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The Iraq national football team (Arabic: المنتخب العراقي لكرة القدم‎) represents Iraq in international football and is controlled by the Iraq Football Association (IFA) the governing body for football in Iraq. Most of Iraq's home matches are played at the Basra International Stadium. Iraq is only one of eight current national teams to have been crowned AFC Asian Cup champions.

Iraq
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Usood Al-Rafidain
(Lions of Mesopotamia)
AssociationIraq Football Association
ConfederationAFC (Asia)
Sub-confederationWAFF (West Asia)
Head coachSrečko Katanec
CaptainJalal Hassan
Most capsYounis Mahmoud (148)
Top scorerHussein Saeed (78)
Home stadiumBasra International Stadium
FIFA codeIRQ
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 77 Steady (25 July 2019)[1]
Highest39 (6 October 2004)
Lowest139 (3 July 1996)
Elo ranking
Current 67 Increase 1 (20 August 2019)[2]
Highest22 (3 December 1982)
Lowest95 (6 October 2016)
First international
 Morocco 3–3 Iraq
(Beirut, Lebanon; 19 October 1957)
Biggest win
Iraq 13–0 Ethiopia
(Irbid, Jordan; 18 August 1992)
Biggest defeat
 Turkey 7–1 Iraq
(Adana, Turkey; 6 December 1959)
 Brazil 6–0 Iraq
(Malmö, Sweden; 11 October 2012)
 Chile 6–0 Iraq
(Copenhagen, Denmark; 14 August 2013)
World Cup
Appearances1 (first in 1986)
Best resultGroup stage, 1986
Asian Cup
Appearances9 (first in 1972)
Best resultChampions, 2007
Confederations Cup
Appearances1 (first in 2009)
Best resultGroup stage, 2009

Iraq has made one World Cup appearance, in 1986 in Mexico, but lost all three of its games to Paraguay, Belgium and Mexico. The 2007 AFC Asian Cup marked a high point in Iraq's football history when they were crowned champions against all the odds. Iraq defeated some of the favourites in the competition including Australia, South Korea and Saudi Arabia. Their triumph also qualified them for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.

In the decade after the 2007 victory, Iraq finished fourth at the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. The team reached an all-time high of 39th in the FIFA World Rankings in October 2004.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

As early as 1923, an Iraqi team known as Baghdad XI, controlled by the Baghdad Football Association, started to play matches against British Army teams.[3] The Baghdad FA soon disbanded and it was not until 8 October 1948 that the Iraq Football Association was founded. The Iraq FA joined FIFA in 1950 and on 2 May 1951, Iraq played their first match: a 1–1 draw to a team named Basra XI.[3]

Iraq's first ever official international game came in the opening game of the 1957 Pan Arab Games in Beirut where Iraq drew 3–3 to Morocco with goals from Ammo Baba, Youra Eshaya and Fakhri Mohammed Salman.[3]. One of the members of Iraq’s first national team was Youra Eshaya, who in 1954 became the first Iraqi footballer to play abroad and in Europe for English Football League side Bristol Rovers.

In 1962, Iraq appointed their first foreign manager, Romanian coach Cornel Drăgușin. Iraq won their first trophy in 1964 when they hosted and won the Arab Nations Cup, winning three and drawing one of their four games. The following year, they retained their Arab Nations Cup title, beating Syria 2–1 in the final.[3] In 1972, Iraq also played at their first ever AFC Asian Cup but failed to win a game in the tournament. In March 1973, Iraq played their first ever FIFA World Cup qualifying campaign. They finished second in their group, a point behind Australia, therefore failing to qualify for the next round. In the remaining years of the 1970s, Iraq reached the second round of the Asian Games (1974), lost the Arabian Gulf Cup final (1976), finished fourth at the AFC Asian Cup (1976), finished fourth in the Asian Games (1978) and finally hosted and won the Arabian Gulf Cup (1979).[4] The 1976 Asian Cup would be the last Asian Cup that Iraq appeared in for the next 20 years, as they withdrew from the next four editions.[5]

1980s – The Golden EraEdit

The 1980s was arguably Iraq's most successful period in their history. They started the decade off disappointingly, being knocked out in the first round of qualifiers for the 1982 FIFA World Cup. In 1982, they won the gold medal at the 1982 Asian Games. In 1984, Iraq won the Arabian Gulf Cup. The following year, they won the 1985 Arab Nations Cup and also won the gold medal at the 1985 Pan Arab Games.

1986 FIFA World CupEdit

Iraq were seeded into the first round of qualifiers where they faced Qatar and Jordan. Iraq topped Group 1B with 6 points, and advanced to the second round. Iraq faced United Arab Emirates in two legs. Iraq defeated UAE 3–2 in Dubai. Iraq lost with 2–1 to UAE in the second leg. Iraq won 4–4 aggregate on away goals and advanced to the final round. In the final round, Iraq tied Syria 0–0 in Damascus. Iraq defeated Syria 3–1 in the second leg in Taif. Iraq won 3–1 on aggregate and qualified to the 1986 FIFA World Cup

At their first game of the Group B at the 1986 FIFA World Cup, Iraq played well against Paraguay, losing narrowly 1–0 despite scoring a goal that was wrongly disallowed by the referee. Iraq recorded their first World Cup goal in the second game, scoring against Belgium in a 1–2 defeat despite having ten men, with Ahmed Radhi scoring a goal for Iraq. Following defeat with Belgium, Iraq were eliminated from the World Cup. Iraq played against hosts Mexico in the third game and lost 1–0.

In the following years, Iraq won the 1988 Arabian Gulf Cup and won the 1988 Arab Nations Cup. Overall, Iraq won nine competitions in the 1980s and played in their only World Cup, leading many to believe that this was the golden era of Iraqi football. In 1989, Iraq competed in qualifying for a berth in the 1990 World Cup finals, but they lost a crucial game against Qatar.

1990s – The Dark EraEdit

Following the Gulf War in 1990, Iraq was banned from participating in the Asian Games and in most Arab competitions, leading them to participate in friendly competitions instead.

In 1993, Iraq participated in qualifiers for the 1994 FIFA World Cup and reached the final round but finished fourth in the group, missing out on a World Cup spot by two points. By drawing their last game with Japan 2–2, they denied the Japanese a place in the finals in a match referred to by the Japanese media as the Agony of Doha.[6]

Iraq participated in the 1996 AFC Asian Cup, their first Asian Cup campaign for 20 years. They reached the quarter-finals but lost to the United Arab Emirates thanks to a golden goal scored by Abdulrahman Ibrahim. In 1996, Iraq was ranked 139th in the world, which is their worst FIFA ranking in their history.

In 1997, Iraq participated in qualifiers for the 1998 FIFA World Cup but were knocked out at the first round following two defeats to Kazakhstan.

This period is known as 'The Dark Era' as Uday Hussein, the son of Saddam Hussein, abused his control of Iraqi football and tortured players who played poorly, punishing them by sending them to prison, making them bathe in raw sewage and kick concrete balls, and shaving their heads among many other awful punishments.[7][8]

2000s – Champions of AsiaEdit

Iraq played in the 2000 AFC Asian Cup but were knocked out at the quarter-final stage again, this time by Japan in a 4–1 loss. Iraq reached the second round of 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification but lost five of their eight second-round games and therefore failed to make the finals. Iraq won their first ever WAFF Championship in 2002, beating Jordan 3–2 in the final after extra time despite being two goals down.[9]

In 2004, reached the quarter-finals of the AFC Asian Cup. In the same year they were knocked out at the second round of 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifiers.

Iraq were ranked as high as 39th in the World Rankings in October 2004 which is their highest ranking position in their history. The following year, Iraq won the gold medal in the West Asian Games by beating Syria in the final via a penalty shootout. In 2007, Iraq were knocked out at the group stage of the Arabian Gulf Cup. The exit from the Gulf Cup happened in very controversial circumstances as Iraq attempted to make an agreement with Saudi Arabia to draw the final game which would put both teams through to the next round; the Iraq manager Akram Salman told the Iraqi players not to win the game but the Saudi Arabian players were unaware of any agreement and went on to win the game and knock Iraq out of the cup.[10] Akram Salman was sacked and Jorvan Vieira appointed as head coach. Under him, Iraq reached the final of the WAFF Championship but lost 2–1 to Iran.

2007 AFC Asian CupEdit

 
Iraq playing against Australia in Group A of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup; Iraq won the game 3–1 on their way to winning the cup.

In July 2007, Iraq kicked off their 2007 AFC Asian Cup campaign. The squad was made mainly of players that had finished fourth at the 2004 Olympic Games[11] and finished second at the 2006 Asian Games. Vieira only had two months to prepare his team for the tournament, and the team suffered from very poor facilities. The Iraq FA struggled to provide the team with enough kits for the tournament and Iraq had not been able to play any previous games in their own country for security reasons and most of the players had had family members killed in the war.

The team started the tournament with a 1–1 draw against joint-hosts Thailand before producing one of the upsets of the tournament: a 3–1 win over favourites Australia. A draw with Oman followed to put Iraq into the quarter-finals where two goals from Younis Mahmoud against Vietnam put Iraq into the semi-finals for the second time in their history. They produced another big upset by knocking out Asian giants South Korea (who had thrashed Iraq 3–0 in a pre-tournament friendly) in the semis via a penalty shootout in which Noor Sabri made a crucial save. After the game, a suicide bomber killed 30 football fans who were celebrating the semi-final win over South Korea and this almost led to the Iraqi team withdrawing from the final, but they decided to go on in honour of the dead and produced yet another upset by defeating Saudi Arabia 1–0 in the final, a game that they dominated from start to finish and that was won by a Younis Mahmoud header. This tournament win is seen as one of the greatest upsets in international history as a war-torn country became international champions in what is described as one of sport's greatest 'fairytales'.[5][12][13][14]

Vieira stated during the final that he would resign after the Asian Cup. [15]. He was replaced by Egil Olsen in September 2007. [16]. Under Olsen, Iraq advanced to the third round, but after a 1-1 draw with China, the FA sacked Olsen and replaced him with Adnan Hamad. [17] Iraq failed to advance to the final round of 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifiers as a 1–0 defeat to Qatar saw them finish in third in the group. Following this, the Iraq FA decided to disband the team and sacked Hamad. [18]

Jorvan Vieira was reappointed in September 2008. After a disappointing 2009 Arabian Gulf Cup, Vieira was sacked and replaced by Bora Milutinovic. [19]

2009 FIFA Confederations CupEdit

A few months later, Iraq participated in only their second FIFA tournament ever: the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, which they qualified for by winning the 2007 AFC Asian Cup. They started the tournament with a 0–0 draw with hosts South Africa, before losing to UEFA Euro 2008 winners Spain one goal to nil. Iraq drew the last game 0–0 with New Zealand and were knocked out.

On 20 November 2009, the FIFA Emergency Committee suspended the Iraq FA due to government interference;[20] the suspension was lifted on 19 March 2010.[21]

2010s – Ups and downsEdit

 
The Iraqi national team pose ahead of their 2019 AFC Asian Cup match against Iran in Dubai.

In August 2010, Wolfgang Sidka was appointed coach [22]. Iraq qualified automatically for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup. They were drawn against Iran, North Korea and United Arab Emirates in Group D. After a 2–1 loss against Iran, and 1–0 win against United Arab Emirates, Iraq went into the match against North Korea needing only a draw to progress. Iraq won 1–0 and advanced to the quarterfinals as runners-up. On 23 January, Iraq lost to Australia, 1–0, in the quarterfinal. The match went into extra time with Harry Kewell heading in a goal in the 117th minute just inside the 18-yard box.

Iraq faced Yemen in the second round of qualifiers. and defeated them 2–0 in Arbil on 23 July before drawing 0–0 in Al Ain five days later. Iraq advanced to the third round However, Sidka's contract was not renewed and he was succeeded by Zico in August 2011. Iraq topped the group in the third round, winning 5 of their 6 games. However, halfway through the fourth round, Iraq had only 5 points and Zico resigned due to unpaid wages. [23]. Hakeem Shaker took over as interim coach and lost the finals of both the 2012 WAFF Championship and 2013 Arabian Gulf Cup. In February 2013, Vladimir Petrovic was appointed for the remaining World Cup qualifiers, but lost all three matches and Iraq finished bottom of their group. Petrovic was sacked in September 2013 and Hakeem Shaker was reappointed. [24]

After two consecutive losses to Saudi Arabia, Iraq was in danger of missing out on the Asian Cup after . On the last matchday, Iraq qualified for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup by beating China 3-1. However, Iraq finished bottom of the group in the 2014 Arabian Gulf Cup leading to the sacking of Hakeem Shaker and the appointment of Radhi Shenaishil.

Iraq began the 2015 AFC Asian Cup campaign with a 1–0 win over Jordan. In the next match, Iraq faced Japan and lost the match 0–1. Iraq then beat Palestine 2–0 and qualified to knockout stage as the Group D runner-up behind Japan with six points. Iraq defeated Iran in the quarter-finals in penalties, 7–6, after the game ended 3–3 after 120 minutes of play. They faced South Korea in the semi-finals but lost 0–2 and failed to progress to the final. Iraq finished the AFC Asian Cup in fourth place, after losing 2–3 to United Arab Emirates in third/fourth place play-off. After the tournament, Shenaishil returned to managing Qatar SC and Iraq appointed Akram Salman as manager but he was sacked in June 2015 after losing 4–0 to Japan in a friendly match.

Yahya Alwan was appointed in August 2015. Due to poor performances, Abdul-Ghani Shahad replaced him as interim coach for the final qualifier in March 2016. Shahad led Iraq to qualification for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup and the final round.

Radhi Shenaishil was appointed to lead Iraq in the final round. After losing five of their first seven games, Iraq were eliminated and Shenaishil was sacked.[25]. Basim Qasim was appointed in May 2017 to lead Iraq for the remaining qualifiers.[26] The FA decided not to renew his contract in August 2018. On 3 September 2018, Srečko Katanec was appointed as head coach on a three-year contract.[27] Under Katanec, Iraq reached the round of 16 of the 2019 AFC Asian Cup as they lost to eventual champions Qatar by one goal. [28]

Home matches in IraqEdit

 
Basra International Stadium during the second opening friendly match between Al-Zawraa and Zamalek in 2013.

Since 1980, FIFA imposed bans on six occasions that prevented Iraq from hosting competitive international games.

Iran–Iraq WarEdit

The first ban was imposed in 1980 after an Olympic qualifying play-off between Iraq and Kuwait in Baghdad, where the match referee was attacked by enraged home fans and members of the Iraqi team after the Malaysian official’s decision to award a match changing penalty to the Kuwaitis that led to Iraq losing 3-2. The ban was lifted in 1982. [29]

Around the same time, the Iran–Iraq War started. Although this prevented Iraq from playing their qualifying home games, they still qualified for the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, and three Olympic Games (Moscow, Los Angeles and Seoul). The ban was lifted in 1988, when the Iran–Iraq War ended.

Gulf WarEdit

Due to the Gulf War, FIFA banned Iraq again from 1990 till 1995. Iraq played at home at the 1998 World Cup qualifiers against Pakistan and Kazakhstan for the first time since 1990.

Iraq played the 2002 World Cup qualifiers at home against Iran (first time since the Iraq-Iran War) Bahrain, and Thailand in the Al-Shaab Stadium in Baghdad. Saudi Arabia refused to play in Iraq because of the tensions with Saddam Hussein.

Post-invasionEdit

The Iraq War in 2003 forced Iraq to play their home matches outside the country for security reasons, and so home games were held in Jordan, Iran, Qatar or the UAE.

Iraq resumed playing on home soil on 10 July 2009, winning a friendly 3–0 against Palestine in Franso Hariri Stadium, Erbil. Iraq played the same opponents three days later, in Al-Shaab Stadium in Baghdad, this time winning 4–0 in front of a crowd of over 50,000.[9] The same month, the AFC Executive Committee approved the stadium at Erbil as a venue for matches involving the Iraqi national team, and clubs in continental tournaments.[30]

On 23 July 2011, Iraq played a FIFA World Cup qualifier on home ground for the first time since 2001. They played against Yemen in front of a crowd of 20,000 people in the Franso Hariri Stadium in Erbil. However, on 23 September 2011, FIFA re-imposed the ban due to fears over security and a breach of safety regulations in the match with Jordan.

Two years later, on 22 March 2013, FIFA lifted the ban on international friendlies in Iraqi stadiums. Four days later, Iraq played their first international friendly match in Baghdad since 2009 against Syria in front of a crowd of over 50,000 people in the Al-Shaab Stadium and won the game 2–1. Two months later, they played another friendly at the Al-Shaab Stadium, this time against Liberia. On 3 July 2013, FIFA re-imposed the ban due to a massive surge in nationwide violence, barely three months after world football's governing body gave Baghdad the go-ahead.

On 9 May 2017, FIFA lifted the ban partially on international friendlies in the cities of Basra, Karbala, and Erbil.[31][32] Iraq played their first ever international game in Basra on 1 June 2017, beating Jordan, 1–0.[33] After successfully hosting friendlies, on 16 March 2018, FIFA announced the lifting of the ban on competitive matches in the cities of Basra, Karbala, and Erbil.[34]

Supporters and chantsEdit

 
Iraqi fans celebrating Iraq winning the 2007 AFC Asian Cup.

Iraq national team supporters are known for chanting "O Victorious Baghdad" during the Iraqi team's matches.

Always remains High, O Victorious Baghdad, ( أتضلي دايما فوق، منصورة يا بغداد )
And to see your eternal Glory, O Victorious Baghdad. ( و نشوفج بعز دوم ، منصورة يا بغداد )
O Victorious Baghdad, O Victorious Baghdad, ( منصورة يا بغداد، منصورة يا بغداد )

Another famous chant is "the first goal is coming" ("هسه يجي الاول") which is chanted in the beginning of the match. A succeeding chant is "the second goal is coming" ("هسه يجي الثاني"); this is usually chanted repeatedly after Iraq score a goal to motivate the players to score another.

ColoursEdit

Iraq's traditional home kit is white, with either green or black trimmings. The away kit is traditionally green, with white trimmings.

Previous kit coloursEdit

Kit manufacturerEdit

The Iraqi national football team kit has previously been manufactured by brands such as Adidas, Puma, Nike, Diadora, Jack & Jones, Lotto, Umbro and Peak and its current manufacturer is Jako.[35]

Period Kit manufacturer
1984–1986   Umbro
1986–1994   Adidas
1996   Puma
2000   Patrick
2003–2004   Jako
2004–2006   Jack & Jones
2006   Diadora
2006   Lotto
2007   Adidas
2007   Umbro
2008–2014   Peak
2014   Adidas
2014–2019   Jako
2019–   Givova

Edit

Unlike most other national teams, Iraq kits usually have the country's flag on them rather than the Football Association's logo, although the FA's logo has appeared on kits before, most recently from 2014–2015. However, in some cases both the flag and the FA's logo have not featured on the kit and have been replaced with other logos. From 1985–1986, the coat of arms of Iraq featured in the centre of the kit (occasionally only the part of the logo containing the flag was used),[36] meanwhile from 2000–2002, Iraq mainly used a logo that featured the vertical black, white and red bands of the Iraq flag underneath the name Iraq written in Arabic in green text. In the 2005 West Asian Games, a logo featuring black and white bands underneath a red semicircle featured on the kit with the three stars of the flag shown in the white band.[37] In the 2007 WAFF Championship and part of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup, Iraq reverted to using the logo that they had used from 2000–2002.[12]

Competition recordsEdit

*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

FIFA World CupEdit

AFC Asian CupEdit

Regional competitionsEdit

Former senior competitionsEdit

Team recordsEdit

Head-to-head recordEdit

Key
  Positive balance
  Neutral balance
  Negative balance

The list shown below shows the Iraq national football team all-time international record against opposing nations.

As of 14 August 2019 counted for the FIFA A-level matches only.

FIFA rankingsEdit

Below is a chart of Iraq's FIFA ranking from 1993 till now.[38]

 

MatchesEdit

RivalriesEdit

Statistics vs.   Kuwait
Played1 Wins2 Draws3 Losses GF GA
32 15 9 8 44 32
1. Only matches recognized by FIFA.
2. Wins for Iraq.
3. Includes matches that went to a penalty shootout.

Iraq's rivalry with Kuwait is considered as the Arab world's greatest football rivalry of all time.[39] The rivalry began in the mid-1970s and it was the decade from 1976 until 1986 that saw the golden age of football for arguably the finest teams the region has produced. Both nations imposed their complete domination on the Gulf region, and from the Arabian Gulf Cup's inception in 1970 until 1990, the tournament was won by only two teams: Kuwait, seven times (1970, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1982, 1986, 1990), and Iraq, three times (1979, 1984, 1988), despite Iraq's absence in the first three editions and their withdrawal from two others.[39]

Iraq and Kuwait took their increasingly bitter rivalry to a new level on 11 June 1976. The two met in the semi-final of the AFC Asian Cup in Tehran; Kuwait took the lead twice, but Iraq came roaring back twice. And then, in the 10th minute of extra time, Fathi Kameel scored the winner for Kuwait. In 1979, the year Iraq clinched their first Arabian Gulf Cup with the help of a 3–1 win over Kuwait, the two met in a qualifier for the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow; both managed to qualify to the Olympic Games, and both made it to the quarter-finals there. Iraq also qualified for the 1984 Games in Los Angeles and 1988 Games in Seoul. Iraq won the gold medal at the 1982 Asian Games by defeating Kuwait 1–0 in the final, while Kuwait won the 1980 AFC Asian Cup, which they hosted. The nations also left their mark on the world stage. Kuwait qualified for the 1982 World Cup finals in Spain. Iraq matched that in Mexico 1986.[39]

As Iraq and Kuwait traded Gulf titles in 1988 and 1990, few could have imagined that their rivalry on the football field would be replaced by an altogether more catastrophic one on the battlefield. Because of the Gulf War, football would never be the same again. Iraq and Kuwait were in complete avoidance and never met for more than a decade; in fact, the first footballing meeting of any sort between the countries was in the 2003 edition of the Arab Champions League when Iraqi giants Al-Shorta, former winners of the tournament, faced off against Al-Kuwait and drew 2–2. Kuwait's Blues had a relative recovery of sorts, winning the Gulf Cup in 1996 and 1998, before securing a record tenth title in 2010. Iraqi football, because of the torturer-in-chief Uday Hussein's reign of terror as head of the football association, would take far longer to recover. When it did, it was in glorious fashion, with the Lions of Mesopotamia winning the 2007 AFC Asian Cup.[39]

Statistics vs.   Iran
Played1 Wins2 Draws3 Losses GF GA
28 5 7 16 20 36
1. Only matches recognized by FIFA.
2. Wins for Iraq.
3. Includes matches that went to a penalty shootout.

Iraq and Iran are rivals.[40][41][42] Before 2015, the rivalry was not such a football-inspired ill-feeling between the two, but more of geography, religion and history.[40] Iran and Iraq are neighbouring countries, sharing a long history. In contemporary era, especially during the reign of Saddam Hussein, the two countries had bad relations and fought the Iran–Iraq War for 8 years.[41][42] In 2001, for the first time in decades, an Iran-Iraq match was not held at a neutral venue.[42]

The rivalry between the two teams was escalated after the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. The two sides faced each other in the quarter-final with Iraq prevailing 7–6 on penalties after a sensational 3–3 draw in Canberra; the game was described as one of the best in the tournament's history. After the game, Iranian supporters voiced their anger at the referee's performance, even going as far to claim that he should receive a life ban for the sending off of an Iranian player, and also launched allegations against Iraqi player Alaa Abdul-Zahra claiming he was not qualified to play due to an older doping case six months prior to the competition, in an attempt to get Iraq kicked out of the tournament and themselves reinstated into the semi-finals; their complaint was rejected by the AFC. Iraq eventually finished fourth in the tournament with Iran failing to make the semi-finals for the third straight time.[43] It took two years for the teams to meet again when Iraq played away from home in a friendly match in Tehran; Iraq managed to win again, this time a 1–0 victory, to put an end to Iran's two-year unbeaten streak,[44] and tensions between the two sets of supporters have never been greater.[45]

Statistics vs.   Saudi Arabia
Played1 Wins2 Draws3 Losses GF GA
33 16 8 10 53 29
1. Only matches recognized by FIFA.
2. Wins for Iraq.
3. Includes matches that went to a penalty shootout.

Iraq and Saudi Arabia are often considered to be the two greatest Arab football teams in the Middle East and Asia. The beginnings of the footballing rivalry between them dates back to the 1970s, but it was only after the 1990s that the great rivalry between two Arab nations truly developed since it was previously overshadowed by Iraq's rivalries with Iran and Kuwait.[46]

The rivalry has also had elements of historical, complicated relations. The two countries used to be allies against Iran during the Iran–Iraq War. However, after Iraq invaded Kuwait, culminating the Gulf War, Saudi Arabia and Iraq had hostile relations, and football was commonly used to fuel the hatred between two countries competing for Arab pride. This made the rivalry emerge as one of the newest rivalries in the continent. Recent warming relations between Iran and Iraq (the former has also had a rivalry with Saudi Arabia) further deepens the competition between the two Arab nations, despite efforts to improve relations that are still ongoing.[47]

Recent results and fixturesEdit

  Win   Draw   Loss[48]

2018Edit

2019Edit

5 September 2019 2022 WCQBahrain  v  IraqBahrain National Stadium, Riffa
14 November 2019 2022 WCQIraq  v  IranBasra International Stadium, Basra

Coaching staffEdit

 
Srečko Katanec is the manager of Iraq.
Position Name
Head coach   Srečko Katanec
Assistant coach   Vlado Radmanović
  Aleš Čeh
  Ramadan Zubaidi
Goalkeeping coach   Nihad Pejković
Fitness coach   Xavi Pedro
Team manager   Basil Gorgis
Team doctor   Qasim Mohammed

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1GK Jalal Hassan (captain) (1991-05-18) 18 May 1991 (age 28) 49 0   Al-Zawraa
1GK Mohammed Hameed (1993-01-24) 24 January 1993 (age 26) 27 0   Al-Shorta
1GK Mohammed Saleh (1994-05-26) 26 May 1994 (age 25) 0 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya

2DF Ahmad Ibrahim (1992-02-25) 25 February 1992 (age 27) 90 3   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
2DF Dhurgham Ismail (1994-05-24) 24 May 1994 (age 25) 48 3   Al-Shorta
2DF Alaa Mhawi (1996-06-03) 3 June 1996 (age 23) 31 0   Al-Shorta
2DF Saad Natiq (1994-03-19) 19 March 1994 (age 25) 19 0   Al-Shorta
2DF Sameh Saeed (1992-05-26) 26 May 1992 (age 27) 15 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
2DF Mustafa Mohammed (1998-01-14) 14 January 1998 (age 21) 6 0   Al-Zawraa
2DF Maitham Jabbar (2000-11-10) 10 November 2000 (age 18) 3 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
2DF Najm Shwan (1997-07-09) 9 July 1997 (age 22) 1 0   Al-Zawraa

3MF Humam Tariq (1996-02-10) 10 February 1996 (age 23) 58 3   Ismaily
3MF Mahdi Kamel (1995-01-06) 6 January 1995 (age 24) 51 3   Al-Zawraa
3MF Amjad Attwan (1997-03-12) 12 March 1997 (age 22) 39 0   Al-Shorta
3MF Hussein Ali (1996-11-29) 29 November 1996 (age 22) 31 4   Al-Zawraa
3MF Safaa Hadi (1998-10-14) 14 October 1998 (age 20) 17 0   Al-Shorta
3MF Mazin Fayyadh (1997-04-02) 2 April 1997 (age 22) 12 1   Al-Naft
3MF Karrar Nabeel (1998-01-16) 16 January 1998 (age 21) 3 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
3MF Ibrahim Bayesh (2000-05-01) 1 May 2000 (age 19) 6 1   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
3MF Mohammed Qasim (1996-12-06) 6 December 1996 (age 22) 3 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya

4FW Mohannad Abdul-Raheem (1993-09-22) 22 September 1993 (age 25) 47 11   Al-Zawraa
4FW Ayman Hussein (1996-03-22) 22 March 1996 (age 23) 30 2   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya
4FW Alaa Abbas (1997-07-27) 27 July 1997 (age 22) 11 1   Al-Zawraa

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have also been called up to the Iraq squad within the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Ali Kadhim Hadi (1997-10-24) 24 October 1997 (age 21) 0 0   Naft Al-Wasat v.   Tunisia, 7 June 2019
GK Mohammed Gassid (1986-12-10) 10 December 1986 (age 32) 69 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
GK Fahad Talib (1994-10-21) 21 October 1994 (age 24) 3 0   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya v.   Saudi Arabia, 15 October 2018

DF Uday Shehab (1997-06-14) 14 June 1997 (age 22) 1 0   Al-Karkh v.   Tunisia, 7 June 2019
DF Rebin Sulaka (1992-04-12) 12 April 1992 (age 27) 20 0   Al-Shahania v.   Jordan, 26 March 2019
DF Hussam Kadhim (1987-10-17) 17 October 1987 (age 31) 24 0   Al-Shorta v.   Jordan, 26 March 2019
DF Waleed Salim (1992-01-05) 5 January 1992 (age 27) 49 1   Al-Shorta 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
DF Ali Adnan (1993-09-19) 19 September 1993 (age 25) 66 4   Vancouver Whitecaps 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
DF Ali Faez (1994-09-09) 9 September 1994 (age 24) 25 3   Al-Shorta 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
DF Frans Dhia Putros INJ (1993-07-14) 14 July 1993 (age 26) 4 0   Hobro IK 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
DF Ahmed Abdul-Ridha (1997-04-02) 2 April 1997 (age 22) 4 0   Al-Naft v.   China PR, 24 December 2018
DF Raad Fanar (1997-03-25) 25 March 1997 (age 22) 3 1   Al-Naft v.   Bolivia, 20 November 2018
DF Mustafa Nadhim (1993-09-23) 23 September 1993 (age 25) 28 4   Al-Zawraa v.   Saudi Arabia, 15 October 2018

MF Justin Meram (1988-12-04) 4 December 1988 (age 30) 32 4   Atlanta United v.   Tunisia, 7 June 2019
MF Ahmed Yasin (1991-04-22) 22 April 1991 (age 28) 63 6   Häcken v.   Syria, 21 March 2019
MF Bashar Resan (1996-12-22) 22 December 1996 (age 22) 26 2   Persepolis v.   Jordan, 26 March 2019
MF Ahmed Jalal INJ (1998-03-17) 17 March 1998 (age 21) 3 0   Al-Zawraa v.   Jordan, 26 March 2019
MF Osama Rashid (1992-01-17) 17 January 1992 (age 27) 22 0   Santa Clara 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
MF Ali Husni INJ (1994-05-23) 23 May 1994 (age 25) 26 3   Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
MF Brwa Nouri RET (1987-01-23) 23 January 1987 (age 32) 9 1   Bali United v.   Bolivia, 20 November 2018
MF Saad Abdul-Amir (1992-01-19) 19 January 1992 (age 27) 78 4   Al-Shorta v.   Kuwait, 10 September 2018
MF Yaser Kasim (1991-05-10) 10 May 1991 (age 28) 19 3   Örebro SK v.   Kuwait, 10 September 2018

FW Mohanad Ali (2000-06-20) 20 June 2000 (age 19) 18 9   Al-Duhail v.   Tunisia, 7 June 2019
FW Mohammed Dawood INJ (2000-11-22) 22 November 2000 (age 18) 5 0   Al-Naft 2019 AFC Asian Cup, January 2019
FW Wissam Saadoun (1990-07-01) 1 July 1990 (age 29) 1 0   Naft Maysan v.   Bolivia, 20 November 2018

SUS Player suspended
INJ Player injured
RET Player retired from the national team
WD Player withdrew for non-injury related reasons

Previous squadsEdit

RecordsEdit

Most-capped playersEdit

 
Younis Mahmoud is Iraq's all-time most capped player in international matches, having played in 148 official games.
As of 28 February 2018[49]
Players in bold are still available for selection.
# Name Caps Goals First cap Latest cap
1 Younis Mahmoud 148 57 19 July 2002 29 March 2016
2 Hussein Saeed 137 78 5 September 1976 3 March 1990
3 Ahmed Radhi 121 62 21 February 1982 20 June 1997
Adnan Dirjal 8 11 December 1978 3 March 1990
5 Alaa Abdul-Zahra 114 15 8 June 2007 2 January 2018
6 Hawar Mulla Mohammed 113 19 31 August 2001 12 June 2012
Nashat Akram 17 5 October 2001 4 June 2013
Ali Rehema 2 8 June 2005 29 March 2016
9 Mahdi Karim 110 11 12 October 2001 28 February 2018
10 Raad Hammoudi 104 0 8 February 1976 21 February 1987

All-time top goalscorersEdit

As of 28 February 2018[49]
Players in bold are still available for selection
# Name Career Goals Caps Goal ratio
1 Hussein Saeed 1976–1990 78 137 0.57
2 Ahmed Radhi 1982–1997 62 121 0.51
3 Younis Mahmoud 2002–2016 57 148 0.38
4 Ali Kadhim 1970–1980 35 82 0.43
5 Falah Hassan 1970–1986 29 103 0.28
6 Emad Mohammed 2001–2012 27 103 0.26
7 Razzaq Farhan 1998–2007 25 62 0.40
8 Laith Hussein 1986–2002 21 80 0.26
9 Hesham Mohammed 1998–2004 19 43 0.44
Hawar Mulla Mohammed 2001–2012 113 0.17

HonoursEdit

Iraq's starting line-up against Saudi Arabia in the 2007 AFC Asian Cup Final, a match they won 1–0.

ContinentalEdit

RegionalEdit

Minor tournamentsEdit

  • International Friendship Championship
  • Al-Quds Cup
    • Champions: 2018 (shared)
  • UAE International Cup
  • Peace Cup
    • Champions: 2003
  • International Friendship Cup
    • Champions: 1999
  • Nehru Cup
  • Merdeka Tournament
    • Champions: 1981, 1995
  • Peace and Friendship Cup
  • Merlion Cup
    • Champions: 1984
  • Tripoli Fair Tournament
    • Champions: 1967


  1. ^ The Asian Games has been part of the Olympic Team's record since 2002; since then Iraq has achieved one silver medal and one bronze medal. Likewise the Olympic Games has been part of the Olympic Team's record since 1992; since then Iraq has achieved fourth place once.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 25 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  2. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 20 August 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Mubarak, Hassanin (21 March 2013). "Iraqi Football History". IraqSport.
  4. ^ "Trophy Cabinet". Iraqi-Football.com.
  5. ^ a b "History". Iraqi-Football.com.
  6. ^ "28 October 1993 - The Agony Of Doha". This Day in Football History. 28 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Footballers who paid the penalty for failure". The Guardian. 19 April 2003.
  8. ^ "Saddam's son tortured defeated footballers - Telegraph". 30 November 2017. Archived from the original on 30 November 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Iraq National Team's Greatest 10 Moments of the 21st Century". Iraqi-Football.com.
  10. ^ Mubarak, Hassanin (9 May 2013). "The game that shook a nation: 2007 Gulf Cup". Iraq Sport.
  11. ^ "Olympics 2004". Iraqi-Football.com.
  12. ^ a b "AFC Asian Cup 2007". Iraqi-Football.com.
  13. ^ "Iraq in historic Asian Cup win". Al-Jazeera. 29 July 2007.
  14. ^ "Il calcio riporta la festa in Iraq Al Maliki: "È il trionfo dell'impossibile"". repubblica.it (in Italian). 29 July 2007.
  15. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2007/SPORT/football/07/28/asia.iraq.reut/
  16. ^ https://www.skysports.com/football/news/12010/2738539/olsen-takes-iraq-job
  17. ^ https://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-25176
  18. ^ https://www.breakingnews.ie/sport/soccer/iraq-sack-coach-hamad-367505.html
  19. ^ https://www.thenational.ae/sport/milutinovic-is-iraq-s-new-cup-coach-1.486037
  20. ^ "Iraqi Football Association suspended". FIFA.com. 20 November 2009.
  21. ^ "FIFA lifts suspension on Iraq". FourFourTwo. 19 March 2010.
  22. ^ https://www.goal.com/en/news/14/asia/2010/07/12/2022583/iraq-set-to-appoint-wolfgang-sidka-as-new-coach-report
  23. ^ http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/zico-resigns-as-iraq-national-team-coach-35693
  24. ^ http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/6/55/81300/Sports/World/Iraq-sack-Serbian-coach-Petrovic.aspx
  25. ^ "Iraq Football Association gives Radhi Shenaishil the sack" (PDF). Iraqi-Football.com.
  26. ^ "Basim Qasim to lead Iraq for remaining World Cup Qualifiers" (PDF). Iraqi-Football.com.
  27. ^ "Katanec excited to lead Iraq". the-afc.com. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  28. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/asiancup/news/round-of-16-qatar-1-0-iraq
  29. ^ https://ahdaaf.me/2018/03/13/lifting-of-fifas-ban-could-be-the-start-of-a-new-era-for-iraq/
  30. ^ AFC green-light to Arbil as venue Archived 19 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "FIFA officially lifts ban on Iraqi stadiums for international friendlies" (PDF). Iraqi-Football.com.
  32. ^ "FIFA Lifts Iraq's Stadium Ban on International Friendly Matches". Soccer Iraq. 9 May 2017.
  33. ^ "History is made as Iraq beat Jordan in the first game at Basra Sports City" (PDF). Iraqi-Football.com.
  34. ^ http://www.the-afc.com/news/afcsection/afc-president-welcomes-fifa-decision-to-lift-iraq-ban
  35. ^ "JAKO Blog – JAKO-Team im Irak". Jako.de. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  36. ^ "1986 World Cup". Iraqi-Football.com.
  37. ^ "West Asian Games 2005". Iraqi-Football.com.
  38. ^ FIFA.com. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Associations - Iraq - Men's". FIFA.com. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  39. ^ a b c d Ali Khaled. "Storied Gulf Cup rivalry between Iraq and Kuwait survives war".
  40. ^ a b Duerden, John. "Asia awaits neighbourly rivalry". ESPN. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  41. ^ a b Montague, James (13 January 2011). "Pitch Warfare: Iran face Iraq in soccer grudge match". CNN. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  42. ^ a b c "Iran-Iraq classic rivalry". Iran Daily (4924). 5 November 2014. p. 11.
  43. ^ "Asian Cup: Iran claims Iraq's Alaa Abdul-Zahra tested positive, lodges complaint about quarter-final result". 25 January 2015.
  44. ^ "IRAQ SECURE MUCH-NEEDED WIN OVER RIVALS IRAN IN FRIENDLY" (PDF). Iraqi-Football.com. 18 March 2017.
  45. ^ "Iraq National Team's Greatest 10 Moments of the 21st Century". Iraqi-Football.com. 15 August 2016. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  46. ^ https://socceriraq.net/2018/02/27/match-preview-iraq-vs-saudi-arabia/
  47. ^ https://www.heritage.org/middle-east/commentary/how-saudi-arabia-laying-the-foundation-improved-relations-iraq
  48. ^ "Results and Fixtures". Iraqi-Football.com.
  49. ^ a b RSSSF (Hassanin Mubarak) (19 May 2016). "Iraq – Record International Players". rsssf.com. Retrieved 25 July 2016.

External linksEdit