Football at the 1920 Summer Olympics
The football at the 1920 Summer Olympics, was one of the 154 events at the 1920 Summer Olympics, held in Antwerp. It was the fifth time association football was on the Olympic schedule. The tournament was contested by 14 teams.
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
|Date||August 28–September 5|
|Competitors||190 from 14 nations|
|Olympisch Stadion||Stadion Broodstraat|
|Capacity: 35,000||Capacity: Not known|
|Jules Ottenstadion||Stade Joseph Marien|
|Capacity: Not known||Capacity: Not known|
16 teams entered the competition, which was organized on a knockout basis, but Switzerland withdrew after the first round draw had been made, meaning France were given a first-round bye. 14 teams entered the first round, with the winners joining France in the quarter-finals, with Belgium receiving a first round forfeit after Poland failed to appear.
Norway defeated Great Britain in the first round, considered by Elo as one of the greatest football upsets of all time. Czechoslovakia, participating in their first international tournament, survived to the final, inflicting defeats on Yugoslavia (who played their first ever international match in the competition), Norway, and France. After the first round forfeit, Belgium beat Spain and the Netherlands on their way to the final. The final ended with Belgium winning the gold medal by default after Czechoslovakia walked off during the final to protest the performance of the English referee, John Lewis.
The Bergvall System was used to determine second and third places. The beaten quarter-finalists played-off, and Spain emerged triumphant, overcoming Sweden 2-1 and Italy 2-0. Ordinarily, Spain would then have played the beaten finalists, but since Czechoslovakia had been disqualified from the tournament, they advanced straight to a silver medal match against the Netherlands, who were beaten in the semi-finals by gold medallists Belgium. Spain won 3-1.
|Vanik 20', 46', 79'
Janda 34', 50', 75'
|Gundersen 13', 51'
|J. Bulder 30'
Groosjohan 47', 85'
|Olsson 4', 79'
Karlsson 15', 20', 21', 51', 85'
Belgium were scheduled to play Poland, but Poland failed to arrive (due to the ongoing Polish–Soviet War); Belgium were awarded a 2-0 victory.
|Groosjohan 10', 57'
J. Bulder 44', 88' (pen.)
De Natris 115'
|Report||Karlsson 16', 32'
Janda 17', 66', 77'
|Report||Brezzi 33' (pen.)|
|Coppée 11', 52', 55'||Report||Arrate 62' (pen.)|
|Mazal 18', 75', 87'
Van Hege 55'
Gold medal matchEdit
The final was highly controversial, and is the only time an international final has been abandoned. Belgium were awarded the gold medal by default after Czechoslovakia walked off the field in the 40th minute with the score 2-0 to protest the officiating after Czech left-back Karel Steiner was ejected for assaulting Robert Coppée.
They were also unhappy with the performance of the 65-year-old English referee, John Lewis, who had already refereed the Belgian semi-final victory over the Netherlands, a match observed by the Czechs (it had taken place on the same day and in the same stadium as their own victory against France), as well as the English linesmen, Charles Wreford-Brown and A. Knight, who had allowed a contentious second Belgian goal in the 30th minute that Henri Larnoe had converted.
The Czechs immediately protested the result of the final,[a], but their protest was dismissed, and the team were disqualified from the tournament.
|Coppée 6' (pen.)
Silver and bronze medal tournamentEdit
|Sesúmaga 43', 72'||Report|
This round was scratched and Spain advanced to the final against the Netherlands (beaten in the semi-finals by Belgium) as Czechoslovakia were disqualified after their walk off during the final, and Belgium had a forfeit in the first round after Poland failed to arrive (due to the ongoing Polish–Soviet War).
Silver and bronze medal matchEdit
|Sesúmaga 7', 35'
This match was not part of the tournament, but was organised after both teams were eliminated. Some sources refer to this as an eighth place match or part of the silver and bronze medal tournament.
- 7 goals
- Herbert Carlsson (Sweden)
- 6 goals
- Antonín Janda (Czechoslovakia)
- 5 goals
- Ber Groosjohan (Netherlands)
- 4 goals
- 3 goals
- 2 goals
- 1 goal
- Mathieu Bragard (Belgium)
- Louis Van Hege (Belgium)
- Josef Sedláček (Czechoslovakia)
- Karel Steiner (Czechoslovakia)
- Hassan Allouba (Egypt)
- Hussein Hegazi (Egypt)
- Zaki Osman (Egypt)
- Henri Bard (France)
- Paul Nicolas (France)
- Fred Nicholas (Great Britain)
- Emilio Badini (Italy)
- Adolfo Baloncieri (Italy)
- Enrico Sardi (Italy)
- Jan de Natris (Netherlands)
- Arne Andersen (Norway)
- Einar Wilhelms (Norway)
- Domingo Acedo (Spain)
- Patricio Arabolaza (Spain)
- Mariano Arrate (Spain)
- José María Belauste (Spain)
- Pichichi (Spain)
- Ragnar Wicksell (Sweden)
- Artur Dubravčić (Yugoslavia)
- Jovan Ružić (Yugoslavia)
- Their protests, translated from the original French, were as follows:
1. We were allocated an English linesman, which is in contradiction with the rules which state that each participating nation has the right to one of both linesman. This violation of the rules was prejudicial to us during the game, because the English linesman was not impartial and this is why we seek the cancellation of the match. Immediately after the game we brought this notice to the attention of M. Rodolphe Seeldrayers.
2. The majority of the decisions of the referee Mr. Lewis were wrong and it was obvious that it gave the public the wrong impression about our game. Also both Belgian goals were the result of incorrect decisions of the referee and we seek a rigorous investigation on that point.
3. During the match, Belgian soldiers were introduced to the crowd until they circled the pitch and because of their provocative presence our players were unable to play their normal game. As a result of the very regrettable incident at the end of the match when there was a pitch invasion led by the soldiers and our national flag was insulted we will not participate until we have received an apology from the (Belgian) soldiers.
- "Football at the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
- "VII. Olympiad Antwerp 1920 Football Tournament". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-08-08. Retrieved 2010-10-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)