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Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, Uruguay dominated the football tournament winning the gold medal.[1][2]

Men's football
at the Games of the VIII Olympiad
VenuesStade Olympique, Stade Bergeyre, Stade Pershing, Stade de Paris
DatesMay 25–June 9
Competitors279 from 22 nations
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Uruguay Uruguay
2nd, silver medalist(s) Switzerland Switzerland
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Sweden Sweden
← 1920
1928 →

Contents

VenuesEdit

Colombes


Locations in Paris

Paris
Stade Olympique Stade Bergeyre
Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 10,455
   
Paris Seine-Saint-Denis
Stade Pershing Stade de Paris
Capacity: 8,110 Capacity: 5,145
   

Amateur statusEdit

In 1921, the Belgium Football Association first allowed for payments to players for time lost from work; in the months that followed four other Associations (Switzerland and Italy amongst them) permitted similar subsidies. The Football Association, perhaps, with foresight considered their statement of 1884 to be one which FIFA should hereafter follow. They had stated: "Any player registered with this Association ... receiving remuneration ... of any sort above ... necessary expenses actually paid, shall be considered to be a professional."

In 1923 the four British Associations sought an assurance that FIFA accept this definition; the four FIFA representatives on the International Football Association Board refused and, consequently, both the United Kingdom and Denmark withdrew their footballers from representing their nations at the 1924 Olympic Games.[3]

EntriesEdit

 
The Uruguayan team that won its first Gold Medal.
 
The Yugoslavia side had a poor showing.
 
The French squad, eliminated by Uruguay.
 
The Netherlands were defeated by Uruguay at the semifinal stage.

In Association Football (1960), Bernard Joy wrote about the 1912 Games that the authorities in Sweden "had debated for a long time whether to include football ... because its popularity was not yet world wide". Twelve years later, in Paris, football had become so important to the Games that a 1/3 of the income generated came from football. In terms of international development these Games signalled the first participation in a major Championship of a team from South America, a continent which would provide the main competition to Europe from that moment on.

In Paris, Uruguay, who had paid their third class passage to Paris and gone on a successful tour of Spain beforehand,[4] would join as many as 18 European teams; the United States, Turkey and Egypt.

The Uruguayans had won the 1923 South American Championship by maximum points in the December of the previous year to qualify for the tournament as their continent's sole participants; defeating rivals Argentina 2-0 in the final game in which Pedro Petrone scored halfway through the first half. Joy wrote: "A doctor and a physical expert were as important elements of the staff as the coach himself. They saw to it that their charges reached perfect physical condition. They were kept that way by staying away from the attractions of Paris at a villa in the quiet village of Argenteuil". In Paris Jose Leandro Andrade would be dubbed La Merveille Noire.[4] Despite this little was known about them; they had never played outside South America and their international experience had mainly been spent travelling across the harbour from Buenos Aires to Montevideo.[5]

Italy, having remained unbeaten since 1922, found themselves beaten 4-0 by an early incantation of Hugo Meisl's Wunderteam (who would absent themselves from the Games).[6] With just six weeks to go before the Games Italy had been walloped 7-1 by Hungary.).[7] Other than dropping Giampiero Combi, Vittorio Pozzo would not make major changes; Italy would not prevail.[7] The same policy was adopted by Yugoslavia. Rather than considering dropping players, they had sacked their manager Dr Veljko Ugrinic instead (following a 4-1 defeat by those Austrians in Zagreb) but would find his replacement Todor Sekulic just as hapless.[8]

The Hungarians had just come off a good run of results in the previous year, but had been beaten by the Swiss in the days leading up to the Games; Max Abegglen, who had only been playing international football for two years, scoring his 7th international goal that day for the Swiss.[9] The Swiss had been on the verge of withdrawing from the Games due to their continued success. The team's train ticket was valid for only 10 days and their money had run out. An appeal by a newspaper, Sport, brought in the needed funds.[10]

Entering for the second time Egypt caused a surprise defeat in their opening game.[11] Both finalists from the previous Games were be present; Belgium being afforded a bye into the first round; the Czechs drawn against Turkey in the Preliminary Round.

Final tournamentEdit

 
Uruguayan Pedro Petrone, topscorer with 7 goals.

The Games competition was assisted by a Preliminary Round which featured the silver-medallists from the 1920 Games, Spain in a game with Italy. Since that time Spain had only lost once and that by a single goal away to Belgium and had drawn 0-0 with the Italians in March 1924.[12] There was hardly anything between themselves and Italy when they met, this time, at the Colombes Stadium; Pedro Vallana's own goal handing victory to Italy.

Hungary put five past Poland, the Swiss sent Lithuania on their way, 9-0. The Uruguayans played first-rate football, combining speed, skill and perfect ball-control. By marrying short passing to intelligent positional play, they made the ball do all the work, and so kept their opponents on the run wrote Joy. The Uruguayans sailed past Yugoslavia by seven clear goals, then overcame the United States by three goals to nil.

In the first round Czechoslovakia (following their decision to walk off the field in 1920) faced Switzerland and the game went into to extra-time. One Czech was sent off, and the Norwegian referee had to call for order during a break. For the replay, Abegllen took the captain's duties and all was different; Switzerland winning by the single goal. Otherwise there were two surprises, the first went Egypt's way; 3-0 to the good against Hungary. The second saw Sweden defeat the reigning gold-medallists, Belgium 8-1. Oscar Verbeeck's own goal set the Swedes on their way; Sven Rydell's hat-trick the feature of the match. The Swedish outside-left Rudolf Kock (who would become chairman of the selectors in 1948 working alongside George Raynor), would have another fine game against Egypt where Sweden won 5-0. France and Holland had been similarly dominant in the first round, but Uruguay beat France 5-1 to claim a semi-final place.

In another quarter-final Italy went out to Switzerland disputing a winner by Max Abegglen, who converted a break-away goal. The Italians protested that he had been off-side. The referee Johannes Mutters, refused to alter the decision of his linesman; a jury upheld the judgement. There was further dispute in the semi-final where Holland (coached by the former Blackburn Rovers' player William Townley) took a first half lead against Uruguay through Feyenoord's Kees Pijl. With twenty minutes to go Pedro Cea scored an equaliser and with less than ten Georges Vallat, the French referee, awarded Uruguay a penalty. FIFA reported that "the Netherlands protested the ruling of a penalty kick that turned out to be the winning goal but then Uruguay protested against the Olympic Committee's selection of a Dutch referee for the final. To appease the South Americans, the committee pulled the name of a final referee out of a hat and picked out a Frenchman, Marcel Slawick".[13] In the other semi-final between Switzerland and Sweden the Swiss prevailed.

In the final the Swiss were defeated by the Uruguayans whose two goals in the second half put paid to their opponent's ambitions, Uruguay eventually prevailing 3-0. Interest in the final had been considerable, such was the draw of the Uruguayan side; 60,000 watched and 10,000 were locked out.[14]

First roundEdit

Italy  1–0  Spain
Vallana   84' (o.g.) Report
Attendance: 18,991
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Czechoslovakia  5–2  Turkey
Sloup   21'
Sedláček   28'37'
Novák   64'
Čapek   74'
Report Refet   63'82'
Attendance: 4,344
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

Switzerland   9–0  Lithuania
Sturzenegger   2'43'68'85'
Dietrich   14'
Abegglen   41'50'58'
Ramseyer   63' (pen.)
Report
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Antonio Scamoni (ITA)

United States  1–0  Estonia
Straden   15' (pen.) Report
Attendance: 8,110
Referee: Paul Putz (BEL)

Uruguay  7–0  Kingdom of SCS
Vidal   20'
Scarone   23'
Cea   50'80'
Petrone   35'61'
Romano   58'
Report
Attendance: 3,025
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Hungary  5–0  Poland
Eisenhoffer   14'
Hirzer   51'58'
Opata   70'87'
Report
Attendance: 3,578
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Second roundEdit

France  7–0  Latvia
Crut   17'28'55'
Nicolas   25'50'
Boyer   71'87'
Report
Attendance: 5,145
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

Netherlands  6–0  Romania
Hurgronje   8'
Pijl   32'52'66'68'
de Natris   69' (pen.)
Report
Attendance: 1,840
Referee: Felix Herren (SUI)

Switzerland   1–1 (a.e.t.)  Czechoslovakia
Dietrich   79' Report Sloup   21' (pen.)
Attendance: 9,157
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)
Switzerland   1–0  Czechoslovakia
Pache   87' Report
Attendance: 5,673
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Ireland (FAIFS)  1–0  Bulgaria
Duncan   75' Report
Attendance: 1,659
Referee: A. Henriot (FRA)

Italy  2–0  Luxembourg
Baloncieri   20'
Della Valle   38'
Report
Attendance: 4,254
Referee: Olivier De Ricard (FRA)

Sweden  8–1  Belgium
Kock   8'24'77'
Rydell   20'61'83'
Brommesson   30'
Keller   46'
Report Larnoe   67'
Attendance: 8,532
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Egypt  3–0  Hungary
Yakan   4'58'
Hegazi   40'
Report
Attendance: 4,371
Referee: Luis Collina (ESP)

Uruguay  3–0  United States
Petrone   10'44'
Scarone   15'
Report
Attendance: 10,455
Referee: Charles Barette (BEL)

Quarter-finalsEdit

France  1–5  Uruguay
Nicolas   12' Report Scarone   2'24'
Petrone   58'68'
Romano   83'
Attendance: 30,868
Referee: P. Chr. Andersen (NOR)

Sweden  5–0  Egypt
Kaufeldt   5'71'
Brommesson   31'34'
Rydell   49'
Report
Attendance: 6,484
Referee: Henri Christophe (BEL)

Switzerland   2–1  Italy
Sturzenegger   47'
Abegglen   60'
Report Della Valle   52'
Attendance: 8,359
Referee: Johannes Mutters (NED)

Netherlands  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Ireland (FAIFS)
Formenoy   7'104' Report Ghent   33'
Attendance: 1,506
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Semi-finalsEdit

Switzerland   2–1  Sweden
Abegglen   15'77' Report Kock   41'
Attendance: 7,448
Referee: Mihaly Ivancsics (HUN)

Uruguay  2–1  Netherlands
Cea   62'
Scarone   81' (pen.)
Report Pijl   32'
Attendance: 7,088
Referee: Georges Vallat (FRA)

Bronze medal matchEdit

Sweden  1–1  Netherlands
Kaufeldt   44' Report le Fèvre   77'
Attendance: 9,915
Referee: Heinrich Retschury (AUT)

Sweden  3–1  Netherlands
Rydell   34'77'
Lundqvist   42'
Report Formenoy   43' (pen.)
Attendance: 40,522
Referee: Youssuf Mohamed (EGY)

Gold medal matchEdit

Uruguay  3–0   Switzerland
Petrone   9'
Cea   65'
Romano   82'
Report
Attendance: 40,522
Referee: Marcel Slawik (FRA)

Players :
Andrés Mazali
Pedro Arispe
José Nasazzi
Alfredo Ghierra
José Vidal
José Leandro Andrade
Angel Romano
Pedro Cea
Pedro Petrone
Hector Scarone
Santos Urdinarán

Manager :
Ernesto Figoli  

Players :
Hans Pulver
Rudolf Ramseyer
Adolphe Reymond
Aron Pollitz
Paul Schmiedlin
August Oberhauser
Paul Fässler
Max Abegglen
Walter Dietrich
Robert Pache
Karl Ehrenbolger

Manager :
  Edward Duckworth

BracketEdit

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
29 May - Paris
 
 
  Uruguay 3
 
1 June - Colombes
 
  United States 0
 
  Uruguay 5
 
27 May - Saint-Ouen
 
  France 1
 
  France 7
 
6 June - Colombes
 
  Latvia 0
 
  Uruguay 2
 
27 May - Colombes
 
  Netherlands1
 
  Netherlands 6
 
2 June - Saint-Ouen
 
  Romania 0
 
  Netherlands 2
 
28 May - Colombes
 
  Irish Free State 1
 
  Irish Free State 1
 
9 June - Colombes
 
  Bulgaria 0
 
  Uruguay 3
 
28 and 30 May - Paris
 
   Switzerland 0
 
   Switzerland (Rem)1 (1)
 
2 June - Paris
 
  Czechoslovakia 1 (0)
 
   Switzerland 2
 
29 May - Vincennes
 
  Italy1
 
  Italy 2
 
5 June - Colombes
 
  Luxembourg 0
 
   Switzerland 2
 
29 May - Colombes
 
  Sweden 1 Third place
 
  Sweden 8
 
1 June - Vincennes8 and 9 June - Colombes
 
  Belgium 1
 
  Sweden 5   Sweden (Rematch)1 (3)
 
29 May - Saint-Ouen
 
  Egypt0   Netherlands 1 (1)
 
  Egypt 3
 
 
  Hungary 0
 

GoalscorersEdit

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

TriviaEdit

  • Sweden, surprisingly, won Bronze. Their 8-1 defeat of the reigning champions, Belgium, in the opening round is still considered one of the biggest upsets in World football by criteria laid down by ELO.[15]
  • Some of the games took place at the Vélodrome de Vincennes.
  • The lap of honour (or previously called "Olympic turn"), the celebration ritual that a champion team does after winning a tournament, was invented by the Uruguayan team after winning this Olympic title, as they wanted to salute those in attendance by running all around the athletics field.
  • Uruguay's Pedro Petrone was two days shy of his 19th birthday when he accepted his gold medal; still the youngest football gold-medallist in the history of the Games.
  • This tournament (as well as the 1928 edition) was recognised as a FIFA World Championship, a precursor of the World Cup. This is the reason why FIFA allows Uruguay to have four stars on its kit.[16]

MedalistsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "60,000 SEE URUGUAY WIN IN SOCCER FINAL - Record Olympic Crowd Present as South Americans Beat Switzerland, 3 to 0. THOUSANDS TURNED AWAY Colombes Stadium Filled to Capacity and Women Famt in Crush Outside of Gates. CONTEST IS HARD FOUGHT Swiss Play Courageously, but Defense Breaks In Second Half Before Brilliant Attack". Select.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  2. ^ "Football at the 1924 Paris Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  3. ^ Michael Lewis. "Henry Farrell, the man who helped the US soccer team make Olympic history | Football". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved 2009-06-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Tabeira, Martin, Uruguay - International Results, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25
  6. ^ Kutschera, Ambrosius, Länderspiele Österreich 1920-1929 (in German), austriasoccer.at, retrieved 2008-05-25
  7. ^ a b Mariani, Maurizio, Italy - International Matches 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25
  8. ^ Miladinovich, Misha, Yugoslavia National Team List of Results 1920-1929, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25
  9. ^ Garin, Erik, Switzerland - International Matches since 1905, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-05-25
  10. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, archived from the original on 2010-06-15, retrieved 2008-05-25
  11. ^ Said, Tarek, Egyptian International First Team Results Since 1920, egyptianfootball.net, retrieved 2008-05-25
  12. ^ Tejedor Carnicero, José Vicente; Torre, Raúl; Di Maggio, Roberto, Spain - List of Results National Team, rsssf.com, retrieved 2008-06-18
  13. ^ Paris, 1924, fifa.com, archived from the original on 2010-06-15, retrieved 2008-06-18
  14. ^ "Olympics | Rio 2016 Schedule, Medals, Results & News". Olympic.org. Retrieved 2016-08-18.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ World Football Elo Ratings: Biggest Upsets, eloratings.net, retrieved 2008-06-18
  16. ^ "No doubts exist. Uruguay are four time FIFA World Champions".

External linksEdit