova||Moldovan League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Ajax||Netherlands||Eredivisie and Dutch Championship (pre-1956)||3||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|PSV||Netherlands||Eredivisie and Dutch Championship (pre-1956)||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Feyenoord||Netherlands||Eredivisie and Dutch Championship (pre-1956)||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|HVV Den Haag||Netherlands||Dutch Championship (pre-1956)||1||Represents 10 titles. Star incorporated into the crest.|
|Vardar||North Macedonia||Macedonian First Football League||2||Each star represents 5 titles.|
|Linfield||Northern Ireland||Northern Irish league||5||Each star represents 10 titles. World record 54 in total.|
|Rosenborg||Norway||Norwegian league||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Górnik Zabrze||Poland||Polish League||1||Gold star represents 10 or more titles.|
|Ruch Chorzów||Poland||Polish League||1||Gold star represents 10 or more titles.|
|Wisla Kraków||Poland||Polish League||1||Gold star represents 10 or more titles.|
|Legia Warszawa||Poland||Polish League||1||Gold star represents 10 or more titles.|
|Lech Poznań||Poland||Polish League||1||Silver star represents 5 to 9 titles.|
|ŁKS Łódź||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles.|
|Piast Gliwice||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles; 1st title won in 2019.|
|Polonia Bytom||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles.|
|Śląsk Wrocław||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles.|
|Warta Poznań||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles.|
|Widzew Łódź||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles.|
|Zagłębie Lubin||Poland||Polish League||1||White star represents 1 to 4 titles.|
|Benfica||Portugal||Portuguese League||3||Each represents 10 titles. Announced in February 2008 for the following season, by which time a 31st title had been won.|
|Steaua Bucureşti||Romania||Romanian League||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Dinamo Bucureşti||Romania||Romanian League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|CSKA Moscow||Russia||Russian Premier League, Soviet Top League||2||Each star represents 5 titles.|
|Dynamo Moscow||Russia||Soviet Top League||2||Each star represents 5 titles.|
|Spartak Moscow||Russia||Russian Premier League, Soviet Top League||4||Each star represents 5 titles. Wore one star from 2003 to 2012 to commemorate their Russian Premier League wins, added another three in 2013 as Russian clubs are allowed to include their pre-1992 Soviet titles in the tally.|
|Zenit Saint Petersburg||Russia||Russian Premier League, Soviet Top League||1||Each star represents 5 titles.|
|Rangers||Scotland||Scottish Premier League||5||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Aberdeen||Scotland||European Cup Winners Cup and European Super Cup||2||Both trophies won in 1983. Aberdeen remain the only football club in Europe to incorporate a star for the European Super Cup.|
|Celtic||Scotland||European Cup||1||One European Cup win in 1967.|
|Slovan Bratislava||Slovakia||Fortuna Liga||3||Awarded in 2009, the star represent 5 titles.|
|MŠK Žilina||Slovakia||Fortuna Liga||1||Awarded in 2010, the star represent 5 titles.|
|Maribor||Slovenia||Slovenian PrvaLiga||1||The star represent 10 titles.|
|Partizan Belgrade||Serbia||Serbian SuperLiga, First League of Serbia and Montenegro, Yugoslav First League||2||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|Red Star Belgrade||Serbia||Serbian SuperLiga, First League of Serbia and Montenegro, Yugoslav First League||3||Each star represents 10 titles.|
|AIK||Sweden||Svenska Mästerskapet, Allsvenskan, Mästerskapsserien||1||Each star represents 10 times Swedish Champions.|
|Djurgårdens IF||Sweden||Svenska Mästerskapet, Allsvenskan||1||Each star represents 10 times Swedish Champions.|
|IFK Göteborg||Sweden||Svenska Mästerskapet, Allsvenskan, Allsvenskan play-offs, Mästerskapsserien||1||Each star represents 10 times Swedish Champions.|
|IFK Norrköping||Sweden||Allsvenskan, Allsvenskan play-offs||1||Each star represents 10 times Swedish Champions.|
|Malmö FF||Sweden||Allsvenskan||2||Each star represents 10 times Swedish Champions.|
|Örgryte IS||Sweden||Svenska Mästerskapet, Allsvenskan play-offs||1||Each star represents 10 times Swedish Champions.|
|Grasshoppers||Switzerland||Swiss Super League||2||Each represents 10 titles.|
|FC Basel||Switzerland||Swiss Super League||2||Each represents 10 titles.|
|Servette||Switzerland||Swiss Super League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Young Boys Bern||Switzerland||Swiss Super League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|FC Zürich||Switzerland||Swiss Super League||1||Represents 10 titles.|
|Galatasaray||Turkey||Turkish Super League||4||Each represents 5 titles. Have 22 titles.|
|Fenerbahçe||Turkey||Turkish Super League||3||Each represents 5 titles. Have 19 titles.|
|Beşiktaş||Turkey||Turkish Super League||3||Each represents 5 titles. Have 15 titles.|
|Trabzonspor||Turkey||Turkish Super League||1||Represents 5 titles. Have 6 titles.|
|Dynamo Kyiv||Ukraine||Ukrainian Premier League, Soviet Top League||2||Represents 10 Ukrainian (out of 13) titles and 10 USSR (out of 13) titles. Second star was added on 6 September 2007 for USSR champion titles.|
Stars not signifying particular titlesEdit
American club Philadelphia Union has 13 stars that represent the 13 original colonies of the United States. Fellow Major League Soccer franchise Montreal Impact had four stars on their badge, which were symbolic of the nationalities of the peoples who founded the city of Montreal, prior to rebranding as CF Montreal. The four nations are regularly used in Montreal imagery, as the city flag and coat of arms both reference them. Minnesota United FC, who also play in Major League Soccer feature a star on their crest representing L'Etoile du Nord, the official motto of the state of Minnesota and the source of the state nickname, The North Star State.
The badge introduced by Manchester City in 1997 had three stars to give it a "more continental feel". The 3 stars do not represent titles or trophies. City brought in a new club badge in 2016 with no stars on it. Sivasspor of Turkey also has three stars on their badge. They do not represent any championships either.
Portsmouth F.C. has featured a star (of various designs) in its badge since 1913. The star does not represent trophies or titles won, instead, the Portsmouth badge was based upon symbols found in the official coat of arms owned by Portsmouth City Council.
For the 2002–03 season, the badge of Greek club Panathinaikos F.C. had 3 stars. One gold representing the team's partaking in the 1971 European Cup Final, and 2 white stars representing the team's participation at the 1985 European Cup semi-finals and the 1996 UEFA Champions League semi-finals respectively. Because none of these stars represent titles or trophies, opposition fans in Greece mocked this.
Forest Green Rovers F.C. added three stars to the back of the neck area for 2018–19, to denote progression in the EFL. One star is coloured for promotion to League Two and the other two are faded until they reach the Championship.
- The Seattle Sounders that played from 1994 to 2008 wore four stars, while the former Montreal Impact team wore three stars at the time of their move.
- Although the Earthquakes moved and became the Houston Dynamo, that team forfeited the history of the Earthquakes and became an effective expansion team, with the new Earthquakes rejoining in 2008 with the original team's identity and permission to use two sanctioned stars. This is similar to the relationship between the Cleveland Browns and Baltimore Ravens in American football.
- Criciúma EC has a total of four national titles, more than any other in Santa Catarina state. But the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B of 1986 is not recognized by Confederação Brasileira de Futebol, leaving them with just three stars.
- "FIFA awards special 'Club World Champion' badge to AC Milan". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 7 February 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- "FIFA awards special 'Club World Champion' badge to AC Milan". Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 7 February 2008. Archived from the original on 15 December 2014.
In association football, some national and club sides include one or more stars as part of (or beside) the crest on their shirt to represent important trophies that the team has previously won. According to various football history sources, the first team to adopt a star was Juventus in Italy, who added a star above their crest in 1958 to represent their tenth Serie A title. This was an extension of the convention by which the reigning champions are entitled to display the scudetto on their shirts for the following season. The star was later formally adopted as a symbol for ten titles
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- Danny Penza (1 July 2015). "Juventus' new 2015-16 adidas jerseys have officially arrived". SBNation. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Bloomfield, Craig (14 June 2011). "Stars and gripes: clubs with ridiculous symbols on their shirts, including Man United, Liverpool, Ipswich and Huddersfield". talksport.com. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "Stuttgart holt ersten Stern" [Stuttgart gets first star] (in German). Bundesliga. 19 May 2007. Archived from the original on 21 May 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
- Kluempers, John (13 May 2005). "East Germany's Star Quality in Question". dw-world.de. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
- "Durchführungsbestimmungen" [Clothing instructions] (PDF). dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. p. 54. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2008.
- Castillo, Arielle (4 February 2016). "Here's what's changing about championship stars on MLS jerseys this year". mlssoccer.com. Major League Soccer. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "FFA approves strip stars for champion clubs". fourfourtwo.com/au. FourFourTwo Australia. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "Kampioenssterren wijzen op historische roem" [Champions' stars show past glories] (in Dutch). Eredivisie. 11 May 2007. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2007.
- "Reigning champions PSV display two stars on their shirts". PSV Eindhoven. 2 May 2007. Archived from the original on 4 May 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2005.
We have conceived a plan to not only introduce these two stars on the championship badge, but on the shirts as well", explained PSV Manager Match Organisation Ron Verkerk. "We have made a proposal to the KNVB, the Royal Dutch Football Association and the ECV, the Association of Eredivisie clubs, and they have both independently responded enthusiastically.
- "Rowdies unveil new logo". bizjournals.com. Tampa Bay Business Journal. 28 December 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- "Montreal Impact Logo". sportslogos.net. Chris Creamer's Sports Logos Page. 7 August 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- "Fawaz Al Hasawi aiming to guide Nottingham Forest back to Europe". Sky Sports. British Sky Broadcasting. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- "Paul Pogba eager to earn his own World Cup star on France shirt". Belfast Telegraph. 12 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
- Gonzalez, Roger (15 July 2018). "Second star added to France's World Cup kit after Russia 2018 triumph over Croatia". CBS Sports. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- Perez, Alvaro. "No doubts exist. Uruguay are four time FIFA World Champions". La Celeste Blog. Retrieved 12 June 2020. ; citing the book 100 Años de Gloria: La Verdadera history del Futbol Uruguayo
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- "Equipment Regulations: Regulations Governing the Sports Equipment at FIFA Competitions" (PDF). FIFA. 18 October 2003. pp. 39, §16.1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
- Bloomfield, Craig (14 June 2011). "Stars and gripes: clubs with ridiculous symbols on their shirts, including Man United, Liverpool, Ipswich and Huddersfield". Talksport. UTV Media. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Moor, Dave. "Bury". historicalkits.co.uk. Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Universitario 90th Anniversary Umbro Special Edition Home Shirt". footballshirtculture.com. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
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- "NIKE US WOMEN'S NATIONAL TEAM (USWNT) 2011 KIT". soccerbible.com. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- "Three Star Jerseys Unveiled During FOX Special". ussoccer.com. United States Soccer Federation. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Wilkinson's name stitched into Toulon shirts". ESPN Scrum. 31 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
Toulon's shirts [for the 2014 Top 14 final] will also feature a second silver star above the club's crest, marking their back-to-back Heineken Cup titles.
- "Sale Sharks Samurai 2015/16 Home & Alternate Shirts". rugbyshirtwatch.com. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- Lukas, Paul (10 November 2015). "Uni Watch 2015-16 college basketball season preview: November madness". ESPN.com. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- "Cronologia Histórica de Uniformes e Escudos da Seleção Brasileira" [Chronological history of the uniforms and badges of the Brazilian national team] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 June 2007.
- "Evolução dos uniformes da Seleção Brasileira" [Evolution of the uniforms of the Brazilian national team")] (in Portuguese). CBF. Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2009.
- "Italy waiting to unveil fourth star on jerseys". Associated Press.[permanent dead link]
- Aguinsky, Daniela. "El escudo de la camiseta de la Selección argentina cumple 41 años". Clarin (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 July 2018.
- "Sky Blues Launch PUMA Football Kits". Sydney FC. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Wollongong Wolves A New Chapter" (PDF). southcoastwolves.com.au. South Coast Wolves. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Mohammed Hameed wears the new Al-Shorta kit with two stars above the logo". Kooora.com. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "History of the Al-Shorta Crest" (PDF). Al-Shorta SC Website. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "Südkorea" [South Korea]. dfs-wappen.de (in German). Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "Mamelodi Sundowns are African Champions". kickoff.com. South Africa. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- Doda, Zola (23 October 2013). "The star on Orlando Pirates badge explained". kickoff.com. South Africa. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- Goldberg, Jamie (25 January 2016). "Portland Timbers jerseys will finally feature championship star". OregonLive.com. The Oregonian. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- Marthaler, Jon (5 March 2013). "New name, logo for pro soccer: "Minnesota United FC"". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Stellhorn, Ray (24 April 2013). "The Kit Bag: USL PRO 2013 Part 2". recklesschallenge.net. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "THE SAN ANTONIO SCORPIONS ARE NASL CHAMPIONS!!". sascorpions.com. San Antonio Scorpions. 16 November 2014. Archived from the original on 21 November 2014.
- San Antonio Scorpions [@SAScorpions] (19 November 2014). "Shiny addition" (Tweet). Retrieved 20 May 2016 – via Twitter.
- "Roughnecks Unveil Logo, Uniforms". uslsoccer.com. United Soccer Leagues. 2 September 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
"La Nueva Camiseta ("the new shirt")" (in Spanish). Vélez Sársfield. Archived from the original on 25 January 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
Sobre el logo: 1 estrella de la Copa Intercontinental más 10 estrellas: 6 campeonatos locales y cuatro internacionales.
- "Institucional Símbolos : Su identidad simbólica" (in Spanish). Estudiantes. Archived from the original on 24 April 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
Canullo, Emiliano (14 December 2004). "Basta de mentiras" [Enough lies] (in Spanish). canalla.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
Central tiene seis estrellas en su escudo, todas ganadas legítimamente [...], paso a enumerar: [...] Campeonato Argentino 1974 (ganando el triangular final que también jugaron Niubelt Ol Boi y San Lorenzo)
- Gorgazzi, Osvaldo José (5 October 2005). "Argentina 1974". RSSSF. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
- Newell's Old Boys official website (in Spanish)
- Pasqualini, Luciano; Marcelo Leme de Arruda (24 May 2007). "Estrelas nos Escudos dos Clubes Brasileiros" (in Portuguese). RSSSF Brazil. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
- FLAG in Official symbols Archived 17 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine from Vasco da Gama official website. (in Portuguese)
- Sport Club Internacional Symbols: The Crest Archived 2 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine from official website (in Portuguese)
- Fortaleza EC symbols Archived 18 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine from official website (in Portuguese)
- "Escudo: Como nasceram os nossos símbolos (Shield: How our symbols came to be)" (in Portuguese). São Paulo FC. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
- Everaldo: a star shining in the Tricolor flag Archived 13 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine from the Grêmio website. (in Portuguese)
- Juventude logo from club website. (in Portuguese)
- Sharland, Pete (8 December 2016). "Chapecoense announce new club badge to honour those lost in plane crash". Eurosport. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
- Corotiba Foot Ball Club Shield Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine from official website (in Portuguese)
- Once Caldas emblems: The crest Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine(in Spanish)
- "Historia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Moor, Dave. "Ipswich Town". historicalkits.co.uk. Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
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- Moor, Dave. "Notts County". historicalkits.co.uk. Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "FC Bayern first club with four stars". bundesliga.de. DFL. 20 May 2008. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
- "PUMA & BORUSSIA DORTMUND LAUNCH 2012-13 FOOTBALL KITS". soccerbible.com. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- "FERENCVAROS AND NIKE UNVEIL AWAY KIT FOR 2014-15 SEASON". nikeinc.com. Nike, Inc. 6 August 2014. Archived from the original on 20 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
Above Ferencvaros’ club crest on the chest are two gold stars, which each represent 10 Hungarian titles. At the moment their overall total stands at 28 titles.
- "FAI Youth Inter-League Cup". FAI. 20 March 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
- "Wexford retain FAI Umbro Inter League title". FAI. 10 May 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
- "Latest News". Wexford Youths F. C. Supporters Club. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 2008-05-26.
In their first year taking part Wexford Youths FC [sic] have won the FAI Youth Cup — the premier Youth soccer club competition in the country. And in so doing we have added yet another star to our famous crest.
- Novum (22 May 2007). "HVV krijgt ook gouden kampioensster" [HVV gets gold champion's star]. nieuws.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2007.
- Vieira, Luís Filipe (28 February 2008). "Discurso Gala 104º Aniversário" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Estoril: S.L. Benfica. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
Porque o Benfica é o único clube em Portugal a ter conquistado mais de trinta campeonatos, a nossa camisola do próximo ano terá três estrelas por cima do nosso símbolo, uma por cada 10 campeonatos conquistados.
- Moor, Dave. "Celtic". historicalkits.co.uk. Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- "Introducing the New Celtic FC Lisbon Commemorative Kit Crest". celticfc.net. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
the gold star to signify the Lions’ spectacular victory.
- "Grasshopper Club Zürich 2013/14 PUMA Home and Away Kits". footballfashion.org. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- "CLUB HISTORY". philadelphiaunion.com. Philadelphia Union. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
"Simbología Oficial — Imagen & Identidad Corporativa" (in Spanish). C.A. Peñarol. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
once estrellas, que representan a los jugadores que se encuentran en el campo de juego
- From the official 1997 press release at the badge's introduction; quoted in Hanssen, Svenn. "Manchester City: OFFICIALS AND HISTORY". Archived from the original on 23 February 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2007..
- Moor, Dave. "Manchester City". historicalkits.co.uk. Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- D'Albiac, Stephen (1 June 2017). "The truth behind the three stars on Yeovil Town's new home kit is revealed as shirt is unveiled". Somerset Live. Reach plc. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
- Gibbon, Tom (1 August 2018). "There's one detail on the new Forest Green Rovers kit everyone is talking about". Gloucestershire Live. Reach plc. Retrieved 20 April 2020.